Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-dc8c957cd-bh266 Total loading time: 0.391 Render date: 2022-01-27T16:24:33.130Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

5 - The dawn of Darwinian fishery management

from Part II - Evolution and Food Production

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 April 2012

Aldo Poiani
Affiliation:
Monash University, Victoria
Get access

Summary

Let us compare a livestock farmer and a fisher. The farmer selects and breeds individuals that exhibit the most desirable characteristics. This is good practice, because it increases the prevalence of these characteristics in the next generation of the stock. In contrast, the fisher catches large, fast-growing fish, so their desirable characteristics are less likely to be passed on to the next generation of the stock (Figure 5.1). Fish that grow quickly tend to be caught sooner and therefore may produce fewer offspring. Fish that delay maturation tend to be caught before they have the chance to reproduce, so the fish that are left to breed are those that mature at a younger age. Fish that limit their current investment in reproduction in order to increase future reproductive success will often be harvested before such savings have a chance to pay dividends. The mortality imposed by fishing can therefore act as a selective force that favours slower growth, earlier maturation and higher reproductive investment.

Type
Chapter
Information
Pragmatic Evolution
Applications of Evolutionary Theory
, pp. 81 - 104
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Andersen, K.H.Brander, K. 2009 Expected rate of fisheries-induced evolution is slowProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106 11657CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barot, S.Heino, M.O'Brien, L. 2004 Long-term trend in the maturation reaction norm of two cod stocksEcological Applications 14 1257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barot, S.Heino, M.Morgan, M.J. 2005 Maturation of Newfoundland American plaice (): long-term trends in maturation reaction norms despite low fishing mortality?ICES Journal of Marine Science 62 56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baulier, L. 2009 Evolutionary and statistical modeling of life-time schedules of energy allocation in Atlantic herring and codUniversity of BergenBergen, NorwayGoogle Scholar
Beacham, T.D. 1983 Variability in size and age at sexual maturity of argentine, , on the Scotian Shelf in the Northwest Atlantic OceanEnvironmental Biology of Fishes 8 67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beacham, T.D. 1983 Variability in size and age at sexual maturity of witch flounder, , in the Canadian Maritimes Region of the Northwest Atlantic OceanCanadian Field Naturalist 97 409Google Scholar
Beacham, T.D. 1983 Variability in median size and age at sexual maturity of Atlantic cod, , on the Scotian Shelf in the northwest Atlantic OceanFishery Bulletin 81 303Google Scholar
Beacham, T.D. 1983 Growth and maturity of Atlantic cod () in the southern Gulf of St. LawrenceCanadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1142 31Google Scholar
Beacham, T.D. 1983 Variability in size and age at sexual maturity of American plaice and yellowtail flounder in the Canadian Maritimes Region of the Northwest Atlantic OceanCanadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1196 75Google Scholar
Beacham, T.D. 1983 Variability in size and age at sexual maturity of haddock () on the Scotian Shelf in the Northwest AtlanticCanadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1168 33Google Scholar
Bielak, A.T.Power, G. 1986 Changes in mean weight, sea-age composition, and catch-per-unit-effort of Atlantic salmon () angled in the Godbout River, Quebec, 1859–1983Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43 281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borisov, V.M. 1978 The selective effect of fishing on the population structure of species with a long life cycleJournal of Ichthyology 18 896Google Scholar
Browman, H.I.Law, R.Marshall, C.T. 2008 The role of fisheries-induced evolutionScience 320 47CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cardinale, M.Modin, J. 1999 Changes in size-at-maturity of Baltic cod () during a period of large variations in stock size and environmental conditionsFisheries Research 41 285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlson, S.M.Edeline, E.Vøllestad, L.A. 2007 Four decades of opposing natural and human-induced artificial selection acting on Windermere pike ()Ecology Letters 10 512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conover, D.O.Munch, S.B. 2002 Sustaining fisheries yields over evolutionary time scalesScience 297 94CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Consuegra, S.Garciá de Leániz, C.Serdio, A. 2005 Selective exploitation of early running fish may induce genetic and phenotypic changes in Atlantic salmonJournal of Fish Biology 67 129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dieckmann, U.Heino, M. 2007 Probabilistic maturation reaction norms: their history, strengths, and limitationsMarine Ecology Progress Series 335 253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dieckmann, U.Heino, M.Jin, X. 2005
Drake, M.T.Claussen, J.E.Philipp, D.P. 1997 A comparison of bluegill reproductive strategies and growth among lakes with different fishing intensitiesNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management 17 4962.3.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunlop, E.S.Heino, M.Dieckmann, U. 2009 Eco-genetic modeling of contemporary life-history evolutionEcological Applications 19 1815CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Edeline, E.Carlson, S.M.Stige, L.C. 2007 Trait changes in a harvested population are driven by a dynamic tug-of-war between natural and harvest selectionProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104 15799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eikeset, A.M. 2010 The ecological and evolutionary effects of harvesting Northeast Arctic cod – Insights from economics and implications for managementUniversity of OsloOslo, NorwayGoogle Scholar
