Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5959bf8d4d-gl8zf Total loading time: 1.973 Render date: 2022-12-08T00:58:33.162Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Section Three - Cultural Contexts of Psychopathology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 July 2015

Laurence J. Kirmayer
Affiliation:
McGill University, Montréal
Robert Lemelson
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles
Constance A. Cummings
Affiliation:
Foundation for Psychocultural Research, California
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Re-Visioning Psychiatry
Cultural Phenomenology, Critical Neuroscience, and Global Mental Health
, pp. 315 - 480
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2015

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

References

Allardyce, J., Gilmour, H., Atkinson, J., Rapson, T., Bishop, J., & McCreadie, R. G. (2005). Social fragmentation, deprivation and urbanicity: Relation to first-admission rates for psychoses. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187, 401–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.187.5.401CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Belsky, J., Jonassaint, C., Pluess, M., Stanton, M., Brummett, B., & Williams, R. (2009). Vulnerability genes or plasticity genes? Molecular Psychiatry, 14, 746–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2009.44CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bentall, R. P., Kinderman, P., & Kaney, S. (1994). The self, attributional processes and abnormal beliefs: Towards a model of persecutory delusions. Behaviour Research Therapy, 32(3), 331–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(94)90131-7CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bhugra, D., Hilwig, M., Hossein, B., Marceau, H., Neehall, J., Leff, J., … Der, G. (1996). First-contact incidence rates of schizophrenia in Trinidad and one-year follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169(5), 587–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.169.5.587CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Binbay, T., Drukker, J., Alptekin, K., Elbi, H., Aksu Tanik, F., Özkinay, F., … van Os, J. (2012). Evidence that the wider social environment moderates the association between familial liability and psychosis spectrum outcome. Psychological Medicine, 42, 24992510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712000700CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Blakemore, S.-J., & Mills, K. L. (2014). Is adolescence a sensitive period for sociocultural processing? Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 187205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115202CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bourque, F., van der Ven, E., & Malla, A. (2011). A meta-analysis of the risk for psychotic disorders among first- and second-generation immigrants. Psychological Medicine, 41(5), 897910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291710001406CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boydell, J., & McKenzie, K. (2008). Society, place and space. In Morgan, C., McKenzie, K., & Fearon, P. (Eds.), Society and psychosis (pp. 7794). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boydell, J., van Os, J., McKenzie, K., Allardyce, J., Goel, R., McCreadie, R. G., & Murray, R. M. (2001). Incidence of schizophrenia in ethnic minorities in London: Ecological study into interactions with environment. British Medical Journal, 323(7325), 1336–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.323.7325.1336CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boydell, J., van Os, J., McKenzie, K., & Murray, R. M. (2004). The association of inequality with the incidence of schizophrenia: An ecological study. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 39(8), 597–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-004-0789-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bresnahan, M., Begg, M. D., Brown, A., Schaefer, C., Sohler, N., Insel, B., … Susser, E. (2007). Race and risk of schizophrenia in a US birth cohort: Another example of health disparity? International Journal of Epidemiology, 36(4), 751–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dym041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cantor-Graae, E. (2007). The contribution of social factors to the development of schizophrenia: A review of recent findings. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52(5), 277–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.3410/f.1116901.572995CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cantor-Graae, E., & Selten, J. P. (2005). Schizophrenia and migration: A meta-analysis and review. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(1), 1224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.1.12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caspi, A., Moffitt, T., Cannon, M., McClay, J., Murray, R., Harrington, H., … Craig, I. (2005). Moderation of the effect of adolescent-onset cannabis use on adult psychosis by a functional polymorphism in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene: Longitudinal evidence of a gene X environment interaction. Biological Psychiatry, 57(10), 1117–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.01.026CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cooper, R., Boyko, C., & Codinhoto, R. (2008). The effect of the physical environment on mental and capital wellbeing. In D. Flynn (Ed.), Mental capital and wellbeing: Making the most of ourselves in the 21st century. Retrieved from www.gov.uk/government/collections/mental-capital-and-wellbeing
Daskalakis, N. P., Bagot, R. C., Parker, K. J., Vinkers, C H., & de Kloet, E. R. (2013). The three-hit concept of vulnerability and resilience: Toward understanding adaptation to early-life adversity outcome. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(9), 1858–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.06.008CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dean, K., Dazzan, P., Lloyd, T., Morgan, C., Morgan, K., Doody, G. A., … Fearon, P. (2007). Minor physical anomalies across ethnic groups in a first episode psychosis sample. Schizophrenia Research, 89(1–3), 8690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2006.08.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Faris, R., & Dunham, H. (1939). Mental disorders in urban areas. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Fearon, P., Kirkbride, J. B., Morgan, C., Dazzan, P., Morgan, K., Lloyd, T., … Murray, R. M. (2006). Incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses in ethnic minority groups: Results from the MRC AESOP Study. Psychological Medicine, 36(11), 1541–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291706008774CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fearon, P., & Morgan, C. (2006). Environmental factors in schizophrenia: The role of migrant studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 32(3), 405–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbj076Google ScholarPubMed
Fusar-Poli, P., Perez, J., Broome, M., Borgwardt, S., Placentino, A., Caverzasi, E., … McGuire, P. (2007). Neurofunctional correlates of vulnerability to psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 31(4), 465–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2006.11.006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Geuze, E., Vermetten, E., & Bremner, J. D. (2005). MR-based in vivo hippocampal volumetrics: 2. Findings in neuropsychiatric disorders. Molecular Psychiatry, 10(2), 160–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001579Google ScholarPubMed
Gilvarry, C. M., Walsh, E., Samele, C., Hutchinson, G., Mallett, R., Rabe-Hesketh, S., … Murray, R. M. (1999). Life events, ethnicity and perceptions of discrimination in patients with severe mental illness. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 34(11), 600–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001270050181CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hickling, F. W., & Rodgers-Johnson, P. (1995). The incidence of first contact schizophrenia in Jamaica. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167(2), 193–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.167.2.193CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hosman, C., Jane-Llopis, E., & Saxena, S. (2005). Prevention of mental disorders: Effective interventions and policy options. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Husted, J. A., Ahmed, R., Chow, E. W., Brzustowicz, L. M., & Bassett, A. S. (2012). Early environmental exposures influence schizophrenia expression even in the presence of strong genetic predisposition. Schizophrenia Research, 137(1–3), 166–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2012.02.009CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hutchinson, G., Takei, N., Bhugra, D., Fahy, T. A., Gilvarry, C., Mallett, R., … Murray, R. M. (1997). Increased rate of psychosis among African-Caribbeans in Britain is not due to an excess of pregnancy and birth complications. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 145–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.171.2.145CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hutchinson, G., Takei, N., Fahy, T. A., Bhugra, D., Gilvarry, C., Moran, P., … Murray, R. M. (1996). Morbid risk of schizophrenia in first-degree relatives of white and African-Caribbean patients with psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 776–80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.169.6.776
Janssen, I., Hanssen, M., Bak, M., Bijl, R. V., de Graaf, R., Vollebergh, W., … van Os, J. (2003). Discrimination and delusional ideation. British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 71–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.182.1.71CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johns, L. C., Cannon, M., Singleton, N., Murray, R. M., Farrell, M., Brugha, T., … Meltzer, H. (2004). Prevalence and correlates of self-reported psychotic symptoms in the British population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185, 298305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.185.4.298CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jones, S. R., & Fernyhough, C. (2007). A new look at the neural diathesis–stress model of schizophrenia: The primacy of social-evaluative and uncontrollable situations. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33(5), 1171–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbl058CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kapur, S. (2003). Psychosis as a state of aberrant salience: A framework linking biology, phenomenology, and pharmacology in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(1), 1323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.160.1.13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karlsen, S., & Nazroo, J. Y. (2002). Relation between racial discrimination, social class, and health among ethnic minority groups. American Journal of Public Health, 92(4), 624–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.92.4.624CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karlsen, S., Nazroo, J. Y., McKenzie, K., Bhui, K., & Weich, S. (2005). Racism, psychosis and common mental disorder among ethnic minority groups in England. Psychological Medicine, 35(12), 17951803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291705005830CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kelly, B. D., O'Callaghan, E., Waddington, J. L., Feeney, L., Browne, S., Scully, P. J., … Larkin, C.(2010). Schizophrenia and the city: A review of literature and prospective study of psychosis and urbanicity in Ireland. Schizophrenia Research, 116(1), 7589. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2009.10.015CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirkbride, J. B., Fearon, P., Morgan, C., Dazzan, P., Morgan, K., Murray, R. M., & Jones, P. B. (2007). Neighbourhood variation in the incidence of psychotic disorders in Southeast London. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42(6), 438–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-007-0193-0CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirkbride, J. B., & Jones, P. B. (2011). The prevention of schizophrenia: What can we learn from eco-epidemiology? Schizophrenia Bulletin, 37(2), 262–71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbq120Google Scholar
Kirkbride, J. B., Morgan, C., Fearon, P., Dazzan, P., Murray, R. M., & Jones, P. B. (2007). Neighbourhood-level effects on psychoses: Re-examining the role of context. Psychological Medicine, 37(10), 1413–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291707000499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Knudsen, E. I., Heckman, J. J., Cameron, J. L., & Shonkoff, J. P. (2006). Economic, neurobiological and behavioral perspectives on building America's future workforce. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 27, 10155–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0600888103Google Scholar
Labonté, B., Farah, A., & Turecki, G. (2015). Early-life adversity and epigenetic changes: Implications for understanding suicide. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 206–35). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Laruelle, M., & Abi-Dargham, A. (1999). Dopamine as the wind of the psychotic fire: New evidence from brain imaging studies. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 13(4), 358–71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026988119901300405CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lataster, J., Myin-Germeys, I., Lieb, R., Wittchen, H.-U., & van Os, J. (2012). Adversity and psychosis: A 10-year prospective study investigating synergism between early and recent adversity in psychosis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 125(5), 388–99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2011.01805.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lederbogen, F., Haddad, L., & Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2013) Urban social stress – Risk factor for mental disorders. The case of schizophrenia. Environmental Pollution, 183, 26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.05.046CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lederbogen, F., Kirsch, P., Haddad, L., Streit, F., Tost, H., Schuch, P., … Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2011). City living and urban upbringing affect neural social stress processing in humans. Nature, 474(7352), 498501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lieberman, J., Chakos, M., Wu, H., Alvir, J., Hoffman, E., Robinson, D., & Bilder, R. (2001). Longitudinal study of brain morphology in first episode schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 49(6), 487–99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223(01)01067-8CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mahy, G. E., Mallett, R., Leff, J., & Bhugra, D. (1999). First-contact incidence rate of schizophrenia on Barbados. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 2833. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.175.1.28CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marcelis, M., Takei, N., & van Os, J. (1999). Urbanization and risk for schizophrenia: Does the effect operate before or around the time of illness onset? Psychological Medicine, 29, 11971203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291799008983CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
March, D., Morgan, C., Bresnahan, M., & Susser, E. (2008). Conceptualising the social world. In Morgan, C., McKenzie, K., & Fearon, P. (Eds.), Society and psychosis (pp. 4157). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
March, D., & Susser, E. (2006). Taking the search for causes of schizophrenia to a different level [Invited commentary]. American Journal of Epidemiology, 163(11), 979–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwj170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mason, O., Startup, M., Halpin, S., Schall, U., Conrad, A., & Carr, V. (2004). Risk factors for transition to first episode psychosis among individuals with “at-risk mental states.” Schizophrenia Research, 71(2–3), 227–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2004.04.006Google Scholar
McKenzie, K., & Harpham, T. (2006). Social capital and mental health. London, England: Jessica Kingsley.Google ScholarPubMed
