Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-797576ffbb-lm8cj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-12-02T06:40:17.178Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Chapter Ten - Brainstem Syndromes

from Part II - Basic Knowledge, Sixteenth to Early Twentieth Centuries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 December 2022

Louis R. Caplan
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre
Aishwarya Aggarwal
John F. Kennedy Medical Center
Get access


During the second half of the nineteenth century and early years of the twentieth century, clinicians described instances of focal brainstem lesions at various levels. The intent was to learn the location and function of various nuclei and tracts. Some lesions were due to infarcts and hemorrhages. Others were caused by tumors, infections, or other nonvascular processes. These focal lesions were usually named after the first describers. Herein are notable examples.

Stories of Stroke
Key Individuals and the Evolution of Ideas
, pp. 64 - 71
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Notes and References

Caplan, LR. Vertebrobasilar Ischemia and Hemorrhage: Clinical Findings, Diagnosis, and Management of Posterior Circulation Disease. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
Wilkins, RH, Brody, IA. Neurological classics XXX. Wallenberg’s syndrome. Arch. Neurol. 1970;22:379382.Google ScholarGoogle Scholar
Wallenberg, A. Acute bulbaraffection (Embolie der art. cerebellar post. inf.sinistr.?). Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr. 1895;27:504540.Google ScholarGoogle ScholarGoogle ScholarGoogle Scholar
Duret, H. Sur la distribution des arteres nouricièrres du bulb rachidien. Arch. Physiol. Norm. Path. 1873; 5:97113. These studies are discussed further in Chapter 12.Google Scholar
Marcet, A. History of a singular nervous or paralytic affection attended with anomalous morbid sensations. Medico-Chir. Trans. 1811;2:215233.Google Scholar
Senator, H. Apoplectische bulbarparalyse mit wechselstandiger empfindungslahmung. Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr. 1881;11:713726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Senator, H. Zur diagnostik der heiderkrankungen in der Brücke und dem verlingerten marks. Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr. 1883;14:618643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Babinski, J, Nageotte, J. Hémiasynergie, latéropulsion et myosis bulbaires avec hémianesthesie et hémiplégie croisées. Rev. Neurol. (Paris) 1902;10:358365.Google ScholarGoogle Scholar
Dejerine, J. Semiologie des affections du système nerveux. Paris: Masson, 1977, p. 214. Contributions are discussed in Chapter 11.Google Scholar
Wolf, M. The Classical Brain Stem Syndromes. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1971.Google Scholar
Gubler, A. Alternating hemiplegia, a sign of pontine lesion, and documentation of the proof of the facial decussation. Gazette hebdomadaire de médicine et chirurgie 1856;3;740754, 789–792.Google Scholar
Millard, A. To the editor in chief. Gazette hebdomadaire de médicine et chirurgie 1856;3;811816.Google Scholar
Millard, A. Case of pontine hemorrhage. Bulletins de la société anatomique 1855;30:204209;1856:31:206–221.Google Scholar
Foville, AL. Note on a little-known paralysis of eye muscles and its relation to the anatomy and physiology of the pons. Bulletin de la societé anatomique de Paris 1858;33:373405.Google Scholar
Foville, AL. Traité complet de l’anatomie, de la physiologie et de la pathologie du système nerveux cérébro-spinal. Paris: Fortin Macron, 1844.Google Scholar
Landry, JB-O. Bulletin de la société anatomique de Paris 1858;33:406410.Google Scholar
Raymond, F. Concerning a special type of hemiplegia. Lecture of January 11, 1895. In Lecons sur les maladies nerveux 1894–1895, Première série. Paris: Riklin and Souques, 1896, pp. 365383.Google Scholar
Weber, H. A contribution to the pathology of the crura cerebri. Medico-Chirurgical Transactions of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society 1863; 46 (second series 28):121139.Google Scholar
Benedikt, M. Le bulletin medicale 1889;3:547548. A lecture transcribed by Dr. Léon Leibowitz and translated by Dr. Gallois; Benedikt, M. Zur Lehre von der Lokalisation der Gehirn fuctionen. Wiener Klinik, 1883, pp 101–159.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats