Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-c47g7 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-23T06:00:40.487Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

References

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2016

Alberto Diaz-Cayeros
Affiliation:
Stanford University, California
Federico Estévez
Affiliation:
Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico
Beatriz Magaloni
Affiliation:
Stanford University, California
Get access
Type
Chapter
Information
The Political Logic of Poverty Relief
Electoral Strategies and Social Policy in Mexico
, pp. 205 - 232
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2016

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Acedo Angulo, Blanca (ed.). 1995. Solidaridad en Conflicto. El Funcionamiento del Pronasol en los Municipios Gobernados por la Oposición. México: Nuevo Horizonte Editores.Google Scholar
Acemoglu, Daron and Robinson, James. 2006. Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Acemoglu, Daron, Johnson, Simon and Robinson, James. 2002. “Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 117 (4): 12311294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Achen, Christopher and Shively, Phillips. 1995. Cross-Level Inference. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
Alatas, Vivi, Banerjee, Abhijit, Hanna, Rema, Olken, Benjamin and Tobiass, Julia. 2012. “Targeting the Poor: Evidence for a Field Experiment in Indonesia.” American Economic Review. 102 (4): 12061240.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Albertus, Michael. 2015. “Explaining Patterns of Redistribution Under Autocracy: The Case of Peru’s Revolution from Above.” Latin American Research Review. 50 (2): 107134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Albertus, Michael, Alberto, Diaz-Cayeros, Beatriz, Magaloni, and Weingast, Barry R. 2016. “Authoritarian Survival and Poverty Traps: Land Reform in Mexico.” World Development. 77: 154170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alesina, Alberto and La Ferrara, Eliana. 2000. “Participation in Heterogeneous Communities.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 115 (3): 847904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alesina, Alberto and Rodrik, Dani. 1994. “Distributive Politics and Economic Growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 108: 465490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alesina, Alberto, Baqir, Reza and Easterly, William. 1999. “Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 114 (4): 12431284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cívica, Alianza. 2006. Observación del Proceso Electoral Federal 2006. Mexico: Alianza Civica.Google Scholar
Alves, Denisard and Belluzzo, Walter. 2005. “Child Health and Infant Mortality in Brazil.” Interamerican Development Bank Research Network Working Paper No. R-493. Washington, DC: IADB.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ames, Barry. 1987. Political Survival: Politicians and Public Policy in Latin America Berkeley: University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ames, Barry 1995. “Electoral Rules, Constituency Pressures and Pork Barrel: Bases of Voting in the Brazilian Congress.” Journal of Politics. 57 (2): 324343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anderson, G.M. and Tollison, R.D. 1991. “Congressional Influence and Patterns of New Deal Spending. 1933–1939.” Journal of Law and Economics. 34: 161175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anselin, Luc. 1988. Spatial Econometrics, Methods and Models. Boston: Kluwer Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anselin, Luc 2006. “Spatial Econometrics,” in Mills, T.C. and Patterson, K. (eds.), Palgrave Handbook of Econometrics: Vol. 1, Econometric Theory. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 901969.Google Scholar
Anselin, Luc, Syabri, Ibnu and Kho, Youngihn. 2004. “GeoDa: An Introduction to Spatial Data Analysis.” Spatial Analysis Laboratory. Urbana, IL: Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.Google Scholar
Archer, Ronald. 1990. “The Transition from Traditional to Broker Clientelism in Colombia: Political Stability and Social Unrest.” Kellog Institute for International Studies, Working Paper No. 140.Google Scholar
Arrom, Silvia Marina. 2000. Containing the Poor: The Mexico City Poor House, 1774–1871. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Aspe, Pedro. 1993. Economic Transformation the Mexican Way. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Attanasio, Oazio, Battistin, Erich, Fitzimons, Emla, Mesnard, Alice and Vera-Hernández, Marcos. 2005. “How Effective Are Conditional Cash Transfers: Evidence from Colombia.” Institute for Fiscal Studies, Briefing Note No. 54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Auyero, Javier. 2007. Routine Politics and Violence in Argentina: That Gray Zone of State Power. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bailey, John. 1994. “Centralism and Political Change in Mexico: The Case of National Solidarity,” in Cornelius, Wayne, Craig, Ann and Fox, Jonathan (eds.), Transforming State-Society Relations in Mexico: The National Solidarity Strategy La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD.Google Scholar
Baland, Jean-Marie and Robinson, James. 2007. “How Does Vote Buying Shape the Economy?” in Schaffer, Frederic (ed.), Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Baland, Jean-Marie and Robinson, James 2012. “The Political Value of Land: Political Reform and Land Prices in Chile.” American Political Science Review. 56 (3): 601619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baldwin, Peter. 1989. “The Scandinavian Origins of the Social Interpretation of the Welfare State.” Society of Comparative Studies in Society and History. 31 (1) (January): 324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baldwin, Peter 1990. The Politics of Social Solidarity: Class Bases of the European Welfare State, 1875–1975. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banco, de Mexico. 1996. Informe Anual 1995. Mexico: Banco de Mexico.Google Scholar
Banerjee, Abhijit. 2004. “Who Is Getting the Public Goods in India? Some Evidence and Some Speculation,” in Bas, Kaushik (ed.), India’s Emerging Economic Performance and Prospects in the 1990s and Beyond. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Banerjee, Abhijit V. and Iyer, Lakshmi. 2005. “History, Institutions and Economic Performance: The Legacy of Colonial Land Tenure Systems in India.” American Economic Review. 95 (4) (September): 11901213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banerjee, Abhijit V. and Somanathan, Rohini. 2007. “The Political Economy of Public Goods: Some Evidence from India.” Journal of Development Economics. 82 (2) (March): 287314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banerjee, Abhijit V., Benabou, Roland and Mookherjee, Dilip (eds.). 2006. Understanding Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banfield, Edward. 1958. The Moral Basis of a Backward Society, New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Baqir, Reza. 2002. Districting and Government Overspending. Journal of Political Economy. 110 (6): 13181354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bardhan, Pranab. 2005. Scarcity, Conflicts and Cooperation. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Bardhan, Pranab and Mookherjee, Dilip. 2005a. “Decentralizing Anti-Poverty Program Delivery in Developing Countries.” Journal of Public Economics. April. 89.4: 675704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bardhan, Pranab and Mookherjee, Dilip 2005b. “Decentralization, Corruption and Government Accountability: An Overview,” in Rose-Ackerman, Susan (ed.), Handbook of Economic Corruption. London: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
Bardhan, Pranab and Mookherjee, Dilip 2006. “Decentralisation and Accountability in Infrastructure Delivery in Developing Countries.” Economic Journal. January. 116(508): 101127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barham, Tania. 2011. “A Healthier Start: The Effect of Conditional Cash Transfers on Neonatal and Infant Mortality in Rural Mexico.” Journal of Development Economics. 94: 7085.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baron, David P. 1991. “Majoritarian Incentives, Pork Barrel Programs, and Procedural Control.” American Journal of Political Science. 35 (1): 5790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barrientos, Armando, Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel and Maitrot, Mathilde 2010. Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database. Brooks World Poverty Institute and University of Manchester.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bates, Robert. 1981. Markets and States in Tropical Africa Berkeley and Los Angeles: Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Baum, Matthew A. and Lake, David. 2003. “The Political Economy of Growth: Democracy and Human Capital.” American Journal of Political Science. 47 (2): 333347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Becerra, Lorena. 2012. Does Everyone Have a Price? The Demand Side of Clientelism and Vote-Buying in an Emerging Democracy. Ph.D. Dissertation. Duke University.Google Scholar
Becker, Sascha and Ichino, Andrea. 2002. “Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Based on Propensity Scores.” The Stata Journal. 2 (4): 358377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beer, Caroline. 2003. Electoral Competition and Institutional Change in Mexico. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
Behrman, J., Sengupta, P. and Todd, P. 2000. The Achievement of Progresa in Achievement Test Scores in the First Year. Washington, DC: IFPRI.Google Scholar
Bellon, M.R., Hodson, D.P., Martinez-Romero, E. Montoya, Becceril, J. and White, J.W. 2004. Geospatial Dimensions of Poverty and Food Security: A Case Study of Mexico. Mexico, DF: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT).Google Scholar
Beltrán, Ulises. 1994. “La opinión. La política social del gobierno y la opinión pública,” in Warman, Arturo (ed.), La Política Social en México, 1989–1994. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Bennedsen, Morten. 1998. “Vote Buying through Resource Allocation in a Government Controlled Sector.” Typescript.Google Scholar
Bensel, Richard Franklin. 2004. The American Ballot Box in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Besley, Timothy and Burgess, Robin. 2000. “Land Reform, Poverty Reduction and Growth: Evidence from India.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 115 (2): 389430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Besley, Timothy and Burgess, Robin 2002. “The Political Economy of Government Responsiveness: Theory and Evidence.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 117 (4): 14151451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Besley, Timothy and Coate, Stephen. 2003. “Centralized Versus Decentralized Provision of Local Public Goods: A Political Economy Approach.” Journal of Public Economics. 87: 26112637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Besley, Timothy and Ghatak, Maitreesh. 2006. “Public Goods and Economic Development,” in Banerjee, Abhijit, Benabou, Roland and Mookherjee, Dilip (eds.), Understanding Poverty. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 285302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Besley, Timothy, and Kudamatsu, Masayuki. 2006. “Health and Democracy.” The American Economic Review. 96(2): 313318.Google Scholar
Besley, Timothy and Prat, Andrea. 2001. “Handcuffs for the Grabbing Hand? Media Capture and Government Accountability.” American Economic Review. 96 (3) (June): 720736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bigman, David and Fofack, Hippolyte. 2000. “Geographic Targetting for Poverty Alleviation: An Introduction of the Special Issue.” World Bank Economic Review. 14 (1): 129146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bird, Richard. 1995. “Decentralizing Infrastructure: For Good or Ill?” in Estache, Wntonio (ed.), Decentralizing Infrastructure: Advantages and Limitations. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 290. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Blaug, Mark. 1963. “The Myth of the Old Poor Law and the Making of the New.” The Journal of Economic History. 23: 151184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Block, Fred and Somers, Margaret. 2003. “In the Shadow of Speenhamland: Social Policy and the Old Poor Law.” Politics and Society. 31: 283323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bloom, David E., Canning, David and Sevilla, Jaypee. 2003. “Geography and Poverty Traps.” Journal of Economic Growth. 8 (4) (December): 355378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blum, Roberto and Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto. 2002. “Rentier States and Geography in Mexico’s Development.” Inter-American Development Bank Latin American Research Network Working Paper No. R-443. New York: Inter-American Development Bank.Google Scholar
