Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-9q27g Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-18T01:08:07.289Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

References

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2016

Aletta Bonn
Affiliation:
German Centre für Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Tim Allott
Affiliation:
University of Manchester
Martin Evans
Affiliation:
University of Manchester
Hans Joosten
Affiliation:
Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology
Rob Stoneman
Affiliation:
Yorkshire Wildlife Trust
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Peatland Restoration and Ecosystem Services
Science, Policy and Practice
, pp. 418 - 483
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2016

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Aapala, K., Sallantaus, T. and Haapalehto, T. (2008) Ecological restoration of drained peatlands. In Finland – Fenland, ed. Korhonen, R., Korpela, L. and Sarkkola, S.. Helsinki: Finnish Peatland Society and Maahenki, pp. 243–249.Google Scholar
Abel, S., Couwenberg, J., Dahms, T. and Joosten, H. (2013) The Database of Potential Paludiculture Plants (DPPP) and results for Western Pomerania. Plant Diversity and Evolution, 130, 219–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abraham, K.F. and Keddy, C.J. (2005) The Hudson Bay Lowland. In The World's Largest Wetlands: Ecology and Conservation, ed. Fraser, L.H. and Keddy, P.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 118–148.Google Scholar
Abson, D.J. and Termansen, M. (2011) Valuing ecosystem services in terms of ecological risks and returns. Conservation Biology, 25, 250–258.Google ScholarPubMed
Acreman, M.C., Blake, J.R., Booker, D.J.et al. (2009) A simple framework for evaluating regional wetland ecohydrological response to climate change with case studies from Great Britain. Ecohydrology, 2, 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Acreman, M.C., Harding, R.J., Lloyd, C.et al. (2011) Trade-off in ecosystem services of the Somerset Levels and Moors wetlands. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56, 1543–1565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adams, W.M. (2009) Editorial introduction to volume 1: The idea of Conservation. InConservation, Volume I, ed. Adams, W.M.. London: Earthscan, pp. 1–16.Google Scholar
Adamson, J.K., and Kahl, J. (2003) Changes in Vegetation at Moorhouse within Sheep Exclosure Plots Established between 1953 and 1972. Merlewood, UK: CEH.Google Scholar
ADB (1999) Planning for the Fire Prevention and Drought Management. Asian Development Bank TA 2999-INO. Jakarta: ADB and BAPPENAS (National Development Planning Agency).
Adinugroho, W.C., Suryadiputra, I.N.N., Saharjo, B.S. and Siboro, L. (2005) Manual for the Control of Fire in Peatlands and Peatland Forest. The Climate Change, Forest and Peatlands in Indonesia Project. Bogor, Indonesia: Wetlands International – Indonesia Programme and Wildlife Habitat Canada.Google Scholar
Aditama, T.Y. (2000) Impact of haze from forest fire to respiratory health: Indonesian experience. Respirology, 5, 169–174.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aerts, R. and de Caluwe, H. (1994) Nitrogen use efficiency of Carex species in relation to nitrogen supply. Ecology, 75, 2362–2372.Google Scholar
Aldenfelder, M. and Zhang, Y. (2004) The prehistory of the Tibetan Plateau to the seventh century A.D. perspectives and research from China and the West since 1950. Journal of World Prehistory, 18, 1–55.Google Scholar
Aldrian, E. and Susanto, R.D. (2003) Identification of three dominant rainfall regions within Indonesia and their relationship to sea surface temperature. International Journal of Climatology, 23, 1435–1452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alexander, P.D., Bragg, N.C., Meade, R., Padelopoulos, G. and Watts, O. (2008) Peat in horticulture and conservation: the UK response to a changing world. Mires and Peat, 3, Art. 8, 1–10.Google Scholar
Alexandrov, G.A. (1988) A spatially distributed model of raised bog relief. In Wetland Modelling, ed. Mitsch, W.J., Straškraba, M. and Jorgensen, S.E.. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 41–53.Google Scholar
Allott, T.E.H., Evans, M.G., Lindsay, J.B.et al. (2009) Water tables in Peak District blanket peatlands. Moors for the Future Report No. 17. Edale, UK: Moors the Future Partnership.Google Scholar
