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Report on the Agrarian Law (1795)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 July 2017

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Summary

REPORT OF THE ECONOMIC SOCIETY OF THIS COURT [MADRID] TO THE ROYAL AND SUPREME COUNCIL OF CASTILE ON THE AGRARIAN LAW DOSSIER, SUBMITTED BY ITS MEMBER, MR. DON GASPAR MELCHOR DE JOVELLANOS, ON BEHALF OF THE JUNTA COMMISSIONED TO CONSIDER THE SAID DOSSIER, AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH ITS OPINIONS

“Æque pauperibus prodest, locuplentibus æque: Æque neglectum pueris, sensibus nocebit.”

Horatius epist. 1. Lib. 1.

INDEX OF THE ARTICLES CONTAINED IN THE REPORT ON THE AGRARIAN LAW

[INITIAL REMARKS]: 1– 6

THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF OUR AGRICULTURE: 7– 15

THE INFLUENCE OF LEGISLATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE: 16– 18

LAWS SHOULD LIMIT THEMSELVES TO AGRICULTURE's PROTECTION: 19– 23

THIS PROTECTION SHOULD BE LIMITED TO THE REMOVAL OF THE OBSTACLES THAT THWART THE [SELF-] INTEREST OF AGRICULTURE's AGENTS: 24– 29

[ON THE] CONVERGENCE OF THE OBJECT OF THE LAWS WITH THAT OF SELF- INTEREST: 29– 31

[ON THE NEED TO] INVESTIGATE THE OBSTACLES THAT OPPOSE SAID INTEREST: 32– 33

FIRST KIND

POLITICAL OBSTACLES, OR THOSE DERIVED FROM LEGISLATION: 34– 319

1st. Baldíos: 38– 54

2nd. Municipal lands [Tierras concejiles]: 55– 60

3rd. The openness of lands [La apertura de las heredades]: 61– 106

The usefulness of enclosures: 79– 106

4th. Partial protection of cultivation: 107– 124

5th. The Mesta: 125– 146

6th. Mortmain tenures [La amortización]: 147– 222

1st. Ecclesiastical: 170– 172

Regular clergy: 173– 175

Secular clergy: 176– 184

2nd. Civil: mayorazgos [primogeniture entail]: 185– 222

7th. Circulation of agricultural produce: 223– 301

On fixed prices [De las posturas]: 228– 242

On general domestic trade: 243– 268

On foreign trade: 269– 301

1st. Of agricultural products: 269– 273

2nd. Of raw materials: 274– 277

3rd. Of grain: 278– 301

8th. On taxes examined in relation to agriculture: 302– 319

SECOND KIND

MORAL OBSTACLES, OR THOSE DERIVED FROM OPINION: 320– 362

1st On the part of the government: 323– 331

2nd On the role of agriculture's agents: 332– 346

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Publisher: Anthem Press
Print publication year: 2016

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