Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-7479d7b7d-8zxtt Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-14T17:30:13.275Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Thirty - The Archaeology of Maritime Adaptation

from Part Five

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 December 2018

Assaf Yasur-Landau
Affiliation:
University of Haifa, Israel
Eric H. Cline
Affiliation:
George Washington University, Washington DC
Yorke Rowan
Affiliation:
University of Chicago
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
The Social Archaeology of the Levant
From Prehistory to the Present
, pp. 551 - 570
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Allen, J. P. 2008. The Historical Inscription of Khnumhotep at Dahshur: Preliminary Report. BASOR 352: 2939.Google Scholar
Artzy, M. 1995. Nami: A Second Millennium International Maritime Trading Center in the Mediterranean. In Recent Excavations in Israel: A View to the West; Reports on Kabri, Nami, Miqne-Ekron, Dor, and Ashkelon, ed. Gitin, S., 1740. Colloquia & Conference Papers 1. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.Google Scholar
Artzy, M. 2006. The Carmel Coast during the Second Part of the Late Bronze Age: A Center for Eastern Mediterranean Transshipping. BASOR 343: 4564.Google Scholar
Ballard, R. D.; Stager, L. E.; Master, D. M.; Yoerger, D.; Mindell, D.; Whitcomb, L. I.; Singh, H.; and Piechota, D. 2002. Iron Age Shipwrecks in Deep Water off Ashkelon, Israel. AJA 106: 151–68.Google Scholar
Ben-Dor Evian, S. 2011. Egypt and the Levant in the Iron Age I–IIA: The Ceramic Evidence. TA 38: 94119.Google Scholar
Bietak, M. 2010. From Where Came the Hyksos and Where Did They Go? In The Second Intermediate Period (Thirteenth–Seventeenth Dynasties): Current Research, Future Prospects, ed. Marée, M., 139–81. OLA 192. Leuven: Peeters.Google Scholar
Bietak, M. 2017. Harbours and Coastal Military Bases in Egypt in the 2nd Millennium B.C.: Avaris, Peru-nefer, Pi-Ramesse. In The Nile: Natural and Cultural Landscape in Egypt; Proceedings of the International Symposium Held at the Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, 22 et 23 February 2013, ed. Willems, H. and Dahms, J.-M., 5370. Mainz Historical Cultural Sciences 36. Bielefeld: Transcript.Google Scholar
Brandl, B.; Oren, E. D.; and Nahshoni, P. 2014. A Clay Door-Lock Sealing from the Middle Bronze Age III Temple at Tel Haror, Israel. Origini 36: 157–80.Google Scholar
Broodbank, C. 2006. The Origins and Early Development of Mediterranean Maritime Activity. JMA 19: 199230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broodbank, C. 2013. The Making of the Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean from the Beginning to the Emergence of the Classical World. London: Thames & Hudson.Google Scholar
Cline, E. H.; Yasur-Landau, A.; and Goshen, N. 2011. New Fragments of Aegean-Style Painted Plaster from Tel Kabri, Israel. AJA 115: 245–61.Google Scholar
Davies, N. de G., and Faulkner, R. O. 1947. A Syrian Trading Venture to Egypt. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 33: 40–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Demesticha, S., and Knapp, A. B. 2016. Introduction: Maritime Transport Containers in the Bronze and Iron Age Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean. In Maritime Transport Containers in the Bronze–Iron Age Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean, ed. Demesticha, S. and Knapp, A. B., 116. Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology and Literature Pocketbook 183. Uppsala: Åströms.Google Scholar
Fattovitz, R. 2012. Egypt’s Trade with Punt: New Discoveries on the Red Sea Coast. BMSAES 18: 159.Google Scholar