Bobadilla, José Luis and Langer, Ana. 1990. “La mortalidad infantil en México: un fenómeno en transición.” Revista Mexicana de Sociología. 52 (1): 111131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boix, Carles. 2003. Democracy and Redistribution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boltvinik, J. 1999. “Poverty Measurement Methods – An Overview.” SEPED Series on Poverty Reduction. New York: UNDP.Google Scholar
Borja Tamayo, Arturo (ed.). 2001. Para Evaluar al TLCAN. Mexico City: Miguel Angel Porrua.Google Scholar
Boyer, George. 2002. “English Poor Laws.” EH.Net Encyclopedia, edited by Robert Whaples. http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/boyer.poor.laws.england. Accessed May 7, 2002.Google Scholar
Bradbury, John and Crain, Mark. 2001. “Legislative Organization and Government Spending, Cross-Country Evidence.” Journal of Public Economics. 82: 309325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brady, Henry and Collier, David. 2004. Rethinking Social Inquiry. Diverse Tools, Shared Standards. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
Brass, William. 1975. Methods for Estimating Fertility and Mortality from Limited and Defective Data. Chapell Hill: Carolina Population Center, Laboratories for Population Statistics.Google Scholar
Brown, David and Hunter, Wendy. 1999. “Democracy and Social Spending in Latin America, 1980–1992.” American Political Science Review. 93 (4): 779790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruhn, Kathleen. 1996. “Social Spending and Political Support: The ‘Lessons’ of the National Solidarity Program in Mexico.” Comparative Politics. 26 (January): 151177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brusco, Valeria, Nazareno, Marcelo and Stokes, Susan. 2004. “Vote Buying in Argentina.” Latin American Research Review. 39 (2): 6688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bryce, J., Terreri, N., Victoria, C., Mason, E., Daelmans, B., Bhutta, Z.A., Bustreo, F., Songane, F., Salama, P. and Wardlaw, T. 2006. “Countdown to 2015: Tracking Intervention Coverage for Child Survival.” The Lancet. 368 (9541): 10671076.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce and Root, Hilton L. 2000When Bad Economics Is Good Politics,” in Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce and Root, Hilton L. (eds.), Governing for Prosperity. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 116.Google Scholar
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Morrow, James D., Sieverson, Randolph and Smith, Alastair. 2000. “Political Institutions, Political Survival, and Policy Success,” in Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce and Root, Hilton L. (eds.), Governing for Prosperity. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 5984.Google Scholar
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Smith, Alastair, Siverson, Randolph, M. and Morrow, James D. 2003. The Logic of Political Survival. Cambridge: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burgess, Katrina and Levitsky, Steven. 2003. “Explaining Populist Party Adaptation in Latin America: Environmental and Organizational Determinants of Party Change in Argentina, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela.” Comparative Political Studies. 36 (8): 881911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cabrero, Enrique. 1998. Las Politicas Decentralizadoras en Mexico (1983–1993). Mexico: CIDE / M.A. Porrua.Google Scholar
Calvo, Ernesto and Escolar, Marcelo. 2003. “The Local Voter: A Geographically Weighted Approach to Ecological Inference.” American Journal of Political Science. 47 (1): 189204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calvo, Ernesto and Murillo, M. Victoria. 2004. “Who Delivers? Partisan Clients in the Argentine Electoral Market.” American Journal of Political Science. 48 (4): 742757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calvo, Ernesto and Murillo, M. Victoria. 2012. “When Parties Meet Voters: Partisan Networks and Distributive Expectations in Argentina and Chile.” Comparative Political Studies. 0010414012463882.Google Scholar
Camp, Roderic Ai. 2007. Politics in Mexico: The Democratic Consolidation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Campello, Daniela. 2013. Globalization adn Democracy: The Politics of Market Discipline in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Cantú, Francisco. 2005. “El Impacto Electoral en Progresa-Oportunidades.” Mexico: ITAM, BA Thesis.Google Scholar
Carpenter, Daniel P. 2001. The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputations, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862–1928. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Castañeda, Jorge. 2000. Perpetuating Power. New York: New Press.Google Scholar
Chandler, Dewitt Samuel. 1991. Social Assistance and Bureaucratic Politics: The Montepíos of Colonial Mexico, 1767–1821. University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
Chang, Eric and Golden, Miriam. 2007. “Electoral Systems, District Magnitude and Corruption.” British Journal of Political Science. 37 (1): 115137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chang, Eric, Golden, Miriam, Hill, Seth J. 2010. “Legislative Malfeasance and Political Accountability.” World Politics. 62 (2): 177220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charles Seymour, . 1915. Electoral Reform in England and Wales. New Haven. Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra and Duflo, Esther. 2001. “Women as Policymakers: Evidence from an India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment.” NBER Working Paper No. 8615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chen, Jowei. 2013. “Voter Partisanship and the Effect of Distributive Spending on Political Participation.” American Journal of Political Science. 57: 200217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chhibber, Pradeep and Nooruddin, Irfan. 2004. “Do Party Systems Count? The Number of Parties and Government Performance in the Indian States.” Comparative Political Studies. 37 (2): 152187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chong, Alberto, De la O, Ana, Karlan, Dean, and Wantchekon, Leonard. 2015. “Does Corruption Information Inspire the Fight or Quash the Hope? A Field Experiment in Mexico on Voter Turnout, Choice, and Party Identification.” The Journal of Politics. 77 (1): 5571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cleary, Matthew. 2002. “Do Parties Enforce Electoral Accountability in Mexico?” Paper Delivered at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, August 29–September 1.Google Scholar
Cleary, Matthew 2003. “Competencia electoral, influencia ciudadana y desempeño del gobierno en los municipios mexicanos.” Política y Gobierno. 10 (1): 183217.Google Scholar
Cleary, Matthew 2004. “Electoral Competition, Participation and the Quality of Government in Mexico.” Paper Delivered at the 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (Chicago, IL, September 2–5).Google Scholar
Cleary, Matthew 2006. “Explaining the Left’s Resurgence.” Journal of Democracy. 17 (4): 3549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coady, David, Grosh, Margaret and Hoddinott, John. 2004. Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries: Review of Lessons and Experience. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coale, Ansley and Demeny, Paul. 1966. Regional Model Life Tables and Stable Populations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Coatsworth, John Henry. 1976. Growth against Development: The Economic Impact of Railroads in Porfirian Mexico. Mexico: Sep Setentas.Google Scholar
Coetzee, J.M. 2007. “Excerpt from ‘Diary of a Bad Year’.” New York Review of Books. 54 (12): 2023.Google Scholar
Comisión de Desarrollo Social. 1998. Instrumentos de Distribución de los Recursos del Ramo 33. Comisión de Desarrollo Social de la Cámara de Diputados, LVII Legislatura. Mexico: Cámara de Diputados.Google Scholar
CONAPO (Consejo Nacional de Población). 1993. Indice de Marginación, 1990. México: CONAPO.Google Scholar
Cleary, Matthew 1993. Indicadores Socioeconómicos e Indice de Marginación Municipal, 1990. Mexico: CONAPO-CNA.Google Scholar
Cleary, Matthew 2000. Indices de Desarrollo Humano, 2000: Anexo Metodológico. México: CONAPO.Google Scholar
Consejo Consultivo del Programa Nacional de Solidaridad. 1994. El Programa Nacional de Solidaridad. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Coplamar, . 1982. Necesidades Esenciales de México. México: Siglo XXI.Google Scholar
Cornelius, Wayne, Craig, Ann and Fox, Jonathan (eds.). 1994. Transforming State-Society Relations in Mexico: The National Solidarity Strategy. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD.Google Scholar
Cornelius, Wayne, Eisenstadt, Todd and Hindley, Jane (eds.). 1999. Subnational Politics and Democratization in Mexico. San Diego: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies: UCSD.Google Scholar
Cornelius, Wayne. 1975. Poverty and Politics of the Migrant Poor in Mexico City Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Cornelius, Wayne 2004. “Mobilized Voting in the 2000 Elections: The Changing Efficacy of Vote Buying and Coercion in Mexican Electoral Politics,” in Domínguez, Jorge and Lawson, Chapell (eds.), Mexico’s Pivotal Democratic Election. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Cortés Cázeres, Fernando et al., 2005. “Evolución y Características de la Pobreza en México en la Última Década del Siglo XX,” in Székeli, Miguel (ed.), Números que mueven al mundo: la medición de la pobreza en México. Mexico: SEDESOL/CIDE/Anuies/M.A. Porrúa.Google Scholar
Courchene, Thomas and Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto. 2000. “Transfers and the Nature of the Mexican Federation,” in Giugale, Marcelo and Webb, Steven B. (eds.), Achievements and Challenges of Fiscal Decentralization. Lessons from Mexico. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Cox, Gary. 1997. Making Votes Count. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cox, Gary 2005. The Efficient Secret: The Cabinet and the Development of Political Parties in Victorian England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Cox, Gary 2009. “Swing Voters, Core Voters and Distributive Politics,” in Shapiro, Ian, Stokes, Susan, Elisabeth, Wood and Kirshner, Alexander S. (eds.), Political Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Cox, Gary and McCubbins, Mathew D. 1986. “Electoral Politics as a Redistributive Game.” Journal of Politics. 48 (May): 370389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cox, Gary and Thies, Michael. 2000. “How Much Does Money Matter? ‘Buying’ Vote in Japan, 1967–1990.” Comparative Political Studies. 33 (1): 3757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cox, Gary, McCubbins, Mathew D. and Sullivan, Terry. 1984. “Policy Choice as an Electoral Investment.” Social Choice and Welfare. 1: 231242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dahlberg, Matz and Johansson, Eva. 2002. “On the Vote-Purchasing Behavior of Incumbent Governments.” American Political Science Review. 96 (1): 2740Google Scholar
Dasgupta, Partha. 1993. An Inquiry into Well Being and Destitution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Dayton-Johnson, Jeff. 2000. “The Determinants of Collective Action on the Commons: A Model With Evidence for Mexico.” Journal of Development Economics. 62(1): 181–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Ferranti, David, Perry, Guillermo E., Ferreira, Fancisco H.G. and Walton, Michael. 2004. Inequality in Latin America: Breaking with History? Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Janvry, Alain. 2006. “Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in the Bigger Picture of Social Policy: Where Do They Fit? How Can They Be Made to Be More Effective?” http://info.worldbank.org/etools/icct06/DOCS/English/Day1/Alain_CCT_keynote_AM.pdf. Accessed July 19, 2007. Keynote Address to the Third International Conference on Conditional Cash Transfers, Istanbul, Turkey, June 26–30.Google Scholar