Meyer-Lindenberg, A. (2010). From maps to mechanisms through neuroimaging of schizophrenia. Nature, 468(7321), 194202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09569CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Miller, P., Lawrie, S. M., Hodges, A., Clafferty, R., Cosway, R., & Johnstone, E. C. (2001). Genetic liability, illicit drug use, life stress and psychotic symptoms: Preliminary findings from the Edinburgh study of people at high risk for schizophrenia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36(7), 338–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001270170038CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Morgan, C., & Hutchinson, G. (2009). The social determinants of psychosis in migrant and ethnic minority populations: A public health tragedy. Psychological Medicine, 40,(5), 705–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291709005546Google Scholar
Morgan, C., Kirkbride, J., Hutchinson, G., Craig, T., Morgan, K., Dazzan, P., … Fearon, P. (2008). Cumulative social disadvantage, ethnicity and first-episode psychosis: A case-control study. Psychological Medicine, 38(12), 1701–15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291708004534CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Morgan, C., Kirkbride, J., Leff, J. Craig, T., Hutchinson, G., Mckenzie, K., … Fearon, P. (2007). Parental separation, loss and psychosis in different ethnic groups: A case-control study. Psychological Medicine, 37(4), 495503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291706009330CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Myin-Germeys, I., & van Os, J. (2007). Stress-reactivity in psychosis: Evidence for an affective pathway to psychosis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27(4), 409–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2006.09.005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Myin-Germeys, I., & van Os, J. (2008). Adult adversity: Do early environment and genotype create lasting vulnerabilities for adult social adversity in psychosis? In Morgan, C., McKenzie, K., & Fearon, P. (Eds.), Society and psychosis (pp. 127–42). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Nuechterlein, K. H., & Dawson, M. E. (1984). A heuristic vulnerability/stress model of schizophrenic episodes. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 10(2), 300–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/10.2.300CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pascoe, E. A., Richmand, L. S. (2009). Perceived discrimination and health: A meta-analytic review. Psychology Bulletin, 135(4), 531–54.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pedersen, C. B., & Mortensen, P. B. (2001). Evidence of a dose-response relationship between urbanicity during upbringing and schizophrenia risk. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 1039–46.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Seeman, P., & Kapur, S. (2000). Schizophrenia: More dopamine, more D2 receptors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97(14), 7673–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.97.14.7673CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Selten, J. P., & Cantor-Graae, E. (2005). Social defeat: Risk factor for schizophrenia? British Journal of Psychiatry, 187, 101–2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.187.2.101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Selten, J. P., & Cantor-Graae, E. (2007). Hypothesis: Social defeat is a risk factor for schizophrenia? British Journal of Psychiatry, 51(Suppl.), s912. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.191.51.s9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Selten, J. P., Cantor-Graae, E., & Kahn, R. S. (2007). Migration and schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 20(2), 111–15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0b013e328017f68eGoogle Scholar
Selten, J. P., van der Ven, E., Rutten, B. P. F., & Cantor-Graae, E. (2013). The social defeat hypothesis of schizophrenia: An update. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 39(6), 1180–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbt134CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sharpley, M. S., Hutchinson, G., McKenzie, K., & Murray, R. M. (2001). Understanding the excess of psychosis among the African-Caribbean population in England: Review of current hypotheses. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178(Suppl. 40), s608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shaw, R. J., Atkin, K., Bécares, L., Albor, C. B., Stafford, M., Kiernan, K. E., … Pickett, K. E. (2012). Impact of ethnic density on adult mental disorders: Narrative review. British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(1), 1119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.110.083675CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shevlin, M., Houston, J. E., Dorahy, M. J., & Adamson, G. (2008). Cumulative traumas and psychosis: An analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey and the British Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34(1), 193–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbm069Google ScholarPubMed
Silver, E., Mulvey, E., & Swanson, J. (2002). Neighbourhood structural characteristics and mental disorder: Faris and Dunham revisited. Social Science and Medicine, 55(8), 1457–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00266-0CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Soares, J. C., & Innis, R. B. (1999). Neurochemical brain imaging investigations of schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 46(5), 600–15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223(99)00015-3CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spauwen, J., & van Os, J. (2006). The psychosis proneness: Psychosis persistence model as an explanation for the association between urbanicity and psychosis. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 15(4), 252–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1121189X00002128Google ScholarPubMed
Steen, R. G., Mull, C., McClure, R., Hamer, R. M., & Lieberman, J. A. (2006). Brain volume in first-episode schizophrenia: Systematic review and meta-analysis of magnetic resonance imaging studies. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 510–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.188.6.510CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Susser, E., St. Clair, D., & He, L. (2008). Latent effects of prenatal malnutrition on adult health: The example of schizophrenia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1136, 185–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1196/annals.1425.024CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
United Nations (2014). World urbanization prospects (rev. ed.). Retrieved from http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/
van Erp, T. G. M., Saleh, P. A., Huttunen, M., Lönnqvist, J., Kaprio, J., Salonen, O., … Cannon, T. D. (2004). Hippocampal volumes in schizophrenic twins. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 346–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.61.4.346CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
van Os, J., Hanssen, M., Bijl, R. V., & Vollebergh, W. (2001). Prevalence of psychotic disorder and community level of psychotic symptoms: An urban-rural comparison. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58(7), 663–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.58.7.663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Os, J., Kenis, G., & Rutten, B. P. (2010). The environment and schizophrenia. Nature, 468(7321), 203–12. http://dx.doi.org/1038/nature09563Google Scholar
van Winkel, R., Henquet, C., Rosa, A., Papiol, S., Fananas, L., De Hert, M., … Myin-Germeys, I. (2008). Evidence that the COMT(Val158Met) polymorphism moderates sensitivity to stress in psychosis: An experience-sampling study. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 147B(1), 1017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.30559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Winkel, R., van Nierop, M., Myin-Germeys, I., & van Os, J. (2013). Chiildhood trauma as a cause of psychosis: Linking genes, psychology, and biology. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58(1), 4451.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Walker, E., Mittal, V., & Tessner, K. (2008). Stress and the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis in the developmental course of schizophrenia. Annual Reviews of Clinical Psychology, 4, 189216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.4.022007.141248CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Walker, E. F., & Diforio, D. (1997). Schizophrenia: A neural diathesis-stress model. Psychological Review, 104(4), 667–85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.104.4.667CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Whitley, R., & McKenzie, K. (2005). Social capital and psychiatry: Review of the literature. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 13(2), 7184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10673220590956474CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wiles, N. J., Zammit, S., Bebbington, P., Singleton, N., Meltzer, H., & Lewis, G. (2006). Self-reported psychotic symptoms in the general population: Results from the longitudinal study of the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 519–26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.105.012179CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wright, J., Turkington, D., Kingdon, D., & Ramirez Basco, M. (2009). Cognitive-behavior therapy for severe mental illness: An illustrated guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar

References

American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
Arena, J., Bruno, G., Hannah, S., & Meador, K. (1995). A comparison of frontal electromyographic biofeedback training, trapezius electromyographic biofeedback training, and progressive muscle relaxation therapy in the treatment of tension headache. Headache, 35, 411–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1526-4610.1995.hed3507411.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Bohacek, J., Gapp, K., Saab, B. J., & Mansuy, I. M. (2013). Transgenerational epigenetic effects on brain functions. Biological Psychiatry, 73(4), 313–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.biopsych.2012.08.019CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carr, J. E., & Vitaliano, P. P. (1985). The theoretical implications of converging research on depression and the culture-bound syndromes. In Kleinman, A. & Good, B. J. (Eds.), Culture and depression: Studies in anthropology and cross-cultural psychiatry of affect and disorder (pp. 244–67). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Clark, D. M. (1986). A cognitive approach to panic. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24, 461470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2F0005-7967%2886%2990011-2CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clark, D. M. (1988). A cognitive model of panic. In Rachman, S. J. & Maser, J. (Eds.), Panic: Psychological perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Clark, D. M. (1996). Panic disorder: From theory to therapy. In Salkovskis, P. M. (Ed.), Frontiers of cognitive therapy (pp. 318–44). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1997). Cognitive therapy for anxiety disorders. In Dickstein, L., Riba, M., & Oldham, J. (Eds.), Review of psychiatry. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google ScholarPubMed
Cromwell, H. C., & Panksepp, J. (2011). Rethinking the cognitive revolution from a neural perspective: How overuse/misuse of the term “cognition” and the neglect of affective controls in behavioral neuroscience could be delaying progress in understanding the BrainMind. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35(9), 2026–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.neubiorev.2011.02.008CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ehlers, A., & Clark, D. (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 319–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS0005-7967%2899%2900123-0CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Foa, E. B., & Kozak, M. J. (1998). Clinical applications of bioinformational theory: Understanding anxiety and its treatment. Behavior Therapy, 29, 675–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS0005-7894%2898%2980025-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Good, B. J. (1977). The heart of what's the matter: The semantics of illness in Iran Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 1, 2558.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harvey, J. M., Richards, J. C., Dziadosz, T., & Swindell, A. (1993). Misinterpretation of ambiguous stimuli in panic disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17, 235–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2FBF01172948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hazlett, R., Mcleod, R., & Hoehn-Saric, R. (1994). Muscle tension in generalized anxiety disorder: Elevated muscle tonus or agitated movement. Psychophysiology, 31, 189–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1469-8986.1994.tb01039.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hedley, L., Hoffart, A., Dammen, T., Ekeberg, O., & Friis, S. (2000). The relationship between cognitions and panic attack intensity. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 102, 300–2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034%2Fj.1600-0447.2000.102004300.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Heim, C., Newport, D. J., Heit, S., Graham, Y. P., Wilcox, M., Bonsall, R., … Nemeroff, C. B. (2000). Pituitary-adrenal and autonomic responses to stress in women after sexual and physical abuse in childhood. JAMA, 284(5), 592–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001%2Fjama.284.5.592CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Ba, P., Peou, S., & Um, K. (2000). Panic disorder among Cambodian refugees attending a psychiatric clinic: Prevalence and subtypes. General Hospital Psychiatry, 22, 437–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS0163-8343%2800%2900102-XCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Chau, H., Nguyen, L., Nguyen, M., Pham, T., Quinn, S., & Tran, M. (2001). Panic disorder among Vietnamese refugees attending a psychiatric clinic: Prevalence and subtypes. General Hospital Psychiatry, 23, 337–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS0163-8343%2801%2900163-3CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Chhean, D., Pich, V., Um, K., Fama, J. M., & Pollack, M. H. (2006). Neck-focused panic attacks among Cambodian refugees; A logistic and linear regression analysis. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20, 119–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.janxdis.2005.02.001CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Chong, R., Pollack, M. H., Barlow, D. H., & McNally, R. J. (2008). Ataque de nervios: Relationship to anxiety sensitivity and dissociation predisposition. Depression and Anxiety, 25, 489–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2Fda.20309CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., & Good, B. J. (2009). Culture and panic disorder. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., & Good, B. J. (Eds.). (2015). Culture and PTSD: Trauma in historical and global perspective. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
