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  • Print publication year: 2021
  • Online publication date: December 2020

14 - The Council of Ariminum (359) and the Rise of the Neo-Nicenes

from Part IV - The Aftermath


It was not until the aftermath of the Council of Ariminum (359) and its Constantinopolitan confirmation (360), which officially professed a Homoian creed, that a pro-Nicene reaction took shape and galvanized the West. In the decades that followed a series of Latin bishops wrote apologetic-like discourses, defending the Nicene faith (against the authority of Ariminum) by providing renewed interpretations of the Nicene Creed and the relations of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.  Following in the tracks of Hilary of Poitiers and Marius Victorinus, a small handful of writers such Gregory of Elvira, Ambrose of Milan, Zeno of Verona, and Augustine gradually carved out a pro-Nicene doctrine of the Trinity and adjoining biblical hermeneutics that had completely rid itself of Photinian elements. By the Council of Aquileia (381), neo-Nicenes formed a hegemony, but one which did not dominate the theological and political landscape until the mid-380s.

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