Skip to main content Accessibility help
Civil Liability in Europe for Terrorism-Related Risk
  • Cited by 6
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Today terrorism has become a world-wide phenomenon which does not stop at the European borders. Following the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Centre and terrorist attacks in Paris, Madrid and London, concerns have arisen in Europe about potential liability exposure for terrorism-related damage. This book tackles the problem of civil liability for damage caused by terrorist acts from several angles. The authors expertly deliver a comprehensive analysis of terrorism-related risk under international and EU law, and the national tort law systems of seven representative EU Member States. They also provide a comparison of the situation in Europe to the liability environment in the United States. Risk mitigation strategies are considered and critically assessed, as are alternative systems for redressing terrorism-related risks. The book concludes with a reflection on the analysis and presents possible strategies for future regulation by the European lawmakers.


'This book is an important resource for government (especially their judicial, treasury and commerce departments) as well as business communities that manage the setting of risk premiums on terrorism-related civil liability issues for a country’s business sector.'

Joshua Sinai Source: Perspectives on Terrorism

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Ramos, F.J. Ahumada, La Responsabilidad Patrimonial de las Administraciones Públicas (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2004), 531.
Lata, N. Álvarez, ‘Responsabilidad Civil por Daños al Medio Ambiente’ in Reglero, F. (ed.), Tratado de Responsabilidad Civil III (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008), 59.
Lata, N. Álvarez and Moreno, Y. Bustos, ‘Responsabilidad Civil en el Ámbito del Transporte y la Navegación Aérea’ in Reglero, F. (ed.), Tratado de Responsabilidad Civil II (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008), 1430.
American Law Institute, Reporters’ Study: Enterprise Responsibility for Personal Injury (American Law Institute, 1991), vol. I, 86.
Ammerlaan, K. and Van Boom, W.H., ‘De Nederlandse Herverzekeringsmaatschappij voor Terrorismeschaden en de rol van de overheid bij het vergoeden van terreurschade’, Nederlands Juristenblad, 45/46 (2003) 23302339.
Martínez, I. Arroyo, Curso de Derecho aéreo (Thomson-Civitas, 2006).
ASD and EOS, ‘European Union Third Party Liability Limitation – Executive Summary’,
Malo, A. Azagra, La Tragedia del Amianto y el Derecho Español (Atelier, 2007).
Azparren, A., ‘Artículos 128–149’ in Lapuente, S. Cámara (ed.), Comentarios a las Normas de Protección de los Consumidores (Colex, 2011), 1196.
Llop, J. Barcelona, El Régimen Jurídico de la Policía de Seguridad (IVAP, 1988), 261.
Batsch, E., Liability for Environmental Damages: Incentives for Precaution and Risk Allocation (Mohr Siebeck, 1998), 175.
Janeiro, D. Bello (ed.), La Responsabilidad Patrimonial de las Administraciones Públicas (Reus, 1999), 318.
Bergkamp, L., Liability and Environment. Private and Public Law Aspects of Civil Liability for Environmental Harm in an International Context (Kluwer Law International, 2001).
Bergkamp, L., European Community Law for the New Economy (Intersentia, 2003).
Bergkamp, L., ‘European Court Clarifies Application of “Polluter Pays Principle” and Causation’, Journal for European Environmental and Planning Law (2010), 355.
Bergkamp, L., Faure, M., Hinteregger, M. and Philipsen, N. (eds.), Study Evaluating the Status Quo and the Legal Implications of Third Party Liability for the European Security Industry (Maastricht University, Metro, 2013):
Bergkamp, L. and Goldsmith, B. (eds.), The EU Environmental Liability Directive: A Commentary (Oxford University Press, 2013).
Bercovitz, R. and Salas, J. (eds.), Comentarios a la Ley General para la Defensa de los Consumidores y Usuarios (Civitas, 1992), 715.
Vera, J. Bermejo, ‘La Administración Inspectora’, Revista de Administración Pública (RAP), 147 (1998) 39, 53.
Vera, J. Bermejo, Derecho Administrativo: Parte Especial (Civitas, 2005), 137.
Bier, V., ‘Hurricane Katrina as a bureaucratic nightmare’, in Daniels, R.J., Kettle, D.F. and Kunreuther, H. (eds.), On Risk and Disaster. Lessons from Hurricane Katrina (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006), 243254.
Bishop, W., ‘The Contract-Tort Boundary and the Economics of Insurance’, Journal of Legal Studies, 12 (1983) 241266.
Blanchard, P., ‘Responsibility for Environmental Damage under Nuclear and Environmental Instruments: a Legal Benchmarking’, J. Energy & Nat. Resources L., 18 (2000) 233253, 236.
Brooke, J., ‘Terror in Littleton: The Overview; 2 Students in Colorado School Said to Gun Down as Many as 23 and Kill Themselves in a Siege’, New York Times, 21 April 1999.
Bruggeman, V., Compensating Catastrophe Victims: A Comparative Law and Economics Approach (Kluwer Law International, 2010).
Bruggeman, V., Faure, M. and Fiore, K., ‘The Government as Reinsurer of Catastrophic Risks?’ Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance Theory, 35 (2010 369390.
Bruggeman, V., Faure, M. and Heldt, T., ‘Insurance Against Catastrophe: Government Stimulation of Insurance Markets for Catastrophic Events?’ Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, XXIII (2012) (1), 185241.
Bruggeman, V., Faure, M. and Haritz, M., ‘Remodelling Reparation: Changes in the Compensation of Victims of Natural Catastrophes in Belgium and the Netherlands’, Disasters, 35 (2011) 766788.
Bruno, J.R., ‘Immunity for “Discretionary” Functions: A Proposal to Amend the Federal Tort Claims Act’, Harvard Journal on Legislation, 49 (2012) 431.
Bures, O., EU Counterterrorism Policy: A Paper Tiger? (Ashgate, 2011).
Burrows, P., ‘Combining Regulation and Liability for the Control of External Costs’, International Review of Law and Economics, 19 (1999) 227242.
Calabresi, G., The Costs of Accidents: A Legal and Economic Analysis (Yale University Press, 1970).