Hinton, D. E., & Hinton, A. L. (Eds.). (2015). Genocide and mass violence: Memory, symptom, and recovery. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Hinton, A. L., Eng, K.-T., & Choung, S. (2012). PTSD and key somatic complaints and cultural syndromes among rural Cambodians: The results of a needs assessment survey. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 29, 147–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1548-1387.2012.01224.xGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., & Hinton, S. D. (2002). Panic disorder, somatization, and the new cross-cultural psychiatry: The seven bodies of a medical anthropology of panic. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 26, 155–78.Google Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Hinton, S. D., Pham, T., Chau, H., & Tran, M. (2003). “Hit by the wind” and temperature-shift panic among Vietnamese refugees. Transcultural Psychiatry, 40, 342–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F13634615030403003CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Orr, S. P., Pitman, R. K., Pollack, M. H., & Pole, N. (2010). A psychobiocultural model of orthostatic panic among Cambodian refugees: Flashbacks, catastrophic cognitions, and reduced orthostatic blood-pressure response. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2, 6370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037%2Fa0018978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pitman, R. K., Pollack, M. H., & Barlow, D. H. (2008). The panic attack–PTSD model: Applicability to orthostatic panic among Cambodian refugee. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 27, 101–16.Google Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pollack, M. H., & Otto, M. W. (2009). Mechanisms of efficacy of CBT for Cambodian refugees with PTSD: Improvement in emotion regulation and orthostatic blood pressure response. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics, 15(3), 255–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1755-5949.2009.00100.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2013). Local responses to trauma: Symptom, affect, and healing. Transcultural Psychiatry, 50, 607–21.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Pich, V., Chhean, D., Pollack, M. H., & Barlow, D. H. (2004). Olfactory-triggered panic attacks among Cambodian refugees attending a psychiatric clinic. General Hospital Psychiatry, 26, 390–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.genhosppsych.2004.04.007CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Pich, V., Marques, L., Nickerson, A., & Pollack, M. H. (2010). Khyâl attacks: A key idiom of distress among traumatized Cambodia refugees. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 34, 244–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11013-010-9174-yCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Pich, V., Safren, S. A., Pollack, M. H., & McNally, R. J. (2006). Anxiety sensitivity among Cambodian refugees with panic disorder: A factor analytic investigation. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20(3), 281–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.janxdis.2005.02.006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Rivera, E., Hofmann, S. G., Barlow, D. H., & Otto, M. W. (2012). Adapting CBT for traumatized refugees and ethnic minority patients: Examples from culturally adapted CBT (CA-CBT). Transcultural Psychiatry, 49, 340–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F1363461512441595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Um, K., & Ba, P. (2001a). Kyol goeu (“wind overload”) part I: A cultural syndrome of orthostatic panic among Khmer refugees. Transcultural Psychiatry, 38, 403–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F136346150103800401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Um, K., & Ba, P. (2001b). Kyol goeu (“wind overload”) part II: Prevalence, characteristics and mechanisms of kyol goeu and near-kyol goeu episodes of Khmer patients attending a psychiatric clinic. Transcultural Psychiatry, 38, 433–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177%2F136346150103800402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Um, K., & Ba, P. (2001c). A unique panic-disorder presentation among Khmer refugees: The sore-neck syndrome. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 25(3), 297316.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hoehn-Saric, R., Mcleod, D., & Zimmerli, W. (1991). Psychophysiological response patterns in panic disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 83, 411. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1600-0447.1991.tb05503.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jones, J. C., & Barlow, D. (1990). The etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 10, 299328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2F0272-7358%2890%2990064-HCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kiernan, B. (1996). The Pol Pot regime: Race, power, and genocide in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, 1975–79. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Kirmayer, L. J., & Blake, (2009). Theoretical perspectives on the cross-cutural study of panic disorder. In Hinton, D. & Good, B. (Eds.), Culture and panic disorder (pp. 3156). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Kirmayer, L. J., & Crafa, D. (2014). What kind of science for psychiatry? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(435), 112. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00435CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Sartorius, N. (2007). Cultural models and somatic syndromes. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 832–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097%2FPSY.0b013e31815b002cCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Young, A. (1998). Culture and somatization: Clinical, epidemiological, and ethnographic perspectives. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60(4), 420–30.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kleinman, A., & Becker, A. E. (1998). “Sociosomatics”: The contributions of anthropology to psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60(4), 389–93.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kleinman, A., & Kleinman, J. (1994). How bodies remember: Social memory and bodily experience of criticism, resistance, and deligitimation following China's cultural revolution. New Literary History, 25, 707–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307%2F469474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Labonté, B., Farah, A., & Turecki, G. (2015). Early-life adversity and epigenetic changes: Implications for understanding suicide. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 206–35). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lewis-Fernández, R., & Aggarwal, N. K. (2015). Psychiatric classification beyond the DSM: An interdisciplinary approach. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 434–68). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Marshall, G. N., Schell, T. L., Elliott, M. N., Berthold, S. M., & Chun, C. A. (2005). Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States. JAMA, 294, 571–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001%2Fjama.294.5.571CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McNally, R. J., & Frueh, B. C. (2013). Why are Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking PTSD disability compensation at unprecedented rates? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27(5), 520–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mollica, R. F., McInnes, K., Pham, T., Smith, F. M. C., Murphy, E., & Lin, L. (1998). The dose-effect relationships between torture and psychiatric symptoms in Vietnamese ex-political detainees and a comparison group. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186, 543–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097%2F00005053-199809000-00005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morris, S. E., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2012). Research Domain Criteria: Cognitive systems, neural circuits, and dimensions of behavior. Dialogues Clinical Neuroscience, 14(1), 2937. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1462474511424681Google ScholarPubMed
Noyes, R., & Hoehn-Saric, R. (1998). The anxiety disorders. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Porges, S. W. (2011). The polyvagal theory: Neurophysiological foundations of emotions, attachment, communication, and self-regulation. New York, NY: Norton.Google Scholar
Ryder, A. G., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E. (2015). Cultural clinical psychology: From cultural scripts to contextualized treatments. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 400–33). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Sanislow, C. A., Pine, D. S., Quinn, K. J., Kozak, M. J., Garvey, M. A., Heinssen, R. K., … Cuthbert, B. N. (2010). Developing constructs for psychopathology research: Research domain criteria. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119(4), 631–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037%2Fa0020909CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shorter, E. (1992). From paralysis to fatigue: A history of psychosomatic illness in the modern era. Toronto, Canada: Maxwell Macmillan Canada.Google Scholar

References

Acker, C. J. (2002). Creating the American junkie: Addiction research in the classic era of narcotic control. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
American Society of Addiction Medicine. (2011). Definition of addiction. Adopted April 19, 2011. Retrieved from www.asam.org/research-treatment/definition-of-addiction
Applbaum, K. (2015). Solving global mental health as a delivery problem: Toward a critical epistemology of the solution. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 544–74). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Baler, R. D., & Volkow, N. D. (2006). Drug addiction: The neurobiology of disrupted self-control. Trends in Molecular Medicine, 12(12), 559–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molmed.2006.10.005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bateson, G. (1972). The cybernetics of self: A theory of alcoholism. In Steps to an ecology of mind. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
Becker, Howard S. (1953). Becoming a marihuana user. American Journal of Sociology, 59, 235–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/221326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bennett, T., Dodsworth, F., Noble, G., Poovey, M., & Watkins, M. (2013). Habit and habituation governance and the social. Body & Society, 19(2–3), 329. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1357034X13485881CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berridge, K. C. (2007). The debate over dopamine's role in reward: The case for incentive salience. Psychopharmacology, 191(3), 391431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-006-0578-xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berridge, K. C., Robinson, T. E., & Aldridge, J. W. (2009). Dissecting components of reward: ‘Liking’, ‘wanting’, and learning. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 9(1), 6573. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2008.12.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berridge, K. C., & Valenstein, E. S. (1991). What psychological process mediates feeding evoked by electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus? Behavioral Neuroscience, 105(1), 314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7044.105.1.3CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berridge, V. (2013). Demons: Our changing attitudes to alcohol, tobacco, and drugs. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bourgois, P. (2003). Crack and the political economy of social suffering. Addiction Research & Theory, 11, 31–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruehl, A. M., Lende, D. H., Schwartz, M., Sterk, C. E., & Elifson, K. (2006). Craving and control: Methamphetamine users’ narratives. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 38(Suppl. 3), 385–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2006.10400602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buchman, D. Z., Illes, J., & Reiner, P. B. (2011). The paradox of addiction neuroscience. Neuroethics, 4(2), 6577. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12152-010-9079-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, N. D. (2007). Discovering addiction: The science and politics of substance abuse research. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, N. D. (2010). Toward a critical neuroscience of ‘addiction’. BioSocieties, 5(1), 89104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/biosoc.2009.2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, N. D. (2011). The metapharmacology of the “addicted brain.” History of the Present, 1(2), 194218. http://dx.doi.org/10.5406/historypresent.1.2.0194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, N. D. (2013). “Why can't they stop?” A highly public misunderstanding of science. In Raikhel, E. & Garriott, W. (Eds.), Addiction trajectories (pp. 238–63). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822395874-010Google Scholar
Campbell, N. D., & Lovell, A. M. (2012). The history of the development of buprenorphine as an addiction therapeutic. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1248(1), 124–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06352.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carr, E. S. (2013). Signs of sobriety: Rescripting American addiction counseling. In Raikhel, E. & Garriott, W. (Eds.), Addiction trajectories (pp. 160–87). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822395874-007Google Scholar
Childress, A. R., Ehrman, R. N., Wang, Z., Li, Y., Sciortino, N., Hakun, J., … O'Brien, C. P. (2008). Prelude to passion: Limbic activation by “unseen” drug and sexual cues. PLOS One, 3(1), e1506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001506CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Colson, E., & Scudder, T. (1988). For prayer and profit: The ritual, economic, and social importance of beer in Gwembe District, Zambia, 1950–1982. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Courtwright, D. T. (2005). Mr. ATOD's wild ride: What do alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs have in common? Social History of Alcohol and Drugs, 20(1), 105–40.Google ScholarPubMed
Courtwright, D. T. (2010). The NIDA brain disease paradigm: History, resistance and spinoffs. BioSocieties, 5, 137–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/biosoc.2009.3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Csordas, T. J. (1993). Somatic modes of attention. Cultural Anthropology, 8(2), 135–56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/can.1993.8.2.02a00010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dackis, C., & O'Brien, C.. (2005). Neurobiology of addiction: Treatment and public policy ramifications. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 1431–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nn1105-1431CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Deleuze, G. (2007). Two questions on drugs. In Lapoujade, D. (Ed.), Two regimes of madness: Texts and interviews 1975–1995 (Hodges, A. & Taaormina, M., Trans., rev. ed., pp. 151–5). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Douglas, M. (1987). Constructive drinking: Perspectives on drink from anthropology. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Downey, G. & Lende, D. H. (2012). Neuroanthropology and the encultured brain. In Lende, D. H. & Downey, G., The encultured brain: An introduction to neuroanthropology (pp. 2366). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Duff, C. (2011). Reassembling (social) contexts: New directions for a sociology of drugs. International Journal of Drug Policy, 22(6), 404–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2011.09.005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fitzgerald, D., & Callard, F. (2015). Social science and neuroscience beyond interdisciplinarity: Experimental entanglements. Theory, Culture & Society, 32(1), 332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276414537319CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Foddy, B., & Savulescu, J. (2010). A liberal account of addiction. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, 17(1), 122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/ppp.0.0282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foucault, M. (1965). Madness and civilization (Howard, R., Trans.). New York, NY: Pantheon.Google Scholar
Fraser, S., Moore, D., & Keane, H. (2014). Habits: Remaking addiction. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garcia, A. (2010). The pastoral clinic: addiction and dispossession along the Rio Grande. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Garriott, W. C. (2011). Policing methamphetamine: Narcopolitics in rural America. New York, NY: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Gomart, E. (2004). Surprised by methadone: In praise of drug substitution treatment in a French clinic. Body & Society, 10(2–3), 85110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1357034X04042937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gusfield, J. R. (1996). Contested meanings: The construction of alcohol problems. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
