Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-n4bck Total loading time: 1.044 Render date: 2022-08-13T10:20:50.973Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Three - The Forager–Farmer Transition in the Southern Levant (ca. 20,000–8,500 cal. BP)

from Part One

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 December 2018

Assaf Yasur-Landau
Affiliation:
University of Haifa, Israel
Eric H. Cline
Affiliation:
George Washington University, Washington DC
Yorke Rowan
Affiliation:
University of Chicago
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
The Social Archaeology of the Levant
From Prehistory to the Present
, pp. 47 - 66
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abbo, S., and Gopher, A. 2017. Near Eastern Plant Domestication: A History of Thought. Trends in Plant Science 22: 491511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allaby, R. G.; Kistler, L.; Gutaker, R. M.; Ware, R.; Kitchen, J. L.; Smith, O.; and Clarke, A. C. 2015. Archaeogenomic Insights into the Adaptation of Plants to the Human Environment: Pushing Plant–Hominin Co-Evolution Back to the Pliocene. JHE 79: 150–7.Google Scholar
Arbuckle, B. S. 2014. Pace and Process in the Emergence of Animal Husbandry in Neolithic Southwest Asia. Bioarchaeology of the Near East 8: 5381.Google Scholar
Arbuckle, B. S.; Price, M. D.; Hongo, H.; and Öksüz, B. 2016. Documenting the Initial Appearance of Domestic Cattle in the Eastern Fertile Crescent (Northern Iraq and Western Iran). JAS 72: 19.Google Scholar
Asouti, E. 2010. Beyond the “Origins of Agriculture”: Alternative Narratives of Plant Exploitation in the Neolithic of the Middle East. In Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 5 May–10 May 2009, “Sapienza,” Università di Roma, Vol. 1: Near Eastern Archaeology in the Past, Present and Future – Heritage and Identity – Ethnoarchaeological and Interdisciplinary Approach: Results and Perspectives – Visual Expression and Craft Production in the Definition of Social Relations and Status, ed. Matthiae, P., Pinnock, F., Nigro, L., and Marchetti, N. with the collaboration of Romano, L., 189202. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.Google Scholar
Bar-Yosef, O. 2017. Multiple Origins of Agriculture in Eurasia and Africa. In On Human Nature: Biology, Psychology, Ethics, Politics, and Religion, ed. Tibayrenc, M. and Ayala, F. J., 297331. Amsterdam: Elsevier; Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Belfer-Cohen, A., and Bar-Yosef, O. 2000. Early Sedentism in the Near East: A Bumpy Ride to Village Life. In Life in Neolithic Farming Communities: Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation, ed. Kuijt, I., 1937. FIA. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.Google Scholar
Belfer-Cohen, A., and Goring-Morris, A. N. 2014. North and South – Variable Trajectories of the Neolithic in the Levant. In Settlement, Survey, and Stone: Essays on Near Eastern Prehistory in Honour of Gary Rollefson, ed. Finlayson, B. and Makarewicz, C., 6171. Berlin: Ex Oriente.Google Scholar
Bollongino, R.; Burger, J.; Powell, A.; Mashkour, M.; Vigne, J.-D.; and Thomas, M. G. 2012. Modern Taurine Cattle Descended from Small Number of Near-Eastern Founders. MBE 29: 2101–4.Google Scholar
Byrd, B. F. 1994. Public and Private, Domestic and Corporate: The Emergence of the Southwest Asian Village. AA 59: 639–66.Google Scholar
Codding, B. F., and Bird, D. W. 2015. Behavioral Ecology and the Future of Archaeological Science. JAS 56: 920.Google Scholar
Davis, S. J. M. 1982. Climatic Change and the Advent of Domestication: The Succession of Ruminant Artiodactyls in the Late Pleistocene–Holocene in the Israel Region. Paléorient 8 (2): 515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Driesch, A. von den, and Wodtke, U. 1997. The Fauna of ‘Ain Ghazal, a Major PPN and Early PN Settlement in Central Jordan. In The Prehistory of Jordan II: Perspectives from 1997, ed. Gebel, H. G. K., Kafafi, Z., and Rollefson, G. O., 511–56. SENEPSE 4. Berlin: Ex Oriente.Google Scholar
