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4 - Speech Representation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 September 2023

Laurel J. Brinton
Affiliation:
University of British Columbia, Vancouver
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Summary

Chapter 4 introduces the categories of speech and thought representation and traces their development in the history of English. Categories of speech representation can be identified in Old and Middle English, but thought representation existed only in the more narrator-controlled forms such as indirect thought and narrative representation of thought; mixed forms, such as “slippage” between direct and indirect speech, were common. The conventionalization of quotation marks in Early Modern English led to the clearer marking of direct speech. Overall, there is a general trend from more indirect (narrator-controlled, summarizing) forms to more direct (autonomous or non-narrator-controlled, verbatim) forms of representation. For all periods, (free) direct speech is the norm for speech representation. Internal narration takes over from narrative representation of thought in the modern period. Free indirect discourse did not exist in earlier English, arising perhaps in proto-form in the seventeenth century, but became fully conventionalized only in the course of the nineteenth century. Present-day English is characterized by the rise of new reporting verbs, especially go and be like.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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  • Speech Representation
  • Laurel J. Brinton, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Book: Pragmatics in the History of English
  • Online publication: 28 September 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009322904.005
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  • Speech Representation
  • Laurel J. Brinton, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Book: Pragmatics in the History of English
  • Online publication: 28 September 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009322904.005
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Speech Representation
  • Laurel J. Brinton, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Book: Pragmatics in the History of English
  • Online publication: 28 September 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009322904.005
Available formats
×