Published online by Cambridge University Press: 08 August 2009
A resume is a formal structured itemization of one's accomplishments and experiences.
Purpose of a resume
A resume, also known as a curriculum vitae or C.V., seeks in a concise manner to summarize a person's career experience, personal qualifications, and accomplishments. The resume is the initial approach used to enhance one's chances to secure the position being sought. Its goal should be to
Make an initial positive impression on prospective employers.
Facilitate your chances of eventually securing an interview.
Serve as a source of information in the preparatory material prior to an interview.
Assist in selling yourself at interviews by highlighting major achievements.
Contents of a resume
A resume should contain accurate relevant information about your life. Its contents should include your
Educational background starting at the college level and beyond.
Rewards and honors received at college and/or during medical school.
Research experience in the course of undergraduate and medical education.
Clinical experience, especially if relevant to the residency area of interest.
Organizational memberships, both in college and in medical school.
Employment experience, at any level, relevant to the medical profession.
Foreign language capabilities, both oral and written, and their depth.
Computer skills and potential in terms of your training and experience.
When preparing your resume, be certain to avoid items that can leave a negative impression:
Spelling or grammatical errors leave an especially poor opinion of the writer.
Disorganization in presentation, so that the information is not logically arranged.
Discussing your availability for the position, because it is premature.
A gap in the sequence of activities, which can raise uncertainty about you.
Indicating desired salary range, which is far too premature.