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3 - HERETICAL ITINERANCY

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 July 2009

Caterina Bruschi
Affiliation:
University of Birmingham
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Summary

REMISE

As we have seen, travelling Cathars were not the only heretics on the roads of Europe; nor were they the only target of Catholic strategic countermoves. Extreme heretical mobility is highlighted in all Catholic sources, both theoretical and judicial, and this mirrors the actual movements of individuals and groups. It also contributed to the creation of the topos of the wandering heretic in public opinion and collective mindset. In order to set our evidence on Cathar mobility in perspective and to make sense of it, therefore, we need to locate it in the wider panorama of heretical movements. In order to obtain a good overview of the problem of itinerancy (including itinerancy as the basis for an accusation of heresy), we must analyse these groups' own views of the meaning of travelling and set these alongside the Catholic sources’ depiction of the ‘illegitimate preacher’.

Ever since the twelfth century the presence of wandering preachers, both individuals and groups, had been recorded throughout Europe. All scholars agree on the unprepared and inconsistent attitude displayed by the Church before this unprecedented challenge to its monopoly of preaching. Some even detect the same ambiguity in Catholic writers’ depictions of approved wandering preachers, for example, Bernard of Tiron, Norbert of Xanten, Peter the Hermit and Robert of Arbrissel.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2009

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  • HERETICAL ITINERANCY
  • Caterina Bruschi, University of Birmingham
  • Book: The Wandering Heretics of Languedoc
  • Online publication: 21 July 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511581564.004
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  • HERETICAL ITINERANCY
  • Caterina Bruschi, University of Birmingham
  • Book: The Wandering Heretics of Languedoc
  • Online publication: 21 July 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511581564.004
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • HERETICAL ITINERANCY
  • Caterina Bruschi, University of Birmingham
  • Book: The Wandering Heretics of Languedoc
  • Online publication: 21 July 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511581564.004
Available formats
×