Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: September 2014



The monumental legislative changes of 1964 and 1965 that changed American history forever are the catalysts for this book. In 1964, as a response to the growing strength of the civil rights movement, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act. In 1965, the Voting Rights Act put a dagger in the heart of the two-caste racial system in the South, a system that had existed for the more than three centuries since African slaves were first imported to North America. In 1965, the Hart-Celler Immigration and Nationality Act, on the surface tinkering only modestly with prevailing immigration priorities, unexpectedly opened the floodgates to massive influxes of non-European immigration over the course of the next half century.

The consequence of immigration reform has been a rapid rise in the cultural diversity of the nation, mimicking a similar surge a century earlier. Those changes reshaped an overwhelmingly white nation with relatively small minorities of African Americans and Native Americans deliberately kept largely out of sight of the mainstream. In 1965, the United States began on a path that will, a few decades from now, turn it into a nation with no majority racial or ethnic group.1 Just as important, accompanying this demographic change have been new political movements demanding greater equality not only for African Americans but for Latinos and Asian Americans as well.

Norman, Wayne, “Theorizing Nationalism (Normatively): The First Steps,” in Theorizing Nationalism, ed. Beiner, Ronald (Albany: State University of Press of New York, 1999), 53
Schuck, Peter, “Immigration,” in Understanding America, ed. Schuck, Peter and Wilson, James Q. (Polity Press: New York, 2007), 361
Tichenor, Daniel, Dividing Lines: The Politics of Immigration Control in America (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002), 51
Citrin, Jack and Wright, Matthew, “The Politics of Immigration in a Nation of Immigrants,” in New Directions in American Politics, ed. La Raja, Raymond J. (New York: Routledge, 2013), 238
Barry, Brian, Culture and Equality (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002)
Barry, Brian, Justice as Impartiality (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995)
Smith, Rogers M., Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. Public Law (Chelsea, MI: Yale University Press, 1997)
Higham, John, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860–1925 (Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2002)
Myrdal, Gunnar, An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (New York: Harper & Row, 1942)
Kymlicka, Will, Multicultural Citizenship (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995)
Taylor, Charles, “The Politics of Recognition,” in Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, edited by Gutmann, Amy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994)
Kelly, Paul, “Introduction: Between Culture and Equality,” in Multiculturalism Reconsidered, ed. Kelly, Paul (Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2002), 4
Spinner, Jeffrey, The Boundaries of Citizenship (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1994)
Mannheim, Karl, “The Problem of Generations,” in Essays in the Sociology of Knowledge, by Manheim, Karl, ed. Kecskemeti, Paul (Orlando, FL: Mariner Books, 1955)
Huntington, Samuel P., Who Are We?: Challenges to American Identity (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004)
Citrin, Jack, Lerman, Amy, Murakami, Michael, and Pearson, Kathryn, “Testing Huntington: Is Hispanic Immigration a Threat to American Identity?,” Perspectives on Politics 1 (March 2007): 31–48
Young, Iris Marion, Justice and the Politics of Difference (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990)
Parekh, Bhikhu, Rethinking Multiculturalism (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000)
Smith, Tom W. and Kim, Seokho, “National Pride in Comparative Perspective: 1995/96 and 2003/04,” International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 18 (2006), 127–36