Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: April 2016

22 - Multiculturalism

from Part IV - Applications
Adelman, H. & Anctil, P. (Eds.). (2011). Religion, culture and the state. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
Aleksynska, A. & Algan, Y. (2010). Economic and cultural assimilation and integration of immigrants in Europe. Discussion Paper 5185. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany.
Ali, A. (2010). Nomad: From Islam to America: A personal journey through the clash of civilizations. New York, NY: Random House.
Alseina, A., Devleeschauwer, A., Eastery, W., Kurlat, S. & Wacziarg, R. (2003). Fractionalization. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 155194.
Apfelbaum, E. P., Norton, M. I. & Sommers, S. R. (2012). Racial color-blindness: Emergence, practice and implications. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 203209.
Arends-Tóth, J. & Van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2003). Multiculturalism and acculturation: Views of Dutch and Turkish Dutch. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 249266.
Aycan, Z. & Berry, J. W. (1996). Impact of employment-related experiences on immigrants’ psychological well-being and adaptation to Canada. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 28, 240251.
Banting, K. & Kymlicka, W. (2006–2012). The multicultural policy index.
Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation and adaptation. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 46, 568.
Berry, J. W. (1998). Social psychological costs and benefits of multiculturalism. TRAMES: Estonian Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 209233.
Berry, J. W. (2005). Living successfully in two cultures. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29, 697712.
Berry, J. W. (2013). Research on multiculturalism in Canada. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37, 663675.
Berry, J. W. & Kalin, R. (1979). Reciprocity of interethnic attitudes in a multicultural society. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 3, 99112.
Berry, J. W., Kalin, R. & Taylor, D. (1977). Multiculturalism and ethnic attitudes in Canada. Ottawa, Canada: Ministry of Supply and Services.
Berry, J. W., Phinney, J. S., Sam, D. L. & Vedder, P. (Eds.) (2006). Immigrant youth in cultural transition: Acculturation, identity and adaptation across national contexts. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Berry, J. W. & Sabatier, C. (2010). Acculturation, discrimination, and adaptation among second generation immigrant youth in Montreal and Paris. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34, 191207.
Binder, J., Zagefka, H., Brown, R., Funke, F., Kessler, T., Mummendey, A., … Leyens, J.P. (2009). Does contact reduce prejudice or does prejudice reduce contact? A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis among majority and minority groups in three European countries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 843856.
Bloemraad, I. (2011). The debate over multiculturalism: Philosophy, politics, and policy. Migration Information Source.
Bloemraad, I. & Wright, M. (2014). “Utter failure” or unity out of diversity? Debating and evaluating policies of multiculturalism. International Migration Review, 48, 292334.
Bourhis, R. Y., Moïse, C., Perreault, S. & Senécal, S. (1997). Towards an interactive acculturation model: A social psychological approach. International Journal of Psychology, 32, 369386.
Brand, S., Felner, R., Shim, M., Seitsinger, A. & Dumas, T. (2003). Middle school improvement and reform: Development and validation of a school-level assessment of climate, cultural pluralism and school safety. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 570588.
Branscombe, N. R. & Ellemers, N. (1998). Coping with group-based discrimination: Individualistic versus group-level strategies. In Swim, J. K. & Stangor, C. (Eds.), Prejudice: The target’s perspective (pp. 243266). New York, NY: Academic Press.
Breugelmans, S. M. & Van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2004). Attitudes toward multiculturalism in the Netherlands. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53, 400422.
Cameron, J. & Berry, J. W. (2011). True patriot love: Structure and predictors of Canadian pride. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 40, 1741.
Chang, J. & Le, T. N. (2010). Multiculturalism as a dimension of school climate: The impact on the academic achievement of Asian American and Hispanic youth. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16, 485492.
Chédebois, L., Régner, I., van Leeuwen, N., Chauchard, E., Séjournér, N., Rodgers, R. & Chabrol, H. (2009). Relative contributions of acculturation and psychopathological factors to cannabis use among adolescents from migrant parents. Addiction Behaviours, 34, 10231028.
