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Index

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 December 2021

Sarah Neville
Affiliation:
Ohio State University

Summary

Type
Chapter
Information
Early Modern Herbals and the Book Trade
English Stationers and the Commodification of Botany
, pp. 283 - 290
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Index

“Acte for printers & bynders of bokes” (1534), 9798
Acts and Monuments (Foxe), 119, 220, 227
Advancement of Learning, The (Bacon), 187
Adversus mendaces et Christiano homine indignas Christiani Egenolphi typographi Francofortani suique architecti calumnias responsio (Fuchs), 59
Agnus castus (anon.), 20, 34, 58, 126
All’s Well that Ends Well (Shakespeare), 191, 195196
Andrewe, Lawrence, 30, 161, 169, 172
Anglicus, Bartholomaeus, 110, 112
anthologies, 5, 15, 217
authorship and, 23, 4041, 7071, 88, 144, 146, 208, 234236, 250251, 252, 258259, 261
Apologia (Fuchs), 59
apothecaries, 186, 218, 222, 228, 232, 244
Arber, Agnes, 14, 20, 40, 73, 79, 87, 144, 160, 170
Aristotle, 19, 196, 244
Arundel, Thomas, 99
Askham, Anthony, 153, 154
Askham, Roger, 153
Askham’s herbal (anon.), 153154, 179, see also little Herball
author-function, 16, 23, 4445, 46, 47, 7581, 83, 85, 126, 136
stationers and, 60, 8387, 250251, 258259
authority, establishment of, 62, 6364, 6566, 73, 81, 176, 224225
Authorized Version (1611), 242
Avicenna (Ibn Sina), 159, 228
Avium praecipuarum (Turner), 210
Bacon, Francis, 187
Bacon, Roger, 195
Bale, John, 173, 178
bananas, 3, 613, 109
Bankes, Richard, 34, 44, 89, 103, 119, 125, 128, 137, 155
career of, 130132
little Herball published by, 20, 35, 126, 139140, 141
ix. Drunkardes published by, 132
Robert Redman and, 136
Banks, Joseph, 253
Barber-Surgeons’ Company, 189, 192, 218, 233, 244, 251, 261
Barker, Robert, 242
Barnard, John, 241
Barton, Elizabeth, 134
Basseus, Nicolaus, 242
Bauhin, Caspar, 105
Beaumont and Fletcher folio (1647), 121, 166
Beaumont, Francis, 99, 121, 166, 183184, 185, 190
Becon, Thomas, 220
Bennett, H. S., 20, 168, 169
Berthelet, Thomas, 136
as King’s Printer, 136, 137, 173
Liber de proprietatibus rerum published by, 110, 111
patent held by, 130
penalized for publishing without allowance, 100101
Besler, Basilius, 104, 105
Best, Michael, 31, 155
Bible. See Authorized Version
Bill, John, 242, 255
Birth of Mankind, The (Rösslin), 226, 227
Blagden, Cyprian, 85
Blair, Ann, 15, 33, 164
Blayney, Peter W. M., 32, 64, 91, 96, 97, 102, 130, 131, 134, 142, 145, 173, 180, 225, 226
Bollifant, Edmund, 93, 119, 243, 245
Book of Martyrs (Foxe), 119, 220, 227
Book of the Natures of Triacles, The (Turner), 233
book trade
legal protections in, 26, 56, 9398, 120121
licensing costs in, 179
privileges in, 49, 101103, 129130, 145, 220
publishing costs in, 119121
regulation of, 4648, 8485, 90, 92103, 120121, 127, 155156
Bouhin, Caspar, 15
Bowers, Fredson, 74
Boyle, Robert, 62
Bradshaw, John, 3
Brave Chronicle of the Bishop of Rome’s Blessing (Gibson), 225
Brayman, Heidi, 105
Bredwell, Stephen, 250251
Brunfels, Otto, 29, 35, 46, 57, 106, 111, 114, 179, 216, 217, 218, 235, 244
Bulman, James, 118
Burton, Robert, 104105, 107, 118, 125, 261
Butter, Nathaniel, 43
Byddell, John, 134, 213, 220
C.Hystoryes of Troye, The (Christine de Pisan), 145
cacography, 212, 215
Cairncross, A. S., 118
Cary, Walter, 154
Cary’s Farewell to Physic (Cary), 154
Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England, 135
