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Chapter 12 - Religion and Spirituality in the DSM and ICD

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 October 2022

Christopher C. H. Cook
Affiliation:
Institute for Medical Humanities, Durham University
Andrew Powell
Affiliation:
Formerly Warneford Hospital and University of Oxford
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Summary

Concerns that American psychiatry was neglecting an important dimension of human experience led to the introduction into DSM-IV of a V Code for a Religious or Spiritual Problem. The 1994 DSM-IV also included the new Outline for a Cultural Formulation, later accompanied by a Cultural Formulation Interview and 12 Supplemental Modules added to help clinicians to gather information for the Outline for Cultural Formulation. Recommendations from the APIRE Workgroup led to revisions in DSM-5, and outlined several areas for future research into the implications of spirituality, religion and culture for diagnosis and treatment. In particular, future research will need to better clarify the relationship between spiritual/religious and psychopathological phenomena, the different manifestations of psychiatric disorders in religious populations, the influences of spirituality/religion on the course and outcome of mental disorders, and the role of spirituality/religion in developmental and personality disorders.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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