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8 - The Permo-Triassic boundary in the Southern Alps (Italy) and in adjacent Periadratic regions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 October 2009

Walter C. Sweet
Affiliation:
Ohio State University
Yang Zunyi
Affiliation:
China University of Geosciences, Wukan
J. M. Dickins
Affiliation:
Bureau of Mineral Resources, Canberra
Yin Hongfu
Affiliation:
China University of Geosciences, Wukan
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Summary

Introduction

The purpose of this report is to illustrate the characters of the Permo-Triassic boundary in the Southern Alps. This was also the object of an international meeting in July, 1986, which was arranged cooperatively by the Geological Society of Italy and the leadership of IGCP Project 203. Most of the opinions expressed and conclusions reached at that meeting have been published (Cassinis, 1988). We have undertaken a further revision, however, in view of later reflections and subsequent data.

In the following report, the senior author considers the primarily marine deposits between the Adige Valley and Carnia, and compares them with deposits in adjacent Yugoslavia, whereas the junior author reviews Permian continental sequences of the South-Alpine region, mainly west of the sector discussed by Broglio Loriga, and considers their contact with overlying units.

The marine Upper Permian and the Permo-Triassic boundary

Eastern Southern Alps

The Middle(?) and Upper Permian of the Dolomites and Carnia consists of two lithostratigraphic units, the Val Gardena Sandstone and the Bellerophon Formation, which taken together may be regarded as a composite transgressive sequence. The Val Gardena Sandstone consists mainly of terrigenous clastics, in part typical red beds, which were deposited in a semi-arid setting. The Bellerophon Formation is composed mostly of chemical sediments (carbonates and sulphates) and its facies associations suggest a wide spectrum of depositional environments, ranging from a coastal sabkha to shallow-shelf settings. The Bellerophon Formation wedges out westward and disappears west of the Adige Valley by gradation into continental deposits (Figs 8.1, 8.2).

Type
Chapter
Information
Permo-Triassic Events in the Eastern Tethys
Stratigraphy Classification and Relations with the Western Tethys
, pp. 78 - 97
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 1992

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