Ervynck, A.; Dobney, K.; Hongo, H.; and Meadow, R. 2001. Born Free? New Evidence for the Status of Sus scrofa at Neolithic Çayönü Tepesi (Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey). Paléorient 27 (2): 4773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finlayson, B.; Mithen, S. J.; Najjar, M.; Smith, S.; Maričević, D.; Pankhurst, N.; and Yeomans, L. 2011. Architecture, Sedentism, and Social Complexity at Pre-Pottery Neolithic A WF16, Southern Jordan. PNAS 108: 8183–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flannery, K. V. 1983. Early Pig Domestication in the Fertile Crescent: A Retrospective Look. In The Hilly Flanks and Beyond: Essays on the Prehistory of Southwestern Asia; Presented to Robert J. Braidwood, ed. Young, T. C. Jr., Smith, P. E. L., and Mortensen, P., 163–88. SAOC 36. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of The University of Chicago.Google Scholar
Fuller, D. Q. 2007. Contrasting Patterns in Crop Domestication and Domestication Rates: Recent Archaeobotanical Insights from the Old World. Annals of Botany 100: 903–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fuller, D. Q., and Allaby, R. G. 2009. Seed Dispersal and Crop Domestication: Shattering, Germination and Seasonality in Evolution under Cultivation. In Fruit Development and Seed Dispersal, ed. Ostergaard, L., 238–95. Annual Plant Reviews 38. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Fuller, D. Q.; Asouti, E.; and Purugganan, M. D. 2012. Cultivation as Slow Evolutionary Entanglement: Comparative Data on Rate and Sequence of Domestication. VHA 21: 131–45.Google Scholar
Fuller, D. Q.; Willcox, G.; and Allaby, R. G. 2011. Cultivation and Domestication Had Multiple Origins: Arguments against the Core Area Hypothesis for the Origins of Agriculture in the Near East. WA 43: 628–52.Google Scholar
Gopher, A.; Abbo, S.; and Lev-Yadun, S. 2002. The “When,” the “Where” and the “Why” of the Neolithic Revolution in the Levant. Documenta Praehistorica 28: 4962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goring-Morris, A. N., and Belfer-Cohen, A. 2008. A Roof over One’s Head: Developments in Near Eastern Residential Architecture across the Epipalaeolithic–Neolithic Transition. In The Neolithic Demographic Transition and Its Consequences, ed. Bocquet-Appel, J.-P. and Bar-Yosef, O., 239–86. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Grosman, L. 2013. The Natufian Chronology Scheme – New Insights and Their Implications. In Natufian Foragers in the Levant: Terminal Pleistocene Social Changes in Western Asia, ed. Bar-Yosef, O. and Valla, F. R., 622–37. International Monographs in Prehistory, Archaeological Series 19. Ann Arbor, MI: International Monographs in Prehistory.Google Scholar
Grosman, L., and Munro, N. D. 2016. A Natufian Ritual Event. CA 57: 311–31.Google Scholar
Grosman, L., and Munro, N. D. 2017. The Natufian Culture: The Harbinger of Food-Producing Societies. In Quaternary of the Levant: Environments, Climate Change and Humans, ed. Enzel, Y. and Bar-Yosef, O., 699708. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grosman, L.; Munro, N. D.; Abadi, I.; Boaretto, E.; Shaham, D.; Belfer-Cohen, A.; and Bar-Yosef, O. 2016. Nahal Ein Gev II, a Late Natufian Community at the Sea of Galilee. PLOS ONE 11 (1): e0146647. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146647 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grosman, L.; Munro, N. D.; and Belfer-Cohen, A. 2008. A 12,000-Year-Old Shaman Burial from the Southern Levant (Israel). PNAS 105: 17665–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hartman, G.; Bar-Yosef, O.; Brittingham, A.; Grosman, L.; and Munro, N. D. 2016. Hunted Gazelles Evidence Cooling, but not Drying, during the Younger Dryas in the Southern Levant. PNAS 113: 39974002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helmer, D. 2008. Révision de la faune de Cafer Höyük (Malatya, Turquie): Apports des méthodes de l’analyse des mélanges et de l’analyse de Kernel à la mise en évidence de la domestication. In Archaeozoology of the Near East VIII: Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of Southwestern Asia and Adjacent Areas, Lyon, June 28–July 1, 2006, ed. Vila, E., Gourichon, L., Choyke, A. M., and Buitenhuis, H., 169–95. Travaux de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée 49. Lyon: Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée.Google Scholar
Helmer, D., and Gourichon, L. 2008. Premières données sur les modalités de subsistance à Tell Aswad (Syrie, PPNB moyen et récent, Néolithique céramique ancien) – Fouilles 2001–2005. In Archaeozoology of the Near East VIII: Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of Southwestern Asia and Adjacent Areas, Lyon, June 28–July 1, 2006, ed. Vila, E., Gourichon, L., Choyke, A. M., and Buitenhuis, H., 119–51. Travaux de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée 49. Lyon: Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée.Google Scholar
