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  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: September 2014

Chapter 2 - The freedom to elect an appropriate law for non-contractual obligations

from Part III - Conflict of law issues in individual labour law in light of the Regulation (EC) No. 864/2007 of the European Parliament and the Council of the EU (July 11, 2007), concerning law applicable to Non-Contractual Obligations (“Rome II”)


Regulation No. 864/2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (“Rome II”) allows parties, a person or entity who is liable in tort and the victim, to conclude an agreement to submit the non-contractual obligation to the chosen national system of substantive law (Article 14, paragraph 1). Because the agreement can be concluded by the parties to a non-contractual obligation arising out of tort, therefore it should be obvious that before the creation of such a relationship there is no basis to conclude an agreement on the selection of applicable law. However, in Article 14, paragraph 1, point “a” of the Regulation, the right of the parties to submit the non-contractual obligations to the law chosen by the parties after the event causing the damage has occurred, has been limited. For the reasons given above, this claim would not be necessary if, in Article 14, paragraph 1, point “b” of the Regulation it was not decided that in the event of a non-contractual obligation between the parties engaged in economic activities it is permissible to conclude such an agreement and prior to the event causing the damage. Article 14, paragraph 1, point “b” does not apply to individual labour relations, because the employee acting as a party to a non-contractual obligation is not engaged in economic activity.