Enberg, K.Jørgensen, C.Dunlop, E.S. 2009 Implications of fisheries-induced evolution for stock rebuilding and recoveryEvolutionary Applications 2 394CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Engelhard, G.H.Heino, M. 2004 Maturity changes in Norwegian spring-spawning herring : compensatory or evolutionary responses?Marine Ecology Progress Series 272 245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ernande, B.Dieckmann, U.Heino, M. 2004 Adaptive changes in harvested populations: plasticity and evolution of age and size at maturationProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 271 415CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Etnier, M.A.Fowler, C.W. 2010 Size selectivity in marine mammal diets as a guide to evolutionarily enlightened fisheries managementNorth American Journal of Fisheries Management 30 588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) 1996
Fukuwaka, M.Morita, K. 2008 Increase in maturation size after the closure of a high seas gillnet fishery on hatchery-reared chum salmon Evolutionary Applications 1 376CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grift, R.E.Rijnsdorp, A.D.Barot, S. 2003 Fisheries-induced trends in reaction norms for maturation in North Sea plaiceMarine Ecology Progress Series 257 247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grift, R.E.Heino, M.Rijnsdorp, A.D. 2007 Three-dimensional maturation reaction norms for North Sea plaiceMarine Ecology Progress Series 334 213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Handford, P.Bell, G.Reimchen, T. 1977 A gillnet fishery considered as an experiment in artificial selectionJournal of Fisheries Research Board Canada 34 954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harris, P.J.McGovern, J.C. 1997 Changes in the life history of red porgy, , from the Southeastern United States, 1972–1994Fishery Bulletin 95 732Google Scholar
Haugen, T.O.Vøllestad, L.A. 2001 A century of life-history evolution in graylingGenetica 112–3 475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heino, M. 1998 Management of evolving fish stocksCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55 1971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heino, M.Dieckmann, U. 2008 Detecting fisheries-induced life-history evolution: an overview of the reaction norm approachBulletin of Marine Science 83 69Google Scholar
Heino, M.Dieckmann, U.Godø, O.R. 2002
Heino, M.Dieckmann, U.Godø, O.R. 2002 Measuring probabilistic reaction norms for age and size at maturationEvolution 56 669CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hidalgo, M.Massutí, E.Guijarro, B. 2009 Population effects and changes in life history traits in relation to phase transitions induced by long-term fishery harvesting: European hake () off the Balearic IslandsCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66 1355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilborn, R. 2006 Faith-based fisheriesFisheries 31 554Google Scholar
Jørgensen, C.Enberg, K.Dunlop, E.S. 2007 Managing evolving fish stocksScience 318 1247CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jørgensen, C.Ernande, B.Fiksen, Ø. 2009 Size-selective fishing gear and life history evolution in the Northeast Arctic codEvolutionary Applications 2 356CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jørgensen, T. 1990 Long-term changes in age at sexual maturity of Northeast Arctic cod ( L.)Journal du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 46 235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuparinen, A.Merilä, J. 2008 The role of fisheries-induced evolutionScience 320 47Google ScholarPubMed
Law, R.Grey, D.R. 1989 Evolution of yields from populations with age-specific croppingEvolutionary Ecology 3 343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Longhurst, A. 2002 Murphy's law revisited: longevity as a factor in recruitment to fish populationsFisheries Research 56 125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magnan, P.Proulx, R.Plante, M. 2005 Integrating the effects of fish exploitation and interspecific competition into current life history theories: an example with lacustrine brook trout () populationsCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62 747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marshall, C.T.Browman, H.I. 2007 Disentangling the causes of maturation trends in exploited fish populationsMarine Ecology Progress Series 335 249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mollet, F.M.Kraak, S.B.M.Rijnsdorp, A.D. 2007 Fisheries-induced evolutionary changes in maturation reaction norms in North Sea sole Marine Ecology Progress Series 351 189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neuheimer, A.B.Taggart, C.T. 2010 Can changes in length-at-age and maturation timing in Scotian Shelf haddock () be explained by fishing?Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67 854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nusslé, S.Bornand, C.N.Wedekind, C. 2009 Fishery-induced selection on an Alpine whitefish: quantifying genetic and environmental effects on individual growth rateEvolutionary Applications 2 200CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Olsen, E.M.Heino, M.Lilly, G.R. 2004 Maturation trends indicative of rapid evolution preceded the collapse of northern codNature 428 932CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Olsen, E.M.Lilly, G.R.Heino, M. 2005 Assessing changes in age and size at maturation in collapsing populations of Atlantic cod ()Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62 811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pardoe, H.Vainikka, A.Thórdarson, G. 2009 Temporal trends in probabilistic maturation reaction norms and growth of Atlantic cod ( L.) on the Icelandic shelfCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66 1719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quinn, T.P.Hodgson, S.Flynn, L. 2007 Directional selection by fisheries and the timing of sockeye salmon () migrationsEcological Applications 17 731CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reznick, D.N.Bryga, H. 1987 Life-history evolution in guppies (): 1. Phenotypic and genetic changes in an introduction experimentEvolution 41 1370Google Scholar
Reznick, D.N.Bryga, H.Endler, J.A. 1990 Experimentally induced life-history evolution in a natural populationNature 346 357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ricker, W.E. 1981 Changes in the average size and average age of Pacific salmonCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 38 1636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ricker, W.E. 1995 Trends in the average size of Pacific salmon in Canadian catchesCanadian Special Publications in Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 121 593Google Scholar
Rijnsdorp, A.D. 1989 Maturation of male and female North Sea plaice ( L.)Journal du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 46 35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rijnsdorp, A.D. 1991 Changes in fecundity of female North Sea plaice ( L.) between three periods since 1900ICES Journal of Marine Science 48 253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rijnsdorp, A.D. 1993 Fisheries as a large-scale experiment on life-history evolution: disentangling phenotypic and genetic effects in changes in maturation and reproduction of North Sea plaice, LOecologia 96 391CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rijnsdorp, A.D.Grift, R.E.Kraak, S.B.M. 2005 Fisheries-induced adaptive change in reproductive investment in North Sea plaice ()?Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62 833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rutter, C. 1903 Natural history of the quinnat salmon. A report of investigations in the Sacramento River, 1886–1901Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 22 65Google Scholar
Saura, M.Morán, P.Brotherstone, S. 2010 Predictions of response to selection caused by angling in a wild population of Atlantic salmon ()Freshwater Biology 55 923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stearns, S.C. 1977 The evolution of life-history traitsAnnual Review of Ecology and Systematics 8 145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stearns, S.C.Crandall, R.E. 1984 Plasticity for age and size at sexual maturity: a life-history response to unavoidable stressWootton, R.J.Potts, G.Fish ReproductionAcademic PressLondon13Google Scholar
Stokes, T.K.McGlade, J.M.Law, R. 1993 The Exploitation of Evolving Resources 99 Springer-VerlagBerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swain, D.P. 2011 4 18
Templeman, W.Hodder, V.M.Wells, R. 1978 Sexual maturity and spawning in haddock, , of the southern Grand BankICNAF Research Bulletin 13 53Google Scholar
Thomas, G.Eckmann, R. 2007 The influence of eutrophication and population biomass on common whitefish () growth – the Lake Constance example revisitedCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64 402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, G.Quoss, H.Hartmann, J. 2009 Human-induced changes in the reproductive traits of Lake Constance common whitefish ()Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22 88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vainikka, A.Gårdmark, A.Bland, B. 2009 Two- and three-dimensional maturation reaction norms for the eastern Baltic cod, ICES Journal of Marine Science 66 248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Walraven, L.Mollet, F.M.van Damme, C.J.G. 2010 Fisheries-induced evolution in growth, maturation and reproductive investment of the sexually dimorphic North Sea plaice ( L.)Journal of Sea Research 64 85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walsh, M.R.Munch, S.B.Chiba, S. 2006 Maladaptive changes in multiple traits caused by fishing: impediments to population recoveryEcology Letters 9 142CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wheeler, J.P.Purchase, C.F.Macdonald, P.D.M. 2009 Temporal changes in maturation, mean length-at-age, and condition of spring-spawning Atlantic herring () in Newfoundland watersICES Journal of Marine Science 66 1800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wohlfarth, G.Moav, R.Hulata, G. 1975 Genetic differences between the Chinese and European races of common carp. II. Multi-character variation – a response to the diverse methods of fish cultivation in Europe and ChinaHeredity 34 341CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wright, P.J. 2005 Temporal and spatial variation in reproductive investment of haddock in the North SeaICESCopenhagen24Google Scholar
Wright, P.J.Gibb, F.M.Gibb, I.M. 2011 Reproductive investment in the North Sea haddock: temporal and spatial variationMarine Ecology Progress Series 432 149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yoneda, M.Wright, P.J. 2004 Temporal and spatial variation in reproductive investment of Atlantic cod in the northern North Sea and Scottish west coastMarine Ecology Progress Series 276 237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
1
Cited by

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×