Cane, P., Attiyah's Accidents, Compensation and the Law (Buttersworth, 6th edn, 1999), 405.
Carrasco, A., ‘Artículos 1104–1107’ in Albaladejo, M. (ed.), Comentarios al Código Civil y Compilaciones Forales XVI-1 (Edersa, 1989), 680.
Carrasco, A., ‘Responsabilidad de la Administración y medio ambiente’ in Janeiro, D. Bello (ed.), La Responsabilidad Patrimonial de las Administraciones Públicas (Reus, 1999).
Carrasco, A., ‘El Régimen Civil de la Responsabilidad por Inmisiones Ambientales Preexistentes a la Ley’ in Cutanda, B. Lozano (ed.), Comentarios a la Ley de Responsabilidad Medioambiental (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008), 158.
Donaire, J.A. Carrillo, El Derecho de la Seguridad y de la Calidad Industrial (Marcial Pons, 2000), 601 ff.
Rubio, M. Casino, Responsabilidad Civil de la Administración y Delito (Marcial Pons, 1998), 39.
Chao, W., Pollution from the Carriage of Oil by Sea: Liability and Compensation (Kluwer Law International, 1996).
CNN library, ‘1993 World Trade Center Bombing Fast Facts’,
CoESS and ASSA-I, ‘A European Solution for Third Party Liability of the Aviation Security Services Providers’, White Paper, June 2010.
Congressional Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Cybersecurity Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies of the Committee on Homeland Security House of Representatives, 26 May 2011.
Council of the European Union, ‘The European Union Counter-Terrorism Strategy’, (14469/4/05 REV 4), Brussels 30 November 2005.
Craig, P., EU Administrative Law (Oxford University Press, 2nd edn, 2012).
Currie, D.E.J., ‘The Problems and Gaps in the Nuclear Liability Conventions and an Analysis of how an Actual Claim would be brought under the Current Existing Treaty Regime in the Event of a Nuclear Accident’, Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, 35 (2008) 85127.
Dallos, R.E. and Gellene, D., ‘Pan Am, a 50-Year Leader in Aviation, Goes Bankrupt: Economy: Carrier Cites Fuel Costs, Downturn and Flight 103 Bombing. It Says Travelers Will Not Be Affected’, Los Angeles Times, 9 January 1991.
Daniels, R.J., Kettl, D.F. et al., On Risk and Disaster: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006).
Geest, G. De, ‘Who Should Be Immune from Tort Liability?’, Journal of Legal Studies, 41 (June 2012)2.
del Olmo, P.,‘Tort and Regulatory law in Spain’ in van Boom, W.H. et al. (eds.), Tort and Regulatory Law (Springer, 2007), 260.
Department of Energy and Climate Change, ‘Compensating Victims of Nuclear Accidents’, 24 January 2011,
Smedt, K. De, Environmental Liability in a Federal System. A Law and Economics Analysis (Intersentia, 2007).
Díez-Picazo, L., Fundamentos de Derecho Civil Patrimonial II (Civitas, 2012).
Díez-Picazo, L., Fundamentos de Derecho Civil Patrimonial V (Civitas, 2012).
Pascual, G. Domenech, ‘¿Por qué la Administración Nunca Ejerce la Acción de Regreso Contra el Personal a su Servicio?’, Indret, 2 (2008) 5.
Dubis, W. in Gniewek, E. (ed.), Kodeks cywilny. Komentarz (CH Beck, 2008), 770.
Dybowski, T. in Radwanski, Z. (ed.), System prawa cywilnego (Wyd PAN, 1981), vol. III, part 1, 288.
Emons, W., ‘Imperfect Tests and Natural Insurance Monopolies’, Journal of Industrial Economics, 49 (2001) 247248.
Endres, A., Ohl, C. and Rundshagen, B., ‘Land Unter!, Ein insitutionenökonomischer Zwischenruf’, List Forum für Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik, 29 (2003) 284294.
Epstein, R.A., ‘Products Liability as an Insurance Market’, Journal of Legal Studies, 14 (1985) 645669.
Epstein, R.A., ‘Catastropic Responses to Catastrophic Risks’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 12 (1996) 287308.
European Commission, ‘Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the Implementation of Council Framework Decision 2008/919/JHA of 28 November 2008 amending Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA on combating terrorism’.
European Environmental Liability Directive (EU Commission, White Paper on Environmental Liability, Brussels, 2000 (COM) 2000 66 final).
Faure, M., ‘Tort Liability in France: An Introductory Economic Analysis’, in Deffains, B. et al. (eds.), Law and Economics in Civil Law Countries (JAI, 2001), 169179.
Faure, M., ‘Environmental Damage Insurance in the Netherlands’, Environmental Liability, 10 (2002) 3137.
Faure, M., (ed.), Deterrence, Insurability and Compensation in Environmental Liability. Future Developments in the European Union (Springer, 2003).
Faure, M., ‘Comparative and Policy Conclusions’, in Faure, M. and Hartlief, T. (eds.), Financial Compensation for Victims of Catastrophes. A Comparative Legal Approach (Springer, 2006), 389452.
Faure, M., ‘Financial Compensation for Victims of Catastrophes: A Law and Economics Perspective’, Law & Policy, 29(3) (2007) 339367, 358.
Faure, M., ‘Effectiveness of Environmental Law: What Does the Evidence Tell us?’, William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review, 36 (2012) 2, 293336.
Faure, M. and Grimeaud, D., ‘Financial Assurance Issues of Environmental Liability’ in Faure, M., Deterrence, Insurability and Compensation in Environmental Liability. Future Developments in the European Union (Springer, 2003), 189192.
Faure, M. and Hartlief, T., ‘Towards an Expanding Enterprise Liability in Europe? How to Analyse the Scope of Liability of Industrial Operators and their Insurers’, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, (1996) 235–270.
Faure, M. and Hartlief, T., Nieuwe risico's en vragen van aansprakelijkheid en verzekering (Kluwer, 2002).
Faure, M. and Hartlief, T., (eds.), Insurance and Expanding Systemic Risks, Policy Issues in Insurance, No. 5 (OECD, 2003).