Hacking, I. (2002). Historical ontology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hansen, H., & Skinner, M. E. (2012). From white bullets to black markets and greened medicine: The neuroeconomics and neuroracial politics of opioid pharmaceuticals. Annals of Anthropological Practice, 36(1), 167–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2153-9588.2012.01098.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heath, D. (2004). Camba (Bolivia) drinking patterns: Changes in alcohol use, anthropology, and research perspectives. In Coomber, R. & South, N. (Eds.), Drug use and cultural contexts “beyond the west”: Tradition, change, and post-colonialism (pp. 119–36). London, England: Free Association Books.Google Scholar
Heyman, G. M. (2009). Addiction: A disorder of choice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Howes, D., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2008). Toward a medical anthropology of sensations: Definitions and research agenda. Transcultural Psychiatry, 45(2), 142–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363461508089763Google Scholar
Hser, Y-I., Longshore, D., & Anglin, M. D. (2007). The life course perspective on drug use: A conceptual framework for understanding drug use trajectories. Evaluation Review, 31(6), 515–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193841X07307316CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kalivas, P. W., & Volkow, N. D. (2005). The neural basis of addiction: A pathology of motivation and choice. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(8), 1403–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.8.1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaye, K. (2012). De-medicalizing addiction: Toward biocultural understandings. Advances in Medical Sociology, 14, 2751. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/S1057-6290(2012)0000014006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keane, H. (2002). What's wrong with addiction? Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Publishing.Google Scholar
Kendler, K. S. (2012). Levels of explanation in psychiatric and substance use disorders: Implications for the development of an etiologically based nosology. Molecular Psychiatry, 17(1), 1121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2011.70CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kessler, R. C., McLaughlin, K. A., Green, J. G., Gruber, M. J., Sampson, N. A., Zaslavsky, A. M., … Williams, D. R. (2010). Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 197(5), 378–85.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Crafa, D. (2014). What kind of science for psychiatry? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 435. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00435CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Gold, I. (2012). Re-socializing psychiatry: Critical neuroscience and the limits of reductionism. In Choudhury, S. & Slaby, J. (Eds.), Critical neuroscience: A handbook of the social and cultural contexts of neuroscience (pp. 307–30). Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1002/9781444343359.ch15Google Scholar
Kushner, H. I. (2010). Toward a cultural biology of addiction. BioSocieties, 5(1), 824. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1057/biosoc.2009.6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lee, N. K., Pohlman, S., Baker, A., Ferris, J., & Kay-Lambkin, F. (2010). It's the thought that counts: Craving metacognitions and their role in abstinence from methamphetamine use. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 38(3), 245–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lende, D. H. (2005). Wanting and drug use: A biocultural approach to the analysis of addiction. Ethos, 33(1), 100–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lende, D. H. (2012). Addiction and neuroanthropology. In Lende, D. H. & Downey, G. (Eds.), The encultured brain, (pp. 339–62). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Leshner, A. I. (1997). Addiction is a brain disease, and it matters. Science, 278(5335), 45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.278.5335.45CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Levine, H. G. (1978). The discovery of addiction. Changing conceptions of habitual drunkenness in America. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 39(1), 143–74.Google Scholar
Levy, N. (2012). Addiction is not a brain disease (and it matters). Frontiers in Psychiatry, 4, 24. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00024Google Scholar
Levy, N. (2014). Addiction as a disorder of belief. Biology & Philosophy, 29, 337–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10539-014-9434-2CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lock, M., & Nguyen, V-K. (2010). An anthropology of biomedicine. Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Lovell, A.M. (2013). Elusive travelers: Russian narcology, transnational toxicomanias, and the great French ecological experiment. In Raikhel, E. & Garriott, W. (Eds.), Addiction trajectories (pp. 126–59). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
MacAndrew, C., & Edgerton, R. B. (1969). Drunken comportment: A social explanation. Boston, MA: Walter De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Marlatt, G. A., & Rohsenow, D. J. (1980). Cognitive processes in alcohol use: Expectancy and the balanced placebo design. In Mello, N. K. (Ed.), Advances in substance abuse: Behavioral and biological research (pp. 159–99). Greenwich, CT: JAI.Google Scholar
Marshall, M. (1982). Through a glass darkly: Beer and modernization in Papua New Guinea. Boroko, Papua New Guinea: Institute of Applied Social and Economic Research.Google Scholar
Marshall, M., Ames, G. M., & Bennett, L. A. (2001). Anthropological perspectives on alcohol and drugs at the turn of the new millennium. Social Science & Medicine, 53(2), 153–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00328-2CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McKenna, S. A. (2013). “We're Supposed to Be Asleep?”: Vigilance, paranoia, and the alert methamphetamine user. Anthropology of Consciousness, 24(2), 172–90.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Meloni, M. (2014). How biology became social, and what it means for social theory. The Sociological Review, 62(3), 593614. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-954X.12151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meyers, T. (2013). The clinic and elsewhere: Addiction, adolescents, and the afterlife of therapy. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Mills, J. H., & Barton, P., Eds. (2007). Drugs and empires: Essays in modern imperialism and intoxication, c. 1500–c. 1930. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Mintz, S. W. (1985). Sweetness and power: The place of sugar in modern history. New York, NY: Viking.Google Scholar
Moore, D. (2004). Beyond subculture in the ethnography of illicit drug use. Contemporary Drug Problems, 31(2), 181212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nichter, M., Quintero, G., Nichter, M., Mock, J., & Shakib, S. (2004). Qualitative research: Contributions to the study of drug use, drug abuse, and drug use (r)-related interventions. Substance Use & Misuse, 39(10–12), 1907–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/JA-200033233CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
O'Brien, C. P. (2005). Anticraving medications for relapse prevention: A possible new class of psychoactive medications. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(8), 1423–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.162.8.1423Google ScholarPubMed
Page, J. B. (1997). Needle exchange and reduction of harm: An anthropological view. Medical Anthropology, 18(1), 1333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01459740.1997.9966148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Page, J. B., & Singer, M. (2010). Comprehending drug use: Ethnographic research at the social margins. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
Peele, S. (1985). The meaning of addiction: Compulsive experience and its interpretation. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
Pescosolido, B. A., Martin, J. K., Long, J. S., Medina, T. R., Phelan, J. C., & Link, B. G. (2010). “A disease like any other”? A decade of change in public reactions to schizophrenia, depression, and alcohol dependence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(11), 1321–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.09121743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Petry, N. M. (2006). Should the scope of addictive behaviors be broadened to include pathological gambling? Addiction, 101(Suppl. s1), 152–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01593.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raikhel, E. (2010). Post-Soviet placebos: Epistemology and authority in Russian treatments for alcoholism. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 34(1), 132–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11013-009-9163-1CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raikhel, E., & Garriott, G. (2013). Tracing new paths in the anthropology of addiction. In Raikhel, E. & Garrett, W. (Eds.), Addiction trajectories (pp. 135). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822395874-001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reinarman, C. (2005). Addiction as accomplishment: The discursive construction of disease. Addiction Research & Theory, 13, 307–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16066350500077728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rhodes, T. (2002). The ‘risk environment’: A framework for understanding and reducing drug-related harm. International Journal of Drug Policy, 13(2), 8594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0955-3959(02)00007-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robins, L. N. (1993). Vietnam veterans’ rapid recovery from heroin addiction: A fluke or normal expectation? Addiction, 88(8), 1041–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.1993.tb02123.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Robinson, T. E., & Berridge, K. C. (1993). The neural basis of drug craving: an incentive-sensitization theory of addiction. Brain Research Reviews, 18(3), 247–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0165-0173(93)90013-PCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Room, R. (1984). Alcohol and ethnography: A case of problem deflation? Current Anthropology, 25(2), 169–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/203107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Room, R. (2001). Intoxication and bad behaviour: Understanding cultural differences in the link. Social Science & Medicine, 53(2), 189–98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00330-0CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Room, R. (2003). The cultural framing of addiction. Janus Head, 6(2), 221–34.Google Scholar
Rose, N. (2003). The neurochemical self and its anomalies. In Ericson, R. V. & Doyle, A. (Eds.), Risk and morality (pp. 407–37). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
Rose, N. (2013). The human sciences in a biological age. Theory, Culture & Society, 30(1), 334. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0263276412456569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rosenberg, C. E. (2007). Our present complaint: American medicine, then and now. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Saris, A. J. (2013). Committed to will: What's at stake for anthropology in addiction. In Raikhel, E. & Garriott, W. (Eds.), Addiction trajectories (pp. 263–83). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822395874-011Google Scholar
Satel, S., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2013). Addiction and the brain-disease fallacy. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 4, 141. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00141Google Scholar
Schlosser, A. V., & Hoffer, L. D. (2012). The psychotropic self/imaginary: Subjectivity and psychopharmaceutical use among heroin users with co-occurring mental illness. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 36(1), 2650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11013-011-9244-9CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schüll, N. D. (2006). Machines, medication, modulation: Circuits of dependency and self-care in Las Vegas. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 30(2), 223–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11013-006-9018-yCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schüll, N. D. (2012). Addiction by design: Machine gambling in Las Vegas. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Sedgwick, E. K. (1993). Epidemics of the will. In Tendencies (pp. 130–42). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/9780822381860-007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shaffer, H. J. (1997). The most important unresolved issue in the addictions: Conceptual chaos. Substance Use & Misuse, 32(11), 1573–80.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Singer, M. (2001). Toward a bio-cultural and political economic integration of alcohol, tobacco and drug studies in the coming century. Social Science & Medicine, 53(2), 199213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00331-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, M. (2007). Drugging the poor: Legal and illegal drugs and social inequality. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
Singer, M. (2012). Anthropology and addiction: An historical review. Addiction, 107(10), 1747–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03879.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Slaby, J., & Choudhury, S. (2012). Proposal for a critical neuroscience. In Choudhury, S. & Slaby, J. (Eds.), Critical neuroscience: A handbook of the social and cultural contexts of neuroscience (pp. 2951). Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Snodgrass, J. G., Lacy, M. G., DengahII, H. F., Fagan, J., & Most, D. E. (2011). Magical flight and monstrous stress: technologies of absorption and mental wellness in Azeroth. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 35(1), 2662. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11013-010-9197-4CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Testa, M., Fillmore, M. T., Norris, J., Abbey, A., Curtin, J. J., Leonard, K. E., … Hayman, L. W. (2006). Understanding alcohol expectancy effects: Revisiting the placebo condition. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 30(2), 339–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00039.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Valverde, M. (1998). Diseases of the will: Alcohol and the dilemmas of freedom. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Volkow, N. D., & O'Brien, C. P. (2007). Issues for DSM-V: Should obesity be included as a brain disorder? American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(5), 708–10.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Fowler, J. S., & Tomasi, D. (2012). Addiction circuitry in the human brain. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 52, 321–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-pharmtox-010611-134625CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vrecko, S. (2010a). Civilizing technologies’ and the control of deviance. BioSocieties, 5(1), 3651. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/biosoc.2009.8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vrecko, S. (2010b). Birth of a brain disease: Science, the state and addiction neuropolitics. History of the Human Sciences, 23(4), 5267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0952695110371598Google Scholar
Wagenaar, A. C., Salois, M. J., & Komro, K. A. (2009). Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: A meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies. Addiction, 104(2), 179–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02438.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Waldorf, D. (1973). Careers in dope. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Weinberg, D. (2011). Sociological perspectives on addiction. Sociology Compass, 5(4), 298310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9020.2011.00363.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weinberg, D. (2013). Post-humanism, addiction and the loss of self-control: Reflections on the missing core in addiction science. International Journal of Drug Policy, 24(3), 173–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.01.009CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
