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7 - Fluency in Different Contexts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 December 2020

Parvaneh Tavakoli
Affiliation:
University of Reading
Clare Wright
Affiliation:
University of Leeds
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Summary

This chapter’s main focus is on fluency research ‘in the wild’, particularly looking at the challenges of developing fluency during immersion in the target language setting, e.g. during Study Abroad. The chapter includes the need for research and practice to move away from standard monolingual native speaker norms, towards use of L2 or multilingual raters as reference norms for evaluating fluency development. We refer to cross-linguistic work on fluency in languages other than English, to see how learners’ and teachers’ expectations can be more realistically framed to fit social contexts and task demands. We include evidence from learner corpora across a variety of languages, which could help develop more robust cross-linguistic theories, methods and evidence of fluency development from a wider multilingual interactional perspective. The final section explores these themes in the context of fluency development through residence abroad, even over short periods such as Study Abroad; evidence is presented from a recent case study of learners of Mandarin Chinese within a more nuanced view of specific task constraints, to highlight the varied nature of fluency development.

Type
Chapter
Information
Second Language Speech Fluency
From Research to Practice
, pp. 124 - 145
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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