Faure, M., Koopmans, I. and Oudijk, J., ‘Imposing Criminal Liability on Government Officials under Environmental Law: A Legal and Economic Analysis’, Loyola of Los Angeles International Comparative Law Journal, (1996) 529569.
Faure, M.G. and Liu, J., ‘Compensating for Nuclear Accidents in Japan: the Fukushima Case’, TGMA, 26(2) (2012a) 7484.
Faure, M.G. and Liu, J., ‘The Tsunami of March 2011 and the Subsequent Nuclear Incident at Fukushima: Who Compensates the Victims?’, William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review, 37 (2012b) 1, 129218.
Faure, M. and Van den Bergh, R., ‘Restrictions of Competition on Insurance Markets and the Applicability of EC anti-trust law’, Kyklos, 48 (1995) 6585.
Faure, M. and Van den Borre, T., ‘Compensating Nuclear Damage: A Comparative Economic Analysis of the US and International Liability Schemes’, William & Mary Environmental Law & Policy Review, 33 (2008) 219232, 220232.
Fernández-Piñeyro, F., ‘La Administración Aeronáutica’ in Menéndez, A. (ed.), Régimen Jurídico del Transporte Aéreo (Civitas, 2001), 111174.
Torres, I. Fernández, ‘El Transporte Aéreo en la Jurisprudencia Civil y Mercantil’ in Menéndez, A (ed.), Régimen Jurídico del Transporte Aéreo (Civitas, 2001), 282.
Foerste, U., ‘Die Produkthaftung für Druckwerke’, Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW), (1991), 1433, 1438.
Rosselli, Fondazione, Analysis of the Economic Impact of the Development Risk Clause as provided by Directive 85/374/EEC on Liability for Defective Products (2004).
Franßen, G. and Blatt, H., ‘Ersatzansprüche aus Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag beim Feuerwehreinsatz’, Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW), (2012) 1031, 1031.
Freeman, P.K. and Kunreuther, H., Managing Environmental Risk Through Insurance (Kluwer, 1997), 25.
Freeman, P.K. and Kunreuther, H., Happiness and Economics (Princeton University Press, 2002).
Frey, B.S. and Stutzer, A.W., ‘Happiness Research: State and Prospects’, Working Paper, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, 2004.
Frosch, D., ‘Gunman Kills 12 in Colorado, Reviving Gun Debate’, New York Times, 20 July 2012.
Gas, B., ‘Extremus – The German Terrorism Insurance Solution’, Etudes et Dossiers 298 (The Geneva Association, 2005), 13–1.
de Enterría, E. García and Fernández, T.R., Curso de Derecho Administrativo II (Thomson-Civitas 2011), 730.
Gómez de Mercado, F García et al., Manual de Contratación del Sector Público (Comares, 2011), 794.
Muñoz, O. García and Martín, J. Carrasco, ‘Deberes de vigilancia y prevención de la Administración de conductas ilícitas y prohibición de regreso’, 2 (2003) Indret 9.
Giliker, P., Vicarious Liability in Tort: A Comparative Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2010), 32 f.
Gluver, H. and Olsen, D. (eds.), Ship Collision Analysis (Balkema, 1998).
Gollier, C., ‘Some Aspects of the Economics of Catastrophe Risk Insurance’ in OECD, Catastrophic Risks and Insurance (OECD, 2005), 1330.
Pomar, F. Gómez, ‘Ámbito de Protección de la Responsabilidad de Producto’ in Salvador, P. and Pomar, F. Gómez (eds.), Tratado de Responsabilidad Civil del Fabricante (Thomson-Civitas, 2008), 668669.
Puente, M. Gómez, Derecho Administrativo Aeronáutico (Iustel, 2006), 128 ff.
Puente, M. Gómez, La Inactividad de la Administración (Aranzadi, 2002), 845.
GAO, Catastrophe Risk. U.S. and European Approaches to Insure Natural Catastrophe and Terrorism Risks, GAO-05-199, Washington D.C., United States General Accountability Office: 74 (2005).
Lebrón, M.J. Guerrero, La Responsabilidad Contractual del Porteador Aéreo en el Transporte de Pasajeros (Tirantlo Blanch, 2005), 125 ff.
García, E. González, ‘La Vigilancia Privada en la Seguridad de los Entornos Aeroportuarios’, Seguritecnia, 345 (2008) 38, 39.
Gron, A. and Sykes, A.O., ‘A Role for Government?’, Regulation, 25(4) (2002) 4451.
Gron, A. and Sykes, A.O., ‘Terrorism and Insurance Markets: A Role for the Government as Insurer?’ Indiana Law Review, 36 (2003) 447463.
Zaplana, J. Guerrero, La Responsabilidad Medioambiental en España (La Ley, 2010), 62.
Günther, D.-K. and Borbe, F., ‘Kostenersatz der Feuerwehr am Beispiel der Sachversicherung’, Versicherungsrecht (VersR), (2012), 1197, 1197 ff.
Haberman, C., ‘Korean Jetliner with 269 Aboard Missing Near Soviet Pacific Island’, New York Times, 1 September 1983.
Harrington, S.E., ‘Rethinking Disaster Policy’, Regulation, 23(1) (2000) 4046.
Hartlief, T., ‘De Meerwaarde van het Aansprakelijkheidsrecht’ in Hartlief, T. and Klosse, S. (eds.), Einde van het Aansprakelijkheidsrecht? (Boom Juridisch euitgevers, 2003), 5859.
Hartwig, R.P., ‘The Impact of the September 11 attacks on the American Insurance Industry’ in Liedtke, P.M. and Courbage, C. (eds.), Insurance and September 11 – One year after: Impact, Lessons and Unresolved Issues (The Geneva Association, 2002), 1042.
Hauser, C., ‘Virginia Tech Shooting Leaves 33 Dead’, New York Times, 16 April 2007.
Hellner, J. and Radetzki, M., Skadeståndsrätt, (NorstedtsJuridik, 2010), 177, 341.
Hinteregger, M.G., Grundfragen der Umwelthaftung (Manz, 1994).
Hinteregger, M. and Kissich, S., ‘The Paris Convention 2004 – A New Nuclear Liability System for Europe’, Environmental Liability 3 (2004) 116.