De Janvry, Alain and Sadoulet, Elisabeth. 2000. “Growth, Poverty and Inequality in Latin America: A Causal Analysis, 1970–1994.” Review of Income and Wealth. 46 (3): 267287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Janvry, Alain, Gordillo, Gustavo, Platteau, Jean-Phillipe and Sadoulet, Elisabeth. 2002. Access to Land, Rural Poverty and Public Action. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
De la Brière, Bénédicte and Rawlings, Laura. 2006. “Examining Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: A Role for Increased Social Inclusion?” Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0603. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
De La O, Ana. 2013. “Do Conditional Cash Transfers Affect Electoral Behavior? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Mexico.” American Journal of Political Science. 57.1: 114.Google Scholar
De la O, Ana. 2015. Crafting Policies to End Poverty in Latin America: The Quiet Transformation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De La, O. and Ana, L.. 2013. “Do conditional cash transfers affect electoral behavior? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Mexico.” American Journal of Political Science. 57 (1): 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Remes, Alan. 1998. “Gobiernos yuxtapuestos en México: hacia un marco analítico para el estudio de las elecciones municipales.” Política y Gobierno. 6 (1): 225153.Google Scholar
De Tocqueville, Alexis. 1997 [1835]. Memoir on Pauperism. Tr. Seymour Drescher. London: Civitas.Google Scholar
De Vries, Jan and Wan der Woude, Ad. 1997. The First Modern Economy: Success, Failure and Perseverance of the Dutch Economy, 1500–1815. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deaton, Angus. 1997. The Analysis of Household Surveys. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deaton, Angus 2010. “Instruments, Randomization, and Learning about Development.” Journal of Economic Literature. 48 (2): 424455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deaton, Angus 2013. The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto. 2006. Federalism, Fiscal Authority and Centralization in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto 2008. “Electoral Risk and Redistributive Politics in Mexico and the United States.” Studies in International Comparative Development. 43 (2): 129150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto, and , Beatriz Magaloni. “The Politics of Public Spending–Part II. The Programa Nacional de Solidaridad (PRONASOL) in Mexico.” Background Papers for the World Bank World Development Report 2004 28013 (2003).Google Scholar
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto and Magaloni, Beatriz. 2009. “Aiding Latin America’s Poor.” Journal of Democracy. 20 (4): 3649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Díaz-Cayeros, Alberto, Magaloni, Beatriz and Ruiz-Euler, Alexander. 2014. “Traditional Governance, Citizen Engagement, and Local Public Goods: Evidence from Mexico.” World Development. 53: 8093.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Díaz-Cayeros, Alberto, Estévez, Federico, and Magaloni, Beatriz. 2009. “Welfare Benefits, Canvassing and Campaign Handouts in the 2006 Presidential Race.” Domínguez, Jorge I., Chappell H. Lawson, and Alejandro Moreno. Consolidating Mexico’s democracy: the 2006 presidential campaign in comparative perspective. Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto, González, Jose Antonio and Rojas, Fernando. 2006. “Mexico’s Decentralization at a Cross-Roads,” in Srinivasan, T.N. and Wallack, Jessica Seddon (eds.), Federalism, Economic Reform, and Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto, Magaloni, Beatriz and Weingast, Barry. 2001. “Democratization and the Economy in Mexico: Equilibrium (PRI) Hegemony and Its Demise.” Typescript. Stanford University.Google Scholar
Dion, Michelle. 2000. “La Economía Política del Gasto Social. El Programa Nacional de Solidaridad, 1988–1994.” Estudios Sociológicos. 18 (53): 329362.Google Scholar
Dion, Michelle 2010. Workers and Welfare: Compartive Institutional Change in Twentieth Century Mexico. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixit, Avinash and Londregan, John. 1996. “The Determinants of Success of Special Interests in Redistributive Politics.” Journal of Politics. 58 (November): 11321155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Domínguez, Jorge and Lawson, Chapell (eds.). 2004. Mexico’s Pivotal Democratic Election. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Domínguez, Jorge and McCann, James. 1996. Democratizing Mexico. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Domínguez, Jorge and Poiré, Alejandro (eds.). 1999. Toward Mexico’s Democratization. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Dornbusch, Rudiger and Werner, Alejandro. 1994. “Mexico: Stabilization, Reform, and No Growth.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. 25: 253316. Washington, DC: Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
Dresser, Denise. 1991. Neopopulist Solutions to Neoliberal Problems: Mexico’s National Solidarity Program. Current Issue Brief Series, No. 3. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
Dresser, Denise 1994a. “Bringing the Poor Back In: National Solidarity as a Strategy of Regime Legitimation,” in Cornelius, Wayne, Craig, Ann and Fox, Jonathan (eds.), Transforming State-Society Relations in Mexico: The National Solidarity Strategy La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD.Google Scholar
Dresser, Denise 1994b. “Pronasol y Política: Combate a la Pobreza como Fórmula de Gobernabilidad,” in Vélez, Félix (ed.), La Pobreza en México. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Duflo, Esther. 2006. “Field Experiments in Development Economics,” in Blundell, Richard et al. (eds.), Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Theory and Appplications. Ninth World Congress. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Easterly, William. 2002. The Elusive Quest for Growth. Cambridge: MIT PressGoogle Scholar
Eisenstadt, S.N. and Lemarchand, René (eds.). 1981. Political Clientelism, Patronage and Development. Sage Studies in Contemporary Political Sociology. 3. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Emminghaus, A. 1870. Das Armenwesen un die Armen Gesetzgebung in Europaishen Staaten. Berlin: Verlag Von FA. Herbig. Some chapters are translated in Eastwick, E.B. 1873. Poor Relief in Different Parts of Europe. London: Edward Stanford.Google Scholar
Epstein, David and O’Halloran, Sharyn. 1999. Delegating Powers: A Transaction Cost Politics Approach to Policy Making under Separate Powers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Escobal, Javier and Torero, Maximo. 2003. “Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru.” Working Papers, UNU-WIDER Research Paper No. DP2003/73. Helsinki, Finland: UNU-WIDER.Google Scholar
Esping-Andersen, Gosta. 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Esquivel, Gerardo. 2000. “Geography and Economic Development in Mexico.” Inter-American Development Bank Latin American Research Network Working Paper No. R-389. New York: Inter-American Development Bank.Google Scholar
Esquivel, Gerardo and Larrain, Felipe B. 2002. “The Impact of G-3 Exchange Rate Volatility on Developing Countries.” G-24 Discussion Papers 16. Geneva: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.Google Scholar
Estévez, Federico and Magaloni, Beatriz. 1998. “Legislative Parties and Their Constituencies in the Budget Battle of 1997.” Political Science Working Paper No. 2000–01. Mexico: ITAM.Google Scholar
Estévez, Federico, Díaz-Cayeros, Alberto and Magaloni, Beatriz. 2008. “A House Divided against Itself,” in Friedman, Edward and Wong, Joseph (eds.), Political Transitions in Dominant Party Systems: Learning to Lose. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Fagen, Richard and Tuohy, William. 1972. Power and Privilege in a Mexican City. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Faguet, Jean-Paul. 2004. “Does Decentralization Increase Responsiveness to Local Needs? Evidence from Bolivia.” Journal of Public Economics. 88: 867894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Falleti, Tulia G. 2005. “A Sequential Theory of Decentralization: Latin American Cases in Comparative Perspective.” American Political Science Review. 99 (3): 327346.Google Scholar
Fama, Eugene and French, Kenneth. 1996. “Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies.” Journal of Finance. 51: 5586. A good textbook discussion is Bodie, Zvi, Kane, Alex and Marcus, Alan. 2001. Investments. Fifth Edition. Boston: Mc-Graw-Hill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fearon, James. 1999. “Why Ethnic Politics and Pork Tend to Go Together.” Paper Presented at a MacArthur Foundation-Sponsored Conference on Ethnic Politics and Democratic Stability held at Wilder House, University of Chicago, May 21–23. Working Paper.Google Scholar
Fearon, James and Laitin, David. 2003. “Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War.” American Political Science Review. 97 (1) (February): 7590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferejohn, John. 1974. Pork Barrel Politics. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Ferejohn, John 1986. “Incumbent performance and electoral control.” Public Choice. 50 (1): 525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferraz, Claudio, and Finan, Frederico. 2008. Exposing corrupt politicians: the effects of Brazil’s publicly released audits on electoral outcomes. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 123 (3): 703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finan, Frederico and Schechter, Laura. 2012. “Vote-Buying and Reciprocity.” Econometrica. 80 (2): 863882.Google Scholar
Fiorina, Morris. 1981. Retrospective Voting in American National Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Fiszbein, Ariel. 2004. Beyond Truncated Welfare States: Quo Vadis Latin America? Draft Note. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Flamand, Laura. 2004. The Vertical Dimension of Government: Democratization and Federalism in Mexico. PhD Dissertation. Rochester, NY: Unversity of Rochester Department of Political Science.Google Scholar
Fleck, Robert K. 1999. “The Value of the Vote: A Model and Test of the Effects of Turnout on Distributive Policy.” Economic Inquiry. 37 (4): 609623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleck, Robert K. 2001a. “Inter-Party Competition, Intra-Party Competition, and Distributive Policy: A Model and Test using New Deal Data.” Public Choice. 108: 77100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleck, Robert K. 2001b. “Population, Land, Economic Conditions, and the Allocation of New Deal Spending.” Explorations in Economic History. 38: 396304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Florescano, Enrique. 1995. Breve Historia de la Sequia en Mexico. Jalapa: Universidad Veracruzana.Google Scholar
Fogel, Robert William. 2004. The Escape from Human Suffering and Premature Death, 1700–2100: Europe, America, and the Third World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foster, Andrew D. and Rosenzweig, Mark D. 2004. “Democratization and the Distribution of Local Public Goods in a Poor Rural Economy.” Typescript. Brown University.Google Scholar
Fotheringham, A.S., Brunsdon, C. and Charlton, M. 2000. Quantitative Geography: Perspectives on Spatial Data. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Fox, Jonathan. 1994. “The Difficult Transition from Clientelism to Citizenship: Lessons from Mexico.” World Politics. 46: 151184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Francois, Marie Eileen. 2006. A Culture of Everyday Credit: Housekeeping, Pawnbroking, and Governance in Mexico City, 1750-1920. University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
Frankel, Jeffrey and Romer, David. 1999. “Does Trade Cause Growth?American Economic Review. 89 (3) (June): 379399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fried, Biran. 2012. “Distributive Politics and Conditional Cash Transfers: The Case of Brazil’s Bolsa Familia.” World Development. 40: 10421053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fundar, . 2006. Monitoreo de Programas Sociales en Contextos Electorales. Mexico: FUNDAR.Google Scholar
Gakidou, Emmanuela et al., 2006. “Assessing the Effect fo the 2001–06 Mexican Health Reform: An Interim Report Card.” The Lancet. 368: 19201935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Galasso, Emanuela and Ravallion, Martin. 2001. “Decentralized Targeting of an Anti-Poverty Program.” Typescript. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Galiani, Sebastian, Gertler, Paul and Schargrodsky, Ernesto. 2005.“Water for Life: The Impact of the Privatization of Water Services on Child Mortality.” Journal of Political Economy. 113 (1): 83120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gallup-IMPO, . 1991. Gallup Poll – Mexico (Survey financed by Televisa).Google Scholar
