Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-558cb97cc8-5s46l Total loading time: 1.125 Render date: 2022-10-07T07:23:42.596Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": true, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

15 - Big Science

from Part III - The Science of Impact

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2021

Dashun Wang
Affiliation:
Northwestern University, Illinois
Albert-László Barabási
Affiliation:
Northeastern University, Boston
Get access

Summary

The exponential growth of science has continued, virtually uninterrupted, for decades. What does this mean for contemporary scientists? With the scientific literature doubling every 12 years, the practice of science is characterized by immediacy: 80 to 90 percent of all scientists who have ever lived are alive now. That means that science is becoming more competitive. If one invididual doesn’t make a discovery, someone else likely will. We explore the implications of this growth and competition for scientists from a training and employment standpoint, finding that it is increasingly difficult to earn a PhD and to locate a job in academia after a doctorate is earned. That doesn’t mean that making it as a scientist is impossible – the dearth of jobs in academia has led to a shift toward industry, where many scientists thrive. We end the chapter by asking if new discoveries require more effort than they did in the past. We can answer this question by comparing the growth rate of the workforce compared with the growth rate of producitivity, finding that there is relative stability in individual productivity over a wide range of disciplines.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Science of Science , pp. 161 - 173
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

  • Big Science
  • Dashun Wang, Northwestern University, Illinois, Albert-László Barabási, Northeastern University, Boston
  • Book: The Science of Science
  • Online publication: 07 February 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108610834.019
Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

  • Big Science
  • Dashun Wang, Northwestern University, Illinois, Albert-László Barabási, Northeastern University, Boston
  • Book: The Science of Science
  • Online publication: 07 February 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108610834.019
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Big Science
  • Dashun Wang, Northwestern University, Illinois, Albert-László Barabási, Northeastern University, Boston
  • Book: The Science of Science
  • Online publication: 07 February 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108610834.019
Available formats
×