Huber, M. and Amodu, T., ‘United Kingdom’ in Faure, M. and Hartlief, T. (eds.), Financial Compensation for Victims of Catastrophes: A Comparative Legal Approach (Springer, 2006), 261301.
Hunziker, J.R. and Jones, T.O. (eds.), Product Liability and Innovation: Managing Risk in an Uncertain Environment (DC National Academy Press, 1994).
Institute for the Analysis of Global Security,;
Jagielska, M. and Żmij, G., ‘Tort and Regulatory Law in Poland’ in Van Boom, W.H., Lukas, M. and Kissling, C. (eds.), Tort Law and Regulatory Law (Springer, 2007), 224 ff.
Jost, P.J., ‘Limited Liability and the Requirement to Purchase Insurance’, International Review of Law and Economics, (1996) 259276.
Kaliński, M, Szkoda na mieniu i jej naprawienie (CH Beck, 2008), 276 ff.
Kaplow, L. and Shavell, S., ‘Fairness versus Welfare’, Harvard Law Review, 114 (2001) 9671388.
Katner, W., Ochrona własności nieruchomości przed naruszeniami pośrednimi (Wyd Prawnicze, 1982), 130.
Keohane, D., ‘The EU and Counter-terrorism’, Centre for European Reform, Working Paper, May 2005, 3.
Viscusi, W. Kip, ‘Does Product Liability Law Make Us Safer?’, Regulation, Cato Institute, 2012.
Klein, W., ‘Die Haftung von Versorgungsunternehmen nach dem Produkthaftungsgesetz’, Betriebs-Berater (BB), (1991), 917, 919.
Koch, B.A. (ed.), Damage Caused by Genetically Modified Organisms (De Gruyter, 2010).
Kolstad, C.D., Ulen, T.S. and Johnson, G.V., ‘Ex post Liability for Harm vs. Ex ante Safety Regulation: Substitutes or Compliments?’ American Economic Review, 80 (1990) 888901.
Konert, A., ‘Terroryzm lotniczy – problematyka kompensacji szkód’, Państwo i Prawo (PiP), 3 (2013) 82, 87.
Kunreuther, H., ‘The Case for Comprehensive Disaster Insurance’, Journal of Law and Economics, 11 (1968) 133163.
Kunreuther, H., ‘Ambiguity and Underwriter Decision Processes’, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organisation, 26 (1995) 337.
Kunreuther, H., ‘Mitigating Disaster Losses through Insurance’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 12 (1996) 171187.
Kunreuther, H. and Freeman, P., ‘Insurability, Environmental Risks and the Law’ in Heyes, A., (ed.), The Law and Economics of the Environment (Edward Elgar, 2001), 304316.
Kunreuther, H., Hogarth, R. and Meszaros, J., ‘Insurer Ambiguity and Market Failure’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 7 (1993) 7187.
Kunreuther, H. and Michel-Kerjan, E., ‘Challenges for Terrorism Risk Insurance in the United States’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 18(4) (2004) 201214.
Kunreuther, H. and Michel-Kerjan, E., Insurability of (Mega-) Terrorism Risk: Challenges and Perspectives. Terrorism Risk Insurance in OECD Countries (OECD Publishing, 2005), vol. 9, 107148.
Kunreuther, H. and Pauly, M., ‘Rules rather than Discretion: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 33 (2006) 101116, 113.
Lafay, F., Cannarsa, M. and Moréteau, O., ‘France’, in Faure, M. and Hartlief, T. (eds.), Financial Compensation for Victims of Catastrophes: A Comparative Legal Approach (Springer, 2006), 81118.
Lamm, V., ‘The Protocol Amending the 1963 Vienna Convention’, in OECD, International Nuclear Law in the Post-Chernobyl Period (OECD, 2006).
Łętowska, E., Prawo umów konsumenckich (CH Beck, 2nd edn, 2002), 123.
Levmore, S. and Logue, K.D., ‘Insuring against Terrorism and Crime’, Law & Economics Working Papers Archive: 2003–2009, Paper 14.
Lewaszkiewicz-Petrykowska, B., Odpowiedzialność cywilna prowadzącego przedsiębiorstwo wprawiane w ruch przy pomocy sił przyrody (art 435 kc) (Wyd Prawnicze, 1967), 130.
Pombo, E. Llamas, ‘Artículos 1094–1110’ in Luelmo, A. Domínguez (ed.), Comentarios al Código Civil (Lex Nova, 2010), 1218.
Lovells, , Product Liability in the European Union, A Report for the European Commission (Lovells, 2003).
Herrero, M. Magide, ‘El criterio de imputación de la responsabilidad in vigilando a la Administración; especial referencia a la responsabilidad de la Administración en su actividad de supervisión de sectores económicos’ in López-Muñiz, J.L. Martínez and Velázquez, A. Calonge (eds.), La Responsabilidad Patrimonial de las Administraciones Públicas. III Coloquio Hispano-Luso de Derecho Administrativo (Marcial Pons, 1999).
Magnus, U., ‘Germany’ in Faure, M. and Hartlief, T. (eds.), Compensation for Victims of Catastrophes: a Comparative Legal Approach (Springer, 2006), 119144.
Magnus, U. and Mankowski, P., Brussels I Regulation (Sellier European Law Publishers, 2007).
Makinen, G., ‘The Economic Effects of 9/11: A Retrospective Assessment’, Congressional Research Service (27 September 2002), CRS–4.
Makinen, G., Manual del Personal de la Seguridad Privada (CPD, 2008), 66 ff.
Marshall, J.M., ‘Insurance Theory; Reserves v. Mutuality’, Economic Inquiry, 12 (1974) 476492.
Martín-Casals, M., ‘La Modernización del Drecho de la Responsabilidad Extracontractual’ in de Profesores, Asociación de Derecho, Civil, Cuestiones Actuales en Materia de Responsabilidad Civil (Editum, 2011), 15.
Martín-Casals, M. and Ribot, J., ‘Compensation for Pure Economic Loss under Spanish Law’ in van Boom, W.H. et al. (eds.), Pure Economic Loss (Springer, 2004-a).