Gallup, John L., Gaviria, Alejandro and Lora, Eduardo. 2003. Is Geography Destiny? Washington, DC: Interamerican Development Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gallup, John L., Sachs, Jeffrey and Mellinger, Andrew. 2001. “Geography and Economic Development.” Center for International Development at Harvard University Working Paper No. 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
Gans-Morse, Jordan, Mazzuca, Sebastian and Nichter, Simeon. 2014. “Varieties of Clientelism: Machine Politics During Elections.” American Journal of Political Science. 58(2): 415432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Geddes, Barbara. 1994. Politician’s Dilemma: Building State Capacity in Latin America Berkeley: University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerring, John, Thacker, Strom, C. and Moreno, Carola. 2005. “Centripetal Democratic Governance: A Theory and Global Inquiry.” American Political Science Review. 99 (4): 567582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerring, John, Bond, Philip, Barndt, William and Moreno, Carola. 2005. “Democracy and Growth: A Historical Perspective.” World Politics. 57 (3): 323364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gershberg, Alec Ian. 1994. “Distributing Resources in the Education Sector: Solidarity’s Escuela Digna Program,” in Cornelius, Wayne, Craig, Ann and Fox, Jonathan (eds.), Transforming State-Society Relations in Mexico: The National Solidarity Strategy. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD.Google Scholar
Gertler, Paul. 2004. “Do Conditional Cash Transfers Improve Child Health? Evidence from PROGRESA’s Control Randomized Experiment.” American Economic Review. 94 (2): 336341.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gibson, Edward. 1996. Class and Conservative Parties: Argentina in Comparative Perspective. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Gil-Diaz, Francisco and Carstens, Agustin. 1996. “One Year of Solitude: Some Pilgrim Tales About Mexico’s 1994–1995 Crisis.” American Economic Review. 2: 164169.Google Scholar
Gingerich, Daniel. 2013. “Can Institutions Cure Clientelism? Assessing the Impact of the Australian Ballot in Brazil.” Typescript. University of Virginia.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gingerich, Daniel W., and Medina, Luis Fernando. 2013. “The Endurance and Eclipse of the Controlled Vote: A Formal Model of Vote Brokerage under the Secret Ballot.” Economics & Politics. 25 (3): 453480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giraudy, A. 2007. “The Distributive Politics of Emergency Employment Programs in Argentina (1993–2002).” Latin American Research Review. 42 (2): 3355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giugale, Marcelo and Webb, Steven B. 2000. Achievements and Challenges of Fiscal Decentralization. Lessons from Mexico. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Giugale, Marcelo, Lafourcade, Olivier and Nguyen, Vinh H. 2001. Mexico. A Comprehensive Development Agenda for the New Era. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Golden, Miriam. 2003. “Electoral Connections: The Effects of the Personal Vote, on Political Patronage, Bureaucracy and Legislation in Post-War Italy.” British Journal of Political Science. 33 (April): 189212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golden, Miriam 2004. “International Economic Sources of Regime Change: How European Economic Integration Undermined Italy’s Postwar Party System.” Comparative Politics Studies. 37 (December): 12381274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golden, Miriam and Chang, Eric. 2001. “Competitive Corruption: Factional Conflict and Political Malfeasance in Postwar Italian Christian Democracy.” World Politics. 53 (July): 588622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golden, Miriam and Picci, Lucio. 2008. “Pork Barrel Politics in Postwar Italy, 1953–1994.” American Journal of Political Science. 52 (2): 268289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golden, Miriam, Chang, Eric and Hill, Seth. 2010. “Legislative Malfeasance and Political Accountability.” World Politics. 62 (2) 177220.Google Scholar
Gómez de León, José. 1988. “Análisis Multivariado de la Mortalidad Infantil en México: Un Ejemplo del Uso de Modelos Log-lineales para Estimar Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales,” in Bronfman, Mario and Gómez de León, José (eds.), La Mortalidad en México: Niveles, Tendencias y Determiantes. Mexico: El Colegio de México, pp. 333367.Google Scholar
Gómez, López Marcela and Pineda Antúnez, Sandra. 1999. El Reparto Municipal del Pronasol: Criterios de Asignación en Aguascalientes y Michoacán. BA Thesis, ITAM, Mexico.Google Scholar
Gordon, Linda. 2000. Pitied But Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare, 1890–1935. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Green, Kenneth. 2007. Why Dominant Parties Lose: Mexico’s Democratization in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Green, Kenneth and Lawson, Chappell. 2012. “Self-Enforcing Clientelism: The Politics of Reciprocity.” Typescript. Harvard University.Google Scholar
Green, Tina. 2005. “Do Social Transfer Programs Affect Voter Behavior? Evidence from Progresa in Mexico, 1997–2000.” Typescript. University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
Guasti, Laura. 1981. “Clientelism in Decline: A Peruvian Regional Study,” in Eisenstadt, S.N. and Lemarchand, René (eds.), Political Clientelism, Patronage and Development. Sage Studies in Contemporary Political Sociology, Vol. 3. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Guy, Donna J. 2001. Introduction to The Rise of the Welfare State in Latin America. The Americas. 58 (1) (July): 16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guy, Donna J. 2009. Women Build the Welfare State: Performing Charity and Creating Rights in Argentina, 1880–1955. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Habyarimana, James, Humphreys, Macarthan, Posner, Daniel and Weinstein, Jeremy. 2007. “Why Does Ethnic Diversity Undermine Public Goods Provision?American Political Science Review. 101 (4): 709725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Habyarimana, James, Humphreys, Macarthan, Posner, Daniel and Weinstein, Jeremy 2009. Coethnicity: Diversity and Dilemmas of Collective Action. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Haggard, Stephan and Kaufman, Robert. 1995. The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Haggard, Stephan and Kaufman, Robert 2008. Development, Democracy and Welfare States. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Hall, Robert and Jones, Charles. 1999. “Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?Quarterly Journal of Economics. 114 (1) (February): 83116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hansen, R.D. 1971. Mexican Economic Development: The Roots of Rapid Growth. Washington, DC: National Planning Association.Google Scholar
Hartmann, Michael. 1991. “A Parametric Model for Census Based Estimation of Child Mortality.” Journal of Official Statistics. Statistics Sweden. 7: 4555.Google ScholarPubMed
Harvard Initiative for Public Health. 2006. Mexico Health Metrics 2005 Report. Harvard University: Initiative for Global Health.Google Scholar
Hawkins, Kirk, Rosas, Guillermo and Johnson, Michael E. 2011. “The Misiones of the Chávez Government,” in Smilde, David and Venezuela, Daniel Hellinger, Bolivarian Democracy: Participation, Politics and Culture under Chavez. North Carolina: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heckman, James. 1996. “Randomization as an Instrumental Variable.” Review of Economics and Statistics. 77 (2): 336341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heckman, James and Navarro-Lozano, Salvador. 2004. “Using Matching, Instrumental Variables, and Control Functions to Estimate Economic Choice Models.” Review of Economics and Statistics. 86.1: 3057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hicken, Allen. 2007a. “How Do Rules and Institutions Encourage Vote Buying?” in Schaffer, Frederic (ed.), Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Hicken, Allen 2007b. “How Effective Are Institutional Reforms?” in Schaffer, Frederic (ed.), Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Hicken, Allen 2011. “Clientelism.” Annual Review of Political Science. 14: 289310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hill, Kenneth, Pande, Rohini, Mahy, Mary and Jones, Gareth. 1999. “Trends in Child Mortality in the Developing World: 1960 to 1996.” (KH-98.1)Google Scholar
Himmelfarb, Gertrude. 1997. Introduction to Alexis de Tocqueville’s Memoir on Pauperism. London: Civitas.Google Scholar
Hirschleifer, Jack and Riley, John. 1992. The Analytics of Uncertainty and Information. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hiskey, Jonathan. 2003. “Demand Based Development and Local Electoral Environments in Mexico.” Comparative Politics. 36 (1): 4160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hiskey, Jonathan and Bowler, Shaun. 2005. “Local Context and Democratization in Mexico.” American Journal of Political Science. 49 (1): 5771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hiskey, Jonathan and Canache, Damarys. 2005. “The Demise of One-Party Politics in Mexican Municipal Elections.” British Journal of Political Science. 35: 257284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hiskey, Jonathan Thomas. 1999. “Does Democracy Matter?: Electoral Competition and Local Development in Mexico.” PhD diss., JT Hiskey.Google Scholar
Ho, Daniel E., Imai, Kosuke, King, Gary and Stuart, Elizabeth A. 2007. “Matching as Nonparametric Preprocessing for Reducing Model Dependence in Parametric Causal Inference.” Political Analysis. 15: 199236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horiuchi, Yusaku and Saito, Jun. 2009. “Rain, Election, and Money: The Impact of Voter Turnout on Distributive Policy Outcomes.” Paper Presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Revised in 2009. Draft.Google Scholar
Hsieh, Chang-Tai, Miguel, Edward, Ortega, Daniel and Rodriguez, Francisco. 2011. “The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela’s Maisanta.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. 3 (2): 196–214.Google Scholar
Huber, Evelyn and Stephens, John. 2001. Development and Crisis of the Welfare State: Parties and Policies in Global Markets. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huber, John and Shipan, Charles. 2002. Deliberate Discretion: The Institutional Foundations of Bureaucratic Autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Von Humboldt, Alexander. 1811. Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain. Vol. 1. I. New York: Riley.Google Scholar
Hunter, Wendy. 2007. “The Normalization of an Anomaly: The Worker’s Party in Brazil. World Politics. 59 (3): 440475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, Wendy 2010. The Transformation of the Worker’s Party in Brazil, 1989–2009. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, Wendy and Power, J. Timothy. 2007. “Rewarding Lula: Executive Power, Social Policy, and the Brazilian Elections of 2006.” Latin American Politics and Society. 49 (1): 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, Wendy and Sugiyama, Natasha Borges. 2009. “Democracy and Social Policy: Advancing Basic Needs, Preserving Privileged Interests.” Latin American Politics and Society. 51 (2): 2958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Imai, Kosuke. 2005. “Do Get-Out-the-Vote Calls Reduce Turnout? The Importance of Statistical Methods for Field Experiments.” American Political Science Review. 99 (2): 283300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Imbens, Guido W. 2003. “Sensitivity to Exogeneity Assumptions in Program Evaluation.” The American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings. 96(2): 126132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Imbens, Guido W. 2010. “Better LATE Than Nothing: Some Comments on Deaton (2009) and Heckman and Urzua (2009).” Journal of Economic Literature. 48 (2): 399423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática). 1996. La Mortalidad Infantil en México, 1990. México: INEGI.Google Scholar
Hunter, Wendy 2000. La Mortalidad Infantil en México. México: INEGI.Google Scholar