Caxton, William, 19, 46, 88, 93, 94, 96, 134, 145
Cecil, William, 27, 31, 207, 208, 213, 220, 223, 251, 261
censorship. See book trade
Charles I, King of England, 256
Chartier, Roger, 76, 8284
Chaucer, Geoffrey, 174, 226
Christine de Pisan, 145
Chronicle (Fabyan), 174
Clifford, Anne, 117, 118, 128, 203, 253
Clusius, Carolus, 256
Coakley, John, 253
Comedy of Errors, The (Shakespeare), 191
Cook, Harold, 186
Copland, Robert, 134, 138, 142, 143, 164
Copland, William, 122, 153, 154155, 166, 173, 180
copyright. See book trade
Cornarius, Janus, 60
Cosmographical Glass, The (Cunningham), 220
Cotes, Richard, 89, 118, 243
Crome, Edward, 173
Cromwell, Thomas, 134, 136, 173
Cruydeboeck (Dodoens), 43, 109, 243
Cunningham, William, 203, 220
Cymbeline (Shakespeare), 191
Cynthia’s Revels (Jonson), 70
Dalechamps, Jacques, 105
Daston, Lorraine, 167
Day, John, 27, 219220, 225228, 241
de Grazia, Margreta, 33
De haeretico comburendo (statute), 99100
De historia stirpium (Fuchs), 35, 36, 46, 5559, 61, 6263, 111, 114116, 179, 216, 223, 238
size of, 29
De materia medica (Dioscorides), 15, 56, 73, 109, 217, 220
Dee, John, 21
Dekker, Thomas, 69, 70, 190
Dewes, Garrat, 43
Dictionnaire Français (Richelet), 83
Dictionnaire Universel (Furetière), 83
Dioscorides, 14, 15, 41, 56, 73, 105, 109, 209, 217, 220
Division of the Spirituality and Temporalty, The (St. Germain), 136
Dodoens, Rembert, 23, 30, 34, 43, 79, 80, 109, 144, 235, 241, 243, 246, 250, 256
Dolan, Frances, 70
Donne, John, 128, 163, 183, 253
Doran, Madeline, 49, 182183
Drayton, Michael, 253
Driver, Martha, 145
Duchess of Malfi, The (Webster), 188190, 200201
East, Thomas, 110, 111112
Edward VI, King of England, 31, 8485, 89, 220
Egenolff, Christian, 46, 5663, 70, 81, 106, 109, 234, 235, 259
Eicones plantarum (Tabernaemontanus), 242
Eisenstein, Elizabeth, 28, 6465, 68
Elizabeth I, Queen of England, 31, 45, 85, 153, 233, 249
Elliott, Brett, 241
English Housewife, The (Markham), 31, 155
Enquiry into Plants (Theophrastus), 19, 73, 78, 80
epitomes. See Ram’s Litle Dodeon
Estienne, Henri, 217
Fabyan, Robert, 174
Faerie Queene, The (Spenser), 128
Faithful Shepherdesse, The (Fletcher), 99
Farmer, Alan B., 35
Feather, John, 67
Fell, John, 68, 69
Fisher, John, 100, 101
Fitzherbert, Anthony, 139
Fletcher, John, 99, 121, 166, 190
Foakes, R. A., 118
Forman, Simon, 167
Foucault, Michel, 4445, 46, 47, 7578, 8286, 93, 136
Foxe, John, 119, 220, 227
Frankfurt Book Fair, 27, 59
Freke, Elizabeth, 253
Fuchs, Leonhart, 35, 36, 46, 5559, 61, 6263, 70, 81, 86, 109, 111, 114116, 171, 209, 212, 223, 234, 235, 238, 246, 249, 259, See also De historia stirpium
career of, 56, 60
on illustrations in herbals, 106
Vienna Codex project of, 29
Füllmaurer, Henrich, 240
Furetière, Antoine, 83
Galen, 114, 177, 192, 193, 195, 210, 223, 228, 244
Galenic medicine vs. Paracelsian medicine, 192, 196, 201
gardens, botanical, 214
Gardiner, Stephen, 211
Gart der Gesundheit (von Cube), 19, 81
Gerard, John, 2, 3, 58, 1011, 16, 18, 24, 27, 30, 31, 34, 37, 38, 42, 46, 59, 93, 117, 118, 119, 122, 126, 127, 128, 144, 163, 167, 171, 183, 238, 242244, 246249, 250251, 252, 258, 261, See also Herball, The
career of, 43, 244, 251
plants catalogued by, 31, 260
reputation of, 814, 24, 40, 71, 79, 80, 141, 236, 238
German Herbarius (anon.), 114, 117, 159, 160, 169, 228, 259
Gibson, Strickland, 160
Gibson, Thomas, 198, 212, 224, 225, 253, 262
biographical challenges of, 173
career of, 27, 172174, 178