Martín-Casals, M. and Ribot, J., ‘Liability for Acts of Terrorism under Spanish Law’ in Koch, B. (ed.), Terrorism, Tort Law and Insurance (Springer, 2004-b), 9798.
Martín-Casals, M. and Feliu, J. Solé, ‘The Development of Product Liability in Spain’ in Whittaker, S., The Development of Product Liability (Cambridge University Press, 2010), 2050.
Martín-Casals, M. and Feliu, J. Solé, ‘Veinte Problemas en la Aplicación de la LRPD’, Práctica de Derecho de Daños, 9 (2003) 23.
Martín-Casals, M. and Feliu, J. Solé, ‘¿Refundir o Legislar?’, Revista de Derecho Privado (RDP), 92 (2008) 379, 9899.
Martín-Casals, M. and Feliu, J. Solé, ‘Artículos 1902–1910’ in Domínguez-Luelmo, A. (ed.), Comentarios al Código Civil (Lex Nova, 2010), 2055.
López-Muñiz, J.L. Martínez and Velázquez, A. Calonge (eds.), La Responsabilidad Patrimonial de las Administraciones Públicas. III Coloquio Hispano-Luso de Derecho Administrativo (Marcial Pons, 1999), 374.
Maśniak, D., Ubezpieczenia ekologiczne (Zakamycze, 2003), 99 ff.
Medaglia, E. et al., ‘The Concurrent Cause, Theory: Inapplicable to Environmental Liability Coverage Disputes’, Tort and Insurance Law Journal, 30 (1995) 823829.
Meier, K. and Wehlau, A., ‘Produzentenhaftung des Softwareherstellers’, Computer und Recht (CR), 95 (1990) 95 ff.
Melzer, W., Haslach, C. and Socher, O., ‘Der Schadensausgleich nach dem Luftsicherheitsgesetz’, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht (NVwZ), (2005) 1361, 1367.
Sebastián, E.M. Menéndez, El Contrato de Consultoría y Asistencia (Civitas, 2002).
Sebastián, E.M. Menéndez, Los Contratos de Servicios del Sector Público (Thomson Civitas, 2009), 614.
Meyer, O. and Harland, H., ‘Haftung für softwarebezogene Fehlfunktionen technischer Geräte am Beispiel von Fahrerassistenzsystemen’, Computer und Recht (CR), (2007) 689, 694.
Miller, A., ‘Should Insurance Pay Compensation for Pain and Suffering?’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 31 (1982) 550556.
D. Millington, , ‘Weather, Forecasting and the “Limitless Seas”’, LQR, (1987) 238.
Moreno, A.M. Morales, Incumplimiento del Contrato y Lucro Cesante (Civitas-Thomson-Reuters, 2010), 61.
Molina, J.A. Moreno and Guadamillas, F. Pleite, Texto Refundido de la Ley de Contratos del Sector Público: Estudio Sistemático (La Ley, 2012), 277 and 1217.
Monti, A., ‘Environmental Risk: A Comparative Law and Economics Approach to Liability and Insurance’, European Review of Private Law, 9 (2001) 5179.
Nesterowicz, M. and Bagińska, E., ‘Liability for Damage Caused by Others under Polish law’ in Spier, J. (ed.), Unification of Tort Law: Liability for Damage Caused by Others (Kluwer Law International, 2003).
OECD, Catastrophic Risks and Insurance (OECD, 2005).
Berrocal, E. Orteu, ‘Ámbito de Aplicación de la Ley’ in Cutanda, B. Lozano (ed.), Comentarios a la Ley de Responsabilidad Medioambiental (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008), 165, 192.
Nesterowicz, M. in Winiarz, J. (ed.), Kodeks cywilny z komentarzem, I (Wyd Prawnicze, 1988), 428.
Pantaleón, F., ‘Artículo 1902’ in Paz-Ares, C. et al. (eds.), Comentario del Código Civil (Civitas, 1993), 1987.
Parada, R, Derecho Administrativo I (Marcial Pons, 2012), 347.
Lucán, M.A. Parra, ‘Responsabilidad Civil por Productos Defectuosos’ in Reglero, F. (ed.), Tratado de Responsabilidad Civil II (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008), 587592.
Lucán, M.A. Parra, La Protección del Consumidor Frente a los Daños (Reus, 2011), 309.
Pasquau, M., ‘Daños causados por productos’ in Puig, M. Rebollo and Carrasco, M. Izquierdo (eds.), La Defensa de los Consumidores y Usuarios (Iustel, 2011) 1838.
Pelzer, N., Begrenzte und Unbegrenzte Haftung im Deutschen Atomrecht (Nomos, 1982), 51.
Pelzer, N., ‘Concepts of Nuclear Liability Revisited: A Post-Chernobyl Assessment of the Paris and the Vienna Conventions’ in Cameron, P., Hancher, L. and Kühn, W. (eds.), Nuclear Energy Law After Chernobyl (Graham and Trotman, 1988), 97.
Pelzer, N., ‘“International Pooling of Operators” Funds: An Option to Increase the Amount of Financial Security to Cover Nuclear Liability?’ Nuclear Law Bulletin, 79 (2007) 3755.
Perry, R., ‘Relational Economic Loss: An Integrated Economic Justification for the Exclusionary Role’, Rutgers Law Review, 56 (2004) 711778.
Pertíñez, F., ‘Disposiciones Communes en Material de Responsabilidad’ in Puig, M. Rebollo and Carrasco, M. Izquierdo (eds.), La Defensa de los Consumidores y Usuarios (Iustel, 2011), 1826.
Philipsen, N.J., ‘Limiting Auditors’ Liability: The Case For (and Against) EU Intervention’, Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, 39 (2014) 585597.
Polborn, M., ‘Mandatory Insurance and the Judgement-Proof Problem’, International Review of Law and Economics (1998), 141.
Polinsky, A.M. and Shavell, S., Handbook of Law and Economics (Elsevier, 2004), 139182.
Posner, R.A., Catastrophe: Risk and Response (Oxford University Press, 2004), 172.