Flohr, P.; Fleitmann, D.; Matthews, R.; Matthews, W.; and Black, S. 2016. Evidence of Resilience to Past Climate Change in Southwest Asia: Early Farming Communities and the 9.2 and 8.2 ka Events. QSR 136: 2339.Google Scholar
Gadot, Y. 2006. Aphek in the Sharon and the Philistine Northern Frontier. BASOR 341: 2136.Google Scholar
Galili, E., and Raveh, K. 1988. Stone Anchors with Carvings from the Sea off Megadim, Israel. Sefunim 7: 41–7.Google Scholar
Galili, E., and Rosen, B. 2008. Marine Archaeology. NEAEHL 5: 1925–34.Google Scholar
Galili, E.; Gale, N.; and Rosen, B. 2011. Bronze Age Metal Cargoes off the Israeli Coast. Skyllis 11: 6473.Google Scholar
Galili, E.; Horwitz, L. K.; Eshed, V.; Rosen, B.; and Hershkovitz, I. 2014. Submerged Prehistoric Settlements off the Mediterranean Coast of Israel. Skyllis 13: 181204.Google Scholar
Galili, E.; Raban, A.; and Sharvit, J. 2002. Forty Years of Marine Archaeology in Israel. In Tropis VII: 7th International Symposium on Ship Construction in Antiquity, Pylos 1999; Proceedings, Vol. 2, ed. Tzalas, H., 927–61. Athens: Hellenic Institute for the Preservation of Nautical Tradition.Google Scholar
Galili, E.; Rosen, B.; Gopher, A.; and Horwitz, L. K. 2002. The Emergence and Dispersion of the Eastern Mediterranean Fishing Village: Evidence from Submerged Neolithic Settlements off the Carmel Coast, Israel. JMA 15: 167–98.Google Scholar
Galili, E.; Sharvit, J.; and Artzy, M. 1994. Reconsidering Byblian and Egyptian Stone Anchors Using Numerical Methods: New Finds from the Israeli Coast. IJNA 23: 93107.Google Scholar
Gilan, A. 2013. Pirates in the Mediterranean – A View from the Bronze Age. In Seeraub im Mittelmeerraum: Piraterie, Korsarentum und maritime Gewalt von der Antike bis zur Neuzeit, ed. Jaspert, N. and Kolditz, S., 4966. Mittelmeerstudien 3. Paderborn: Schöningh.Google Scholar
Gilboa, A. 2015. Dor and Egypt in the Early Iron Age: An Archaeological Perspective of (Part of) the Wenamun Report. Egypt and the Levant 25: 247–74.Google Scholar
Gilboa, A., and Sharon, I. 2008. Between the Carmel and the Sea: Tel Dor’s Iron Age Reconsidered. NEA 71: 146–70.Google Scholar
Golani, A., and Galili, E. 2015. A Late Bronze Age Canaanite Merchant’s Hoard of Gold Artifacts and Hematite Weights from Yavneh-Yam Anchorage, Israel. JAEI 7 (2): 1629.Google Scholar
Goodman-Tchernov, B. N., and Austin, J. A. Jr. 2015. Deterioration of Israel’s Caesarea Maritimaʼs Ancient Harbor Linked to Repeated Tsunami Events Identified in Geophysical Mapping of Offshore Stratigraphy. JAS: Reports 3: 444–54.Google Scholar
Goodman-Tchernov, B. N., and Katz, O. 2016. Holocene-Era Submerged Notches along the Southern Levantine Coastline: Punctuated Sea Level Rise? QI 401: 1727.Google Scholar
Goren, Y. 2013. International Exchange during the Late Second Millennium B.C.: Microarchaeological Study of Finds from the Uluburun Ship. In Cultures in Contact: From Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean in the Second Millennium BC, ed. Aruz, J., Graff, S. B., and Rakic, Y., 5461. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.Google Scholar
Greener, A. 2015. Late Bronze Age Imported Pottery in the Land of Israel: Between Economy, Society and Symbolism. PhD diss., Bar-Ilan University.Google Scholar
Haggi, A. 2009. Report on Underwater Excavation at the Phoenician Harbour, Atlit, Israel. IJNA 39: 278–85.Google Scholar
Haggi, A., and Artzy, M. 2007. The Harbor of Atlit in Northern Canaanite/Phoenician Context. NEA 70: 7584.Google Scholar
Hoftijzer, J., and van Soldt, W. H. 1998. Appendix: Text from Ugarit Pertaining to Seafaring. In Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, ed. Wachsmann, S., 333–44. College Station: Texas A&M; London: Chatham.Google Scholar
Horden, P., and Purcell, N. 2000. The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Horejs, B.; Milić, B.; Ostmann, F.; Thanheiser, U.; Weninger, B.; and Galik, A. 2015. The Aegean in the Early 7th Millennium BC: Maritime Networks and Colonization. JWP 28: 289330.Google ScholarPubMed
Kaniewski, D.; Van Campo, E.; Morhange, C.; Guiot, J.; Zviely, D.; Le Burel, S.; Otto, T.; and Artzy, M. 2014. Vulnerability of Mediterranean Ecosystems to Long-Term Changes along the Coast of Israel. PLOS ONE 9 (7): e102090. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102090 (accessed August 30, 2017).Google Scholar
Kingsley, S. A., and Raveh, K. 1996. The Ancient Harbour and Anchorage at Dor, Israel: Results of the Underwater Surveys, 1976–1991. BAR International Series 626. Oxford: Tempus Reparatum.Google Scholar
Kislev, M. E.; Artzy, M.; and Marcus, E. 1993. Import of an Aegean Food Plant to a Middle Bronze IIA Coastal Site in Israel. Levant 25: 145–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koh, A. J.; Yasur-Landau, A.; and Cline, E. H. 2014. Characterizing a Middle Bronze Palatial Wine Cellar from Tel Kabri, Israel. PLOS ONE 9 (8): e106406. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106406 (accessed August 30, 2017).Google Scholar
Lazar, M.; Engolz, K.; Basson, U.; and Yasur-Landau, A. 2018. Water Saturated Sand and a Shallow Bay: Combining Coastal Geophysics and Underwater Archaeology in the South Bay of Tel Dor. QI 473A: 112–19.Google Scholar
Leidwanger, J.; Knappett, C.; Arnaud, P.; Arthur, P.; Blake, E.; Broodbank, C.; Brughmans, T.; Evans, T.; Graham, S.; Greene, E. S.; Kowalzig, B.; Mills, B.; Rivers, R.; Tartaron, T. F.; and Van de Noort, R. 2014. A Manifesto for the Study of Ancient Mediterranean Maritime Networks. Antiquity Project Gallery. http://journal.antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/leidwanger342 (accessed August 30, 2017).Google Scholar
Lev-Yadun, S.; Artzy, M.; Marcus, E.; and Stidsing, R. 1996. Wood Remains from Tel Nami, a Middle Bronze IIA and Late Bronze IIB Port: Local Exploitation of Trees and Levantine Cedar Trade. Economic Botany 50: 306–17.Google Scholar
Liphschitz, N. 2002. The Paleobotanical Remains. In Tel Kabri: The 1986–1992 Excavation Seasons, by Kempinski, A., 428–34. MSSMNIA 20. Tel Aviv: Emery and Claire Yass Publications in Archaeology.Google Scholar
Maguire, L. C. 2009. Tell el-Dabʻa XXI: The Cypriot Pottery and Its Circulation in the Levant. UZKOAI 33; DG 51. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
Marcus, E. S. 2007. Amenemhet II and the Sea: Maritime Aspects of the Mit Rahina (Memphis) Inscription. Egypt and the Levant 17: 137–90.Google Scholar
Marriner, N.; Morhange, C.; Kaniewski, D.; and Carayon, N. 2014. Ancient Harbour Infrastructure in the Levant: Tracking the Birth and Rise of New Forms of Anthropogenic Pressure. Scientific Reports 4: 5554. www.nature.com/articles/srep05554 (accessed August 30, 2017).Google Scholar
Mazar, A. 1985. Excavations at Tell Qasile, Vol. 2: The Philistine Sanctuary; Various Finds, the Pottery, Conclusions, Appendixes. Qedem 20. Jerusalem: The Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Monroe, C. M. 2010. Sunk Costs at Late Bronze Age Uluburun. BASOR 357: 1933.Google Scholar
Morhange, C.; Giaime, M.; Marriner, N.; Abu Hamid, A.; Bruneton, H.; Honnorat, A.; Kaniewski, D.; Magnin, F.; Porotov, A. V.; Wante, J.; Zviely, D.; and Artzy, M. 2016. Geoarchaeological Evolution of Tel Akko’s Ancient Harbour (Israel). JAS: Reports 7: 7181.Google Scholar
Morhange, C.; Salamon, A.; Bony, G.; Flaux, C.; Galili, E.; Goiran, J.-P.; and Zviely, D. 2013. Geoarchaeology of Tsunamis and the Revival of Neo-Catastrophism in the Eastern Mediterranean. In Overcoming Catastrophes: Essays on Disastrous Agents Characterization and Resilience Strategies in Pre-Classical Southern Levant, ed. Nigro, L., 3151. ROSAPAT 11. Rome: “La Sapienza” Expedition to Palestine & Jordan.Google Scholar