What is Addiction? (2014, February 10). [Opinion]. The New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/02/10/what-is-addiction

References

Abela, J. R. Z., & Hankin, B. L. (2011). Rumination as a vulnerability factor to depression during the transition from early to middle adolescence: A multiwave longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120(2), 259–71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0022796CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
Angermeyer, M. C., & Matschinger, H. (1999). Lay beliefs about mental disorders: A comparison between the western and the eastern parts of Germany. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 34(5), 275–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001270050144CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Atran, S. (2001). The trouble with memes. Human Nature, 12(4), 351–81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12110-001-1003-0CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bangerter, A., & Heath, C. (2004). The Mozart effect: Tracking the evolution of a scientific legend. British Journal of Social Psychology, 43(4), 605–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/0144666042565353CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barsalou, L. W. (2008). Grounded cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 617–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093639CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barsky, A. J., Saintfort, R., Rogers, M. P., & Borus, J. F. (2002). Nonspecific medication side effects and the nocebo phenomenon. Journal of the American Medical Association, 287(5), 622–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.5.622.Google ScholarPubMed
Bassett, D. S., & Gazzaniga, M. S. (2011). Understanding complexity in the human brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(5), 200–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2011.03.006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beatty, P. C., Cosenza, C., & Fowler, F. J. (2006). Experiments on the structure and specificity of complex survey questions. In Proceedings of the Survey Research Methods Section of American Statistical Association Conference, Alexandria, VA. Retrieved from www.amstat.org/sections/srms/proceedings/y2006/Files/JSM2006-000146.pdfGoogle Scholar
Beck, M., Matschinger, H., & Angermeyer, M. C. (2003). Social representations of major depression in West and East Germany. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 38(9), 520–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-003-0675-7CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Benedetti, F. (2008). Placebo effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Benedetti, F. (2010). The patient's brain: The neuroscience behind the doctor-patient relationship. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger, J. A., & Heath, C. (2005). Idea habitats: How the prevalence of environmental cues influences the success of ideas. Cognitive Science, 29(2), 195221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog0000_10Google Scholar
Bilder, R. M. (2015). Dimensional and categorical approaches to mental illness: Let biology decide. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 179205). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowen, R., Clark, M., & Baetz, M. (2004). Mood swings in patients with anxiety disorders compared with normal controls. Journal of Affective Disorders, 78(3), 185–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0327(02)00304-XCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bower, G. H., Black, J. B., & Turner, T. J. (1979). Scripts in memory for text. Cognitive Psychology, 11(2), 177220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(79)90009-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brewer, W. F., & Treyens, J. C. (1981). Role of schemata in memory for places. Cognitive Psychology, 13(2), 207–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(81)90008-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadbent, E., & Petrie, K. J. (2007). Symptom perception. In: Ayers, S., Baum, A., McManus, C., Newman, S., Wallston, K., Weinman, J., & West, R. (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of psychology, health and medicine (2nd ed; pp. 219–23). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Cabral, R. R., & Smith, T. B. (2011). Racial/ethnic matching of clients and therapists in mental health services: A meta-analytic review of perceptions, preferences, and outcomes. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(4), 537–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025266CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. (2001). On the self-regulation of behavior. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Chen, E., Matthews, K. A., & Zhou, F. (2007). Interpretations of ambiguous social situations and cardiovascular responses in adolescents. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 34(1), 2636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02879918CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, X., Chen, H., Li, D., & Wang, L. (2009). Early childhood behavioral inhibition and social and school adjustment in Chinese children: A 5-year longitudinal study. Child Development, 80, 16921704. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01362.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, X., DeSouza, A. T., Chen, H., & Wang, L. (2006). Reticent behavior and experiences in peer interactions in Chinese and Canadian children. Developmental Psychology, 42, 656–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.42.4.656CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, X., & Tse, H. C. H. (2008). Social functioning and adjustment in Canadian-born children with Chinese and European backgrounds. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1184–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.44.4.1184CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E., & Heath, C. (2009). Cultural evolution: Why are some cultural variants more successful than others? In Schaller, M., Norenzayan, A., Heine, S. J., Yamagishi, T., & Kameda, T. (Eds.), Evolution, culture, and the human mind (pp. 4970). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E., & Ryder, A. G. (2013). Vulnerability to depression in culture, mind, and brain. In Power, M. (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of mood disorders (2nd ed.; pp. 433–50). Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E., Ryder, A. G., & Tsai, J. L. (2014). Understanding depression across cultural contexts. In Gotlib, I. H. & Hammen, C. L. (Eds.), Handbook of depression (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E., & Tsai, J. L. (2010). Self-focused attention and emotional reactivity: The role of culture. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 507–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clark, A., & Chalmers, D. (1998). The extended mind. Analysis, 58(1), 719. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/analys/58.1.7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, D. M. (1986). A cognitive approach to panic. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24(4), 461–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(86)90011-2CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clark, D. M. (1988). A cognitive model of panic. In Rachman, S. J. & Maser, J. (Eds.), Panic: Psychological perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In Heimberg, R., Liebowitz, M., Hope, D. A., & Schneier, F. R. (Eds.), Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment and treatment (pp. 6993). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
Colligan, M. J., & Murphy, L. R. (1979). Mass psychogenic illness in organizations: An overview. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 52(2), 7790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1979.tb00444.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coman, A., & Hirst, W. (2011). Cognition through social networks: The propagation of induced forgetting and practice effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140(4), 116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025247Google Scholar
Côté, S., & Moskowitz, D. S. (1998). On the dynamic covariation between interpersonal behavior and affect: Prediction from neuroticism, extraversion, and agreeableness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(4), 1032–46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.75.4.1032CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
D'Andrade, R. G. (1981). The cultural part of cognition. Cognitive Science, 5(3), 179–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog0503_1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Gucht, V., Fischler, B., & Heiser, W. (2004). Neuroticism, alexithymia, negative affect, and positive affect as determinants of medically unexplained symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(7), 1655–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2003.06.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deary, V., Chalder, T., & Sharpe, M. (2007). The cognitive behavioural model of medically unexplained symptoms: A theoretical and empirical review. Clinical Psychology Review, 27(7), 781–97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2007.07.002CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dere, J., Sun, J., Zhao, Y., Persson, T. J., Zhu, X., Yao, S., Bagby, R. M., & Ryder, A. G. (2013). Beyond “somatization” and “psychologization”: Symptom-level variation in depressed Han Chinese and Euro-Canadian outpatients. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(377), 113. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00377CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
DiMaggio, P. (1997). Culture and cognition. Annual Review of Sociology, 23, 263–87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.23.1.263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dobson, D., & Dobson, K. S. (2009). Evidence-based practice of cognitive behavioral therapy. New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
Eldridge-Thomas, B., & Rubin, G. J. (2013). Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields: A content analysis of British newspaper reports. Plos One, 8(6), e65713. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Essau, C. A., Olaya, B., Pasha, G., Pauli, R., & Bray, D. (2013). Iranian adolescents’ ability to recognize depression and beliefs about preventative strategies, treatments and causes of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 149(1–3), 152–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.01.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feldman Barrett, L. (2009). The future of psychology: Connecting mind to brain. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(4), 326–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6924.2009.01134.xGoogle Scholar
Fischer, R., & Boer, D. (2011). What is more important for national well-being: Money or autonomy? A meta-analysis of well-being, burnout, and anxiety across 63 societies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(1), 164–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0023663.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gonsalves, B., Reber, P. J., Gitelman, D. R., Parrish, T. B., Mesulam, M., & Paller, K. A. (2004). Neural evidence that vivid imagining can lead to false remembering. Psychological Science, 15(10), 655–60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00736.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Griner, D., & Smith, T. B. (2006). Culturally adapted mental health intervention: A meta-analytic review. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 43(4), 531–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.43.4.531CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Groleau, D., Young, A., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2006). The McGill Illness Narrative Interview (MINI): An interview schedule to elicit meanings and modes of reasoning related to illness experience. Transcultural Psychiatry, 43(4), 671–91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363461506070796CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Chhean, D., Pich, V., Um, K., Fama, J. M., & Pollack, M. H. (2006). Neck-focused panic attacks among Cambodian refugees; a logistic and linear regression analysis. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20(2), 119–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2005.02.001CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Kredlow, M. A., Pich, V., Bui, E., & Hofmann, S. G. (2013). The relationship of PTSD to key somatic complaints and cultural syndromes among Cambodian refugees attending a psychiatric clinic: The Cambodian somatic symptom and syndrome inventory (CSSI). Transcultural Psychiatry, 50(3), 347–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363461513481187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., & Simon, N. M. (2015). Toward a cultural neuroscience of anxiety disorders: The multiplex model. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 343–74). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Horrell, S. C. V. (2008). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy with adult ethnic minority clients: A review. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(2), 160–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.39.2.160Google Scholar
Hutchins, E. (1995). Cognition in the wild. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Johns, L. C., & van Os, J. (2001). The continuity of psychotic experiences in the general population. Clinical Psychology Review, 21(8), 1125–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7358(01)00103-9CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Joiner, T. E., Alfano, M. S., & Metalsky, G. I. (1992). When depression breeds contempt: Reassurance seeking, self-esteem, and rejection of depressed college students by their roommates. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101(1), 165–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7358(01)00103-9Google Scholar
Joiner, T. E., Metalsky, G. I., Katz, J., & Beach, S. R. (1999). Depression and excessive reassurance-seeking. Psychological Inquiry, 10(3), 269–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1004_1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katerndahl, D., Ferrer, R., Best, R., & Wang, C. (2007). Dynamic patterns in mood among newly diagnosed patients with major depressive episode or panic disorder and normal controls. Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 9(3), 183–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.v09n0303CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kendell, R. E. (1976). The classification of depressions: A review of contemporary confusion. British Journal of Psychiatry, 129, 1528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.129.1.15CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kim, U., & Choi, S.-C. (1995). Indigenous form of lamentation in Korea (Han): Conceptual and philosophical analysis. In Kwon, H.-Y. (Ed.), Korean cultural roots (pp. 245–66). Chicago, IL: Integrated Technical Resources.Google Scholar
Kim, Y., Kasser, T., & Lee, H. (2003). Self-concept, aspirations, and well-being in South Korea and the United States. Journal of Social Psychology, 143(3), 277–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224540309598445CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J. (1984). Culture, affect and somatization. Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review, 21, 159–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136346158402100301Google Scholar
Kirmayer, L. J. (2006). Beyond the “new cross-cultural psychiatry”: Cultural biology, discursive psychology and the ironies of globalization. Transcultural Psychiatry, 43(1), 126–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363461506061761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirmayer, L. J. (2011). Unpacking the placebo response: Insights from ethnographic studies of healing. Journal of Mind–Body Regulation, 1(3), 112–24.Google Scholar
