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The Cambridge Introduction to the Novel
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Beginning its life as the sensational entertainment of the eighteenth century, the novel has become the major literary genre of modern times. Drawing on hundreds of examples of famous novels from all over the world, Marina MacKay explores the essential aspects of the novel and its history: where novels came from and why we read them; how we think about their styles and techniques, their people, plots, places, and politics. Between the main chapters are longer readings of individual works, from Don Quixote to Midnight's Children. A glossary of key terms and a guide to further reading are included, making this an ideal accompaniment to introductory courses on the novel.

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  • Chapter 2 - Origins of the novel
    pp 21-33
Further reading
Anthologies of criticism and theory
Hale, Dorothy J.The Novel: An Anthology of Criticism and Theory, 1900–2000. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006.
Hoffman, Michael J., and Murphy, Patrick D.. Essentials of the Theory of Fiction, 3rd edn. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.
McKeon, Michael. Theory of the Novel: A Historical Approach. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.
Moretti, Franco. The Novel, 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.
Why the novel matters
Armstrong, Nancy. Desire and Domestic Fiction. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Auerbach, Erich. Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. Trans. Trask, Willard R.. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.
Bakhtin, M. M.The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Ed. Holquist, Michael, trans. Emerson, Caryl and Holquist, Michael. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981.
Ballaster, Ros.Seductive Forms: Women's Amatory Fiction from 1684–1740. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.
Gallagher, Catherine.Nobody's Story: The Vanishing Acts of Women Writers in the Marketplace, 1670–1820. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Lukács, Georg.The Theory of the Novel: A Historico-Philosophical Essay on the Forms of Great Epic Literature. Trans. Bostock, Anna. Cambridge, Mass: M.I.T. Press, 1974.
McGurl, Mark.The Novel Art: Elevations of American Fiction after Henry James. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Spencer, Jane.The Rise of the Woman Novelist: From Aphra Behn to Jane Austen. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986.
Taylor, John Tinnon.Early Opposition to the English Novel: The Popular Reaction from 1760–1830. New York: King's Crown Press, 1943.
Warner, William B.Licensing Entertainment: The Elevation of Novel Reading in Britain, 1684–1750. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Origins of the novel
Brown, Homer Obed.Institutions of the English Novel from Defoe to Scott. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.
Davis, Lennard J.Factual Fictions: The Origins of the English Novel. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.
Day, Geoffrey.From Fiction to the Novel. London: Routledge, 1987.
Doody, Margaret Ann, The True Story of the Novel. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1996.
Hunter, J. Paul.Before Novels: The Cultural Contexts of Eighteenth-Century English Fiction. New York: Norton, 1990.
McKeon, Michael.The Origins of the English Novel, 1600–1740, 2nd edn. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
Richetti, John.The English Novel in History, 1700–1780. London: Routledge, 1999.
Spacks, Patricia Meyer.Novel Beginnings: Experiments in Eighteenth-Century English Fiction. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.
Watt, Ian.The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.
Williams, Ioan.The Idea of the Novel in Europe, 1600–1800. New York: New York University Press, 1979.
Narrating the novel
Abbot, H. Porter.The Cambridge Introduction to Narrative, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Bal, Mieke.Narratology: Introduction to the Theory of Narrative, 2nd edn. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.
Booth, Wayne C.The Rhetoric of Fiction, 2nd edn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983.
Chatman, Seymour.Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1978.
Genette, Gérard.Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method. Trans. Lewin, Jane E.. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980.
Herman, David.The Cambridge Companion to Narrative. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Keen, Suzanne.Narrative Form. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Lubbock, Percy.The Craft of Fiction. London: Jonathan Cape, 1921.
Rimmon-Kenan, Shlomith.Narrative Fiction, 2nd edn. London: Routledge, 2002.
Character and the novel
Bayley, John.The Characters of Love. London: Constable, 1960.
Cohn, Dorrit.Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.
Docherty, Thomas.Reading (Absent) Character. Oxford: Clarendon, 1983.
Forster, E. M.Aspects of the Novel. London: Edward Arnold, 1927.
Harvey, W. J.Character and the Novel. London: Chatto & Windus, 1965.
Lynch, Deidre Shauna.The Economy of Character: Novels, Market Culture, and the Business of Inner Meaning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Phelan, James.Reading People, Reading Plots: Character, Progression, and the Interpretation of Narrative. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.