Council of the European Union. (2004). Common basic principles for immigrant integration policy in the EU. Council Document 14615/04. Retrieved from
Dovidio, J. F., Gaertner, S. L. & Kafati, G. (2000). Group identity and intergroup relations: The Common In-group Identity Model. In Thye, S. R., Lawler, E. J., Macy, M. W. & Walker, H. A. (Eds.), Advances in group processes (Vol. 17, pp. 135). Stamford, CT: JAI Press.
Dustmann, C., Fabbri, F. & Preston, I. (2011). Racial harassment, ethnic concentration and economic conditions. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 113, 689711.
Esses, V. M., Jackson, L. M. & Bennett-AbuAyyash, C. (2010). Intergroup competition. In Dovidio, J. F., Hewstone, M., Glick, P. & Esses, V. M. (Eds.), The Sage handbook of prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination (pp. 225240). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
European Commission. (2007). Eurobarometer: Discrimination in the European Union.
Feldman, S. & Stenner, K. (1997). Perceived threat and authoritarianism. Political Psychology, 4, 741770.
Fleras, A. (2009). The politics of multiculturalism: Multicultural governance in comparative perspective. New York, NY: Palgrave.
Grant, P. R. & Robertson, D. W. (2014). Predicting immigrants’ attitudes toward multiculturalism using a measure of its perceived benefits. Basic and Applied Psychology, 36, 209220.
Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York, NY: Wiley.
Juvonen, J., Nishina, A. & Graham, S. (2006). Ethnic diversity and perceptions of safety in urban middle schools. Psychological Science, 17, 393400.
Kalin, R. & Berry, J. W. (1982). The social ecology of ethnic attitudes in Canada. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 14, 97109.
Kalin, R. & Berry, J.W. (1996). Interethnic attitudes in Canada: Ethnocentrism, consensual hierarchy and reciprocity. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 28, 253261.
Kesler, C. & Bloemraad, I. (2010). Does immigration erode social capital? The conditional effects of immigration-generated diversity of trust, membership, and participation across 19 countries, 1981–2000. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 43, 319347.
Kochan, T., Bezrukova, K., Ely, R., Jackson, S., Joshi, A., Jehn, K., … Thomas, D. (2003). The effects of diversity on business performance: Report of the Diversity Research Network. Human Resource Management, 42, 321.
Konrad, A. M. & Linnehan, F. (1995). Formalized HRM structures: Coordinating equal employment opportunity or concealing organizational practices? Academy of Management Journal, 18, 787820.
Koopmans, R., Statham, P., Giugni, M. & Passy, F. (2005). Contested citizenship: Immigration and cultural diversity in Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Kruusval, J., Vetik, R. & Berry, J. W. (2009). The strategies of inter-ethnic adaptation of Estonian Russians. Studies of Transition States and Societies, 1, 324.
Kunst, J. R., Thomsen, L. & Sam, D. L. (2014). Late Abrahamic reunion? Religious fundamentalism negatively predicts dual Abrahamic group categorization among Muslims and Christians. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 337348.
Kus-Harbord, L. & Ward, C. (2015). Ethnic Russians in post-Soviet Estonia: Perceived devaluation, acculturation and ethnic attitudes. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 4, 6681.
Le, T. N., Lai, M. H. & Wallen, J. (2009). Multiculturalism and subjective happiness as mediated by cultural and relational variables. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 15, 303313.
Luque, M.N., Fernández, M. C. G., Tejada, A. J. R., Fernández, P. P. & Guirado, I. C. (2006). Actitudes de aculturacíon y prejuicio: La perspectiva de autóctonos e immigrantes [Acculturation attitudes and prejudice: Perspectives of natives and immigrants]. Psicothema, 18, 187193.
Matera, C., Stefanile, C. & Brown, R. (2011). The role of immigrant acculturation preferences and generational status in determining majority intergroup attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 776785.
MIPEX. (2010). Key findings. Immigrant integration policy.
Moghaddam, F. (2008). Multiculturalism and intergroup relations: Psychological implications for democracy in global context. Washington, DC: APA Books.
