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2 - Religion, a State Affair

from Part I - Transitivities

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 May 2020

Chiara Maritato
Affiliation:
Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
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Summary

In this chapter, the debates over secularism, laicism, and secularization are presented. The oppositional ideas of an “official” and an “unofficial” religion, which date back to the Ottoman Empire, are pointed out in relationship to Turkish secularism (laiklik). In its assertive nature, the latter is not a static concept; it evolved from a state “mission” associated with modernization and westernization of society to an “instrument” by which the state could make use of religion as cement to promote national unity. Within this changing environment, the Presidency of Religious Affairs (Diyanet), a state institution charged with religious affairs, evolved as well. In the last forty years, its bureaucratic structure of an agency in charge of the management of mosques and the employment of religious officers has been reshaped as the bearer of a modern interpretation of Islam. The chapter provides a concluding section devoted to the crucial role that the Diyanet has played over the past decade.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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  • Religion, a State Affair
  • Chiara Maritato, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
  • Book: Women, Religion, and the State in Contemporary Turkey
  • Online publication: 22 May 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108873833.003
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  • Religion, a State Affair
  • Chiara Maritato, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
  • Book: Women, Religion, and the State in Contemporary Turkey
  • Online publication: 22 May 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108873833.003
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Religion, a State Affair
  • Chiara Maritato, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
  • Book: Women, Religion, and the State in Contemporary Turkey
  • Online publication: 22 May 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108873833.003
Available formats
×