Price, Martin.Forms of Life: Character and Moral Imagination in the Novel. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
Woloch, Alex.The One vs. the Many: Minor Characters and the Space of the Protagonist in the Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.
Plotting the novel
Beer, Gillian.Darwin's Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot, and Nineteenth Century Fiction. London: Routledge, 1983.
Benjamin, Walter. “The Storyteller,” in Illuminations. Trans. Arendt, Hannah. New York: Schocken, 1969.
Brooks, Peter.Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative. New York: Knopf, 1984.
Caserio, Robert L.Plot, Story, and the Novel: From Dickens and Poe to the Modern Period. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.
Duncan, Ian.Modern Romance and Transformations of the Novel: The Gothic, Scott, Dickens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Sutherland, John.Victorian Novelists and Publishers. London: Athlone, 1976.
Setting the novel
Fisher, Philip.Hard Facts: Setting and Form in the American Novel. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Lehan, Richard.The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Lutwack, Leonard.The Role of Place in Literature. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1984.
Moretti, Franco.Atlas of the European Novel, 1800–1900. London: Verso, 1998.
Said, Edward W.Culture and Imperialism. New York: Knopf, 1993.
Williams, Raymond.The Country and the City. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Time and history
Fleishman, Avrom.The English Historical Novel: Walter Scott to Virginia Woolf. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971.
Heise, Ursula.Chronoschisms: Time, Narrative, and Postmodernism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Kern, Stephen.The Culture of Time and Space, 1880–1918. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.
LaCapra, Dominick.History, Politics, and the Novel. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.
Lukács, , György. The Historical Novel. Trans. Hannah and Stanley Mitchell. London: Merlin, 1962.
Maxwell, Richard. The Historical Novel in Europe, 1650–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Ricoeur, Paul.Time and Narrative, 3 vols. Trans. McLaughlin, Kathleen and Pellauer, David. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984–8.
White, Hayden.The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.
Genre and subgenre
Bloom, Clive.Bestsellers: Popular Fiction since 1900. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
Fowler, Alastair.Kinds of Literature: An Introduction to the Theory of Genres and Modes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Frye, Northrop.Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957.
Gelder, Ken.Popular Fiction: The Logics and Practices of a Literary Field. London: Routledge, 2004.
Hepburn, Allan.Intrigue: Espionage and Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.
Radway, Janice A.Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
Novel and anti-novel
Alter, Robert.Partial Magic: The Novel as a Self-Conscious Genre. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.
Hutcheon, Linda.Narcissistic Narrative: The Metafictional Paradox. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 1980.
Hutcheon, Linda.A Poetics of Postmodernism: History, Theory, Fiction. London: Routledge, 1988.
Hutcheon, Linda.The Politics of Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 1989.
Josipovici, Gabriel.The World and the Book: A Study of Modern Fiction, 3rd edn. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994.
McHale, Brian.Postmodernist Fiction. London: Routledge, 1987.
Robbe-Grillet, Alain.For a New Novel: Essays on Fiction. Trans. Howard, Richard. New York: Grove, 1965.
Scholes, Robert.The Fabulators. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Waugh, Patricia.Metafiction: The Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction. London: Methuen, 1984.
Zamora, Lois Parker, and Faris, Wendy B., eds. Magical Realism: History, Theory, Community. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.
Novel, nation, community
Bhabha, Homi, ed. Nation and Narration. London: Routledge, 1990.
Boehmer, Elleke.Colonial and Postcolonial Literature, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Craig, Cairns.The Modern Scottish Novel: Narrative and the National Imagination. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999.
Crawford, Robert.Devolving English Literature, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
Eagleton, Terry.Nationalism, Colonialism, and Literature. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1990.
Innes, C. L.The Cambridge Introduction to Postcolonial Literatures in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Parrinder, Patrick.Nation and Novel: The English Novel from its Origins to the Present Day. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Bernstein, Michael André. Foregone Conclusions: Against Apocalyptic History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Duplessis, Rachel Blau.Writing Beyond the Ending: Narrative Strategies of Twentieth-Century Women Writers. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.
Kermode, Frank.The Sense of an Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Miller, D. A.Narrative and its Discontents: Problems of Closure in the Traditional Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.
Reising, Russell.Loose Ends: Closure and Crisis in the American Social Text. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.
Torgovnick, Marianna.Closure in the Novel. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.


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