Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Cited by 4
  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: March 2013

4 - Teeth, morphogenesis, and levels of variation in the human Carabelli trait

References

Alvesalo, L., Nuutila, M., and Portin, A. (1975). The cusp of Carabelli. Acta Odontologica Scandanavia, 33, 191–197.
Bailey, R. C., and Byrnes, J. (1990). A new, old method for assessing measurement error in both univariate and multivariate morphometric studies. Systematic Zoology, 39, 124–130.
Durner, R.M. (2011). Understanding Carabelli expression by sex and population through the patterning cascade model of tooth morphogenesis. Honors Research Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus.
Garn, S.M., Kerewsky, R.S., and Lewis, A.B. (1966). Extent of sex influence on Carabelli’s polymorphism. Journal of Dental Research, 45, 1823.
Goose, D.H., and Lee, G.T.R. (1971). The mode of inheritance of Carabelli’s trait. Human Biology, 43, 64–69.
Guatelli-Steinberg, D., and IrishJ.D. (2005). Brief communication: early hominin variability in first molar dental trait frequencies. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 128, 477–484.
Hanihara, K. (1968). Mongoloid dental complex in the permanent dentition. VIIIth Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences I. Tokyo and Kyoto, pp. 298–300.
Harris, E.F. (1977). Anthropologic and genetic aspects of the dental morphology of Solomon Islanders, Melanesia. PhD Thesis, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms.
Harris, E.F. (2007). Carabelli’s trait and tooth size of human maxillary first molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 132, 238–246.
Hassanali, J. (1982). Incidence of Carabelli’s trait in Kenyan Africans and Asians. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 59, 317–319.
Hunter, J.P., and Jernvall, J. (1995). The hypocone as a key innovation in mammalian evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 92, 10718–10722.
Hunter, J.P., Guatelli-Steinberg, D., Weston, T.C., Durner, R., and Betsinger, T.K. (2010). Model of tooth morphogenesis predicts Carabelli cusp expression, size, and symmetry in humans. PLoS ONE 5(7), e11844. doi, 10.1371/journal.pone.0011844
IrishJ.D., and Guatelli-Steinberg, D. (2003). Ancient teeth and modern human origins, an expanded comparison of African Plio-Pleistocene and recent world dental samples. Journal of Human Evolution, 45, 113–144.
Jernvall, J. (2000). Linking development with the generation of novelty in mammalian teeth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 97, 2641–2645.
JernvallJ., and Jung, H-S. (2000). Genotype, phenotype, and developmental biology of molar tooth characters. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 48, 171–190.
Kangas, A.T., Evans, A.R., Thesleff, I., and Jernvall, J. (2004). Nonindependence of mammalian dental characters. Nature 432, 211–214.
Kaul, V., and Prakash, S. (1981). Morphological features of Jat dentition. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 54, 123–127.
Kavanagh, K.D., Evans, A.R., and Jernvall, J. (2007). Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature, 449, 427–432.
Keene, H.J. (1968). The relationship between Carabelli’s trait and the size, number, and morphology of the maxillary molars. Archives of Oral Biology, 13, 1023–1025.
Kieser, J.A. (1978). The incidence and expression of Carabelli’s trait in two South African ethnic populations. Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa, 33, 5–9.
Kieser, J.A., and Preston, C.B. (1981). The dentition of the Lengua Indians of Paraguay. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 55, 485–490.
Kondo, S., and Townsend, G.C. (2006). Associations between Carabelli trait and cusp areas in human permanent maxillary first molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 129, 196–203.
Korenhof, C.A.W. (1960). Morphogenetical aspects of the human upper molars. Utrecht: Uitgeversmaatschappiji Neerlandia.
Kraus, B.S., and Jordan, R.J. (1965). The human dentition before birth. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
Lombardi, A.V. (1975). Tooth size associations of three morphologic dental traits in a Melanesian population. Journal of Dental Research, 54, 239–243.
Luo, Z., Cifelli, R., and Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. (2001). Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature, 409, 53–57.
Matthew, W.D. (1937). Paleocene faunas of the San Juan Basin. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 30, 1–510.
Mayhall, J.T., Saunders, S.R., and Belier, P.L. (1982). The dental morphology of North American whites, a reappraisal. In Teeth, Form, Function, and Evolution, ed. B. Kurtén. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 245–258.