Grete Herball published by, 161, 165, 174178, 180, 210, 219
Turner known by, 225
Gough, John, 138
Grafton, Richard, 136
Grande Bibliothèque Françoise (La Croix du Maine), 83
Gray, William, 136
Grete Herball, The (trans. Andrewe), 19, 30, 44, 67, 144, 156, 170, 186, 212, 216, 262
Catholicism in, 174
finding aids in, 165166, 172, 178
Gibson’s edition of (1539), 161, 172, 174178, 210, 219
glossary in, 176, 222
illustrations in, 112114, 157, 160161
King’s edition of (1561), 161, 179180
marginalia in, 163, 166, 167, 172
preface to, 168170, 176
proof corrections in, 159161
readers of, 49, 163, 166, 167
title pages of, 31, 157159, 174, 178
Treveris’s and Andrewe’s edition of (1529), 161, 172
Treveris’s edition of (1526), 159161, 172, 177
Gunther, R. T., 167
Gutenberg, Johannes, 64, 92, 114
Hamilton, A. C., 127
Hamlet (Shakespeare), 254
Hammer for the Stone, The (Cary), 154
Hancock, John, 69
Harkness, Deborah, 72, 93
Harvey, William, 174
healers, lay, 117, 187188, 191196, see also Quacks’ Charter
Heinlen, Michael, 168
hemorrhoids, treatment for, 39, 170, 183
Henrey, Blanche, 20, 114, 118, 134, 142
Henry VIII (Shakespeare), 191
Henry VIII, King of England, 101, 135, 173, 211, 213, 214
“Acte for printers & bynders of boks” (1534) issued by, 9798
letters patent granted by, 136
proclamation on King’s privilege (1538) issued by, 102103, 130
Quacks’ Charter (1543) and, 199200, 233
Henslowe, Philip, 70
Herbal for the Bible (Lemnius), 30
Herball, The (Gerard), 43, 51, 121, 127, 144
banana tree described in, 58, 1011, 118
classification scheme in, 247
commissioning of, 250251, 262
edition-sheets of, 119, 242, 243
entered in Stationers’ Registers, 243, 255
fig tree described in, 2, 3
finding aids in, 166, 253254
hemorrhoid treatment in, 183
illustrations in, 8, 11, 30, 118, 238, 248, 250, 256
Johnson’s editing of, 1011, 1314, 16, 27, 243244, 254255, 256
marginalia in, 163, 167
plagiarism accusations and, 246249, 250251, 258, 261
popularity of, 127128, 238, 256
potato illustrated in, 118, 238
printing of, 93, 119, 242243
protected by royal decree, 256
publishing costs of, 119
readers of, 31, 117, 128, 163, 167, 252253
retail price of, 253
second edition (1633) of, 814, 16, 18, 24, 27, 41, 118, 243, 254258, 262
size of, 238, 242, 243
third edition (1636) of, 814, 30, 256
title pages of, 93, 252
writing of, 80, 247248, 252, 261
herbals. See also specific herbals
definition of, 1415, 1921, 3031, 87
format of, 30, 109110, 117
generic categorization of, 42
illustrations in, 8, 11, 48, 58, 109114, 116117, 118, 119, 157, 160161, 238, 243, 248, 250, 256
in libraries, 117, 253
marginalia in, 5, 3839, 49, 163165, 166168, 172, 182
market for. See specific herbals
paratexts in, 23, 30, 56, 59, 61, 165166, 178, 180, 208, 253254, 258
printing’s effect on, 2829, 58, 210, 212, 237238
publishing costs of, 48, 109114, 119
readership of, 18, 22, 31, 38, 41, 117118
scholarship on, 25, 28, 3738, 4043, 71, 7881, 125, 168, 170171
as surrogate for travel, 28, 259261
typography in, 30
uses of, 104105, 106107, 109, 164165, 166167, 169
Herbarum vivae eicones (Brunfels), 29, 46, 57, 106, 111, 114, 179, 217, 235
Herbert, George, 199
Heywood, John, 174
Heywood, Thomas, 50, 187188, 191, 192194, 198
Hieronymus Brunschwig, 157
Hill, Nicholas, 163
Historia generalis plantarum (Dalechamps), 105
Hoby, Margaret, 117
Hodgson, John, 225
Hodnett, Edward, 114
Hooks, Adam, 14
Hortus Eystettensis (Besler), 105
Howard, Jean, 185, 193
Hughes, Griffith, 4, 6, 8