Irwin, Douglas and Tervio, Marko. 2000. “Does Trade Raise Income? Evidence from the Twentieth Century.” NBER Working Paper 7745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Iversen, Torben. 2005. Capitalism, Democracy and Welfare. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jalan, J. and Ravallion, Martin. 2002. “Geographic Poverty Traps? A Micro Model of Consumption Growth in Rural China.” Journal of Applied Econometrics. 17 (4): 329346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kahl, Sigrun. 2005. “The Religious Roots of Modern Poverty Policy: Catholic, Lutheran, and Reformed Protestant Traditions Compared.” Archives Européennes de Sociologie (European Journal of Sociology). 46 (1): 91126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kahl, Sigrun 2009. “Religious Doctrines and Poor Relief: A Different Causal Path,” in Van Kersbergen, Kees and Manow, Philip (eds.), Religion, Class Coalitions and Welfare States. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kalyvas, Stathis N. 1996. The Rise of Christian Democracy in Europe. Cornell University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kasara, Kimuli. 2007. “Tax Me If You Can: Ethnic Geography, Democracy, and the Taxation of Agriculture in Africa.” American Political Science Review. 101 (1): 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katz, Jonathan and King, Gary. 1999. “A Statistical Model for Multiparty Electoral Data.” American Political Science Review. 93 (1): 1532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaufman, Robert and Segura-Ubiergo, Alex. 2001. “Globalization, Domestic Politics and Social Spending in Latin America: A Time Series Cross-Section Analysis, 1973–1977.” World Politics. 53 (July): 553587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaufman, Robert and Trejo, Guillermo. 1997. “Regionalism, Regime Transformation and PRONASOL: The Politics of the National Solidarity Programme in Four Mexican States.” Journal of Latin American Studies. 29: 717745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keefer, Phillip. 2007. “Democracy, Credibility and Policy Choices in Young Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science. 51 (4): 804821.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keefer, Philip and Vlaicu, Razvan. 2008. “Democracy, Credibility and Clientelism.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization. 24 (2): 371406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keefer, Philip, and Khemani, Stuti. 2014. “Mass Media and Public Education: The Effects of Access to Community Radio in Benin.” Journal of Development Economics. 109: 5772.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kelly, Morgan and O‘Grada, Cormac. 2010. The Poor Law of Old England: Institutional Innovation and Demographic Regimes. Journal of Interdisciplinary History. 41 (3) (Winter): 339366.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kennedy, Peter. 1998. A Guide to Econometrics. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Khemani, Stuti. 2004. “Political Cycles in a Developing Economy: Effect of Elections on the Indian States.” Journal of Development Economics. 73: 125154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khemani, Stuti 2007. “Party Politics and Fiscal Discipline a Federation: Evidence from the States in India.” Comparative Political Studies. 40 (6): 691712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khwaja, Asim. 2007. “Can Good Projects Succeed in Bad Communities?Journal of Public Economics. 93: 899916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, Gary. 1997. A Solution to the Ecological Inference Problem. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
King, Gary, Keohane, Robert and Verba, Sydney. 1994. Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, Gary, Tomz, Michael and Wittenberg, Jason. 2000. “Making the Most of Statistical Analyses: Improving Interpretation and Presentation.’’ American Journal of Political Science. 44 (2): 347361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kitschelt, Herbert. 2000. “Linkages between Citizens and Politicians in Democratic Politics.” Comparative Political Studies. 33 (6/7):845879.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kitschelt, Herbert 2011. “Clientelistic Linkage Strategies: A Descriptive Exploration.” Paper Prepared for the Workshop on Democratic Accountability Strategies, Duke University.Google Scholar
Kitschelt, Herbert, and Kselman, Daniel M.. 2013. “Economic Development, Democratic Experience, and Political Parties’ Linkage Strategies.” Comparative Political Studies. 46 (11): 14531484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kitschelt, Herbert and Wilkinson, Steven. 2007. Patrons, Clients and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klesner, Joseph. 1996. “Realineación of Desalineación? Consecuencias de la Crisis y la Reestructuración Economica para el Sistema Partidiario Mexicano,” in Lorena Cook, Maria, Middlebrook, Kevin and Molinar, Juan (eds.): Las dimensiones políticas de la reestructuración económica. México: Cal y Arena.Google Scholar
Klesner, Joseph 2000. “The 2000 Mexican Presidential and Congressional Elections: Pre-Election Report.” Center for Strategic and International Studies, Western Hemisphere Election Study Series, Vol. 18, Study 1. Washington, DC: CSIS.Google Scholar
Kohli, Atul (ed). 2001. The Success of India’s Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kudamatsu, Masayuki. 2012. “Has Democratization Reduced Infant Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa? Evidence from Micro Data.” Journal of the European Economic Association. 10 (6): 12941317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuran, Timur. 2001. “The Provision of Public Goods under Islamic Law: Origins, Contributions, and Limitations of the Waqf System.” Law and Society Review. 35 (4): 841897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kurtz, Marcus. 2004. Free Market Democracy and the Chilean and Mexican Countryside. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laakso, Markku and Taagepera, Rein. 1979. “Effective Number of Parties: A Measure with Application to West Europe.” Comparative Political Studies. 12: 327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lake, David and Baum, Matthew. 2001. “The Invisible Hand of Democracy: Political Control and the Provision of Public Services.” Comparative Political Studies. 34 (6): 587621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lande, Carl H., Schmidt, Steffen W., Guasti, Laura, Landé, Carl H., and Scott, J. 1977. Friends, Followers and Factions: A Reader in Political Clientelism. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Langston, Joy. 2001. “Why Rules Matter: Changes in Candidate Selection in Mexico’s PRI, 1988–2000.” Journal of Latin American Studies. 33: 485512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Langston, Joy 2011. “Governors and ‘Their’ Deputies: New Legislative Principals in Mexico.” Legislative Studies Quarterly. 35 (2): 235.Google Scholar
Larreguy, Horacio Alejandro. 2012. “The Monitoring Role of Clientelistic Networks: Evidence from Communal Lands in Mexico.” Typescript. Department of Economics, MIT.Google Scholar
Lemarchand, Rene. 1972. “Political Clientelism and Ethnicity in Tropical Africa: Competing Solidarities in Nation Building.” American Political Science Review. 66 (1): 6890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lemarchand, Rene and Legg, Keith. 1972. “Political Clientelism and Development: A Preliminary Analysis.” Comparative Politics. 4 (2): 149178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levitsky, Steven. 2003. Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levitsky, Steven, and Way, Lucan A.. 2010. “Why Democracy Needs a Level Playing Field.” Journal of Democracy. 21 (1): 5768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levitsky, Steven, and Murillo, Maria Victoria. 2008. “Argentina: From Kirchner to Kirchner.” Journal of Democracy. 19 (2): 1630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levitt, Steven and Snyder, James. 1995. “Political Parties and the Distribution of Federal Outlays.” American Journal of Political Science. 39 (4): 958980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levy, Daniel C. and Bruhn, Kathleen. 2001. Mexico: The Struggle for Democratic Development. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Levy, Santiago. 1991. “Poverty Alleviation in Mexico.” World Bank Policy, Research, and External Affairs Working Papers No. WPS 679. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Levy, Santiago 1994. “La Pobreza en México,” in Vélez, Félix (ed.), La Pobreza en México. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Levy, Santiago 1998. “Análisis Metodológico de la Distribución de los Recursos en el Ramo33,” in Comisión de Desarrollo Social Instrumentos de Distribución de los Recursos del Ramo 33. México: Cámara de Diputados.Google Scholar
Levy, Santiago 2006. Progress against Poverty: Sustaining Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades Program. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
Levy, Santiago 2010. Good Intentions, Bad Outcomes: Social Policy, Informality, and Economic Growth in Mexico. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
Levy, Santiago and Rodriguez, Evelyn. 2005. Sin Herencia de Pobreza. Mexico: Planeta.Google Scholar
Lindbeck, Assar and Weibull, Jorgen. 1987. “Balanced Budget Redistribution as the Outcome of Political Competition.” Public Choice. 52 (3): 273297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindberg, Staffan and Morrison, Minion. 2008. “Are African Voters Really Ethnic or Clientelistic? Survey Evidence from Ghana.” Political Science Quarterly, 123(1): 95–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindert, Peter H. 1998. “Poor Relief before the Welfare State: Britain versus the Continent, 1780–1880.” European Review of Economic Studies. 2: 101140.Google Scholar
Lindert, Peter H. 2004. Growing Public: Social Spending and Economic Growth Since the Eighteenth Century, Volume I: The Story. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lindert, Kathy, Skoufias, Emmanuel, and Shapiro, Joseph. 2006. “Redistributing Income to the Poor and the Rich: Public Transfers in Latin America and the Caribbean.” Social Safety Nets Primer Series.Google Scholar
Lizzeri, Alessandro and Persico, Nicola. 2001. “The Provision of Public Goods under Alternative Electoral Incentives.” American Economic Review. 91 (1): 225239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Londoño, Juan Luis and Székely, Miguel. 2000. “Persistent Poverty and Excess Inequality: Latin America, 1970–1995.” Journal of Applied Economics. 3 (1): 93134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Londregan, John. 2006. “Political Income Redistribution.” Chapter 5 in Weingast, Barry and Wittman, Donald. The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Londregan, John. 2007. Legislative Institutions and Ideology in Chile. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lopez-Cordova, Ernesto J. and Meissner, Christopher M. 2005. “The Globalization of Trade and Democracy, 1870–2000.” NBER Working Paper No. 11117, February.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Los Angeles Times. 1991. Poll 258, Mexico-Political and Economic Issues. (Collected by Belden-Rusonello September 11 to October 2, 1991).Google Scholar
Lozano, Rafael, Soliz, Patricia, Gakidou, Emmanuela, Abbott-Klafter, Jesse, Feehan, Dennis M., Vidal, Cecilia, Ortiz, Juan Pablo and Murray, Christopher J. L. 2006. “Benchmarking of Performance of Mexican States with Effective Coverage.” The Lancet. 368: 17291741.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lujambio, Alonso. 2000. El poder compartido: un ensayo sobre la democratización mexicana. Mexico City: Editorial Océano.Google Scholar
Lupu, Noam. 2013. “Party Brands and Partisanship: Theory with Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Argentina.” American Journal of Political Science. 57(1): 4964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lustig, Nora. 1994. “Solidarity as a Strategy of Poverty Alleviation,” in Cornelius, Wayne, Craig, Ann and Fox, Jonathan (eds.), Transforming State-Society Relations in Mexico: The National Solidarity Strategy. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD.Google Scholar
Lustig, Nora 1995. Coping with Austerity. Poverty and Inequality in Latin America. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
