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27 - Sleep Disorders

from SECTION III - SPECIFIC NEUROLOGICAL CONDITIONS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 August 2009

A. Sinan Baran
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry University of Mississippi Jackson, Mississippi
Sid M. Shah
Affiliation:
Michigan State University
Kevin M. Kelly
Affiliation:
Drexel University, Philadelphia
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Summary

The sleep disorders that predispose to trauma are: disorders associated with excessive daytime sleepiness, obstructive sleep apnea, upper airway resistance syndrome, periodic limb movement disorder, narcolepsy, cataplexy, sleep paralysis and hypnagogic hallucinations. The disorders associated with behaviors while asleep (parasomnias) are: sleep terrors and sleepwalking and REM sleep behavior disorder. Injury can result from behaviors that occur during sleep. The patient's ability to recall the episode depends partly on the type of the parasomnia (occurrence during non-REM versus REM sleep). The other sleep disorders are recurrent hypersomnia and insomnia. Insomnia can result from multiple causes including psychiatric or general medical disorders, medication effects, substance abuse, and other sleep disorders. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is another important cause of insomnia. RLS is thought to be related to periodic limb movement disorder and is characterized by lower extremity dysesthesias that occur at rest.
Type
Chapter
Information
Principles and Practice of Emergency Neurology
Handbook for Emergency Physicians
, pp. 273 - 278
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2003

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References

Chokroverty S. Sleep Disorders Medicine: Basic Science, Technical Considerations, and Clinical Aspects. Boston, Mass: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1994
Kryger M, Roth T, Dement W. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders; 1994

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  • Sleep Disorders
    • By A. Sinan Baran, Department of Psychiatry University of Mississippi Jackson, Mississippi
  • Edited by Sid M. Shah, Michigan State University, Kevin M. Kelly, Drexel University, Philadelphia
  • Book: Principles and Practice of Emergency Neurology
  • Online publication: 06 August 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511547256.028
Available formats
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  • Sleep Disorders
    • By A. Sinan Baran, Department of Psychiatry University of Mississippi Jackson, Mississippi
  • Edited by Sid M. Shah, Michigan State University, Kevin M. Kelly, Drexel University, Philadelphia
  • Book: Principles and Practice of Emergency Neurology
  • Online publication: 06 August 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511547256.028
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Sleep Disorders
    • By A. Sinan Baran, Department of Psychiatry University of Mississippi Jackson, Mississippi
  • Edited by Sid M. Shah, Michigan State University, Kevin M. Kelly, Drexel University, Philadelphia
  • Book: Principles and Practice of Emergency Neurology
  • Online publication: 06 August 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511547256.028
Available formats
×