Hulvey, Monique, 39
Hunter, Lynette, 42, 198
Hunting and Finding of the Romish Fox, The (Turner), 211, 213
Hunting of the Romish Wolf, The (Turner), 211, 236
Ibn Sina, Abu (Avicenna), 159, 228
illustrations. see also herbals
copying of, 5759, 106, 117, 240, 258
debates about, 107
as drawn from life, 1011, 114116
publishing costs of, 48
uses of, 104105, 106107, 109
Institution of a Christian Man, The, 173
Isham, Elizabeth, 107, 125
Isingrin, Michael, 46, 5556, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 171, 238
widow of, 29
Islip, Adam, 256
Jackson, Benjamin Daydon, 208, 215
Jaggard, William, 180
James I, King of England, 43, 48, 251
Jeffers, Robert, 247, 251
Jew of Malta, The (Marlowe), 190
Johns, Adrian, 42, 62, 6469, 81, 82, 143, 171
Johnson, Francis, 142, 170, 183
Wyer mischaracterized by, 141145
Johnson, Thomas, 109, 118, 262
authorities as viewed by, 51, 244
Gerard criticized by, 23, 24, 244248
Herball edited by, 1011, 1314, 16, 27, 243244, 254255, 256
patriotism of, 30
reputation of, 40, 51
Jones, Whitney, 219, 231
Jonson, Ben, 50, 70, 190, 191
Jordanova, Ludmilla, 171
Kele, Richard, 154
Kelly, Erin Katherine, 211, 230
Kerrigan, John, 185
Kerwin, William, 188
Kesson, Andy, 127, 128
King Henry IV, Part II (Shakespeare), 118
King Henry VI, Part III (Shakespeare), 118
King Lear (Shakespeare), 43, 74, 118, 185, 191, 196198, 201203, 254
King, John, 143
career of, 179180
Grete Herball published by, 161, 177, 178, 179180, 210
little Herball published by, 20, 127, 137, 166
as printer, 155
King’s privilege. See book trade
Knight of the Burning Pestle, The (Beaumont), 183184, 185
Knight, Jeffrey Todd, 70
Knight, Leah, 24, 41, 105, 125, 209, 235, 244
Kreuterbuch (Rösslin), 57
Kusukawa, Sachiko, 36, 40, 105, 116, 161
Kytson, Antony, 155
L’Obel, Matthias de, 30, 31, 43, 80, 105, 112, 246, 247250, 252, 256, see also Stirpium adversaria nova
Larkey, Sanford, 36, 133, 142, 170
Laroche, Rebecca, 43, 107, 117, 125, 153
Lathrop, H. B., 141
Latimer, Hugh, 173
Lawrence, George, 79
Lecky, Katarzyna, 164
Lemnius, Levnius, 30
Leo X, Pope, 100
Lerer, Seth, 163
Lesser, Zachary, 33
Lettou, John, 94
Lewis, Wayne, 203
Libellus de re Herbaria novus (Turner), 98, 213214, 215217
Liber de proprietatibus rerum (Anglicus), 110, 112, 144
licensing. See book trade
Linacre, Thomas, 142, 149, 174, 200
little Herball (anon.), 49, 67, 100, 160, 186, 212, 216, 262
Bankes’s editions of, 1920, 74, 125, 126, 129, 139140, 155, 164
contents of, 3537, 133
edition-sheets of, 119
format of, 34
King’s edition of, 127, 137, 155, 179180
Kytson’s edition of, 155
marginalia in, 39, 164, 167
Petyt’s edition of, 132, 137, 138, 164
Pickering Redman’s edition of, 137, 143
piracy accusations and, 132, 135
popularity of, 3435, 37, 38, 44, 121, 125, 126128, 137, 155
Powell’s edition of, 153154
printing of, 139140, 149
readers of, 31, 164, 167
Robert Copland’s edition of, 143, 164
Robert Redman’s edition of, 21, 87, 132, 137, 143, 163
Skot’s edition of, 131, 132, 134, 143
sources for, 20, 34, 36
titles of, 20, 87, 142143, 145, 146, 149, 153, 154
William Copland’s edition of, 153, 164, 166
Wyer’s editions of, 36, 74, 132, 141153, 164
Little Treatise of Astronomy (Askham), 154
Locke, John, 163, 235
Longland, John, 101
Lopez, Roderigo, 190
Louis, Armand, 248
Lowenstein, Joseph, 50
Lyons, Tara, 139
Lyte, Henry, 30, 37, 43, 109, 144, 243, 252
Macbeth (Shakespeare), 191
Macer Floridus, 146, 149
Macer, Aemilius, 149, See little Herball (anon.)