Priest, G.L., ‘The Invention of Enterprise Liability: A Critical History of the Intellectual Foundations of Modern Tort Law’, Journal of Legal Studies, 14 (1985) 461527.
Priest, G.L., ‘The Current Insurance Crisis and Modern Tort Law’, Yale Law Journal, (1987) 1521–1590.
Priest, G.L., ‘The Government, the Market and the Problem of Catastrophic Loss’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 12 (1996) 219237.
Priest, G.L., ‘The Modern Expansion of Tort Liability: Its Sources, its Effects, and its Reform’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5 (1991) 3150.
Rabin, R.L. and Bratis, S.A., ‘United States’ in Faure, M. and Hartlief, T. (eds.), Financial Compensation for Victims of Catastrophes. A Comparative Legal Approach (Springer, 2006), 303360.
Ramseyer, J.M., ‘Why Power Companies build Nuclear Reactors on Fault Lines: The Case of Japan’, Harvard John M. Olin Centre for Law, Economics and Business, Disc. Paper No. 698, 2011 and Theoretical Inquiries in L., 31 (2011).
Richardson, B.J., ‘Financial Institutions for Sustainability’, Environmental Liability, 2 (2000) 5264.
Riegel, R., Miller, J.S. and Williams, C.A. Jr., Insurance Principles and Practices – Property and Liability (Prentice Hall, 6th edn, 1976), 1521.
Ortega, R. Rivero, El Estado Vigilante (Tecnos, 2000), 224, 225.
Ruda, A., ‘Comentario a STS 31 mayo 2007’, Cuadernos Civitas de Jurisprudencia Civil (CCJC), 76 (2007) 153.
Ruda, A., El Daño Ecológico Puro (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008), 374.
Ruffert, M., ‘Verantwortung und Haftung für Umweltschäden’, Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht (NVwZ), (2010) 1177, 1178.
Runte, C. and Potinecke, H., ‘Software und GPSG’, Computer und Recht (CR), (2004) 725, 725 ff.
Russell, T. and Thomas, J.E., ‘Government Support for the Terrorism Insurance Industry: Where Do We Go From Here?’, Research Symposium on Insurance Markets and Regulation, Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth, Northwestern University (2008).
Science and Technology Directorate, FY 2011 Year in Review (US Department of Homeland Security), 47.
Safjan, M. in Pietrzykowski, K. (ed.), Kodeks cywilny. Komentarz (CH Beck, 2005), 1233.
Salvador, P. and Ramos, S., ‘Defectos de Producto’ in Salvador, P. and Pomar, F. Gómez (eds.), Tratado de Responsabilidad Civil del Fabricante (Thomson-Civitas, 2008), 139.
Sands, P. and Peel, J. (with Fabra, A. and MacKenzie, R.), Principles of International Environmental Law (Cambridge University Press, 3rd edn, 2012).
Pastor, J.A. Santamaría, Principios de Derecho Administrativo II (Centro de Estudios Ramón Areces, 2002), 182183.
Morón, M.J. Santos, ‘Acerca de la Tutela Civil del Medio Ambiente: Algunas Reflexiones Críticas’ in Cabanillas, A. et al. (eds.), Estudios Homenaje al Profesor Díez-Picazo (Civitas, 2003), vol. II, 3027.
Schwartz, A., ‘Statutory Interpretation, Capture, and Tort Law: The Regulatory Compliance Defense’, American Law and Economics Review (ALER), (2000) 157.
Schwartz, A. and Wilde, L., ‘Intervening in Markets on the Basis of Imperfect Information: A Legal and Economic Analysis’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 127 (1979) 630682.
Schwartz, G., ‘Mixed Theories of Tort Law: Affirming both Deterrence and Corrective Justice’, Texas Law Review, 95 (1997) 18011834.
Schwartz, J.A., ‘Great Expectations: Where do we Stand with the International Nuclear Liability Conventions?’ in Pelzer, N. (ed.), European Nuclear Liability Law in a Process of Change (Nomos, 2009), 4367.
Schwarze, R. and Wagner, G., ‘In the Aftermath of Dresden. New Directions in German Flood Insurance’, Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, 29(2) (2004) 154168.
Shavell, S., ‘Strict Liability versus Negligence’, Journal of Legal Studies, (1980) 125.
Shavell, S., ‘Liability for Harm versus Regulation of Safety’, Journal of Legal Studies, (1984) 357374.
Shavell, S., Economic Analysis of Accident Law (Harvard University Press), 1987.
Shavell, S., ‘The Judgment Proof Problem’, International Review of Law and Economics, 6(1) (02/1986) 4558.
Shavell, S., ‘On the Social Function and the Regulation of Liability Insurance’, Geneva Papers of Risk and Insurance, 25 (2) (2000) 166179.
Shavell, S., ‘Liability for Accidents’ in Polinsky, M. and Shavell, S. (eds.), Handbook of Law and Economics (Elsevier, 2007), vol. 2.
Sirvent, J., La Acción Subrogatoria (BOE, 1997).
Skoczylas, J., ‘Odpowiedzialność cywilna na podstawie ustawy – prawo ochrony środowiska’, Przegląd Sądowy (PS), 4 (2003) 68.
Skogh, G., ‘Mandatory Insurance: Transaction Costs Analysis of Insurance’ in Bouckaert, B. and De Geest, G. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Law and Economics (Edward Elgar, 2000), 521537.
Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. et al., ‘Preference for Insuring Against Probable Small Losses: Insurance Implications’, The Journal of Risk and Insurance, 44 (1977) 237258.
Slovic, P., Kunreuther, H. and White, G., ‘Decision Processes, Rationality and Adjustment to Natural Hazards’ in Slovic, P. (ed.), The Perception of Risk (Earthscan, 2000), 131.
Smil, V., Global Catastrophes: The Next Fifty Years (MIT Press, 2012), 61.
Soler, A., La Valoración del Daño en el Contrato de Compraventa (Aranzadi, 1998), 156 ff.
Spier, J. et al., Verbintenissen uit de Wet en Schadevergoeding (Kluwer, 2012), 190 ff.