Naʼaman, N. 1994. Esarhaddon’s Treaty with Baal and Assyrian Provinces along the Phoenician Coast. Rivista degli Studi Fenici 22: 38.Google Scholar
Naʼaman, N. 1997. The Network of Canaanite Late Bronze Kingdoms and the City of Ashdod. UF 29: 599626.Google Scholar
Naʼaman, N. 2009. Was Dor the Capital of an Assyrian Province? TA 36: 95109.Google Scholar
Papadimitriou, N. 2013. Regional or “International” Networks? A Comparative Examination of Aegean and Cypriot Imported Pottery in the Eastern Mediterranean. Talanta 44: 92136.Google Scholar
Parpola, S., and Watanabe, K., eds. 1988. Neo-Assyrian Treaties and Loyalty Oaths. State Archives of Assyria 2. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press.Google Scholar
Pomey, P.; Kahanov, Y.; and Rieth, F. 2012. Transition from Shell to Skeleton in Ancient Mediterranean Ship-Construction: Analysis, Problems, and Future Research. IJNA 41: 235314.Google Scholar
Preiser-Kapeller, J., and Daim, F., eds. 2015. Harbours and Maritime Networks and Complex Adaptive Systems: International Workshop “Harbours and Maritime Networks as Complex Adaptive Systems” at the Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz, 17.–18.10.2013, within the Framework of the Special Research Programme (DFG-SPP 1630) “Harbours from the Roman Period to the Middle Ages.” Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Tagungen 23; Interdisziplinäre Forschungen zu den Häfen von der Römischen Kaiserzeit bis zum Mittelalter in Europa 2. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum.Google Scholar
Pulak, C. 1998. The Uluburun Shipwreck: An Overview. IJNA 27: 188224.Google Scholar
Pulak, C.. 2005. Who Were the Mycenaeans aboard the Uluburun Ship? In Emporia: Aegeans in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean; Proceedings of the 10th International Aegean Conference, Athens, Italian School of Archaeology, 14–18 April 2004, Vol. 1, ed. Laffineur, R. and Greco, E., 295310. Aegaeum 25. Liège: Histoire de l’Art et Archèologie de la Grèce Antique, Université de Liège; Austin: Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory, University of Texas.Google Scholar
Raban, A. 1985. The Ancient Harbours of Israel in Biblical Times. In Harbour Archaeology: Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Ancient Mediterranean Harbours, Caesarea Maritima, 24–28.6.83, ed. Raban, A., 1144. BAR International Series 257. Oxford: BAR.Google Scholar
Raban, A. 1991a. Minoan and Canaanite Harbours. In Thalassa: L’Égée préhistorique et la Mer; Actes de la troisième Rencontre Égéenne Internationale de l’Université de Liège, Station de Recherches Sous-Marines et Océanographiques (StaReSO), Calvi, Corse, 23–25 avril 1990, ed. Laffineur, R. and Basch, L., 129–46. Aegaeum 7. Liège: Histoire de l’Art et d’Archéologie de la Grèce Antique, Université de Liège.Google Scholar
Raban, A. 1991b. The Port City of Akko in the MBII Period. Michmanim 5: 1734.Google Scholar
Raban, A. 1995a. Dor-Yam: Maritime and Coastal Installations at Dor in Their Geomorphological and Stratigraphic Context. In Excavations at Dor: Final Report, Vol. 1A: Areas A and C; Introduction and Stratigraphy, ed. Stern, E., 285354. Qedem Reports 1. Jerusalem: The Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem in cooperation with the IES.Google Scholar
Raban, A. 1995b. The Heritage of Ancient Harbor Engineering in Cyprus and the Levant. In Proceedings of the International Symposium “Cyprus and the Sea”: Organized by the Archaeological Research Unit of the University of Cyprus and the Cyprus Ports Authority, Nicosia 25–26 September, 1993, ed. Karageorghis, V. and Michaelides, D., 139–89. Nicosia: University of Cyprus.Google Scholar