Madrid, Raul. 2012. The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magaloni, Beatriz. 2006. Voting for Autocracy: Hegemonic Party Survival and Its Demise in Mexico. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magaloni, Beatriz 2010. “The Game of Electoral Fraud and the Ousting of Authoritarian Rule.” American Journal of Political Science. 54 (3): 751765.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magaloni, Beatriz and Poiré, Alejandro. 2004. “Strategic Coordination in the Mexico 2000 Presidential Race,” in Dominguez, J.I., Lawson, C. (eds.), Mexico’s Pivotal Democratic Elections: Candidates, Voters and the Presidential Campaign of 2000. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Magaloni, Beatriz, Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto and Estévez, Federico. 2007. “Clientelism and Portfolio Diversification: A Model of Electoral Investment with Applications to Mexico,” in Kitschelt, Herbert and Wilkinson, Steven (eds.), Patrons, Clients and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Magar, Eric and Romero, Vidal. 2006. “Changing Patterns of Governance in Mexican States: What Do They Tell Us about Future Directions of National Politics? A report prepared for the World Bank.” Mexico, ITAM.Google Scholar
Mainwaring, Scott. 1999. Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Case of Brazil. Stanford: Stanford University PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mainwaring, Scott 2012. “From Representative Democracy to Participatory Competitive Authoritarianism: Hugo Chavez and Venezuelan Politics.” Perspectives on Politics. 10 (4): 955967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marcos, Subcomandante. 2001 [1994]. “Who Should Ask for Pardon and Who Can Grant It?” in Ponce de León, Juana (ed.), Our Word Is Our Weapon. Selected Writings. Subcomandante Insurgente Marcos. New York: Seven Stories Press.Google Scholar
Mares, Isabela. 2004. The Politics of Social Risk: Business and Welfare State Development. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Mares, Isabela and Carnes, Matthew E.. 2009. “Social Policy in Developing Countries.” Annual Review of Political Science. 12 (June): 93113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markowitz, Harry. 1952. “Portfolio Selection.” Journal of Finance. 7: 7791.Google Scholar
McCubbins, Mathew D., Noll, Roger G. and Weingast, Barry R. 1987. “Administrative Procedures as Instruments of Political Control.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. 3 (2): 243.Google Scholar
McGuire, James. 2010. Wealth, Health and Democracy in East Asia and Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGuire, James 2013. “Conditional Cash Transfers in Bolivia: Origins, Impact, Universality.” Paper Presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, April 3–6.Google Scholar
McMillan, John and Zoido, Pablo. 2004. “How to Subvert Democracy: Montesinos in Peru.” Journal of Economic Perspectives. 18 (4): 6992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mebane, Walter. 2013. “Election Forensics: The Meanings of Precinct Vote Counts’ Second Digits.” Typescript. University of Virginia.Google Scholar
Medellin, Rodrigo. 1974. “La Dinamica del Distanciamiento Economico y Social en Mexico,” in Wionczek, Miguel (ed.), La Sociedad Mexicana: Presente y Futuro. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Economica.Google Scholar
Medina, Luis Fernando and Stokes, Susan. 2006. “Monopoly and Monitoring: An Approach to Political Clientelism,” in Kitschelt, Herbert and Wilkinson, Steven (eds.), Patrons, Clients, and Policies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Meltzer, Allan and Richard, Scott F.. 1981. “A Rational Theory of the Size of Government.” The Journal of Political Economy. 89 (5): 914927.Google Scholar
Mesa-Lago, Carmelo. 1978. Social Security in Latin America: Pressure Groups, Stratification and Inequality. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mesa-Lago, Carmelo and Bertranou, Fabio. 1998. Manual de economía de la seguridad social en América Latina. Centro Latinoamericano de Economia Humana. Montevideo: Claeh.Google Scholar
Middlebrook, Kevin. 2004. Dilemmas of Political Change in Mexico. London: Institute of Latin American Studies.Google Scholar
Middlebrook, Kevin and Zepeda, Eduardo. 2003. Confronting Development: Assessing Mexico’s Economic and Social Policy Challenges. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Miguel, Edward. 2004. “Tribe or Nation? Nation Building and Public Goods in Kenya versus Tanzania.” World Politics. 56.03: 328362.Google Scholar
Miguel, Edward and Gugerty, Mary Kay. 2005. “Ethnic Diversity, Social Sanctions, and Public Goods in Kenya.” Journal of Public Economics. 89: 23252368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milesi-Ferreti, Gian-Maria, Perotti, Roberto and Rostagno, Massimo. 2002. “Electoral Systems and Public Spending.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 609657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, Grant. 2008. “Women’s Suffrage, Political Responsiveness, and Child Survival in American History.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 123 (3): 12871327.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Milner, Helen V. and Kubota, Keiko. 2005. “Why the Move to Free Trade? Democracy and Trade Policy in the Developing Countries.” International Organization. 59: 107143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mina Valdez, Alejandro. 1988. “La Medición Indirecta de la Mortalidad Infantil en los Primeros Años de Vida en México,” in Bronfman, Mario and Gómez de León, José (eds.), La Mortalidad en México: Niveles, Tendencias y Determiantes. Mexico: El Colegio de México, pp. 273306.Google Scholar
Moe, T.M. 1990. “The Politics of Structural Choice: Toward a Theory of Public Bureaucracy,” in Williamson, Oliver (ed.), Organization Theory: From Chester Barnard to the Present and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford Univesity Press, pp. 116153.Google Scholar
Mogollón, Olivia. 2002. “De la discreción a las fórmulas: mecanismos de distribución de recursos decentralizados para alivio a la pobreza.” Tesis de Maestría. Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México.Google Scholar
Molinar, Juan. 1991. El Tiempo de la Legitimidad. Elecciones, Democracia y Autoritarismo en México México: Cal y Arena.Google Scholar
Molinar, Juan and Weldon, Jeffrey. 1994. “Electoral Determiants and Consequences of National Solidarity,” in Cornelius, Wayne, Craig, Ann and Fox, Jonathan (eds.), Transforming State-Society Relations in Mexico: The National Solidarity Strategy La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD.Google Scholar
Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron de. 1914 [1752]. Nugent, Thomas. Trans. The Spirit of Laws. London: G. Bell & Sons, Ltd.Google Scholar
Moran, P.A.P. 1950. “Notes on Continuous Stochastic Phenomena.” Biometrika. 37: 1723.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Morgan, Jana. 2011. Bankrupt Representation and Party System Collapse. University Park: Pennsylvania State University PressGoogle Scholar
Morgenstern, Scott and Potthoff, Richard. 2005. “The Components of Elections: District Heterogeneity, District-Time Effects, and Volatility.” Electoral Studies. 24: 1740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mukherjee, C., White, H. and Wuyts, M. 1998. Econometrics and Data Analysis for Developing Countries. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Nahmad, Salomón, Carrasco, Tania, and Sarmiento, Sergio. 1999. “Acercamiento etnográfico y cultural sobre el impacto del programa Progresa en doce comunidades de seis estados de la República." Gómez J. y R. Loyola [comps.], Alivio a la pobreza: Análisis del programa de educación, salud y alimentación. México: Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología social.Google Scholar
Navia, Patricio and Zweifel, Thomas D. 2003. “Democracy, Dictatorship and Infant Mortality Revisted.” Journal of Democracy. 14 (3): 90103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nichter, Simeon. 2008. “Vote Buying or Turnout Buying? Machine Politics and the Secret Ballot.”American Political Science Review. 102 (February): 1528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nichter, Simeon 2009. “Declared Choice: Citizens’s Strategies and Dual Commitment.” Problems Paper Prepared for Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association in Toronto, Ontario, September 3–6.Google Scholar
Nichter, Simeon Charaka. 2010. “Politics and Poverty: Electoral Clientelism in Latin America.” University of California, Berkeley, Ph.D. Dissertation.Google Scholar
O’Gorman, Frank. 2001. “Patronage and the Reform of the State in England, 1700–1860,” in Piattoni, Simona (ed.), Clientelism, Interests, and Democratic Representation: The European Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 5476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olken, Benjamin. 2006. “Corruption and the Costs of Redistribution: Micro Evidence from Indonesia.” Journal of Public Economics. 90: 853870.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olken, Benjamin 2010. “Direct Democracy and Local Public Goods: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia.” American Political Science Review. 104 (02): 243267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olson, Mancur. 1993. “Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development.” American Political Science Review. 87.03: 567576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Neill, Kathleen. 2005. Decentralizing the State: Elections, Parties, and Local Power in the Andes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Openshaw, S. 1984. “The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem.” Concepts and Techniques in Modern Geography. 38: 41.Google Scholar
Oppenheimer, Andreas. 1996. Bordering on Chaos: Guerrillas, Stockbrokers, Politicians, and Mexico’s Road to Prosperity. Boston: Little, Brown & Company.Google Scholar
Ordóñez, Carlos. 1994. Política y pobreza: Análisis de los criterios de inversión del PRONASOL. BA thesis in Social Sciences, ITAM, Mexico City.Google Scholar
Ortiz Hernán, Sergio. 1994. Caminos y transportes en México: una aproximación socioeconómica: fines de la colonia y principios de la vida independiente. Mexico: FCE.Google Scholar
Ozbudun, Ergun. 1981. “Turkey: The Politics of Clientelism,” in Eisenstadt, S.N. and Lemarchand, René (eds.), Political Clientelism, Patronage and Development. Sage Studies in Contemporary Political Sociology. Vol. 3: Thousand Oaks. Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Palliccia, G.M. 1906. “The Relief of the Poor in Italy.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 28 (September): 113118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pande, Rohini. 2003. “Can Mandated Political Representation Increase Policy Influence for Disadvantaged Minorities? Theory and Evidence from India.” The American Economic Review. 93 (4): 11321151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paxson, Christina and Schady, Norbert. 2002. “The Allocation and Impact of Social Funds: Spending on School Infrastructure in Peru.” World Bank Economic Review. 16 (2): 297319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pérez-Liñal, Anibal. 2007. Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Persson, Torsten and Tabellini, Guido. 1999. “Alfred Marshall Lecture on The Size and Scope of Government: Comparative Politics with Rational Politicians.” European Economic Review. 43: 699735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Persson, Torsten and Tabellini, Guido 2003. The Economic Effects of Constitutions: What Do the Data Say? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Persson, Torsten, Roland, Gerard and Tabellini, Guido. 2000. “Comparative Politics and Public Finance.” Journal of Political Economy. 108 (61): 11211161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peza, Juan de D. 1881. La Beneficiencia en Mexico. Mexico: Imprenta de Francisco Diaz de Leon.Google Scholar
Piattoni, Simona. 2001. Clientelism, Interests and Democratic Representation Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piattoni, Simona 2005a. Il Clientelismo: L’Italia in Prosppetiva Comparata. Roma: Caroccio.Google Scholar
Piattoni, Simona 2005b. “Tipi di clientelismo.” Typescript.Google Scholar
Pierson, Paul (ed.). 2001. The New Politics of the Welfare State. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piven, Frances Fox and Cloward, Richard A. 1993. Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
Platteau, Jean-Paul. 2004. “Monitoring Elite Capture in Community-Driven Development.” Journal of Development Studies. 35 (2): 223246.Google Scholar
PNUD. 2003. Informe Sobre el Desarrollo Humano en México 2002. México: PNUD.Google Scholar
Piattoni, Simona 2007. “Informe sobre la Encuesta Nacional sobre la Protección de los Programas Sociales (ENAPP 2006).” Mexico.Google Scholar
Poiré, Alejandro. 2001. “Do Electoral Institutions Affect Party Discipline?, or: Nominations Rule! Comparative Evidence on the Impact of Nomination Procedures on Party Discipline.” ITAM Working Papers on Political Science No. WPPS2001-03.Google Scholar