Kirmayer, L. J. (2012). Rethinking cultural competence. Transcultural Psychiatry, 49, 149–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1363461512444673CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Sartorius, N. (2007). Cultural models and somatic syndromes. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69(9), 832–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ PSY.0b013e31815b002cCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Taillefer, S. (1997). Somatoform disorders. In Turner, S. & Hersen, M. (Eds.), Adult psychopathology (3rd ed.; pp. 333–83). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Kirmayer, L. J., & Young, A. (1998). Culture and somatization: Clinical, epidemiological, and ethnographic perspectives. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60(4), 420–30.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kitayama, S., & Park, J. (2010). Cultural neuroscience of the self: Understanding the social grounding of the brain. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5(2–3), 111–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsq052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kleinman, A. (1988). The illness narratives: Suffering, healing, and the human condition. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Knutson, B., Wolkowitz, O. M., Cole, S. W., Chan, T., Moore, E. A., Johnson, R. C. … Reus, V. I. (1998). Selective alteration of personality and social behavior by serotonergic intervention. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155(3), 373–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kolk, A. M., Hanewald, G. J., Schagen, S., & van Wijk, Gijsbers (2003). A symptom perception approach to common physical symptoms. Social Science & Medicine, 57(12), 2343–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(02)00451-3CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lahey, B. B. (2009). Public health significance of neuroticism. American Psychologist, 64(4), 241–56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0015309.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewis-Fernández, R., & Aggarwal, N. K. (2015). Psychiatric classification beyond the DSM: An interdisciplinary approach. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 434–68). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Linden, D. E. J. (2006). How psychotherapy changes the brain – the contribution of functional neuroimaging. Molecular Psychiatry, 11, 528–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001816CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lindquist, K. A., & Barrett, L. F. (2008). Constructing emotion: The experience of fear as a conceptual act. Psychological Science, 19, 898903.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lindquist, K. A., Barrett, L. F., Bliss-Moreau, E., & Russell, J. A. (2006). Language and the perception of emotion. Emotion, 6(1), 125–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.6.1.125CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. C. (1999). The labeling theory of mental disorder (II): The consequences of labeling. In Scheid, T. L. & Brown, T. N. (Eds.), A handbook for the study of mental health: Social contexts, theories, and systems (pp. 361–76). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Luborsky, L., McLellan, A. T., Diguer, L., Woody, G., & Seligman, D. A. (1997). The psychotherapist matters: Comparison of outcomes across twenty-two therapists and seven patient samples. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 4(1), 5365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2850.1997.tb00099.xGoogle Scholar
Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, E. B., & Schutte, N. S. (2005). The relationship between the five-factor model of personality and symptoms of clinical disorders: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 27(2), 101–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10862-005-5384-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98(2), 224–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.98.2.224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McQueen, D., Cohen, S., St. John-Smith, P., & Rampes, H. (2013). Rethinking placebo in psychiatry: How and why placebo effects occur. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 19(3), 171–80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/apt.bp.112.010405Google Scholar
Mendels, J., & Cochrane, C. (1968). The nosology of depression: The endogenous-reactive concept. American Journal of Psychiatry, 124(suppl), 111.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Meyer, B., Pilkonis, P. A., Krupnick, J. L., Egan, M. K., Simmens, S. J., & Sotsky, S. M. (2002). Treatment expectancies, patient alliance and outcome: Further analyses from the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(4), 1051–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.70.4.1051CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Michalak, J., Hölz, A., & Teismann, T. (2011). Rumination as a predictor of relapse in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 84(2), 230–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/147608310X520166Google Scholar
Min, S. K. (2008). Clinical correlates of Hwa Byung and a proposal for a new anger disorder. Psychiatry Investigation, 5(3), 125–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.4306/pi.2008.5.3.125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Min, S. K., Suh, S.-Y., & Song, K.-J. (2009). Symptoms to use for diagnostic criteria of Hwa Byung, an anger syndrome. Psychiatry Investigation, 6(1), 712. http://dx.doi.org/10.4306/pi.2009.6.1.7CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Moerman, D. E., & Jonas, W. B. (2002). Deconstructing the placebo effect and finding the meaning response. Annals of Internal Medicine, 136(6), 471–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-136-6-200203190-00011CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nathan, P. E., Gorman, J. M. (Eds.). (2007). A guide to treatments that work (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Wisco, B. E., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). Rethinking rumination. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(5), 400–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6924.2008.00088.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Norasakkunkit, V., Kitayama, S., & Uchida, Y. (2012). Social anxiety and holistic cognition: Self-focused social anxiety in the United States and other-focused social anxiety in Japan. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43(5), 742–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022111405658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Norasakkunkit, V., Uchida, Y., & Toivonen, T. (2012). Caught between culture, society, and globalization: Youth marginalization in post-industrial Japan. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 6(5), 361–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2012.00436.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Norenzayan, A., Choi, I., & Peng, K. (2007). Perception and cognition. In Kitayama, S. & Cohen, D. (Eds.), Handbook of cultural psychology (pp. 569–94). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmeier, M. (2002). Rethinking individualism and collectivism: Evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128(1), 372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.128.1.3CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pasick, R. J., Stewart, S. L., Bird, J. A., & D'Onofrio, C. N. (2001). Quality of data in multiethnic health surveys. Public Health Reports, 116(Suppl 1), 223–43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/phr/116.S1.223CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pescosolido, B. A., Martin, J. K., Long, J. S., Medina, T. R., Phelan, J. C., & Link, B. G. (2010). “A disease like any other”? A decade of change in public reactions to schizophrenia, depression, and alcohol dependence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 16, 1321–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.09121743Google Scholar
Posey, T. B., & Losch, M. E. (1983). Auditory hallucinations of hearing voices in 375 normal subjects. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 3(2), 99113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3999(97)00004-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Price, D. D., Finniss, D. G., & Benedetti, F. (2008). A comprehensive review of the placebo effect: Recent advances and current thought. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 565–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.113006.095941CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pritzker, S. (2007). Thinking hearts, feeling brains: Metaphor, culture, and the self in Chinese narratives of depression. Metaphor and Symbol, 22(3), 251–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10926480701357679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pulvermüller, F. (2005). Brain mechanisms linking language and action. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6(7), 576–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrn1706Google Scholar
Purdon, C., & Clark, D. A. (1993). Obsessive intrusive thoughts in nonclinical subjects: Part I. Content and relation with depressive, anxious and obsessional symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31(8), 713–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(93)90001-BCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rapee, R. M., Kim, J., Wang, J., Liu, X., Hofmann, S. G., Chen, J., … Alden, L. E. (2011). Perceived impact of socially anxious behaviors on individuals’ lives in Western and East Asian countries. Behavior Therapy, 42(3), 485–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2010.11.004CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rector, N. A., Kocovski, N. L., & Ryder, A. G. (2006a). Social anxiety and the fear of causing discomfort to others: Conceptualization and treatment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25(8), 906–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9050-9Google Scholar
Rector, N. A., Kocovski, N. L., & Ryder, A. G. (2006b). Social anxiety and the fear of causing discomfort to others: Response to Roth Medley and Magee et al. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 937–44.Google Scholar
Richardson, M. J., Marsh, K. L., & Schmidt, R. C. (2010). Challenging the egocentric view of coordinated perceiving, acting, and knowing. In Mesquita, B., Barrett, L., Smith, E. R. (Eds.), The mind in context (pp. 307–33). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Rimé, B. (2007). Interpersonal Emotion Regulation. In Gross, J. J. (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 466–85). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Robbins, J. M., & Kirmayer, L. J. (1986). Illness cognition, symptom reporting and somatization in primary care. In McHugh, S. & Vallis, T. M. (Eds.), Illness behavior: A multidisciplinary model (pp. 283302). New York, NY: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rumelhart, D. E. (1984). Schemata and the cognitive system. In Wyer, R. S. Jr., & Srull, T. K. (Eds.), Handbook of social cognition (Vol. 1; pp. 161–88). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Rumelhart, D. E., & Ortony, A. (1977). The representation of knowledge in memory. In. Anderson, R. C., Spiro, R. J., & Montague, W. E. (Eds.), Schooling and the acquisition of knowledge (pp. 99?135). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Ryder, A. G., & Dere, J. (2010). Canadian diversity and clinical psychology: Defining and transcending ‘cultural competence’. CAP Monitor, 35, 1 and 613. Retrieved from www.cap.ab.ca/pdfs/capmonitor35.pdfGoogle Scholar
Ryder, A. G., Ban, L. M., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E. (2011). Towards a cultural–clinical psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(12), 960–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2011.00404.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ryder, A. G., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E. (2012). Depression in cultural context: “Chinese somatization,” revisited. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 35(1), 1536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2011.11.006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ryder, A. G., Dere, J., Sun, J., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E. (2014). The cultural shaping of personality disorder. In Leong, F. L., Comas-Díaz, L., Nagayama Hall, G. C., McLoyd, V. C., Trimble, J. E. (Eds.), APA handbook of multicultural psychology, Vol. 2: Applications and training (pp. 307–28). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
Ryder, A. G., Sun, J., Zhu, X., Yao, S., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E. (2012). Depression in China: Integrating developmental psychopathology and cultural-clinical psychology. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 41(5), 682–94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2012.710163Google Scholar
Ryder, A. G., Yang, J., Zhu, X., Yao, S., Yi, J., Heine, S. J., & Bagby, R. M. (2008). The cultural shaping of depression: Somatic symptoms in China, psychological symptoms in North America? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117(2), 300–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.117.2.300CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Saint Arnault, D., & Kim, O. (2008). Is there an Asian idiom of distress? Somatic symptoms in female Japanese and Korean students. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 22(1), 2738. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2007.10.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schank, R. C., & Abelson, R. P. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals, and understanding: An inquiry into human knowledge structures. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Schinka, J., Busch, R., & Robichaux-Keene, N. (2004). A meta-analysis of the association between the serotonin transporter gene polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and trait anxiety. Molecular Psychiatry, 9(2), 197202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001405CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Segal, Z. V., & Ingram, R. E. (1994). Mood priming and construct activation in tests of cognitive vulnerability to unipolar depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 14(7), 663–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7358(94)90003-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, S., Burmeister, M., & Ghosh, D. (2004). Meta-analysis of the association between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and anxiety-related personality traits. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 127(1), 8589. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.20158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shweder, R. A. (1990). Cultural psychology: What is it? In Stigler, J. W., Shweder, R. A., & Herdt, G. (Eds.), Cultural psychology: Essays on comparative human development (pp. 143). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Skelton, J., & Pennebaker, J. W. (1982). The psychology of physical symptoms and sensations. In Sanders, G. S. & Suls, J. (Eds.), Social psychology of health and illness (pp. 99128). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Sperber, D., & Hirschfeld, L. A. (2004). The cognitive foundations of cultural stability and diversity. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(1), 40–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2003.11.002CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Starrs, C. J., Abela, J. R. Z., Shih, J. H., Cohen, J. R., Yao, S., Zhu, X., Hammen, C. L. (2010). Stress generation and vulnerability in adolescents in Mainland China. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3(4), 345–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2010.3.4.345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Storms, M. D., & McCaul, K. D. (1976). Attribution processes and emotional exacerbations of dysfunctional behavior. In Harvey, J. H., Ickes, W. J. & Kidd, R. F. (Eds.), New directions in attribution research (Vol. 1, pp. 143–64). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Teasdale, J. D. (1988). Cognitive vulnerability to persistent depression. Cognition & Emotion, 2(3), 247–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699938808410927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tucker, M., & Ellis, R. (2004). Action priming by briefly presented objects. Acta Psychologica, 116(2), 185203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2004.01.004CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tyrer, P., Seiveright, H., & Johnson, T. (2003). The core elements of neurosis: Mixed anxiety-depression (cothymia) and personality disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 17(2), 129–38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi.17.2.129.23989Google Scholar
