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5 - The China Marines

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 November 2022

Peter Lorge
Affiliation:
Vanderbilt University, Tennessee
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Summary

Chinese guerrilla warfare would become connected to the United States Marines in two ways: the association of China Marines with Chinese military methods through Evans Carlson and Samuel Griffith, and the connection between the use of lightly armed, but highly motivated, marine units fighting in “guerrilla” style. In the year or so following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, a materially inferior United States Navy and Marine Corps managed narrowly to seize the initiative in the Pacific. Material inferiority required and highlighted the need for intelligent strategy as a force multiplier. In this early stage of the war, for a number of idiosyncratic reasons, a new marine unit, the Raiders, was created to strike back at the Japanese. The Raider Battalions, which would exist for only two years, had three notable military actions: the Makin raid, Edson’s Ridge, and the Long Patrol. As the Marine Corps expanded, and the war shifted, the Raiders were dissolved. Guerrilla warfare gave way to island hopping and amphibious assaults. The brief history of the Raiders was glorious, but, apart from Edson’s Ridge, of questionable value. Unlike Joseph Stilwell, the Raider Battalions took part in the battle for the Pacific that mattered to Americans.

Type
Chapter
Information
Sun Tzu in the West
The Anglo-American Art of War
, pp. 107 - 136
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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  • The China Marines
  • Peter Lorge, Vanderbilt University, Tennessee
  • Book: Sun Tzu in the West
  • Online publication: 03 November 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108902687.006
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  • The China Marines
  • Peter Lorge, Vanderbilt University, Tennessee
  • Book: Sun Tzu in the West
  • Online publication: 03 November 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108902687.006
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • The China Marines
  • Peter Lorge, Vanderbilt University, Tennessee
  • Book: Sun Tzu in the West
  • Online publication: 03 November 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108902687.006
Available formats
×