Nguyen, A.-M. T. D. & Benet-Martínez, V. (2013). Biculturalism and adjustment: A meta-analysis. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 44, 122159.
Nieto, S., Matano, A. & Ramos, R. (2013). Skill mismatches in the EU: Immigrants versus natives. Discussion Paper 7701. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany.
Number 10. (2011). PM’s speech at Munich Security Conference.
Onraet, E., Van Hiel, A., Dhont, K. & Pattyn, S. (2013). Internal and external threat in relationship with right‐wing attitudes. Journal of Personality, 81, 233248.
Patsiurko, N., Campbell, J. L. & Hall, J. A. (2012). Measuring cultural diversity: Ethnic, linguistic and religious fractionalization in the OECD. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 35, 195217.
Pettigrew, T. F. & Tropp, L. R. (2006). A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 751783.
Pettigrew, T. F. & Tropp, L. R. (2008). How does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Meta-analytic tests of three mediators. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 922934.
Piontkowski, U., Rohmann, A. & Florack, A. (2002). Concordance of acculturation attitudes and perceived threat. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 5, 221232.
Plaut, V. C., Garnett, F. G., Buffardi, L. E. & Sanchez-Burks, J. (2011). What about me? Perceptions of exclusion and whites’ reactions to multiculturalism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 337353.
Plaut, V. C., Thomas, K. M. & Goren, M. J. (2009). Is multiculturalism or color-blindness better for minorities? Psychological Science, 20, 444446.
Putnam, R. (2007). E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and community in the twenty-first century. Scandinavian Political Studies, 30, 137174.
Quillian, L. (1995). Prejudice as a response to perceived group threat: Population composition and anti-immigrant and racial prejudice in Europe. American Sociological Review, 60, 586611.
Richeson, J. A. & Nussbaum, R. J. (2004). The impact of multiculturalism versus color-blindness on racial bias. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 417423.
Riek, B. M., Mania, E. W. & Gaertner, S. L. (2006). Intergroup threat and outgroup attitudes: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10, 336353.
Rohmann, A., Piontkowski, U. & van Randenborgh, A. (2008). When attitudes do not fit: Discordance of acculturation attitudes as an antecedent of intergroup threat. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 337352.
Schneider, S. L. (2008). Anti-immigrant attitudes in Europe: Outgroup size and perceived ethnic threat. European Sociological Review, 24, 5367.
Searle, W. & Ward, C. (1990). The prediction of psychological and socio-cultural adjustment during cross-cultural transition. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 449464.
Stahl, G. K., Maznevski, M. L., Voigt, A. & Jonsen, K. (2010). Unravelling the effects of cultural diversity in teams: A meta-analysis of research on multicultural work groups. Journal of International Business Studies, 41, 690709.
Stephan, W., Renfro, C.L., Esses, V., Stephan, C. & Martin, T, (2005). The effects of feeling threatened on attitudes toward immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29, 119.
Stuart, J., Ward, C. & Robinson, L. (2011, June). The adaptation of Muslim youth in New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Paper presented at the European Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology, Istanbul, Turkey.
Stupar, S., Van de Vijver, F. J. R., Te Lindert, A. & Fontaine, R. J. (2014). Multicultural attitudes mediate the relation between personality and perceived outgroup distance in the Netherlands. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 38, 2435.
Thijs, J. & Verkuyten, M. (2014). School ethnic diversity and students’ interethnic relations. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 121.
Tropp, L. R. & Pettigrew, T. F. (2005). Relationships between intergroup contact and prejudice among minority and majority status groups. Psychological Science, 16, 651653.
Tropp, L. & Pettigrew, T. (2011). When groups meet. London, UK: Psychology Press.
Van de Vijver, F. J. R., Helms-Lorenz, M. & Felzer, M. J. A. (1999). Acculturation and cognitive performance of migrant children in the Netherlands. International Journal of Psychology, 34, 149162.
Van Ewijk, R. & Sleegers, P. (2010). Peer ethnicity and achievement: A meta-analysis into the compositional effect. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 21, 237265.
