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9 - From LTE to 5G NR-Enabled UAV Networks

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 March 2020

Walid Saad
Affiliation:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Mehdi Bennis
Affiliation:
University of Oulu, Finland
Mohammad Mozaffari
Affiliation:
Ericsson Research Silicon Valley
Xingqin Lin
Affiliation:
Ericsson Research Silicon Valley
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Summary

This chapter provides a practical discussion on the integration of UAVs into real-world cellular systems, ranging from long-term evolution (LTE) to 5G new radio (NR) and beyond. We first review the roles of mobile cellular technologies for UAV applications while highlighting the use of mobile connectivity and the role of mobile cellular technologies in enabling the development of new services for UAVs in key areas such as identification and registration, location-based services, and law enforcement. Then, we discuss LTE-enabled UAVs in more detail, including a tutorial on LTE and the various UAV use cases that include UAV LTE user equipment and UAV LTE base stations. We also touch upon some performance enhancing solutions that can optimize LTE connectivity for providing improved performance for UAVs while protecting the performance of terrestrial mobile devices. We then introduce various 3GPP standardization efforts on cellular-connected UAVs that aim to address the anticipated usage of mobile technologies by UAVs and regulatory requirements. Next, we discuss 5G NR-enabled UAVs while providing a primer on 5G NR essentials, how 5G NR can provide superior UAV connectivity, and the roles of network slicing and network intelligence for identifying, monitoring, and controlling UAVs in the 5G era.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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