Alm, J., Schulman, L., Silvola, J.et al. (1999) Carbon balance of a boreal bog during a year with an exceptionally dry summer. Ecology, 80, 161–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alm, J., Shurpali, N.J., Minkkinen, K.et al. (2007) Emission factors and their uncertainty for the exchange of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finnish managed peatlands. Boreal Environment Research, 12, 191–209.Google Scholar
Andersen, R., Grasset, L., Thormann, M.N., Rochefort, L. and Francez, A.-J. (2010) Changes in microbial community structure and function following Sphagnum peatland restoration. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 291–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andersen, R., Rochefort, L. and Poulin, M. (2010) Peat, water and plant tissue chemistry monitoring: a seven-year case-study in a restored peatland. Wetlands, 30, 159–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andersen, R., Rochefort, L. and Landry, J. (2011) La chimie des tourbières du Québec; une synthèse de 30 années de données. Le Naturaliste Canadien, 135, 5–14.Google Scholar
Anderson, A.R., Pyatt, D.G. and White, I.M.S. (1995) Impacts of conifer plantations on blanket bogs and prospects of restoration. In Restoration of Temperate Wetlands, ed. Wheeler, B.D., Shaw, S.C., Fojt, W.J. and Robertson, R.A.. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 533–548.Google Scholar
Anderson, J.A.R. (1963) The flora of the peat swamp forests of Sarawak and Brunei, including a catalogue of all recorded species of flowering plants, ferns and fern allies. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 20, 131–228.Google Scholar
Anderson, J.A.R. (1983) The tropical peat swamps of western Malesia. In Mires: Swamps, Bogs, Fen and Moor. Ecosystems of the World, 4B, ed. Gore, A.J.P.. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 181–199.Google Scholar
Anderson, P., Buckler, M. and Walker, J. (2009) Moorland restoration: potential and progress. In Drivers of Change in Environmental Upland, ed. Bonn, A., Allott, T., Hubacek, K., and Stewart, J.. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 432–447.Google Scholar
Anderson, R. (2001) Deforesting and restoring peat bogs: a review. Forestry Commission Technical Paper 32. Edinburgh, UK: Forestry Commission.Google Scholar
Anderson, R. (2010) Restoring afforested peat bogs: results of current research. Forestry Commission Research Note FCRN006. Edinburgh, UK: Forestry Commission.Google Scholar
Andersson, J.R. (1961) The Ecology and Forest Types of the Peat Swamp Forests of Sarawak and Brunei in Relation to their Silviculture. Kuching, Sarawak: Forest Department.Google Scholar
Anielski, M. and Wilson, S. (2001) The Alberta GPI Environmental Accounts. Pembina: Institute for Appropriate Development.Google Scholar
Ardron, P. (1999) Peat cutting in upland Britain with special reference to the Peak District: its impact on landscape, archaeology and ecology. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, UK.
Armstrong, A., Holden, J., Kay, P.et al. (2010) The impact of peatland drain blocking on organic carbon loss and discoloration of water; results from a national survey. Journal of Hydrology, 381, 112–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Armstrong, A., Holden, J., Luxton, K. and Quinton, J.N. (2012) Multi-scale relationship between peatland vegetation type and dissolved organic carbon concentration. Ecological Engineering, 47, 182–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Armstrong, J., Jones, R.E. and Armstrong, W. (2006) Rhizome phyllosphere oxygenation in Phragmites and other species in relation to redox potential, convective gas flow, submergence and aeration pathways. New Phytologist, 172, 719–731.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Armstrong, K. (2010) Archaeological geophysical prospection in peatland environments. PhD thesis. Bournemouth University, UK.
Aronson, J., Blignaut, J.N., Milton, S.J.et al. (2010) Are socioeconomic benefits of restoration adequately quantified? A meta-analysis of recent papers (2000–2008) in Restoration Ecology and 12 other scientific journals. Restoration Ecology, 18, 143–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arts, K., Fischer, A. and Van der Wal, R. (2011) The promise of wilderness between paradise and hell: a cultural-historical exploration of a Dutch national park. Landscape Research, 37, 239–256.Google Scholar
ASEAN (2006) ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat.
ASEAN Secretariat and Global Environment Centre (2011) Peatlands in Southeast Asia: A Profile. ASEAN Peatland Forests Project. Rehabilitation and Sustainable Use of Peatland Forests in Southeast Asia. http://www.aseanpeat.net/index.cfm?andmenuid=38 (accessed 12 Feb 2015).
