Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-w9xp6 Total loading time: 0.308 Render date: 2022-11-30T08:39:54.437Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

5 - Endocrine system

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 August 2009

Shirley Hodgson
Affiliation:
St George's Hospital Medical School, London
William Foulkes
Affiliation:
McGill University, Montréal
Charis Eng
Affiliation:
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Eamonn Maher
Affiliation:
University of Birmingham
Get access

Summary

Thyroid tumours

The incidence of primary epithelial cancer of the thyroid is 0.7 per 100 000 in males and 1.9 per 100 000 in females in the UK. Overall, the annual incidence of thyroid cancer is between 0.9 and 5.2 per 100 000 people, with a ratio of women to men of 2–3:1. Thyroid cancer is the most rapidly rising incident cancer in women and the second most rapidly rising incident cancer in men in the USA. Whether the papillary or follicular histology is favoured is dependent on the amount of dietary iodine in a particular region. Papillary carcinoma (PTC) accounts for more than 50 per cent of cases in the UK and USA, the next most common type of thyroid cancer being follicular carcinoma (FTC). Less frequent types are medullary (MTC), anaplastic (undifferentiated), Hurthle cell and squamous cell carcinomas. Other non-epithelial malignancies that may be observed in the thyroid include lymphomas and sarcomas, but these are rare.

PTC of the thyroid

Genetic susceptibility to PTC can be seen in familial adenomatous polyposis syndrome (FAP), Cowden syndrome (CS), possibly Carney complex (CNC) and in a familial site-specific syndrome. These syndromes are described in detail in the next section. Thyroid cancers can be detected in 5–25 per cent of FAP patients. It should be noted that there is preliminary evidence that what is commonly referred to as “PTC” in FAP is not identical to classic PTC.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2006

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

  • Endocrine system
  • Shirley Hodgson, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, William Foulkes, McGill University, Montréal, Charis Eng, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Eamonn Maher, University of Birmingham
  • Book: A Practical Guide to Human Cancer Genetics
  • Online publication: 20 August 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511545832.007
Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

  • Endocrine system
  • Shirley Hodgson, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, William Foulkes, McGill University, Montréal, Charis Eng, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Eamonn Maher, University of Birmingham
  • Book: A Practical Guide to Human Cancer Genetics
  • Online publication: 20 August 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511545832.007
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Endocrine system
  • Shirley Hodgson, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, William Foulkes, McGill University, Montréal, Charis Eng, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Eamonn Maher, University of Birmingham
  • Book: A Practical Guide to Human Cancer Genetics
  • Online publication: 20 August 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511545832.007
Available formats
×