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Chapter 28 - Outcomes and Prognosis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2020

Peter C. Whitfield
Derriford Hospital, Plymouth
Jessie Welbourne
University Hospitals, Plymouth
Elfyn Thomas
Derriford Hospital, Plymouth
Fiona Summers
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary
Maggie Whyte
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary
Peter J. Hutchinson
Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge
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Brain injury remains a major cause of disability and death, especially in young people. In survivors, the extent of recovery depends largely on the severity of the injury. Residual disabilities include both cognitive and physical impairments with the most rapid recovery often occurring within the first 6 months after injury, but improvement may continue for years.

Outcome after TBI also depends on many other factors including patient and injury characteristics such as premorbid state (e.g. older age, comorbidities, personality, cognitive functioning), mechanism of trauma, presence and severity of extracranial injuries, patient response, quality of care and the social environment.

Traumatic Brain Injury
A Multidisciplinary Approach
, pp. 364 - 376
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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