Published online by Cambridge University Press: 29 January 2021
Over 350 years ago, the ecology of St Kitts, an island in the West Indies, was dramatically altered when Europeans arrived. The English and later French introduced sugar cane production, brought in a large African slave workforce, and (unintentionally) introduced a highly intelligent and adaptable invasive animal species, the green monkey (Chlorocebus sabaeus). Ever since green monkeys arrived in St Kitts, they have thrived on the island, in part by foraging on farmers’ crops. In this chapter, we utilize GIS and GPS techniques to generate a predictive model of this crop-foraging behavior. Additionally, we use ethnographic techniques to understand the nuanced ways in which historic land use changes in St Kitts have altered green monkey movements, and, in turn, Kittitians’ cultural conceptualization of monkeys. Our work shows the benefits of utilizing an ethnoprimatological framework and combining quantitative and qualitative data collection techniques in assessing human–nonhuman primate (NHP) conflict situations, which are inherently highly spatial in nature.