Valsiner, J., & Van der Veer, R. (2000). The social mind: Construction of the idea. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher mental process. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Wampold, B. E. (2001). The great psychotherapy debate: Models, methods and findings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Warren, W. H. (2006). The dynamics of perception and action. Psychological Review, 113(2), 358–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.113.2.358CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Westra, H. A., Dozois, D. J., & Marcus, M. (2007). Expectancy, homework compliance, and initial change in cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(3), 363–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.75.3.363CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Whitehead, W. E., Crowell, M. D., Heller, B. R., Robinson, J. C., Schuster, M. M., & Horn, S. (1994). Modeling and reinforcement of the sick role during childhood predicts adult illness behavior. Psychosomatic Medicine, 56(6), 541–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006842-199411000-00010CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Whitley, R. (2007). Cultural competence, evidence-based medicine, and evidence-based practices. Psychiatric Services, 58(12), 1588–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.58.12.1588CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wiens, S. (2005). Interoception in emotional experience. Current Opinion in Neurology, 18(4), 442–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.wco.0000168079.92106.99CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wierzbicka, A. (1994). Emotion, language, and cultural scripts. In Kitayama, S., Markus, H. (Eds.), Emotion and culture: Empirical studies of mutual influence (pp. 133–96). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
Willis, G. B. (2005). Cognitive interviewing: A tool for improving questionnaire design. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willis, G. B., & Zahnd, E. (2007). Questionnaire design from a cross-cultural perspective: An empirical investigation of Koreans and non-Koreans. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 18(4 Suppl.), 197217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/hpu.2007.0118CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wilson, A. D., & Golonka, S. (2013). Embodied cognition is not what you think it is. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(58), 113. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00058CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Witthöft, M., & Rubin, G. J. (2012). Are media warnings about the adverse health effects of modern life self-fulfilling? An experimental study on idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 74(3), 206–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.12.002Google Scholar
Wittink, M. N., Dahlberg, B., Biruk, C., & Barg, F. K. (2008). How older adults combine medical and experiential notions of depression. Qualitative Health Research, 18(9), 1174–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732308321737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wong, D. F. K. (2008). Cognitive behavioral treatment groups for people with chronic depression in Hong Kong: A randomized wait-list control design. Depression and Anxiety, 25(2), 142–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.20286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhou, X., Dere, J., Zhu, X., Yao, S., Chentsova-Dutton, Y. E., & Ryder, A. G. (2011). Anxiety symptom presentations in Han Chinese and Euro-Canadian outpatients: Is distress always somatized in China? Journal of Affective Disorders, 135(1–3), 111–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.06.049Google Scholar
Zhu, X., Yao, S., Dere, J., Zhou, B., Yang, J., & Ryder, A. G. (2014). The cultural shaping of social anxiety: Distress about causing distress to others in Han Chinese and Euro-Canadian outpatients. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33(10), 906–17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2014.33.10.906CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

Akil, H., Brenner, S., Kandel, E., Kendler, K. S., King, M. C., Scolnick, E., Watson, J. D., & Zoghbi, H. Y. (2010). The future of psychiatric research: Genomes and neural circuits. Science, 327, 1580–1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1188654CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alarcón, R. D., Bell, C. C., Kirmayer, L. J., Lin, K. M., Ustun, T. B., & Wisner, K. L. (2002). Beyond the funhouse mirrors: Research agenda on culture and psychiatric diagnosis. In Kupfer, D. J., First, M. B., & Regier, D. A. (Eds.), A research agenda for “DSM-V” (pp. 219–89). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
Andreasen, N. C. (2007). DSM and the death of phenomenology in America: An example of unintended consequences. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33, 108–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbl054Google ScholarPubMed
Benítez-Rojo, A. (1992). The repeating island: The Caribbean and the postmodern perspective. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Bentley, G. C. (1987), Ethnicity and practice. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 29, 2455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S001041750001433XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1967). The social construction of reality. New York, NY: Anchor.Google Scholar
Berrios, G. E., & Marková, I. S. (2015). Toward a new epistemology of psychiatry. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 4164). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bilder, R. M. (2015). Dimensional and categorical approaches to mental illness: Let biology decide. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 179205). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bolger, D. J., Perfetti, C. A., & Schneider, W. (2005). Cross-cultural effect on the brain revisited: Universal structures plus writing system variation. Human Brain Mapping, 25, 92104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20124CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511812507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bourdieu, P. (1990). The logic of practice. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Brown, T. A., & Barlow, D. H. (2009). A proposal for a dimensional classification system based on the shared features of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders: Implications for assessment and treatment. Psychological Assessment, 21, 256–71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0016608CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carr, J. E., & Vitaliano, P. P. (1985). The theoretical implications of converging research on depression and the culture-bound syndromes. In Kleinman, A. & Good, B. (Eds.), Culture and depression: Studies in the anthropology and cross-cultural psychiatry of affect and disorder (pp. 244–66). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Choudhury, S., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2009). Cultural neuroscience and psychopathology: Prospects for cultural psychiatry. Progress in Brain Research, 178, 263–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6123(09)17820-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cintrón, J. A., Carter, M. C., Suchday, S., Sbrocco, T., & Gray, J. (2005). Factor structure and construct validity of the Anxiety Sensitivity Index among island Puerto Ricans. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 5168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2003.10.007CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Craddock, N., O'Donovan, M. C., & Owen, M. J. (2005). The genetics of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: Dissecting psychosis. Journal of Medical Genetics, 42, 193204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmg.2005.030718CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Craske, M. G., Kircanski, K., Epstein, A., Wittchen, H. U., Pine, D. S., Lewis-Fernández, R., & Hinton, D. E. (2010). Panic disorder: A review of DSM-IV panic disorder and proposals for DSM-V. Depression and Anxiety, 27, 93112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.20654CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Csordas, T. J. (2015). Cultural phenomenology and psychiatric illness. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 117–40). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
de Bruin, E. I., Ferdinand, R. F., Meester, S., de Nijs, P. F., & Verheij, F. (2007). High rates of psychiatric co-morbidity in PDD-NOS. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 37, 877–86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0215-xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dell, P. F. (2009). The long struggle to diagnose multiple personality disorder (MPD): Partial MPD. In Dell, P. F. & O'Neil, J. A. (Eds.), Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: “DSM-V” and beyond (pp. 403–28). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Duany, J. (1991). Más allá de la docilidad: La antropología psicológica en Puerto Rico. Avance de Investigación #9, Centro de Investigaciones Académicas. Santurce, Puerto Rico: Universidad del Sagrado Corazón.Google Scholar
Extendido a Caguas el toque de queda. (1997, July 19). El Nuevo Día, p. 1.
Frank, E., Rucci, P., & Cassano, G. B. (2011). One way forward for psychiatric nomenclature: The example of the spectrum project approach. In Regier, D. A., Narrow, W. E., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (Eds.), The conceptual evolution of “DSM-5” (pp. 3758). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
Gelpí, J. (1993). Literatura y paternalismo en Puerto Rico. San Juan, PR: La Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico.Google Scholar
Goldberg, D., Simms, L. J., Gater, R., & Krueger, R. F. (2011). Integration of dimensional spectra for depression and anxiety into categorical diagnoses for general medical practice. In Regier, D. A., Narrow, W. E., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (Eds.), The conceptual evolution of “DSM-5” (pp. 1936). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
Good, B. J. (1996). Culture and DSM-IV: Diagnosis, knowledge and power. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 20, 127–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00115857CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guarnaccia, P. J. (1992). Ataques de nervios in Puerto Rico: Culture-bound syndrome or popular illness? Medical Anthropology, 15, 114.Google ScholarPubMed
Guarnaccia, P. J., Canino, G., Rubio-Stipec, M., & Bravo, M. (1993). The prevalence of ataque de nervios in the Puerto Rico disaster study: The role of culture in psychiatric epidemiology. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 181, 157–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199303000-00003CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guarnaccia, P. J., Rivera, M., Franco, F., & Neighbors, C. (1996). The experiences of ataques de nervios: Towards an anthropology of emotions in Puerto Rico. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 20, 343–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00113824CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guarnaccia, P. J., Lewis-Fernández, R., & Rivera Marano, M. (2003). Toward a Puerto Rican popular nosology: Nervios and ataque de nervios. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 27, 339–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025303315932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guarnaccia, P. J., Martínez, I., Ramírez, R., & Canino, G. (2005). Are ataques de nervios in Puerto Rican children associated with psychiatric disorder? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 1184–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000177059.34031.5dCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guarnaccia, P. J., Lewis-Fernández, R., Martinez Pincay, I., Shrout, P., Guo, J., Torres, M., … Alegria, M. (2010). Ataque de nervios as a marker of social and psychiatric vulnerability: Results from the NLAAS. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 56, 298309. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764008101636CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Han, S., & Northoff, G. (2008). Cultural-sensitive neural substrates of human cognition: A transcultural neuroimaging approach. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9, 646–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrn2456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hansen, H. B., Donaldson, Z., Link, B. G., Bearman, P. S., Hopper, K., Bates, L. M., … Teitler, J.O. (2013). Independent review of social and population variation in mental health could improve diagnosis in DSM revisions. Health Affairs, 32, 110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2011.0596CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Happe, F., Ronald, A., & Plomin, R. (2006). Time to give up on a single explanation for autism. Nature Neuroscience, 912, 1820.Google Scholar
Harris, W. V. (2013). Thinking about mental disorders in classical antiquity. In Harris, W. V. (Ed.), Mental disorders in the classical world (pp. 123). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004249875_002Google Scholar
Harwood, A. (1987). RX: Spiritist as needed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Harwood, R., Miller, J., & Lucca Irizarry, N. (1995). Culture and attachment: Perceptions of the child in context. New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and time (Macquarrie, J. & Robinson, E., Trans.). New York, NY: Harper & Row. (Original work published 1927)Google Scholar
Helzer, J. E. (2011). A proposal for incorporating clinically relevant dimensions into DSM-5. In Regier, D. A., Narrow, W. E., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (Eds.), The conceptual evolution of “DSM-5” (pp. 8196). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
Henningsen, P., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2000). Mind beyond the net: Implications of cognitive neuroscience for cultural psychiatry. Transcultural Psychiatry, 37, 467–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136346150003700401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinton, D. E., Chong, R., Pollack, M. H., Barlow, D. H., & McNally, R. J. (2008). Ataque de nervios: Relationship to anxiety sensitivity and dissociation predisposition. Depression and Anxiety, 25, 489–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.20309CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., Hofmann, S. G., Pitman, R. K., Pollack, M. H., & Barlow, D. H. (2008). The panic attack-posttraumatic stress disorder model: Applicability to orthostatic panic among Cambodian refugees. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 37, 101–16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16506070801969062Google Scholar
Hinton, D. E., & Lewis-Fernández, R. (2010). Idioms of distress among trauma survivors: Subtypes and clinical utility. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 34, 209–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11013-010-9175-xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., & Lewis-Fernández, R. (2011). The cross-cultural validity of posttraumatic stress disorder: Implications for DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 783801. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.20753CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hinton, D. E., & Simon, N. M. (2015). Toward a cultural neuroscience of anxiety disorders: The multiplex model. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 343–74). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hyman, S. E. (2007). Can neuroscience be integrated into the DSM-V? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 725–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrn2218CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hyman, S. E. (2010). The diagnosis of mental disorders: The problem of reification. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 155–79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.3.022806.091532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyman, S. E. (2011). Diagnosis of mental disorders in light of modern genetics. In Regier, D. A., Narrow, W. E., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (Eds.), The conceptual evolution of “DSM-5” (pp. 318). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