Machlinia, William de, 94, 180
Magnus, Albertus, 180
mandrake, 114, 118, 160, 161, 174, 183, 199, 200
Markham, Gervase, 31, 155
Marlowe, Christopher, 190
Marx, Karl, 15
Mary I, Queen of England, 47, 85, 90, 209, 214
Mattioli, Pietro Andrea, 73, 105, 235, 244, 246, 249
McGann, Jerome, 74, 160
McKenzie, D. F., 44
McLuhan, Marshall, 64
Melnikoff, Kirk, 33
Merry Wives of Windsor, The (Shakespeare), 191
Meyer, Albrecht, 240
Middleton, Elizabeth, 153
Middleton, William, 142
Mierdman, Steven, 156, 220
Mildmay, Grace, 117
Milton, John, 18, 1213, 128, 238, 253
Mirror, or Glass of Health (Moulton), 138, 163
More, Thomas, 97, 131, 174
Moretus, Balthasar, 256
Morhart, Ulric, 59
Moseley, Humphrey, 121, 166
Moulton, Thomas, 138, 163
Moxon, Joseph, 149, 159
Names of Herbes, The (Turner)
authority in, 223225
contents of, 220222
publication of, 27, 219, 222223
Natural History of Barbados (Hughes), 4, 6
Naturalis historia (Pliny), 19
cited in drama, 200
fig trees described in, 24
plagiarism accusations and, 78, 80
New Book of Justices of the Peace (Fitzherbert), 139
New Herball, A (Turner), 19, 30, 35, 37
authority in, 230
dedication in, 233
earlier authors corrected in, 73
edition-sheets of, 208
illustrations in, 112, 117
popularity of, 127
publication of, 156, 179
title page of, 31, 222
Newton, Thomas, 30
Nicosia, Marissa, 2, 4
Niewe Herball, A (trans. Lyte), 30, 43, 109, 144, 243
edition-sheets of, 110
Noble Experience of the Virtuous Handiwork of Surgery, The (Hieronymus), 157
Norton, Bonham, 119, 238, 241, 242
Norton, John, 93, 248, 250, 259
Bodley’s relationship with, 241
career of, 241
Herball published by, 51, 93, 241243, 250251, 261, 262
Norton, Joyce, 13, 16, 25, 27, 89, 243, 246, 252, 254258, 259, 261, 262
Norton, William, 241
Of the Old God and the New (Watt, trans. Turner), 208
Offices of Sheriffs, Bailiffs and Coroners (Fitzherbert), 139
Ogilvie, Brian, 11, 37, 70, 72, 73, 79, 217
Okes, Nicholas, 43
Old Learning and the New (Regius, trans. Turner), 208
Overbury, Thomas, 190
Page, William, 45, 85
Pantzer, Katharine, 134
Paracelsian medicine vs. Galenic medicine, 192, 196, 201
Paracelsus, 195
Paradise Lost (Milton), 18, 1213, 253
Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris (Parkinson), 106, 118, 255
paratexts, 16, 27, See also herbals
Paris and Vienne (trans. Caxton), 88
Parkinson, John, 27, 30, 37, 42, 106, 117, 118, 126, 144, 243, 255, 258, 262
Parsons, Christopher, 261
Pavord, Anna, 78, 80, 81
Pelling, Margaret, 186, 189, 191
Pena, Pierre, 30, 31, 43, 105, 112, 247, 249, 252, see also Stirpium adversaria nova
Pericles (Shakespeare), 191, 194195
Petyt, Thomas, 132, 137, 138, 141, 142, 145, 154, 155, 163, 164, 226
Philosophical Transactions (Royal Society), 66
physicians
herbals and, 176178, 210, 222, 223225, 228233
in drama, 187191, 195
Royal College of, 186187, 191192, 200, 244
Pickering Redman, Elizabeth, 38, 137, 138, 141, 142, 143, 153
Pinax Theatri Botanici (Bauhin), 105
piracy, 72, 120, 127, 180
definition of, 61, 6770
herbals and, 71, 74, 132, 141145
plagiarism. see also Herball, Naturalis historia
