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  • Print publication year: 2021
  • Online publication date: April 2021

The Crown Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240

Summary

PLEAS OF THE CROWN TAKEN AT IPSWICH BEFORE WILLIAM OF YORK, PROVOST OF BEVERLEY, HENRY OF BATH, AND THEIR FELLOWS, JUSTICES ITINERANT IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK IN THE TWENTY-FOURTH YEAR OF THE REIGN OF KING HENRY THE SON OF KING JOHN IN THREE WEEKS FROM EASTER DAY

  • 1 That is Sunday 6 May 1240, a week after the start of the eyre in Suffolk. See 1240 Suffolk Civil Pleas, p. 3, n. 1 for the heading.

THE HUNDRED OF BOSMERE COMES BY 12 [JURORS] – BOSMERE1

  • 1 The hundred name is repeated three times. Nothing is said about past or present sheriffs and coroners, as is commonly the case in other crown pleas rolls.

1161. William of Eye killed Henry de Swinedon at the house of John de Helles in Offton vill, and he fled to Offton church and there acknowledged the death and abjured the realm. He was not in a tithing, but he was of the household of William Talebot, who is in mercy (amercement). Because Offton vill did not pursue it is in mercy (amercement). He had no chattels. Richard Stubbard and Richard Cook, who were with William when he killed him, fled and are not suspected, so they may return if they wish, and are to be under sureties. Richard Cook was not in a tithing, but Richard Stubbard was in the tithing of Gerard Stubbing in Offton, so it is in mercy for his flight (amercement). Four near neighbours, attached for that death, come and are not suspected, nor is anyone else. Englishry was presented by two, namely one on the father's side and another on the mother’s.

  • 1 in manupastu – literally ‘mainpast’, meaning that he ate the bread of his lord, who was responsible for his good behaviour and was amerced if he committed felony.

1162. Matilda the widow of Nicholas de Westwode appealed Adam of Boulogne of the death of William her son, and Adam was arrested and imprisoned in the gaol at Ipswich, and he died there. Godfrey the son of Sephul of Creeting, Roger Aunsel of the same and Nicholas the son of William de Cape, who were with Adam when he killed him are not suspected, nor were they attached, so the sheriff is in mercy, namely Robert de Brywes (amercement).

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