Helmer, D.; Gourichon, L.; Monchot, H.; Peters, J.; and Saña Segui, M. 2005. Identifying Early Domestic Cattle from Pre-Pottery Neolithic Sites on the Middle Euphrates Using Sexual Dimorphism. In First Steps of Animal Domestication: New Archaeozoological Approaches; Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the International Council of Archaeozoology, Durham, August 2002, ed. Vigne, J.-D., Peters, J., and Helmer, D., 8695. Oxford: Oxbow.Google Scholar
Heun, M.; Schäfer-Pregl, R.; Klawan, D.; Castagna, R.; Accerbi, M.; Borghi, B.; and Salamini, F. 1997. Site of Einkorn Wheat Domestication Identified by DNA Fingerprinting. Science 278 (5341): 1312–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hongo, H.; Meadow, R. H.; Öksüz, B.; and İlgezdi, G. L. 2005. Sheep and Goat Remains from Cayönü Tepesi, Southeastern Anatolia. In Archaeozoology of the Near East VI: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of Southwestern Asia and Adjacent Areas, London, August 30–September 1, 2002, ed. Buitenhuis, H., Choyke, A. M., Martin, L., Bartosiewicz, L., and Mashkour, M., 112–23. ARCP 123. Groningen: ARC.Google Scholar
Honne, B. I., and Heun, M. 2009. On the Domestication Genetics of Self-Fertilizing Plants. VHA 18: 269–72.Google Scholar
Horwitz, L. K., with a contribution by Lernau, O.. 2003. Temporal and Spatial Variation in Neolithic Caprine Exploitation Strategies: A Case Study of Fauna from the Site of Yiftahʼel (Israel). Paléorient 29 (1): 1958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horwitz, L. K., and Ducos, P. 1998. An Investigation into the Origins of Domestic Sheep in the Southern Levant. In Archaeozoology of the Near East III: Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of Southwestern Asia and Adjacent Areas, ed. Buitenhuis, H., Bartosiewicz, L., and Choyke, A. M., 8094. ARCP 18. Groningen: ARC.Google Scholar
Horwitz, L. K., and Ducos, P. 2005. Counting Cattle: Trends in Neolithic Bos Frequencies from the Southern Levant. Revue de paléobiologie, Genève 10: 209–24.Google Scholar
Horwitz, L. K., and Goring-Morris, A. N. 2004. Animals and Ritual during the Levantine PPNB: A Case Study from the Site of Kfar Hahoresh, Israel. Anthropozoologica 39: 165–78.Google Scholar
Horwitz, L. K.; Tchernov, E.; Ducos, P.; Becker, C.; von den Driesch, A.; Martin, L.; and Garrard, A. 1999. Animal Domestication in the Southern Levant. Paléorient 25 (2): 6380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kilian, J.; Whitehead, D.; Horak, J.; Wanke, D.; Weinl, S.; Batistic, O.; D’Angelo, C.; Bornberg‐Bauer, E.; Kudla, J.; and Harter, K. 2007. The AtGenExpress Global Stress Expression Data Set: Protocols, Evaluation and Model Data Analysis of UV-B Light, Drought and Cold Stress Responses. The Plant Journal 50: 347–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kislev, M. E.; Bar-Yosef, O.; and Gopher, A. 1986. Early Neolithic Domesticated and Wild Barley from the Netiv Hagdud Region in the Jordan Valley. Israel Journal of Botany 35: 197201.Google Scholar
Kozlowski, S. K., and Aurenche, O. 2005. Territories, Boundaries and Cultures in the Neolithic Near East. BAR International Series 1362. Oxford: Archaeopress.Google Scholar
Kuijt, I. 2000. People and Space in Early Agricultural Villages: Exploring Daily Lives, Community Size, and Architecture in the Late Pre-Pottery Neolithic. JAA 19: 75102.Google Scholar
Kuijt, I. 2001. Place, Death, and the Transmission of Social Memory in Early Agricultural Communities of the Near Eastern Pre‐Pottery Neolithic. APAAA 10: 8099.Google Scholar