Raban, A. 1996. The Phoenician Harbour and “Fishing Village” at ‘Atlit. ErIsr 25: 490508.Google Scholar
Raban, A., and Galili, E. 1985. Recent Maritime Archaeological Research in Israel – A Preliminary Report. IJNA 14: 321–56.Google Scholar
Rainey, A. F., and Notley, R. S. 2006. The Sacred Bridge: Cartaʼs Atlas of the Biblical World. Jerusalem: Carta.Google Scholar
Rainey, A. F., and Schniedewind, W. M. 2015. The El-Amarna Correspondence: A New Edition of the Cuneiform Letters from the Site of El-Amarna Based on Collations of All Extant Tablets. 2 vols. Handbook of Oriental Studies 1, The Near and Middle East 110. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
Redford, D. B. 1997. Textual Sources for the Hyksos Period. In The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives, ed. Oren, E. D., 144. UMM 96; University Museum Symposium Series 8. Philadelphia: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
Sharon, I., and Gilboa, A. 2013. The SKL Town: Dor in the Early Iron Age. In The Philistines and Other “Sea Peoples” in Text and Archaeology, ed. Killebrew, A. E. and Lehmann, G., 393468. ABS 15. Atlanta: SBL.Google Scholar
Sharvit, J.; Galili, E.; Rosen, B.; and van den Brink, E. C. M. 2002. Predynastic Maritime Traffic along the Carmel Coast of Israel: A Submerged Find from North Atlit Bay. In In Quest of Ancient Settlements and Landscapes: Archaeological Studies in Honour of Ram Gophna, ed. van den Brink, E. C. M. and Yannai, E., 159–66. Tel Aviv: Ramot.Google Scholar
Sivan, D.; Wdowinski, S.; Lambeck, K.; Galili, E.; and Raban, A. 2001. Holocene Sea-Level Changes along the Mediterranean Coast of Israel, Based on Archaeological Observations and Numerical Model. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 167: 101–17.Google Scholar
Stager, L. E.; Schloen, D. J.; Master, D. M.; Press, M. D.; and Aja, A. 2008. Stratigraphic Overview. In Ashkelon 1: Introduction and Overview (1985–2006), ed. Stager, L. E., Schloen, J. D., and Master, D. M., 213323. FRLLEA 1; HSMP. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.Google Scholar
Tallet, P. 2012. Ayn Sukhna and Wadi el-Jarf: Two Newly Discovered Pharaonic Harbours on the Suez Gulf. BMSAES 18: 147–68.Google Scholar
Tartaron, T. F. 2013. Maritime Networks in the Mycenaean World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Thareani, Y. 2016. The Empire and the “Upper Sea”: Assyrian Control Strategies along the Southern Levantine Coast. BASOR 375: 77102.Google Scholar
Wachsmann, S. 1998. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. College Station: Texas A&M University Press; London: Chatham.Google Scholar
Yahalom-Mack, N.; Galili, E.; Segal, I.; Eliyahu-Behar, A.; Boaretto, E.; Shilstein, S.; and Finkelstein, I. 2014. New Insights into Levantine Copper Trade: Analysis of Ingots from the Bronze and Iron Ages in Israel. JAS 45: 159–77.Google Scholar
Yasur-Landau, A. 2010. The Philistines and Aegean Migration in the Late Bronze Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Yasur-Landau, A.; Arkin Shalev, E.; Zajak, P. R.; and Gambash, G. In press. Rethinking the Anchorages and Harbours of the Southern Levant 2000 BC–600 AD. In Proceedings of the Conference “Harbours as Objects of Interdisciplinary Research – Archaeology + History + Geoscience,” Kiel University, 1–2 October 2015. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum.Google Scholar
Yasur-Landau, A., and Ben-Shlomo, D. 2012. The Provenance of Storage Jars from the Shavei Zion Underwater Site. R.I.M.S. News 37: 22–3.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×