Poiré, Alejandro and Estrada, Luis. 2007. “Taught to Protest, Learning to Lose.” Journal of Democracy. 18 (1): 7387.Google Scholar
Polo, Michele. 1998. “Electoral competition and Political Rents.” Typescript. Milan: IGIER and Bocconi University.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pontusson, Jonas. 2005. Inequality and Prosperity: Social Europe vs. Liberal America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Posner, Daniel. 2005. Institutions and Ethnic Politics in Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Posner, Daniel and Kramon, Eric. 2013. “Who Benefits from Distributive Politics? How the Outcome One Studies Affects the Answer One Gets.” Perspectives on Politics. 11 (2): 361474.Google Scholar
Pribble, Jennifer. 2011. “Worlds Apart: Social Policy Regimes in Latin America.” Studies in Comparative International Development. 46 (2) :191216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pritchett, Lant. 2005. “A Lecture on the Political Economy of Targeted Safety Nets.” World Bank Social Protection Discussion Paper Series No.0501. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Przeworski, Adam. 2004. “Democracy and Economic Development,” in Mansfield, Edward D. and Sisson, Richard (eds.), The Evolution of Political Knowledge. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.Google Scholar
Przeworski, Adam 2007. “Is the Science of Comparative Politics Possible?” in Boix, Carles and Stokes, Susan C. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Przeworski, Adam and Sprague, John. 1986. Paper Stones. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
Przeworski, Adam, Alvarez, Michael E., Cheibub, Jose Antonio and Limongi, Fernando. 2000. Democracy and Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Putnam, Robert. 1993. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Ravallion, Martin. 2001. “Growth, Inequality and Poverty: Looking beyond Averages.” World Development. 29 (11): 18031815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ravallion, Martin and Datt, Gaurav. 2002. “Why Has Economic Growth Been More Pro-Poor in Some States of India than Others?Journal of Development Economics. 68: 381400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ravaillon, Martin and Wodon, Quentin. 1998. “Evaluating a Targeted Social Program When Placement Is Decentralized.” Typescript. World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawlings, Laura B. and Rubio, Gloria. 2003. Evaluación del Impacto de los Programas de Transferencias Condicionadas en Efectivo. Cuadernos de Desarrollo Humano. 10. México: Secretaría de Desarrollo Social.Google Scholar
Rawlings, Laura B. and Schady, Norbert. 2002. Impact Evaluation of Social Funds. An Introduction.” World Bank Economic Review. 16 (2): 213217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawlings, Laura B., Sherburne-Benz, Lynne and Van Domelen, Julie. 2004. Evaluating Social Funds: A Cross-Country Analysis of Community Investments. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Reinikka, Ritva and Svensson, Jakob. 2004. “Local Capture: Evidence from a Central Government Transfer Program in Uganda.” Quarterly Journal of Economics. 119 (2): 679705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reinikka, Ritva, amd Svensson, Jakob. 2005. “Fighting Corruption to Improve Schooling: Evidence from a Newspaper Campaign in Uganda.” Journal of the European Economic Association. 3 (2–3): 259267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reveles, Jose. 2012. Las Historias Mas Negras de Narco Corrupcion e Impunidad de Mexico. Mexico: Random House Mondadori (De Bolsillo).Google Scholar
Rijpma, Auke. 2011. “Estimating and Explaining Public Service Provision by Religious Organizations in the Late-Medieval Low Countries.” Typescript.Google Scholar
Roberts, Robert E. 1973. “Modernization and Infant Mortality in Mexico.” Economic Development and Cultural Change. 21 (4): 655669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, James and Torvik, Ragnar. 2002. “White Elephants.” CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3459, July.Google Scholar
Robinson, James and Verdier, Thierry. 2002. “The Political Economy of Clientelism.” Paper Presented at the Conference The Political Economy of Clientelism, Stanford University, May.Google Scholar
Rocha Menocal, Alina. 2001. “Do Old Habits Die Hard? A Statistical Exploration of the Politisation of Progresa, Mexico’s Latest Federal Poverty-Alleviation Programme, Under the Zedillo Administration.” Journal of Latin American Studies. 33: 513538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rocha Menocal, Alina 2005. “Less Political and More Pro-Poor? The Evolution of Social Welfare Spending in Mexico in a Context of Democratisation and Decentralization.” Nord-Sud Aktuell. Special Edition: Fighting Poverty.Google Scholar
Rodríguez, Francisco and Rodrik, Dani. 2000. “Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic’s Guide to the Cross-National Evidence.” NBER Macroeconomics Annual. 15: 261338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodríguez, Victoria. 1997. Decentralization in Mexico. From Reforma Municipal to Solidaridad to Nuevo Federalismo. New York: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Rodríguez, Victoria and Ward, Peter (eds.). 1995. Opposition Government in Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
Rojas, Carlos. 1994a. El Programa Nacional de Solidaridad. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Rojas, Carlos 1994b. “Solidaridad,” in Warman, Arturo (ed.), La Política Social en México, 1989–1994. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Rosenbaum, P.R. and Rubin, D.B. 1983. “The Central Role of the Propensity Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects.” Biometrika. 70: 4155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ross, Michael. 2006. “Is Democracy Good for the Poor?American Journal of Political Science. 50 (4): 860874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roy, A.D. 1952. “Safety First and the Holding of Assets.” Econometrica. 20 (3): 431449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rozevitch, Simon and Avi, Weiss. 1993. “Beneficiaries from Federal Transfers to Muncipalities: The Case of Israel.” Public Choice.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rubin, D.B. 2006. Matched Sampling for Causal Effects. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sachs, Jeffrey. 2005. The End of Poverty. New York: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
Sachs, Jeffrey, Tornell, Aaron and Velasco, Andres. 1996. “The Mexican Peso Crisis: Sudden Death or Death Foretold?” Journal of international economics. 41 (3): 265283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos. 1982. Political Participation, Public Investment, and Support for the System: A Comparative Study of Rural Communities in Mexico. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
Salinas de Gortari, Carlos 2000. México: un paso difícil a la modernidad. Mexico: Plaza & Janés.Google Scholar
Samuels, David J. 2002. “Pork Barreling Is Not Credit Claiming or Advertising: Campaign Finance and the Sources of the Personal Vote in Brazil.” Journal of Politics. 64 (3): 845863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Samuels, David. 2006. “Sources of mass partisanship in Brazil.” Latin American Politics and Society. 48.2: 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schady, Norbert R. 2000. “The Political Economy of Expenditures by the Peruvian Social Fund (FONCODES), 1991–95.” American Political Science Review. 94 (2): 289304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schaffer, Frederic Charles. 2006. Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Schaffer, Frederic Charles and Schedler, Andreas. 2007. “What Is Vote Buying?” in Schaffer, Frederic (ed.), Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schedler, Andreas. 2002. “My Vote? Not for Sale: How Mexican Citizens View Electoral Clientelism.” Typescript. CIDE.Google Scholar
Scheiner, Ethan. 2005. “Pipelines of Pork: Japanese Politics and a Model of Local Opposition Party Failure.” Comparative Political Studies. 38 (7): 799823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott, James. 1972a. Comparative Political Corruption. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Scott, James 1972b. “Patron-Client politics and Political Change in Southeast Asia.” American Political Science Review. 66 (1): 91113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scott, John. 1998. “Ramo 33: descentralización y focalización,” in Cámara de Diputados (ed.), Instrumentos de Distribución de los Recursos del Ramo 33. Comisión de Desarrollo Social de la Cámara de Diputados, LVII Legislatura. Mexico: Cámara de Diputados.Google Scholar
Scott, John 2009. “Gasto Público y Desarrollo Humano en México: Análisis de Incidencia y Equidad.” Documento de Trabajo para el Informe de Desarrollo Humano de México 2010, PNUD México.Google Scholar
Seawright, Jason. 2012. Party System Collapse. Stanford: Stanford University PressGoogle Scholar
Secretaría de, Salud. 2006. La Mortalidad en México, 2000–2004 “Muertes Evitables: magnitud, distribución y tendencias.” México: Secretaría de Salud.Google Scholar
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. 1875. Poor Laws in Foreign Countries: Reports Communicated to the Local Government Board by Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. London: George Eyre and William Spottiswoode.Google Scholar
Seddon Wallack, J., Gaviria, A., Panizza, U. and Stein, E.. 2000. “Political Particularism Around the World.” Mimeo, IADB and Stanford UniversityCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sedesol (Secretaría de Desarrollo Social). 1994. Hechos en Solidaridad. CD-ROM.Google Scholar
Scott, John 2005. “Presentación sobre la medición del desarrollo 2000–2002,” in Székeli, Miguel (ed.), Números que mueven al mundo: la medición de la pobreza en México. Mexico: SEDESOL/CIDE/Anuies/M.A. Porrúa.Google Scholar
Scott, John 2006. “Comentarios al Estudio ‘Monitoreo de Programas Sociales en Contextos Electorales’ por lo que se refiere al Fondo de Aportaciones para la Infraestructura Social (FAIS).” Typescript. Sedesol.Google Scholar
Sen, Amartya. 1981. Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Sen, Amartya 1999. Development as Freedom. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
Sepúlveda, Jaime, Bustreo, F., Tapia, R., Rivera, J., Lozano, R., Oláiz, G., Partida, V., García-García, L. and Valdespino, J. 2006. “Improvement of Child Survival in Mexico: The Diagonal Approach.” The Lancet. 368 (9551): 20172027.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sharpe, W. 1964. “Capital Asset Prices: A Theory of Market Equilibrium under Conditions of Risk.” Journal of Finance. 19: 425442.Google Scholar
Shefter, Martin. 1994. Political Parties and the State: The American Historical Experience. Princeton: Princeton University PressGoogle Scholar
Skocpol, Theda. 1992. Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Belknap/Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skoufias, Emmanuel. 2001. “PROGRESA and Its Impacts on the Human Capital and Welfare of Households in Rural Mexico: A Synthesis of the Results and and Evaluation by IFPRI.” Washington, DC: IFPRI.Google Scholar
Skoufias, Emmanuel and McClafferty, Bonnie. 2001. Is Progresa Working? Summary of the Results of an Evaluation by IFPRI. Washington, DC: International Food Research Institute.Google Scholar
Skoufias, Emmanuel, Davis, B. and Behrman, Jere. 1999. Final Report: An Evaluation of the Selection of Beneficiary Households in the Education, Health and Nutrition Program (Progresa) in Mexico. Washington, DC: International Food Research Institute.Google Scholar
Smith, Peter H. 1979. Labyrinths of Power: Political Recruitment in 20th Century Mexico. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Snyder, James M. 1989. “Election Goals and the Allocation of Campaign Resources.” Econometrica. 57 (3): 637660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Soares, Fábio Veras, Ribas, Rafael Perez, and Osório, Rafael Guerreiro. 2010. “Evaluating the Impact of Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: Cash Transfer Programs in Comparative Perspective.” Latin American Research Review. 45 (2): 173190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stokes, Donald E. 1965. “A Variance Components Model of Political Effects.” Mathematical Applications in Political Science. 1.1: 6185.Google Scholar
