Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-ns2hh Total loading time: 0.58 Render date: 2022-09-27T04:58:11.310Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

16 - Citation Disparity

from Part III - The Science of Impact

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2021

Dashun Wang
Affiliation:
Northwestern University, Illinois
Albert-László Barabási
Affiliation:
Northeastern University, Boston
Get access

Summary

We begin by acknowledging the sheer size of the citation index to date, and then discuss the disparity in citations that these papers receive. These differences in impact among papers can be captured by a citation distribution, which can be approximated by a power-law function. We compare power-law distributions to Gaussian distributions, illustrating the distinctions between the two and what they tell us about citation patterns. We then explore the differences in average number of citations between fields, which can make cross-disciplinary comparisions complicated. Luckily, we find that citation patterns are surprisingly universal relative to the field a paper is published in, which allows us identify common trends in citation and impact regardless of discipline. We end with a discussion of what citations don’t capture, given that they are frequently used as a proxy for impact. We pinpoint some potential flaws in this metric, but see citation patterns as a valuable way to gauge the collective wisdom of the scientific community.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Science of Science , pp. 174 - 183
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×