Menegaz-Bock, R.M. (1968). An investigation of the genetic basis for structural relationship in the anterior dentition. PhD thesis, University of Chicago.
Meredith, H.V., and Hixon, E.H. (1954). Frequency, size, and bilateralism of Carabelli’s tubercle. Journal of Dental Research, 33, 435–440.
MoormannS.M. (2011). The patterning cascade model and expression of the Carabelli feature in humans, differences between first and second molars and correlation with other dental traits. Honors Research Thesis, Ohio State University, Columbus.
Osborn, H.F. (1907). Evolution of Mammalian Molar Teeth to and from the Triangular Type. New York: McMillan.
Reid, C., and Van Reenen, J.F. (1995). The Carabelli trait in early South African hominids, a morphometric study. In Aspects of Dental Biology: Paleontology, Anthropology, and Evolution, ed. J. Moggi-Cecchi. Florence: International Institute for Study of Man, pp. 299–304.
Rohlf, F.J., Gilmartin, A.J., and Hart, G. (1983). The Kluge-Kerfoot phenomenon – a statistical artifact. Evolution, 37, 180–202.
Sakai, K., and Hanamura, H. (1971). A morphological study of enamel-dentine border on the Japanese dentition. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon, 79, 297–322.
Salazar-CiudadI., and Jernvall, J. (2002). A gene network model accounting for development and evolution of mammalian teeth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 99, 8116–8120.
Salazar-Ciudad. I., and Jernvall, J. (2010). A computational model of teeth and the developmental origins of morphological variation. Nature, 464, 583–586.
Sasaki, K. (1997) Morphological study on dentino-enamel border of the upper second deciduous molar. Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon, 105, 273–291.
Saunders, S.R., and Mayhall, J.T. (1982). Developmental patterns of human dental morphological traits. Archives of Oral Biology, 27, 45–49.
Scott, G.R. (1978). The relationship between Carabelli’s trait and the protostylid. Journal of Dental Research, 57, 570.
Scott, G.R. (1979). Association between the hypocone and Carabelli’s trait of the maxillary molars. Journal of Dental Research, 58, 1403–1404.
Scott, G.R. (1980). Population variation of Carabelli’s trait. Human Biology, 52, 63–78.
ScottG.R., and Turner, C.G., II. (1997). The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Skinner, M.M., and Gunz, P. (2010). The presence of accessory cusps in chimpanzee lower molars is consistent with a patterning cascade model of development. Journal of Anatomy, 217, 245–253.
Sperber, G. (1974). Morphology of the cheek teeth of early South African hominids. PhD dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand.
Suzuki, M., and SakaiT. (1957). The living Sakhalin Ainu dentition. Jinruigaku Iho, Anthropological Records, 18, 303–346.
Thomas, C.J., Kotze, J.W., and Nash, J.M. (1986). The Carabelli trait in the mixed deciduous and permanent dentitions of five South African populations. Archives of Oral Biology, 31, 145–147.
Townsend, G.C., Richards, L., and Hughes, T. (2003). Molar intercuspal dimensions: genetic input to phenotypic variation. Journal of Dental Research, 82, 350–355.
Tsai, P.L., Hsu, J.W., Lin, L.M., and Liu, K.M. (1996). Logistic analysis of the effects of shovel trait on Carabelli’s trait in a Mongoloid population. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 100, 523–530.
Turner, C.G., II. (1969). Microevolutionary interpretations from the dentition. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 30, 421–426.
Turner, C.G., II and Hawkey, D.E. (1998). Whose teeth are these? Carabelli’s trait. In Human Dental Development, Morphology, and Pathology, a tribute to Albert A. Dahlberg, ed. J.R. Lukacs. Eugene: University of Oregon Anthropological Papers, pp. 41–50.
Turner, C.G. II, Nichol, C.R., and Scott, CS. (1991). Scoring procedures for key morphological traits of the permanent dentition, the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System. In Advances in Dental Anthropology, eds. M.A. Kelley and C.S. Larson. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 13–31.
Van Valen, L.M. (1978). The beginning of the age of mammals. Evolutionary Theory, 4, 45–80.
Weston, T.C., Guatelli-Steinberg, D., Hunter, J.P., and Betsinger, T.K. (2009). Tooth development models predict Carabelli cusp variation, interaction effects and epigenetic mechanisms. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 48, 270–271.
Wood, B.A., and Engleman, C.A. (1988). Analysis of the dental morphology of Plio-Pleistocene hominids. Maxillary postcanine tooth morphology. Journal of Anatomy, 161, 1–35.
Yezerinac, S.M., Lougheed, S.C., and Handford, P. (1992). Measurement error and morphometric studies, statistical power and observer experience. Systematic Biology, 41, 471–482.