Stasavage, David. 2005. “Democracy and Education Spending in Africa.” American Journal of Political Science. 49.2: 343358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stokes, Susan. 2001. Mandantes and Democracy: Neoliberalism by Surprise in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stokes, Susan 2005. “Perverse Accountability: A Formal Model of Machine Politics with Evidence from Argentina.” American Political Science Review. 99 (3): 315325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stokes, Susan 2007. “Political Clientelism,” in Boix, Carles and Stokes, Susan (eds.), Comparative Politics Handbook of Political Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Stokes, Susan and Cleary, Mathew. 2006. Democracy and the Culture of Skepticism: Political Trust in Argentina and Mexico. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust.Google Scholar
Stokes, Susan, Dunning, Thad, Nazareno, Marcelo and Brusco, Valeria. 2013. Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism: The Puzzle of Distributive Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stratmann, Thomas and Bauer, Martin. 2002. “Plurality Rule, Proportional Representation, and the German Bundestag: How Incentives to Pork-Barrel Differ Across Electoral Systems.” American Journal of Political Science. 46 (3): 506514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strömberg, David. 2001. Radio’s Impact on Public Spending. Stockholm: Institute for International Economic Studies.Google Scholar
Strömberg, David 2002. Optimal Campaigning in Presidential Elections: The Probability of Being Florida. Stockholm: Institute for International Economic Studies.Google Scholar
Szekeli, Miguel. 1998. The Economics of Poverty, Inequality and Wealth Accumulation in Mexico. New York: St. Martin’s Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Szekeli, Miguel 2005. Números que mueven al mundo: la medición de la pobreza en México. Mexico: SEDESOL/CIDE/Anuies/M.A. Porrúa.Google Scholar
Szwarcberg, Mariela. 2012. “Uncertainty, Political Clientelism, and Voter Turnout in Latin America: Why Parties Conduct Rallies in Argentina.” Comparative Politics. 45 (1): 88106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Takahashi, Yuriko. 2006. “Neoliberal Manipulation (or Politization) of Social Spending in Latin America: Evidence from Mexico.” Typescript. Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Tanck de Estrada, Dorothy. 2005. Atlas Ilustrado de los Pueblos de Indios: Nueva Espana, 1800. Mexico: El Colegio de Mexico.Google Scholar
Tarrow, Sidney. 2006. “Space and Comparative Politics.” APSA-CP Newsletter. 17 (1) (Winter): 14.Google Scholar
Tendler, Judith. 1997. Good Governance in the Tropics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Terry, Karl. 2000. “Economic Inequality and Democratic Instability.” Journal of Democracy. 11 (1) (January): 149156.Google Scholar
Tomz, Michael, Wittenberg, Jason and King, Gary. 2001. CLARIFY: Software for Interpreting and Presenting Statistical Results. Version 2.0. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University. http://gking.harvard.edu. Accessed June 1, 2001.Google Scholar
Trejo, Guillermo. 2009. “Religious Competition and Ethnic Mobilization in Latin America: Why the Catholic Church Promotes Indigenous Movements in Mexico.” American Political Science Review. 103 (3): 323342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trejo, Guillermo 2012. Popular Movements in Autocracies: Religion, Repression, and Indigenous Collective Action in Mexico. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trejo, Guillermo and Jones, Claudio. 1998. “Political Dilemmas of Welfare Reform: Poverty and Inequality in Mexico,” in Purcell, Kaufman, , Susan and Rubio, Luis (eds.), Mexico under Zedillo. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Tsai, Lilly. 2007. “Solidary Groups, Informal Accountability, and Local Public Goods Provision in Rural China.” American Political Science Review. 101 (2): 355372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tucker, Joshua. 2006. Regional Economic Voting: Russia, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic, 1990–1999. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tufte, Edward. 1978. The Political Control of the Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
UNDP. 2011. “Ejercicio Apreciación Sustantiva Mi Familia Progresa.” Guatemala: United Nations Development Programme.Google Scholar
UNICEF. 2004. “The State of the World’s Children 2004. Girls, Education and Development.” UNICEF, New York.Google Scholar
Scott, John 2007. “Monitoring the Situation of Women and Children.” www.childinfo.org/ Accessed July 9, 2007.Google Scholar
United Nations. 1983. Manual X: Indirect Techniques for Demographic Estimation. ST/ESA/SER.A/81. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
Valencia Lomeli, Enrique. 2008. “Conditional Cash Transfers as Social Policy in Latin America: An Assessment of Their Contributions and Limitations.” Annual Review of Sociology. 34: 475499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van de Walle, Dominique and Nead, Kimberly (eds.). 1995. Public Spending and the Poor: Theory and Evidence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Van Kersbergen, Kees and Manow, Philip (eds.). 2009. Religion, Class Coalitions and Welfare States. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Leewen, Marco H.D. 1994. “Logic of Charity: Poor Relief in Preindustrial Europe.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History. 24.4 (Spring): 589613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Leewen, Marco H.D.. 2009. 2009. “‘Giving in the Golden Age’ Presentation of a New Research Project.” Paper for the Fourth Flemish-Dutch Conference on the Economic and Social History of the Low Countries before 1850, Leiden, January 29–30.Google Scholar
Vilalta y Perdomo, Carlos Javier. 2006. “El Mecanismo Causal del Voto de Oposicion a una Obra Vial: Una Exploracion Espacial y Sociologica.” EGAP Working Paper No. 2006–11. Mexico: Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México.Google Scholar
Villamil, Antonio. 1877. Memoria histórica del Nacional Monte de Piedad. Mexico: I. Escalante.Google Scholar
Villareal, Andres. 2002. “Political Competition and Violence in Mexico: Hierarchical Social Control in Local Patronage Structures.” American Sociological Review. 67 (4) (August): 477498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Villareal, Andres 2004. “The Social Ecology of Rural Violence: Land Scarcity, the Organization of Agricultural Production, and the Presence of the State.” American Journal of Sociology. 110 (2) (September): 313348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wallis, John Joseph. 1984. “The Birth of the Old Federalism: Financing the New Deal.” Journal of Economic History. 44: 139159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wallis, John Joseph 1987. Employment, Politics and Economic Recovery during the Great Depression.” The Review of Econmics and Statistics. 59: 516520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wallis, John Joseph 1998. “The Political Economy of New Deal Spending Revisited, Again: With and without Nevada.” Explorations in Economic History. 35: 140170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walsh-Sanderson, Susan 1984. Land Reform in Mexico: 1910–1980. Orlando: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Wantchekon, Leonard. 2004. “Clientelism and Voting Behavior: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Benin.” World Politics. 55 (3): 399422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ward, Hugh and John, Peter. 1999. “Targeting Benefits for Electoral Gain: Constituency Marginality and the Distribution of Grants to English Local Authorities.” Political Studies. 47 (1): 3252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ward, Peter. 1986. Políticas Sociales de Bienestar Social en México, 1970–1989. México: Nueva Imagen.Google Scholar
Ward, Peter M. and Rodriguez, Victoria E. 1999. “New Federalism and State Government in Mexico: Bringing the States Back In.” A.S.-Mexican Policy Report No. 9. University of Texas at Austin.Google Scholar
Warner, Carolyn. 2001. “Mass Parties and Clientelism in France and Italy,” in Piattoni, Simona (ed.), Clientelism, Interests and Democratic Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Weingast, Barry R. 1995. “The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market Preserving Federalism and Economic Development.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization. 11 (1): 131.Google Scholar
Weingast, Barry R., Shepsle, Kenneth A. and Johnsen, Christopher. 1981. “The Political Economy of Benefits and Costs: A Neoclassical Approach to Distributive Politics.” Journal of Political Economy. 89 (4): 642664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weinstein, Jeremy. 2006. Inside Rebellion: The Political Economy of Rebel Organization Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weitz-Shapiro, Rebecca. 2012. “What Wins Votes: Why Some Politicians Opt Out of Clientelism.” American Journal of Political Science. 56 (3): 568583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trejo, Guillermo 2014. Curbing Clientelism in Argentina: Politics, Poverty, and Social Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Werner, Alejandro. 1995. “The Currency Risk Premium in Mexico: A Closer Look at Interest Rate Differentials.” Unpublished manuscript. International Monetary Fund.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weyland, Kurt. 2004. The Politics of Market Reform in Fragile Democracies: Argentina, Brazil, Peru and Venezuela. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Weyland, Kurt, Madrid, Raul and Hunter, Wendy. 2010. Leftist Governments in Latin America: Successes and Shortcomings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilkie, James. 1978. La Revolución Mexicana (1910–1976): Gasto Federal y Cambio Social. Mexico, DF: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Wilkinson, Steven. 2004. Votes and Violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wise, Paul. 2003. “The Anatomy of a Disparity in Infant Mortality.” Annual Review of Public Health. 24: 341362.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wodon, Quentin. 1999. “Government Programs and Poverty in Mexico.” Report No. 19214-ME. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Wodon, Quentin 2001. “Government Programs and Poverty,” in Giugale, Marcelo, Lafourcade, Olivier and Nguyen, Vinh (eds.), Mexico. A Comprehensive Development Agenda for the New Era. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Wood, Elisabeth. 2000. Forging Democracy from Below. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
World Bank. 2004a. World Development Report 2005: A Better Investment Climate for Everyone. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Wodon, Quentin 2004b.World Development Report: Making Public Services Work for the Poor. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Wodon, Quentin 2005. Poverty in Mexico: An Assessment of Conditions, Trends and Government Strategy. Mexico: World Bank.Google Scholar
Wodon, Quentin 2007. World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Wright, Gavin. 1974. “The Political Economy of New Deal Spending: An Econometric Analysis.” The Review of Economics and Statistics. 56 (1): 3038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yamada, Gustavo and Castro, Juan Francisco. 2007. “Poverty, and Social Polices in Peru.” Universidad del Pacifico, Documento de Discusion DD/07/06Google Scholar
Young, L. 1994. “Paupers, Property, and Place: A Geographical Analysis of the English, Irish, and Scottish Poor Laws in the Mid-l9th Century.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 12 (3): 325340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zarazaga, Rodrigo. 2011. “Vote-Buying and Asymmetric Information: A Model with Applications to Argentina.” APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper.Google Scholar
Zhurakvskaya, Ekaterina V. 2000. “Incentives to Provide Local Public Goods: Fiscal Federalism, Russian Style.” Journal of Public Economics. 76 (3) (June): 337376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zucco, Cesar. 2010. “Poor Voters vs. Poor Places: Persisting Patterns and Changes in Brazilian Electoral Patterns.” Typescript. Yale Program on Democracy.Google Scholar
Zucco, Cesar 2013. “When Payouts Pay Off: Conditional Cash Transfers and Voting Behavior in Brazil 2002–10.” American Journal of Political Science. 57 (4): 810822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zweifel, Thomas D. and Navia, Patricio. 2000. “Democracy, Dictatorship, and Infant Mortality.” Journal of Democracy. 11 (2): 99119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar