Introduction to Part III
Part III contains four chapters, all looking at features of the way fields operate. Here, we subordinate particular considerations of habitus and field to aspects of their interrelationships and workings. Field operations are often played out in terms of social class, and Chapter 5 considers what we mean by this term and how Bourdieu employed it. For example, fields such as education, culture and politics are often transversed with strata characterized by their participants' social origins. Here, issues of status and power are at stake, as well as cultural and economic standing. Groups often form in ways representative of their social derivation, and Bourdieu's field theory suggests how this comes about. However, fields also need a medium for operating, and Chapter 6 on capital discusses their “currency”; in other words, the means by which field participants position themselves and effect change. This chapter considers capital in its various forms: symbolic, economic, cultural and social. However, fields are never “value-free” and homogeneous. Chapter 7 on doxa discusses how orthodox values, practices and beliefs typify both field and habitus, and how the configuration of such aspects makes up the unique typography of particular fields. Here, a number of fields are considered as exemplars, including the scientific or academic fields themselves. The implications of doxa for them are drawn out. Finally, we address the issue of change within fields and its impact on those operating in them.