Augustin, J. and Chojnicki, B. (2008) Austausch von klimarelevanten Spurengasen, Klimawirkung und Kohlenstoffdynamik in den ersten Jahren nach der Wiedervernässung von degradiertem Niedermoorgrünland.Phosphor- und Kohlenstoff-Dynamik und Vegetationsentwicklung in wiedervernässten Mooren des Peenetals in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern – Status, Steuergrößen und Handlungsmöglichkeiten, ed. Gelbrecht, J., Zak, D. and Augustin, J.. Berichte des IGB Heft 26. Berlin: IGB, pp. 50–67.Google Scholar
Azmi, M., Cullen, R., Bigsby, H. and Awang Noor, A. (2009) The existence value of peat swamp forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Paper presented at New Zealand Agriculture and Resource Economics Society Conference, 27–28 August 2009, Tahuna Beach Resort, Nelson, New Zealand.
Baden, W. and Eggelsmann, R. (1963) Zur Durchlässigkeit von Moorböden. Zeitschrift für Kulturtechnik Flurbereinigung, 4, 226–254.Google Scholar
Baden, W. and Egglesmann, R. (1970) Hydrological budget of high bogs in the Atlantic region. Proceedings of the 3rd International Peat Congress 1968, Québec, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources Ottawa, pp. 260–311.
Baginski, V.F. (ed.) (2007) Integrated Productivity of Forest Land. Gomel, Belarus:Forest Research Institute National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. [In Russian]Google Scholar
Bai, J., Ouyang, H., Cui, B., Wang, Q. and Chen, H. (2008) Changes in landscape pattern of alpine wetlands on the Zoige Plateau in the past four decades. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 28, 2245–2252.Google Scholar
Bai, J., Lu, Q., Zhao, Q., Wang, J. and Ouyang, H. (2013) Effects of alpine wetland landscapes on regional climate on the Zoige Plateau of China. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, Article ID 972430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bailey, J.F., Healy, B, Jianlin, H.et al. (2002) Genetic variation of mitochondrial DNA within domestic yak populations.Yak Productions in Central Asian highlands. Proceedings of the Third International congress on Yak in Nairobi, Kenya, ed. Jianlin, H., Richard, C., Hannotte, O., McVeigh, C. and Rege, J.E.O.. Nairobi:International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), pp. 181–189.Google Scholar
Bain, C. (1997) Legislative approach for bogs: does the British approach work?Conserving Peatlands, ed. Parkyn, L., Stoneman, R. and Ingram, H.A.P..Wallingford, UK: CAB International, pp. 343–347.Google Scholar
Bain, C., Bonn, A., Stoneman, R.et al. (2011) IUCN UK Commission of Inquiry on Peatlands.Edinburgh, UK: IUCN UK Peatland Programme.Google Scholar
Baird, A. J., Beckwith, C.W. and Heathwaite, A.L. (1998) Water managment in undamaged blanket peats. InBlanket Mire Degradation: Causes, Consequences and Challenges, ed. Tallis, J.H., Meade, R. and Hulme, P.. Aberdeen: British Ecological Society, pp. 128–139.Google Scholar
Baird, A.J., Belyea, L.R., Comas, X., Reeve, A.S. and Slate, L.D. (2009) Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands. Washington, DC:American Geophysical Union.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bal, M.-C., Pelachs, A., Perez-Obiol, R. and Cunill, R. (2011) Fire history and human activities during the last 3300 cal year BP in Spain's central Pyrenees: the case of the Estany de Burg. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 300, 179–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ball, P. (2000) H2O. A Biography of Water. London:Orion.Google Scholar
Ballard, C., McIntyre, N., Wheater, H., Holden, J. and Wallage, Z. (2011) Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland. Journal of Hydrology, 407, 81–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ballhorn, U., Siegert, F., Mason, M. and Limin, S. (2009) Derivation of burn scar depths and estimation of carbon emissions with LIDAR in Indonesian peatlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 21213–21218.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Balshi, M.S., McGuire, A.D., Duffy, P., Flannigan, M., Kicklighter, D.W. and Melillo, J. (2009) Vulnerability of carbon storage in North American boreal forests to wildfires during the 21st century. Global Change Biology, 15, 1491–1510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
BAPPENAS – Government of Indonesia (2009) Reducing carbon emissions from Indonesia's peatlands – Interim Report of a Multi-Disciplinary Study. Jakarta:BAPPENAS.
Barber, K.E. (1981) Peat Stratigraphy and Climatic Change. Rotterdam, The Netherlands:Balkema.Google Scholar
Barber, K.E. (1993) Peatlands as scientific archives of past biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 2, 474–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barr, C. and Cossalter, C. (2005) Pulp and plantation development in Indonesia. An overview of issues and trends. Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Seminar for EC Asia Pro Eco Project, Brussels, December, 2005. http://www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/research/governance/foresttrade/Brussels/Attachment46-Barr-Cossalter-BrusselsWshop051205-1535-1615.pdf
Barriopedro, D., Fischer, E.M., Luterbacher, J., Trigo, R.M. and García-Herrera, R. (2011) The hot summer of 2010: redrawing the temperature record map of Europe. Science, 332, 220–224.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bartoszuk, H. and Kotowski, W. (2009) The large high value wetlands of the Biebrza Valley, Poland.Grasslands of Europe of High Nature Value, ed. Veen, P., Jefferson, R., Smidt, J. de, Straaten, J. v. d.. Zeist, The Netherlands:KNNV Publishing, pp. 84–93.Google Scholar
Bay, R.R. (1968) The hydrology of several peat deposits in Northern Minnesota, U.S.A. Proceedings of the 3rd International Peat Conference, Québec, Canada, 18–23 August, 212–218.Google Scholar
Behnke, R. (2008) The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia. Dordrecht, The Netherlands:Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beilman, D.W., MacDonald, G.M., Smith, L.C. and Reimer, P.J. (2009) Carbon accumulation in peatlands of West Siberia over the last 2000 years. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bellamy, D.J. (1972) Templates of peat formation. Proceedings 4th International Peat Congress Helsinki, 1, 7–18.Google Scholar
Belyea, L.R. (2004) Beyond ecological filters: feedback networks in the assembly and restoration of community structure. In Assembly rules and Restoration Ecology, ed. Temperton, V.M., Hobbs, R.J., Nuttle, T., Fattorini, M. and Halle, S.. Washington, DC:Island Press, pp. 115–131.Google Scholar
Belyea, L.R. and Clymo, R.S. (2001) Feedback control of the rate of peat formation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 268, 1315–1321.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Belyea, L.R. and Malmer, N. (2004) Carbon sequestration in peatland: patterns and mechanisms of response to climate change. Global Change Biology, 10, 1043–1052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bennett, J.W. (1988) The political ecology and economic development of migratory pastoralist societies in Eastern Africa. InPower and Poverty: Development Projects in the Third World (Westview Special Studies in Social, Political, and Economic Development), ed. Attwood, D.W., Bruneau, T.C. and Galaty, J.G.Boulder, CO:Westview Press, pp. 31–60.Google Scholar
Berendse, F., van Breeman, N., Rydin, H.et al. (2001) Raised atmospheric CO2 levels and increased N deposition cause shifts in plant species composition and production in Sphagnum bogs. Global Change Biology, 7, 591–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berridge, V. and Edwards, G. (1981) Opium and the People: Opiate Use in Nineteenth-Century England. London:St Martin's Press.Google Scholar
Bevan, B. (2009) Moors from the past. In Drivers of Change in Upland Environments, ed. Bonn, A., Allott, T., Hubacek, K., and Stewar, J.t. London and New York:Routledge, pp. 261–276.Google Scholar
Biancalani, R. and Avagyan, A. (2014) Towards Climate-responsible Peatlands Management. Rome:Food and Agiculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).Google Scholar
Bieling, C. (2014) Cultural ecosystem services as revealed through short stories from residents of the Swabian Alb (Germany). Ecosystem Services, 8, 207–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Billett, M.F., Palmer, S.M., Hope, Det al. (2004) Linking land–atmosphere–stream carbon fluxes in a lowland peatland system. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 18, GB1024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Billett, M.F., Charman, D.J., Clark, J.M.et al. (2010) Carbon balance of UK peatlands: current state of knowledge and future research challenges. Climate Research, 45, 13–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bindoff, N.L., Willebrand, J., Artale, V.et al. (2007) Observations: oceanic climate change and sea level. InClimate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M.et al.Cambridge, UK and NewYork, USA: Cambridge University Press, pp. 385–432.Google Scholar
