Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-8bljj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-18T07:05:12.615Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

1 - Introduction

The Rise of a Policy State?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 November 2014

Jeffery A. Jenkins
Affiliation:
University of Virginia
Sidney M. Milkis
Affiliation:
University of Virginia
Jeffery A. Jenkins
Affiliation:
University of Virginia
Sidney M. Milkis
Affiliation:
University of Virginia
Get access

Summary

This book grew out of a major conference at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center of Public Affairs. Seeking to place scholarly attention to, and partisan disputes over, recent landmark policy in areas such as homeland security, health care, and financial markets in a broad theoretical and historical context, we convened a group of distinguished scholars to consider the politics of major programmatic reforms – specifically, courses of action aimed at dealing with perceived public problems – since the Second World War. The chapters that follow shed light not only on significant efforts to ameliorate perceived ills in domestic and foreign affairs, but also on systemic developments in American politics and government.

This time period corresponds with the emergence of what Karren Orren and Stephen Skowronek have termed a “policy state” – that is, a political order where policy choice has become a principal dimension of American government and politics. Of course, policy clashes have always been an important part of American politics. But the explosion of government responsibilities in foreign and domestic affairs, the emergence of programmatic political parties, and the formation of a dense network of advocacy groups and think tanks have made conflict over competing policies a defining feature of contemporary American politics.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2014