definition of, 61, 75, 245
herbals and, 25, 40, 59, 60, 71, 7881, 88, 234236, 246249, 258259, 261
Plantarum seu stirpium historia (L’Obel), 249
Plantarum seu stirpium icones (L’Obel), 247
Plantin, Christopher, 44, 246, 247, 249, 250, 256
Pliny the Elder, 24, 5, 19, 76, 78, 80, 200, 209, 220
Poetaster (Jonson), 70
Pollard, A. W., 142
Pollard, Graham, 90, 92
Poly-olbion (Drayton), 253
Ponet, John, 220
Powell, William, 38, 137, 153154, 155, 179, 264
Priest to the Temple, A (Herbert), 199
Priest, Robert, 23, 71, 246, 247, 250, 251
Primi de historia stirpium (Fuchs), 109
print culture (term), 6465
Prodromos theatri botanici (Bauhin), 105
props, books as, 50, 185, 193194, 203
publish, definition of, 99
publisher, definition of, 16, 3233, 98
Purchas His Pigrimes (Purchas), 2
Purchas, Samuel, 2
Purfoot, Thomas, 249
Pyles, Thomas, 36, 133, 142, 170
Pynson, Richard, 95, 135, 149
Quacks’ Charter (1543), 199200, 233
Raleigh, Walter, 2, 31
Ram, William, 109
Ram’s Litle Dodeon, 43, 109110
edition-sheets of, 110
marginalia in, 164
Rastell, John, 97, 131, 140
Rastell, William, 174
Raven, Charles, 79, 80, 215
Raynald, Thomas, 226227
Redman, Elizabeth. see Pickering Redman, Elizabeth
Redman, Robert, 21, 38, 87, 135137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145
Reed, A. W., 101
Regiment or Dietary of Health (Gough), 138
Regius, Urbanus, 207
Rescuing of the Romish Fox, The (Turner), 211, 213
Richard II (Shakespeare), 197, 199, 202
Richard III, King of England
act on foreign merchants (1484), 9495, 96, 97
Richelet, César-Pierre, 83
Ricks, Christopher, 245
Robinson, Humphrey, 121
Rohde, Eleanour Sinclair, 20, 159
Romeo and Juliet (Shakespeare), 198199
Rösslin, Eucharius, 57, 226
Royal College of Physicians. See physicians
Royal Society, the, 22, 65, 68, 82, 224
Ruel, Jean, 217, 218, 244
Ryff, Walther, 57, 59
Saenger, Paul, 168
Salaman, Redcliffe, 118
Schoensperger, Johann, 81
Schöffer, Peter, 19, 114
Schott, Johannes, 29, 57, 217, 235, 259
Secord, Anne, 17
Secrets of Alexis, The (Alexis of Piedmont), 164
Seeing of Urines, The (anon.), 138, 139
self-medication, 198201
Seres, William, 180
Seymour, Edward, Duke of Somerset, 208, 215, 223, 230
Shakespeare First Folio (1623), 26, 242
Shakespeare, William, 43, 50, 74, 185, 191, 194199, 201203, 254, see also specific plays
botanical metaphors in plays of, 44, 127, 197198, 202
doctors and, 191, 195, 196197, 201, 202203
piracy and, 142
self-medication and, 198199
as a “vendible commodity”, 14
Shapin, Steven, 6263, 65, 82, 225
Shaw, Peter, 245
Sherman, William, 15, 163, 168
Shevlin, Eleanor, 8687
simples
definition of, 197, 198
medical education and, 176, 214, 215, 232
self-healing and, 31, 164, 199, 200, 222, 254
Singleton, Hugh, 45, 85
Skot, John, 68, 132, 134135, 141, 142, 143, 145
Slack, Paul, 169
Smith, Emma, 127, 128
Smyth, Thomas, 136
Snyder, Susan, 195
Sofer, Andrew, 194
Solomon, 51, 244
Southwell, Anne, 253
Speckle, Viet Rudolf, 116, 240
Spenser, Edmund, 127
Squire, Henry, 96
St. Germain, Christopher, 136
Stafford, Simon, 110
stage props. See props, books as
Stallybrass, Peter, 33