Birkinshaw, S.J., Bathurst, J.C. and Robinson, M. (2014) 45 years of non-stationary hydrology over a forest plantation growth cycle, Coalburn catchment, Northern England. Journal of Hydrology, 519, 559–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Björk, S. (1993) The Hongyuan Wetland Research Project. An Ecological and Technical Feasibility Study of Peat Mining in Hongyuan, Sichuan, China. Lund, Sweden:Bloms Boktryckeri AB.Google Scholar
Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A and Mauquoy, D. 2010. Peatlands as a model system for exploring and reconciling Quaternary chronologies. PAGES, 16, 9–10.Google Scholar
Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., Mauquoy, D., van der Plicht, J. and Bennett, K.D. 2007. Testing the timing of proxy radiocarbon dated events between proxy archives. The Holocene, 17, 283–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Black, S.E. and Backman, M.V. (1990) Bunhill Fields: The Great Dissenters’ Burial Ground. Provo, UT:Brigham Young University.Google Scholar
Blackbourn, D. (2011) The Conquest of Nature: Water, Landscape, and the Making of Modern Germany. London: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
Blackford, J.J., Innes, J.B., Hatton, J.J. and Caseldine, C.J. (2006) Mid-Holocene environmental change at Black Ridge Brook, Dartmoor, SW England: a new appraisal based on fungal spore analysis. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 141, 189–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blain, D., Murdiyarso, D., Couwenberg, J.et al. (2014) Rewetted organic soils. In 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, ed. Hiraishi, T., Krug, T., Tanabe, K.et al.Geneva:IPCC, Chapter 3.Google Scholar
Blicher-Mathiesen, U. (1994) Borneo Illipe, a fat product from different Shorea spp. (Dipterocarpaceae). Economic Botany, 48, 231–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. and Ulrichs, C. (2011) Sustainable Sphagnum production to replace peat in commercial horticulture. Gesunde Pflanzen, 62, 125–131.Google Scholar
Blievernicht, A., Irrgang, S., Zander, M. and Ulrichs, C. (2013) Sphagnum biomass: the next generation of growing media. Peatlands International, 2013/1, 32–35.Google Scholar
Boelter, D.H. (1972) Water table drawdown around an open ditch in organic soils. Journal of Hydrology, 15, 329–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boelter, D.H. (1976) Methods for analysing the hydrological characteristics of organic soils in marsh-ridden areas. Hydrology of Marsh-Ridden Areas. Proceedings of IASH Symposium, Minsk, 1972, 161–169.
Bonn, A., Allott, T., Hubacek, K. and Stewart, J. (2009) Drivers of Environmental Change in Uplands. Abingdon and New York:Routledge.Google Scholar
Bonn, A., Rebane, M. and Reid, C. (2009) Ecosystem services: a new rationale for conservation of upland environments. In Drivers of Environmental Change in Uplands, ed. Bonn, A., Allott, T., Hubacek, K. and Stewart, J.. London and New York:Routledge, pp. 448–475.Google Scholar
Bonn, A., Holden, J., Parnell, M.et al. (2010) Ecosystem services of peat: phase 1. Report to DEFRA. Project code SP0572. London:DEFRA.Google Scholar
Bonn, A., Reed, M.S., Evans, C.D.et al. (2014) Investing in nature: developing ecosystem service markets for peatland restoration. Ecosystem Services, 9, 54–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonn, A., Berghöfer, A., Couwenberg, J.et al. (2015) Klimaschutz durch Wiedervernässung von kohlenstoffreichen Böden. In Naturkapital und Klimapolitik – Synergien und Konflikte. Naturkapital Deutschland TEEB DE report, ed. Hartje, V., Wüstemann, H. and Bonn, A.. Berlin, Leipzig:Technische Universität Berlin, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung – UFZ, pp.124–147.Google Scholar
Booth, R.K., Jackson, S.T., and Notaro, M. (2010) Using peatland archives to test palaeoclimate hypotheses. PAGES, 18, 6–8.Google Scholar