Kuijt, I., and Finlayson, B. 2009. Evidence for Food Storage and Predomestication Granaries 11,000 Years Ago in the Jordan Valley. PNAS 106: 10966–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lev-Yadun, S.; Gopher, A.; and Abbo, S. 2000. The Cradle of Agriculture. Science 288 (5471): 1602–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maher, L. A.; Banning, E. B.; and Chazan, M. 2011. Oasis or Mirage? Assessing the Role of Abrupt Climate Change in the Prehistory of the Southern Levant. CAJ 21: 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maher, L. A.; Richter, T.; Macdonald, D.; Jones, M. D.; Martin, L.; and Stock, J. T. 2012. Twenty Thousand-Year-Old Huts at a Hunter-Gatherer Settlement in Eastern Jordan. PLOS ONE 7 (2): e31447. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031447 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marom, N., and Bar-Oz, G. 2013. The Prey Pathway: A Regional History of Cattle (Bos taurus) and Pig (Sus scrofa) Domestication in the Northern Jordan Valley, Israel. PLOS ONE 8 (2): e55958. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055958 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mascher, M.; Schuenemann, V. J.; Davidovich, U.; Marom, N.; Himmelbach, A.; Hübner, S.; Korol, A.; David, M.; Reiter, E.; Riehl, S.; Schreiber, M.; Vohr, S. H.; Green, R. E.; Dawson, I. K.; Russell, J.; Kilian, B.; Muehlbauer, G. J.; Waugh, R.; Fahima, T.; Krause, J.; Weiss, E.; and Stein, N. 2016. Genomic Analysis of 6,000-Year-Old Cultivated Grain Illuminates the Domestication History of Barley. Nature Genetics 48: 1089–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meier, J. S.; Goring-Morris, A. N.; and Munro, N. D. 2016. Provisioning the Ritual Neolithic Site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the Dawn of Animal Management. PLOS ONE 11 (11): e0166573. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166573 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meier, J. S.; Goring-Morris, A. N.; and Munro, N. D. 2017. Aurochs Bone Deposits at Kfar HaHoresh and the Southern Levant across the Agricultural Transition. Antiquity 91 (360): 1469–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Melamed, Y.; Plitmann, U.; and Kislev, M. E. 2008. Vicia peregrina: An Edible Early Neolithic Legume. VHA 17: 2934.Google Scholar
Moulins, D. de. 1993. Les restes de plantes carbonisées de Cafer Höyük. Cahiers de l’Euphrate 7: 191234.Google Scholar
Munro, N. D. 2004. Zooarchaeological Measures of Hunting Pressure and Occupation Intensity in the Natufian: Implications for Agricultural Origins. CA 45 (suppl. 4): S5–34.Google Scholar
Munro, N. D.; Bar-Oz, G.; Meier, J. M.; Sapir-Hen, L.; Stiner, M. C.; and Yeshurun, R. 2018. The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant. Scientific Reports 8: article no. 9279. www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-27647-z (accessed August 15, 2018).
Munro, N. D., and Grosman, L. 2010. Early Evidence (ca. 12,000 B.P.) for Feasting at a Burial Cave in Israel. PNAS 107: 15362–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nadel, D., and Werker, E. 1999. The Oldest Ever Brush Hut Plant Remains from Ohalo II, Jordan Valley, Israel (19,000 BP). Antiquity 73 (282): 755–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Noy, T. 1989. Gilgal I – A Pre-Pottery Neolithic Site, Israel: The 1985–1987 Seasons. Paléorient 15 (1): 1118.Google Scholar
Özkan, H.; Brandolini, A.; Schäfer-Pregl, R.; and Salamini, F. 2002. AFLP Analysis of a Collection of Tetraploid Wheats Indicates the Origin of Emmer and Hard Wheat Domestication in Southeast Turkey. MBE 19: 17971801.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pasternak, R. 1998. Investigations of Botanical Remains from Nevali Çori PPNB, Turkey: A Short Interim Report. In The Origins of Agriculture and Crop Domestication: Proceedings of the Harlan Symposium, 10–14 May 1997, Aleppo, Syria, ed. Damania, A. B., Valkoun, J., Willcox, G., and Qualset, C. O., 170–7. Aleppo: ICARDA.Google Scholar
Peters, J.; von den Driesch, A.; and Helmer, D. 2005. The Upper Euphrates-Tigris Basin: Cradle of Agro-Pastoralism? In First Steps of Animal Domestication: New Archaeozoological Approaches; Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the International Council of Archaeozoology, Durham, August 2002, ed. Vigne, J.-D., Peters, J., and Helmer, D., 96124. Oxford: Oxbow.Google Scholar