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Milkis, Sidney M., “The Politics of the Policymaking State,” in Jenkins, Jeffery A. and Patashnik, Eric M., eds, Living Legislation: Durability, Change, and the Politics of American Lawmaking (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012): 265–280Google Scholar
Heclo, Hugh, “Sixties Civics,” in The Great Society and the High Tide of Liberalism, Milkis, Sidney M. and Mileur, , ed. (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005), 60.Google Scholar
Schattschneider, E. E., Politics, Pressures and the Tariff (New York: Prentice Hall, 1935)Google Scholar
Lowi, Theodore, “American Business, Public Policy, Case-Studies, and Political Theory” (1964), World Politics 16(4): 677–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McConnell, Grant, Private Power in American Democracy (New York: Vintage Books, 1967)Google Scholar
Wilson, James Q., Political Organization (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974)Google Scholar
Pierson, Paul, Politics in Time: History, Institutions and Social Analysis (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Orren, Karen and Skowronek, Stephen, The Search for American Political Development (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Derthick, Martha and Quirk, Paul, The Politics of Deregulation (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1985)Google Scholar
Baumgartner, Frank and Jones, Bryan, Agendas and Instability in American Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009)Google Scholar
McWilliams, Wilson Carey, “Commentary on The President and His Powers,” in The Collected Works of William Howard Taft, Burton, David H., ed. (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003), vol. 6, 8–9 (3–10)Google Scholar
Lurie, Jonathan, The Travails of a Progressive Conservative (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012)Google Scholar
Milkis, Sidney M., Theodore Roosevelt, the Progressive Party and the Transformation of American Democracy (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2009)Google Scholar
Alberta, Tim, “The Cabal that Quietly Took Over the House,” National Journal, May 26, 2013
Williamson, Vanessa, Skocpol, Theda, and Coggin, John, “The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism,” Perspectives on Politics, vol. 9, No. 1 (March 2011): 25–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, James Q., “New Politics, New Elites, and Old Politics,” in The New Politics of Public Policy, ed. Landy, Marc and Levin, Martin (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995), 249–267Google Scholar
Wilson, James Q., “Reinventing Public Administration,” PS: Political Science and Politics, vol. 27, no. 4 (December 1994), 669Google Scholar
Sorenson, Theodore, ed. “Let the Word Go Forth”: The Speeches, Statements and Writings of John F. Kennedy (New York: Delacorte, 1988), 101
“John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address,” in Nelson, Michael, ed. The Evolving Presidency: Landmark Documents, 1787–2010, 4th edition (Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2012), 187–191
Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon Baines Johnson, 1963–1964, 2 vols. (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1965), 1:704
Hamilton, Alexander, Madison, James, and Jay, John, The Federalist Papers, ed. Rossiter, Clinton, with an introduction and notes by Kesler, Charles R. (New York: New American Library, 1999), 310Google Scholar
Patterson, James, Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945–1974 (New York: Oxford University Press)
Nie, Norman, Verba, Sidney, and Petrocik, John, The New American Voter (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1976), 127Google Scholar
Mayhew, David R., Divided We Govern: Party Control, Lawmaking and Investigations, 1946–2002 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005)Google Scholar
Binder, , Stalemate: Causes and Consequences of Legislative Gridlock (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003)Google Scholar
Lieberman, , Shaping Race Policy: The United States in Comparative Perspective (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005)Google Scholar
Kagan, , Adversarial Legalism: The American Way of Law (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001)Google Scholar
Nathan, Richard, “Federalism and Health Policy,” Health Affairs, November 2005, retrieved from
Sinclair, Barbara, Party Wars: Polarization and the Politics of National Policy Making (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006)Google Scholar
Lowi, Theodore, The End of Liberalism: The Second Republic of the United States, 2nd edition (New York: Norton, 1979), 313Google Scholar
Wildavsky, Aaron, “The Two Presidencies,” Society, January/February 1998, 24–31Google Scholar
Miller, Greg, “Plan for Hunting Terrorists Signals U. S. Intends to Keep Adding Names to Kill Lists,” Washington Post, October 23, 2012, retrieved from
Gellman, Barton and Poitras, Laura, “U.S., British Intelligence Mining Data from Nine U. S. Internet Companies in Broad Secret Program,” Washington Post, June 7, 2013, retrieved from
Mayhew, David R., Partisan Balance: Why Political Parties Don’t Kill the U. S. Constitutional System (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011)Google Scholar
Pear, Robert, “States’ Policies on Health Care Exclude Some of the Poorest,” New York Times, May 24, 2013, retrieved from
Somashekhar, Sandhya, “GOP’s Rift Over Medicaid Deepens,” Washington Post, June 3, 2013, retrieved from
Jacobson, , A Divider Not a Uniter: George W. Bush and the American People, 2nd edition. (Boston: Pearson, 2007)Google Scholar
Piston, Spencer, “How Explicit Racial Prejudice Hurt Obama in the 2008 Election,” Political Behavior, vol. 32 (December): 433–451
Sugrue, Thomas J., Not Even Past: Barack Obama and the Burden of Race (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abramowitz, Alan, The Disappearing Center: Engaged Citizens, Polarization, and American Democracy (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010)Google Scholar
Kennedy, Randall, The Persistence of the Color Line: Racial Politics and the Obama Presidency (New York: Pantheon Books, 2011)Google Scholar
Smith, Desmond and Smith, Rogers, Still A House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama’s America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011)Google Scholar
Mann, Thomas and Ornstein, Norman, It’s Even Worse than It Looks: How the American Constitutional System Collided with the New Politics of Extremism (New York: Basic Books, 2012)Google Scholar
Lofgren, Mike, The Party Is Over: How Republicans Went Crazy, Democrats Became Useless, and the Middle Class Got Shafted (New York: Viking, 2012)Google Scholar
Wiebe, Robert, Self-Rule: A Cultural History of American Democracy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995), 9Google Scholar
McCarty, Nolan, Poole, Keith T., and Rosenthal, Howard, Political Bubbles: Financial Crises and the Failure of American Democracy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013)Google Scholar
Melnick, R. Shep, “The Gridlock Illusion,” The Wilson Quarterly, Winter 2013, retrieved from
DeMuth, Christopher, “The Real Cliff: The Staggering Debt from Decades of Continuous Government Debt is About to Come Due,” The Weekly Standard, December 24, 2012, retrieved from
Klaidman, David and Romano, Andrew, “President Obama’s Executive Power Grab,” The Daily Beast, October 22, 2012, retrieved from
Lizza, Ryan, “The Party Next Time: The GOP’s Demographic Dilemma,” The New Yorker, September 2012,
Nathan, Richard, The Administrative Presidency (New York: John Wiley, 1983)Google Scholar
Milkis, Sidney M., The President and the Parties: The Transformation of the American Party System Since the New Deal (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993)Google Scholar
“A Government by Extension: No Way to Run a Country,” Washington Post, January 3, 2013, retrieved from
Hacker, Jacob and Pierson, Paul, Winner Take All Politics: How Washington Made the Rich Richer and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2011)Google Scholar
Kersch, Ken I., “The New Deal Triumph as the End of History? The Judicial Negotiation of Labor Rights and Civil Rights,” in Kahn, Ronald and Kersch, eds., The Supreme Court and American Political Development (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006), 190Google Scholar
Hananel, Sam, “Union Notice Rule Losses in Appeals Court,” Washington Post, May 23, 2013, retrieved from

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×