stationers
definition of, 9091
importance of, 16, 17, 2122, 29, 3940, 4445, 58, 60, 73, 8283, 136, 238, 241, 261262
in stationer-function, 60, 8387, 88, 262
Stationers’ Company, 4648, 67, 68, 127, 140, 156
authorization system of, 72
bookselling and, 9293, 94
Canterbury petition (1542) and, 89
foreign printers/booksellers and, 9398
founding of, 9192
incorporation of, 85, 90, 120
rivalries with other companies and, 92
Stationers’ Registers, 4748, 69, 110, 118, 120121, 127, 137, 142, 155, 180, 243, 249, 256
Stirpium adversaria nova (Pena and L’Obel), 30, 31, 43, 105, 112, 247, 249250
Stirpium historiae pemptades sex (Dodoens), 246248, 250, see also Niewe Herball, Ram’s Litle Dodoen
Stirpium illustrations (L’Obel), 248
Stubbes, John, 45, 85
surgeons. see Barber-Surgeons’ Company
Tabernaemontanus (Jacob Dietrich of Bergzabern), 242, 244, 250
Tanselle, G. Thomas, 74, 75
text, work vs., 63, 7475, 82
Theatrum botanicum (Parkinson), 27, 30, 107, 117, 118, 144
edition-sheets of, 243
illustrations in, 30
protected by King’s privilege, 258
Theophrastus, 14, 19, 41, 73, 78, 80
Thorney, Thomas, 260
Topham, Jonathan, 171
Tracy, Prudence, 134, 141, 142
Tragus (Hieronymus Boch), 215, 235
Traister, Barbara Howard, 167, 191
Treasure of Poor Men, The (anon.), 138
Treveris, Peter, 112114, 157162, 165166, 168, 172, 248
Grete Herball published by, 178, 210
tulip craze, 42, 260
Tunstall, Cuthbert, 100, 101, 131, 134, 135, 138
Turner, William, 27, 30, 31, 34, 38, 46, 59, 98, 118, 122, 126, 156, 171, 179, 181, 251, 252, see also specific works
authorities used by, 216218, 223, 234236
botanical study praised by, 228
career of, 51, 98, 207209, 210211, 213, 215, 218219, 220, 222
contemporaries as viewed by, 212, 242
earlier authors corrected by, 73
Gibson known by, 225
illustrations and, 112, 117
physicians praised by, 228230
popularity of, 127
print as viewed by, 209210, 211213, 215216, 217, 218, 230232, 233234, 237238
religious polemics and, 211212, 213, 236
reputation of, 37, 117, 208, 236
vernacular medical writing defended by, 5051, 230232, 233, 262
Twelfth Night (Shakespeare), 191
Two Noble Kinsmen, The (Shakespeare), 191
Two Treatises of Government (Locke), 235
Tylley, William, 227
Tyndale, William, 100, 173, 174
Unwin, George, 91
Veale, Abraham, 155, 226
Vincent of Beauvais, 226
Volpone, or, The Fox (Jonson), 190
W. C. Herbal. see little Herball
Waley, John, 127, 142, 155
Wall, Wendy, 38
Walpole, Horace, 4, 8
Ward, Samuel, 107
Warham, William, 100
Watt, Joachim von, 207
Webster, Charles, 189, 192
Webster, John, 50, 188190, 200201
Weston, Richard, 253
Whitaker, Richard, 13, 16, 25, 27, 243, 246, 252, 254258, 261, 262
Wight, John, 154, 226
Williamson, Joseph, 69
Wise Woman of Hoxton, The (Heywood), 50, 187188, 192194, 198
Wolsey, Thomas, 100
woodcuts. See illustrations
Worde, Wynkyn de, 96, 110, 112, 134, 213
work, text vs., 63, 7475, 82
Wotton, Edward, 174
Wyer, Robert, 38, 122, 134, 200, 253
career of, 140141
herbals published by, 74, 146153, 164, 170
reputation of, 41, 71, 74, 129, 140142
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