Insel, T. R. (2010, April). Faulty circuits: Neuroscience is revealing the malfunctioning connections underlying psychological disorders and forcing psychiatrists to rethink the causes of mental illness. Scientific American, 44–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0410-44
Insel, T. R., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2009). Endophenotypes: Bridging genomic complexity and disorder heterogeneity. Biological Psychiatry, 66, 988–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.10.008CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Insel, T. R., Cuthbert, B., Garvey, M., Heinssen, R., Pine, D. S., Quinn, K., … Wang, P. (2010). Research domain criteria (RDoC): Toward a new classification framework for research on mental disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 748–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.09091379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Insel, T. R., & Wang, P. S. (2010). Rethinking mental illness. Journal of the American Medical Association, 303, 1970–1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2010.555Google ScholarPubMed
International Schizophrenia Consortium. (2009). Common polygenic variation contributes to risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Nature, 460(7256), 748–52. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1038/nature08185PubMed
Kendler, K. S. (2008). Explanatory models for psychiatric illness. American Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 695702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.07071061CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kendler, K. S., Neale, M. C., Kessler, R. C., Heath, A. C., & Eaves, L. J. (1992). Major depression and generalized anxiety disorder: Same genes, (partly) different environments? Depression and Anxiety, 49, 716–22.Google ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J. (2005). Culture, context and experience in psychiatric diagnosis. Psychopathology, 38, 192–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000086090CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirmayer, L. J., & Young, A. (1999). Culture and context in the evolutionary concept of mental disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 446–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.108.3.446Google Scholar
Kleinman, A. (1986). Social origins of distress and disease: Depression, neurasthenia, and pain in modern China. New Haven, CT: Yale.Google Scholar
Kleinman, A. (1988). Rethinking psychiatry: From cultural category to personal experience. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
Koss-Chioino, J. (1992). Women as healers, Women as patients: Mental health care and traditional healing in Puerto Rico. Boulder, CO: Westview.Google Scholar
Krueger, R. F., Eaton, N. R., South, S. C., Clark, L., & Simms, L.J. (2011). Empirically derived personality disorder prototypes: Bridging dimensions and categories in DSM-5. In Regier, D. A., Narrow, W. E., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (Eds.), The conceptual evolution of “DSM-5” (pp. 97118). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
Labonté, B., Farah, A., & Turecki, G. (2015). Early-life adversity and epigenetic changes: Implications for understanding suicide. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 206–35). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lewis-Fernández, R. (1998). Eso no estaba en mí … no pude controlarme: El control, la identidad, y las emociones en comunidades puertorriqueñas. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 4, 268–99.Google Scholar
Lewis-Fernández, R., Aggarwal, N. K., Bäärnhielm, B., Rohlof, H., Kirmayer, L. J., Weiss, M. G., … Lu, F. (2014). Culture and psychiatric evaluation: Operationalizing cultural formulation for DSM-5. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 77, 130–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/psyc.2014.77.2.130CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewis-Fernández, R., Garrido-Castillo, P., Bennasar, C., Parrilla, E. M., Laria, A. J., Ma, G., & Petkova, E. (2002). Dissociation, childhood trauma, and ataque de nervios among Puerto Rican psychiatric outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1603–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.159.9.1603CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewis-Fernández, R., Gorritz, M., Raggio, G. A., Peláez, C., Chen, H., & Guarnaccia, P. J. (2010). Association of trauma-related disorders and dissociation with four idioms of distress among Latino psychiatric outpatients. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 34, 219–43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11013-010-9177-8CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewis-Fernández, R., Guarnaccia, P. J., Martínez, I. E., Salmán, E., Schmidt, A., & Liebowitz, M. (2002). Comparative phenomenology of ataques de nervios, panic attacks, and panic disorder. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 26, 199223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1016349624867CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewis-Fernández, R., Guarnaccia, P. J., Patel, S., Lizardi, D., & Díaz, N. (2005). Ataque de nervios: Anthropological, epidemiological, and clinical dimensions of a cultural syndrome. In Georgiopoulos, A. M. & Rosenbaum, J. F. (Eds.), Perspectives in cross-cultural psychiatry (pp. 6385). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
Lewis-Fernández, R., Horvitz-Lennon, M., Blanco, C., Guarnaccia, P. J., Cao, Z., & Alegría, M. (2009). Significance of endorsement of psychotic symptoms by US Latinos. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197, 337–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181a2087eCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewis-Fernández, R., & Kleinman, A. (1993). Culture, personality, and psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 6771. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.103.1.67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, S. C. (2003). Biocultural orchestration of developmental plasticity across levels: The interplay of biology and culture in shaping the mind and behavior across the life span. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 171–94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.129.2.171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. (1995). Social conditions as fundamental causes of disease. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35(Extra issue), 8094. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2626958CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Littlewood, R. (1991). Against pathology: The new psychiatry and its critics. British Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 696702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjp.159.5.696CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Littlewood, R., & Lipsedge, M. (1987). The butterfly and the serpent: Culture, psychopathology and biomedicine. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 11, 289335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00048517CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Marqués, R. (1963). El puertorriqueño dócil. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 7, 3578.Google Scholar
Martínez-Taboas, A., Lewis-Fernández, R., Sar, V., & Aggarwal, A. L. (2010). Cultural aspects of psychogenic non-epileptiform seizures. In Schachter, S. C. & LaFrance, W. C. Jr. (Eds.), Gates and Rowan's nonepileptic seizures (pp. 121–30). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Meléndez Muñoz, M. (1963). El jíbaro en el siglo XIX. In Obras Completas de Miguel Meléndez Muñoz, Vol III, Barcelona, Spain: Ediciones Rumbos, pp. 453611.Google Scholar
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1996). Phenomenology of perception (Smith, Colin, Trans.). London, England: Routledge. (Original work published 1945)Google Scholar
Mezzich, J. E., Kirmayer, L. J., Kleinman, A., Fabrega, H., Parron, D. L., Good, B. J., … Manson, S. M. (1999). The place of culture in DSM-IV. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 187, 457–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199908000-00001CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nichter, M. (1981). Idioms of distress: Alternatives in the expression of psychosocial distress: A case from South India. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 5, 379408. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00054782CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Parnas, J., & Gallagher, S. (2015). Phenomenology and the interpretation of psychopathological experience. In Kirmayer, L. J., Lemelson, R., & Cummings, C. A. (Eds.), Re-visioning psychiatry: Cultural phenomenology, critical neuroscience, and global mental health (pp. 6580). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Patel, V., & Thornicroft, G. (2009). Packages of care for mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in low- and middle-income countries: PLoS Medicine Series. PLoS Medicine, 6(10), e1000160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal/pmed.1000160.Google ScholarPubMed
Pedreira, A. S. (1934). Insularismo. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Biblioteca de Autores Puertorriqueños.Google Scholar
Perfetti, C. A., Liu, Y., & Tan, H. T. (2005). The lexical constituency model: Some implications of research on Chinese for general theories of reading. Psychological Review, 112, 4359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.112.1.43CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Quintero Rivera, A. G. (1998). Salsa, sabor y control: Sociología de la música tropical. Coyoacán, México: Siglo Veintiuno Editores.Google Scholar
Radden, J. (2003). Is this dame melancholy? Equating today's depression and past melancholia. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, 10, 3752. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/ppp.2003.0081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ross, C. A, Heber, S., Norton, G. R., Anderson, D., & Barchet, P. (1989). The dissociative disorders interview schedule: A structured interview. Dissociation, 2, 169–89.Google Scholar
Shaywitz, S. E., Shaywitz, B. A., Pugh, K. R., Fulbright, R. K., Constable, R. T., Mencl, W. E., … Gore, J.C. (1998). Functional disruption in the organization of the brain for reading in dyslexia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95, 2636–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.5.2636CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Siok, W. T., Perfetti, C. A., Jin, Z., & Tan, L. H. (2004). Biological abnormalities of impaired reading is constrained by culture. Nature, 431, 71–6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spiegel, D., Loewenstein, R., Lewis-Fernández, R., Sar, V., Simeon, D., Vermetten, E., … Dell, P. (2011). Dissociative disorders in DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 824–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.20874CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tan, L. H., Laird, A. R., Li, K., & Fox, P. T. (2005). Neuroanatomical correlates of phonological processing of Chinese characters and alphabetic words: A meta-analysis. Human Brain Mapping, 25, 8391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20134CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Temple, E., Deutsch, G. K., Poldrack, R. A., Miller, S. L., Tallal, P., Merzenich, M., & Gabrielli, J. D. E. (2003). Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: Evidence from functional MRI. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100, 2860–65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0030098100CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Thumiger, C. (2013). The early Greek medical vocabulary of insanity. In Harris, W. V. (Ed.), Mental disorders in the classical world (pp. 6195). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004249875_005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Verheul, R., Bartak, A., & Widiger, T. (2007). Prevalence and construct validity of personality disorder not otherwise specified (PDNOS). Journal of Personality Disorders, 21, 359–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi.2007.21.4.359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weidman, H. H. (1979). Falling-out: A diagnostic and treatment problem viewed from a transcultural perspective. Social Science and Medicine, 13B, 95112.Google ScholarPubMed
Wittchen, H. U., Höfler, M., Gloster, A. T., Craske, M. G., & Beesda, K. (2011). Options and dilemmas of dimensional measures for DSM-5: Which types of measures fare best in predicting course and outcome? In Regier, D. A., Narrow, W. E., Kuhl, E. A., & Kupfer, D. J. (Eds.), The conceptual evolution of “DSM-5” (pp. 119–44). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.Google Scholar
World Health Organization. (1992). The “ICD-10” classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva, Switzerland: Author. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/PubMed

References

Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., & Damasio, A. (1998). The human amygdala in social judgment. Nature, 393, 470–4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/30982CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.PubMed
Andreasen, N. 2007. DSM and the death of phenomenology in America: An example of unintended consequences. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33, 108–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbl054Google ScholarPubMed
Bentall, R., & Udachina, A. (2013). Social cognition and the dynamics of paranoid ideation. In Roberts, D. & Penn, D. (Eds.), Social cognition in schizophrenia (pp. 215–44). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Brakoulias, V, Starcevic, V. 2008. A cross-sectional survey of the frequency and characteristics of delusions in acute psychiatric wards. Australasian Psychiatry, 16: 8791. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10398560701633176CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Buchanan, T., Tranel, D., & Adolphs, R. (2009). The human amygdala in social function. In Whalen, P. & Phelps, E. (Eds.), The human amygdala (pp. 289318). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Dunbar, R. (2004). Gossip in evolutionary perspective. Review of General Psychology, 8, 100–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.8.2.100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. (1970). Ethology: The biology of behavior (Kinghammer, E, Trans.). New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.Google ScholarPubMed
Enoch, M., & Ball, H. (2001). Uncommon psychiatric syndromes. London, England: Arnold.Google Scholar
Enquist, M., & Leimar, O. (1993). The evolution of cooperation in mobile organisms. Animal Behaviour, 45, 747–57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1993.1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gecici, O, Kuloglu, M, Guler, O, Ozbulut, O, Kurt, E, Onen, S, Ekinci, O, Yesilbas, D, Caykoylu, A, Emül, M, Alatas, G, Albayrak, Y. 2010. Phenomenology of delusions and hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia. Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 20, 204–12.Google Scholar
Gold, J., & Gold, I. (2014). Suspicious minds: How culture shapes madness. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
Haslam, J. (1988). Illustrations of madness, (Porter, R., Ed.). London, England: Routledge.Google Scholar
Heron, M. (2013). Deaths: Leading causes 2010. National Vital Statistics Reports, 62, 196.Google ScholarPubMed
Hirjak, D., & Fuchs, T. (2010). Delusions of technical alien control: A phenomenological description of three cases. Psychopathology, 43, 96103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000274178CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jay, M. (2012). The influencing machine: James Tilly Matthews and the air loom. London, England: Strange Attractor Press.Google Scholar
Kim, K.,