Vedder, P., Van de Vijver, F. J. R. & Liebkind, K. (2006). Predicting immigrant youths’ adaptation across countries and ethno-cultural groups. In Berry, J. W., Phinney, J. S., Sam, D. L. & Vedder, P. (Eds.), Immigrant youth in cultural transition: Acculturation, identity and adaptation across national contexts (pp. 143165). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Verkuyten, M. (2007). Social psychology and multiculturalism. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 1, 280297.
Verkuyten, M. (2009). Self-esteem and multiculturalism: An examination among ethnic minority and majority groups in the Netherlands. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 419427.
Verkuyten, M. & Thijs, J. (2004). Global and ethnic self-esteem in school context: Majority and minority groups in the Netherlands. Social Indicators Research, 67, 253281.
Vertovec, S. & Wessendorf, S. (Eds.) (2010). The multiculturalism backlash: European discourses, policies and practices. London, UK: Routledge.
Vervoort, M. H. M., Scholte, R. H. J. & Overbeek, G. (2010). Bullying and victimization among adolescents: The role of ethnicity and ethnic composition of school class. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 111.
Ward, C. (1996). Acculturation. In Landis, D. & Bhagat, R. (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training (2nd ed., pp. 124147). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Ward, C. (2001). The ABCs of acculturation. In Matsumoto, D. (Ed.), Handbook of culture and psychology (pp. 411445). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Ward, C. (2009). Acculturation and social cohesion: Emerging issues for Asian immigrants in New Zealand. In Leong, C.-H. & Berry, J. W. (Eds.), Intercultural relations in Asia: Migration and work effectiveness (pp. 322). Singapore: World Scientific.
Ward, C. & Kennedy, A. (1999). The measurement of sociocultural adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 23, 659677.
Ward, C. & Lin, E.-Y., (2005). Immigration, acculturation and national identity in New Zealand. In Liu, J. H., McCreanor, T., McIntosh, T. & Teaiwa, T. (Eds.), New Zealand identities: Departures and destinations (pp. 155173). Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University Press.
Ward, C. & Masgoret, A.-M. (2006). An integrated model of attitudes toward immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30, 671682.
Ward, C. & Masgoret, A.-M. (2008). Attitudes toward immigrants, immigration and multiculturalism in New Zealand. International Migration Review, 42, 222243.
Ward, C., Masgoret, A.-M. & Vauclair, M. (2011). Attitudes toward immigrants and immigrant experiences: Predictive models based on regional characteristics. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Labour. Retrieved from
Ward, C., Okura, Y., Kennedy, A. & Kojima, T. (1998). The U-curve on trial: A longitudinal study of psychological and sociocultural adjustment during cross-cultural transition. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 22, 277291.
Ward, C. & Rana Deuba, A. (1999). Acculturation and adaptation revisited. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 30, 422442.
Ward, C. & Stuart, J. (2013, June). Population, policy and psychology: The impact of multiculturalism on the psychological well-being on immigrant youth. Paper presented at the North American Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-cultural Psychology, Los Angeles, CA.
Wilson, J., Ward, C. & Fischer, R. (2013). Beyond culture learning theory: What can personality tell us about cultural competence? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 900927.
Wolsko, C., Park, B. & Judd, C. (2006). Considering the Tower of Babel: Correlates of assimilation and multiculturalism among ethnic minority and majority groups in the United States. Social Justice Research, 19, 277306.
Wright, M. & Bloemraad, I. (2012). Is there a trade-off between multiculturalism and socio-political integration? Policy regimes and immigrant incorporation in comparative perspective. Perspectives on Politics, 10, 7795.
Yogeeswaran, K. & Dasgupta, N. (2014). The devil is in the details: Abstract versus concrete construals of multiculturalism differentially impact intergroup relations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 772789.
Zhang, J., Mandl, H. & Wang, E. (2010). Personality, acculturation and psychosocial adjustment of Chinese international students in Germany. Psychological Reports, 107, 511525.