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Session 6 - Interoceptive Exposure II: Hyperventilation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 September 2020

Devon E. Hinton
Affiliation:
Harvard Medical School
Baland Jalal
Affiliation:
University of Cambridge
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Summary

In session 6, diaphragmatic breathing is taught to illustrate that normal breathing relieves anxiety, and hyperventilation is used to show that abnormal breathing can induce symptoms but that those symptoms are not dangerous. The patient is educated about breathing and educated about distress associations to and catastrophic cognitions about symptoms caused by hyperventilation and chest breathing, such as chest tightness, dizziness, cold extremities. The patient is made to hyperventilate to educate about breathing-induced symptoms, to create positive reassociations to dizziness and other sensations, to address distress associations to the symptoms, to reduce fear of the hyperventilation-induced symptoms, and to act as interoceptive exposure that creates new non-threating associations to the symptoms that decreases fear and other negative associations.

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Transdiagnostic Multiplex CBT for Muslim Cultural Groups
Treating Emotional Disorders
, pp. 77 - 89
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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