Spindler, G., ‘IT-Sicherheit und Produkthaftung – Sicherheitslücken, Pflichten der Hersteller und Softwarenutzer’, Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW), (2004) 3145, 3146.
Spindler, G., ‘IT-Sicherheit – Rechtliche Defizite und rechtspolitische Alternativen’, Multi Media und Recht (MMR), (2008).
Spindler, G. and Klöhn, L., ‘Fehlerhafte Informationen und Software – Die Auswirkungen der Schuld- und Schadensrechtsreform’, Versicherungsrecht (VersR), (2003) 410.
Stahmer, N., Entschädigung von Nichtvermögensschäden bei Tötung (Dr. Kovacz, 2004).
Stapleton, J., Product Liability (Cambridge University Press, 1994), 334.
Szpunar, A., Odszkodowanie za szkodę majątkową. Szkoda na mieniu i osobie (Branta, 1998), 118, 119.
Taeger, J., ‘Produkt- und Produzentenhaftung bei Schäden durch fehlerhafte Computerprogramme’, Computer und Recht (CR), (1996) 257, 261.
Tanega, J., ‘Implications of Environmental Liability on the Insurance Industry’, Journal of Environmental Law, 8(1) (1996) 115138, 117.
Tatum, B.S., ‘Exclusivity of the Warsaw Convention's Cause of Action: The U.S. Supreme Court Removes Some of the Expansive Views Foundations in Zicherman v. Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd.’, Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L., 26 (1997) 537.
Thole, C., ‘Die Geschäftsführung ohne Auftrag auf dem Rückzug – Das Ende des “auch fremden” Geschäfts?’ Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW), (2010) 1243, 1243 ff.
Toffoli, A., Lefèvre, J.M. et al., ‘Towards the Identification of Warning Criteria: Analysis of a Ship Accident Database’, Applied Ocean Research, 27(6) (2005) 281291.
Tomacik, T., Healy, W., Dawson, C., A Case Study of: Mass Tort Litigation: Litigating the 9/11 Disaster (ABA, 2013).
TOVALOP, International Legal Materials, 8 (1969) 497501.
Trebilcock, M.J. and Daniels, R.J., ‘Rationales and Instruments for Government Intervention in Natural Disasters’ in Daniels, R.J., Kettl, D.F. and Kunreuther, H. (eds.), On Risk and Disaster – Lessons from Hurricane Katrina (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006), 89107.
Treadwell, D., ‘Pan Am Guilty of ‘Willful Misconduct: Verdict: Jury finds airline, now defunct, to be negligent in the Lockerbie bombing that claimed 270 lives. Victims’ families can now seek further damages’, Los Angeles Times, 11 July 1992.
Tridimas, T., The General Principles of EU Law (Oxford University Press, 2nd edn, 2006).
Tunc, A., ‘The loi badinter. Ten years of experience’, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 4 (1996) 3.
UN Economic Commission for Europe,
UN Environmental Policy,
UN Treaty Collection,
Sanz, A. Valriberas, Cuerpo Nacional de Policía y Sistema Policial Español (Marcial Pons, 1999), 139 ff.
Schoubroeck, C. Van, ‘Objectieve Aansprakelijkheid en Verzekeringsplicht bij Schade door Rampen. Een Belgische Case-Study’ in Akkermans, A. and Brans, E. (eds.), Aansprakelijkheidheid en Schadeverhaal bij Rampen (Ars Aequi Libri, 2002), 145171.
Van Velthoven, B., ‘Empirics of Tort’ in Faure, M. (ed.), Tort Law and Economics (Edward Elgar, 2010), 453498.
Borre, T. Vanden, ‘Nuclear Liability: An Anachronism in EU Energy Policy?’ in RoggenKamp, M.M. and Hammer, U. (eds.), European Energy Law Report VII (Intersentia, 2010), 192.
Vandermeeren, R., Responsabilité des Services de Police, Répertoire de la Responsabilité de la Puissance Publique (Dalloz, 2005).
Vásquez-Maignan, X., Liability and Compensation for Nuclear Damage (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency 26, 2012), available at
Verheij, A., ‘Shifts in Governance: Oil Pollution’ in Faure, M. and Verheij, A. (eds.), Shifts in Compensation for Environmental Damage (Springer, 2007), 133195.
Viezens, L., ‘Katastrophenschutzrecht – Grundlagen und Perspektiven’, Versicherungsrecht (VersR), (2007) 1494.
Viscusi, K.W., ‘The Hold-up Problem: Why it is Urgent to Rethink the Economics of Disaster Insurance Protection’, in Michel-Kerjan, E. and Slovic, P. (eds.), The Irrational Economist: Making Decisions in a Dangerous World (Public Affairs Books, 2010), 142148.
Von Ungern-Sternberg, T., ‘The Limits of Competition: Housing Insurance in Switzerland’, European Economic Review, 40 (1996) 1111.
Wagner, G., ‘De gemeinschaftsrechtliche Umwelthaftung aus der Sicht der Zivilrecht’ in Hendler, R. and Marburger, P. (eds.), Umwelthaftung nach neuem EG-Recht (Berlin, 2005).
Wagner, G., ‘§ 823’ in Säcker, F.-J. and Rixecker, R. (eds.), Münchener Kommentar zum Bürgerlichen Gesetzbuch (CH Beck, 5th edn, 2009), vol. 5, no. 13.
Wald, M.L., ‘Details Emerge on Flight 93’, New York Times, 22 July 2004.
Walter, J. and Kettle, D., ‘The Katrina Breakdown’, in Daniels, R., Kettle, F. and Kunreuther, H.. (eds.), On Risk and Disaster. Lessons from Hurricane Katrina (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983), 255261.
Wang, H., ‘Shifts in Governance in the International Regime of Marine Oil Pollution Compensation: A Legal History Perspective’, in Faure, M. and Verheij, A. (eds.), Shifts in Compensation for Environmental Damage (Springer, 2007), 212219.
Watabe, A., ‘An Economic Analysis of Nuclear Accidents in Japan’, in Liu, G.V. (ed.), Perspectives on International State and Local Economics (Nova Science Publishers, 2006), 209234.