Purugganan, M. D., and Fuller, D. Q. 2011. Archaeological Data Reveal Slow Rates of Evolution during Plant Domestication. Evolution 65: 171–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rollefson, G. O., and Köhler-Rollefson, I. 1993. PPNC Adaptations in the First Half of the 6th Millennium B.C. Paléorient 19 (1): 3342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sapir-Hen, L.; Dayan, T.; Khalaily, H.; and Munro, N. D. 2016. Human Hunting and Nascent Animal Management at Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic Yiftahʼel, Israel. PLOS ONE 11 (7): e015696. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156964 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Slon, V.; Sarig, R.; Hershkovitz, I.; Khalaily, H.; and Milevski, I. 2014. The Plastered Skulls from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Site of Yiftahel (Israel) – A Computed Tomography-Based Analysis. PLOS ONE 9 (2): e89242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089242 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Snir, A.; Nadel, D.; Gorman-Yaroslavski, I.; Melamed, Y.; Sternberg, M.; Bar-Yosef, O.; and Weiss, E. 2015. The Origin of Cultivation and Proto-Weeds, Long before Neolithic Farming. PLOS ONE 10 (7): e0131422. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131422 (accessed May 2, 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stiner, M. C.; Buitenhuis, H.; Duru, G.; Kuhn, S. L.; Mentzer, S. M.; Munro, N. D.; Pöllath, N.; Quade, J.; Tsartsidou, G.; and Özbaşaran, M. 2014. A Forager–Herder Trade-Off, from Broad-Spectrum Hunting to Sheep Management at Aşıklı Höyük, Turkey. PNAS 111: 8404–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stiner, M. C.; Munro, N. D.; and Surovell, T. A. 2000. The Tortoise and the Hare: Small Game Use, the Broad-Spectrum Revolution, and Paleolithic Demography. CA 41: 3973.Google Scholar
Stordeur, D., with a contribution by Margueron, T.. 1998. Espace naturel, espace construit à Jerf el Ahmar sur l’Euphrate. In Espace naturel, espace habité en Syrie du nord (10e–2e millénaires av. J.-C.); Actes du colloque tenu à l’Université Laval (Québec) du 5 au 7 mai 1997, ed. Fortin, M. and Aurenche, O., 93107. Travaux de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée 28. Lyon: Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée.Google Scholar
Tanno, K.-I., and Willcox, G. 2012. Distinguishing Wild and Domestic Wheat and Barley Spikelets from Early Holocene Sites in the Near East. VHA 21: 107–15.Google Scholar
Twiss, K. C. 2008. Transformations in an Early Agricultural Society: Feasting in the Southern Levantine Pre-Pottery Neolithic. JAA 27: 418–42.Google Scholar
Verhoeven, M. 2002. Ritual and Ideology in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B of the Levant and Southeast Anatolia. CAJ 12: 233–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vigne, J.-D.; Carrère, I.; Briois, F.; and Guilaine, J. 2011. The Early Process of Mammal Domestication in the Near East: New Evidence from the Pre-Neolithic and Pre-Pottery Neolithic in Cyprus. CA 52 (suppl. 4): S255–71.Google Scholar
Wasse, A. 2002. Final Results of an Analysis of the Sheep and Goat Bones from Ain Ghazal, Jordan. Levant 34: 5982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weiss, E.; Kislev, M. E.; and Hartmann, A. 2006. Autonomous Cultivation before Domestication. Science 312 (5780): 1608–10.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Weiss, E.; Wetterstrom, W.; Nadel, D.; and Bar-Yosef, O. 2004. The Broad Spectrum Revisited: Evidence from Plant Remains. PNAS 101: 9551–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willcox, G. 2005. The Distribution, Natural Habitats and Availability of Wild Cereals in Relation to Their Domestication in the Near East: Multiple Events, Multiple Centres. VHA 14: 534–41.Google Scholar
Willcox, G.; Fornite, S.; and Herveux, L. 2008. Early Holocene Cultivation before Domestication in Northern Syria. VHA 17: 313–25.Google Scholar
Wright, K. I. 1994. Ground-Stone Tools and Hunter-Gatherer Subsistence in Southwest Asia: Implications for the Transition to Farming. AA 59: 238–63.Google Scholar
Zeder, M. A. 2006. Archaeological Approaches to Documenting Animal Domestication. In Documenting Domestication: New Genetic and Archaeological Paradigms, ed. Zeder, M. A., Bradley, D. G., Emshwiller, E., and Smith, B. D., 171–80. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Zeder, M. A. 2011. The Origins of Agriculture in the Near East. CA 52 (suppl. 4): S221–35.Google Scholar
Zeder, M. A., and Hesse, B. 2000. The Initial Domestication of Goats (Capra hircus) in the Zagros Mountains 10,000 Years Ago. Science 287 (5461): 2254–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zeist, W. van, and de Roller, G. J. 1991–1992. The Plant Husbandry of Aceramic Cayönü, S.E. Turkey. Palaeohistoria 33–34: 6596.Google Scholar
4
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×