Weitzdörfer, J., ‘Die Haftung für Nuklearschäden nach japanischem Atomrecht – Rechtsprobleme der Reaktorkatastrophe von Fukushima I’, Journal of Japanese Law, 31 (2011) 61115.
Wendel, L., ‘Compensation in the Swedish Healthcare Sector’, in Dute, J. et al. (eds.), No Fault Compensation in the Healthcare Sector (Springer, 2004), 367.
Wenneras, P.E., ‘Permit Defences in Environmental Liability Regimes – Subsidizing Environmental Damage in the EC?’, Yearbook of European Environmental Law (Oxford University Press, 2004), vol. 4.
Whitney, C.R., ‘Jetliners Carrying 258 to U.S. Crashes in Scottish Town’, New York Times, 22 December 1988.
Wilde, M., Civil Liability for Environmental Damage. Comparative Analysis of Law and Policy in Europe and the US (Kluwer Law International, 2nd edn, 2013).
Yamori, N. and Okada, T., ‘The Japanese Insurance Market and Companies: Recent Trends’ in Cummins, J.D. and Venard, B. (eds.), Handbook of International Insurance: Between Global Dynamics and Local Contingincies (Springer, 2007).
Yoshiada, R., ‘GE Plan Followed with Inflexibility’, The Japan Times, 14 July 2011.
Yzquierdo, M., ‘Responsabilidad civil por accidentes de trabajo’ in Reglero, F. (ed.), Tratado de responsabilidad civil III (Thomson-Aranzadi, 2008) 804 ff.
Zeckhauser, R., ‘The Economics of Catastrophes’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 12 (1996) 113140, 113.
Zscherpe, K.A. and Lutz, H., ‘Geräte- und Produktsicherheitsgesetz: Anwendbarkeit auf Hard- und Software’, Kommunikation und Recht (K&R), (2005) 499, 499 ff.
P.L. 107–296, House R. 107–609 (Part 1) at 118.
Parliamentary Proceedings of the Second Chamber of Representatives, 2002–03 and 2006–07.
Plan for the Prevention of Foreseeable Natural Risks (Plan de Prévention des Risques Naturels Prévisibles).
Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the operation of Commission Regulation No 3932/92.
Residential and Commercial Earthquake Insurance Coverage Study, California Department of Insurance,
Stationery Office, ‘The Victims of Overseas Terrorism Compensation Scheme 2012’ (, 27 November 2012),
Fukushima, – ‘Compensation of Nuclear Damage after Great Earthquake in Japan’, Enformable Nuclear News, 13 December 2011,
Fukushima, – ‘Japan's Parliament Approves TEPCO Compensation Plan’, BBC News, 3 August 2011,
Fukushima, Min Alimentation, Agriculture et Pêche, req no 337062, AJDA 2011.1985, obs Grand.
Outline of the Bill of the Act to Establish Nuclear Damage Compensation Facilitation Corporation, Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry,
Outline of the Nuclear Damage Compensation Facilitation Corporation Act, Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry (August 2011),
The Demand for Flood Insurance: Statement before the Comm. On Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 2 (Oct 18, 2005) (Statement of Mark Browne, Gerard D. Stephens CPCU Chair in Risk Management and Insurance).
The French GAV® Accident Compensation, SCOR Technical Newsl (SCOR Group, Paris, France), Oct 2003, at 2,
The Homeland Security and Defense Business Council, ‘Why Robust Use of the SAFETY Act Is Critical to Homeland Security & How to Get There’, The Homeland Security and Defense Business Council, October 2008, 16.
Testimony by DHS Assistant Secretary Parney Albright, ‘Implementing the SAFETY Act: Advancing New Technologies for Homeland Security’, Hearing before the House Committee on Government Reform, 12.
World in Brief; Washington, D.C.: Court Rejects Award in Fatal KAL Flight’, Los Angeles Times, 8 May 1991.
1952 Rome Convention.
1978 Protocol.
Brussels Complementary Convention.
Brussels Convention on the Liability of Operators of Nuclear Ships.
Bunker Convention.
Civil Liability Protocol and Compensation for Damage Caused by the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents on Transboundary Waters to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes and to the 1992 Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents.
CLC Convention.
Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Warsaw, 12 October 1929).
Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage.
Convention on the Liability of Operators of Nuclear Ships.
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents.
Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy.
European Social Charter of 18 October 1961.
Fund Convention 1971.
HNS Convention.
ILO-Conventions No. 24.
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage.
Joint Protocol relating to the Application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris Convention.
Liability Convention.
Montreal Convention.
Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy.
Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.
Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage.
Article 81, EC Treaty.
Commission Recommendation of 5 June 2008 concerning the limitation of the civil liability of statutory auditors and audit firms (C(2008) 2274), OJ 2008, No. L162, 21 June 2008, 39.
Commission Regulation (EEC) No 3932/92 of 21 December 1992 on the application of Article 85(3) of the Treaty to certain categories of agreements, decisions and concerted practices in the insurance sector, OJ 1992, No. L398, 31 December 1992, 7.
Compensation Directive.
Council Directive 93/13/EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts, OJ 1993, No. L95, 21 April 1993, 29 (Unfair Contract Terms Directive).
Council Framework Decision.
Council Regulation (EC) 1206/2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters, OJ 2001, No. L174, 27 June 2001, 1.
Council Regulation (EC) 44/2001 on the jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ 2001, No. L12, 16 January 2001, 1.
Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage, OJ 2004, No. L143, 30 April 2004, 56.
Directive 2008/52/EC on certain aspects of mediation in civil and commercial matters, OJ 2008, No. L136, 24 May 2008, 3.
Directive 2012/18/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directive 96/82/EC, OJ 2012, No. L197, 24 July 2012, 1.
Regulation (EC) 1393/2007 on the service in the Member States of judicial and extrajudicial documents in civil of commercial matters (service of documents), and repealing Council Regulation (EC) 1348/2000, OJ 2007, No. L324, 10 December 2007, 79.
Regulation (EC) 592/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), OJ 2008, No. 177, 4 July 2008, 6 (Rome I Regulation).
Regulation (EC) 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II), OJ 2007, No. L199, 31 July 2007, 40 (Rome II Regulation).