Boreham, S., Conneller, C., Milner, N.et al. (2011) Geochemical indicators of preservation status and site deterioration at Star Carr. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, 2833–2857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Borger, G.J. (1992) Draining, digging, dredging; the creation of a new landscape in the peat areas of the low countries. In Fens and Bogs in the Netherlands: Vegetation, History, Nutrient Dynamics and Conservation, ed. Verhoeven, J.T.A.. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 131–171.Google Scholar
Bowen, M.R., Bompard, J.M., Anderson, I.P., Guizol, P. and Gouyon, A. (2001) Anthropogenic fires in Indonesia: a view from Sumatra. In Forest Fires and Regional Haze in Southeast Asia, ed. Eaton, P. and Radojevic, M.. New York: Nova Science Publishers, pp. 41–66.Google Scholar
Bowles, S. (2008) Policies designed for self-interested citiziens may undermine ‘the moral sentiments’: evidence from economic experiments. Science, 320, 1605–1609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boyer, M.L.H. and Wheeler, B.D. (1989) Vegetation patterns in spring-fed calcareous fens: calcite precipitation and constraints in fertility. Journal of Ecology, 77, 597–609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bradley, R. (1990) A Passage of Arms: Archaeological Analysis of Prehistoric Hoards and Votive Deposits. Oxford, UK: Oxbow.Google Scholar
Bradshaw, A.D. (1996) Underlying principles of restoration. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 53, 3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bradshaw, R.H., Hannon, G.E. and Lister, A.M. (2003) A long-term perspective on ungulate–vegetation interactions. Forest Ecology and Management, 181, 267–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bragazza, L. (2008) A climatic threshold triggers the die-off of peat mosses during an extreme heat wave. Global Change Biology, 14, 2688–2695.Google Scholar
Bragg, O. (2004) The restoration of Kirkconnell Flow: searching for a bog amongst the trees. International Peat Journal, 12, 33–40.Google Scholar
Bragg, O. and Lindsay, R. (2003) Strategy and Action Plan for Mire and Peatlands Conservation in Europe. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wetlands International.Google Scholar
Bragg, O. and Steiner, G.M. (1995) Applying groundwater mound theory to bog management on Puergschachenmoos in Austria. Gunneria, 70, 83–96.Google Scholar
Bragg, O.M. (1995) Towards an ecohydrological basis for raised mire restoration. In Restoration of Temperate Wetlands, ed. Wheeler, B., Shaw, S., Fojt, W. and Robertson, R.A.. Chichester, UK: John Wiley, pp. 305–314.Google Scholar
Bragg, O.M. (2002) Hydrology of peat-forming wetlands in Scotland. Science of the Total Environment, 294, 111–129.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brander, L., Florax, R. and Vermaat, J. (2006) The empirics of wetland valuation: a comprehensive summary and a meta-analysis of the literature. Environmental and Resource Economics, 33, 223–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brander, L., Ghermandi, A., Kuik, O.et al. (2010) Scaling up ecosystem services values: methodology, applicability, and a case study. FEEM Working Paper Series, 9.
Brandyk, T. and Szatyłowicz, J. (2002) The influence of meadow abandonment on physical properties and water conditions of peat soils. In Restoration of Carbon Sequestrating Capacity and Biodiversity in Abandoned Grassland on Peatland in Poland, ed Ilinicki, P.. Poznań: Akademia Rolnicza, pp. 77–93.Google Scholar
Brantingham, P.J. and Gao, X. (2006) Peopling of the northern Tibetan Plateau. World Archaeology, 38, 387–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bräunlich, S. (2014). Die Bedeutung alternativer Substratausgangsstoffe im Produktionsgartenbau. Greifswald: Diplomarbeit, Institut für Botanik und Landschaftsökologie.Google Scholar
Bridgham, S.D. and Richardson, C.J. (1993) Hydrology and nutrient gradients in North Carolina peatlands. Wetlands, 13, 207–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bridgham, S.D., Pastor, J., Janssens, J.A., Chapin, C. and Malterer, T.J. (1996) Multiple limiting gradients in peatlands: a call for a new paradigm. Wetlands, 16, 45–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brinson, M.M. (1993) A hydrogeomorphic classification for wetlands. Technical Report WRP–DE–4, Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Waterways Experiment Station.
British Columbia Wetlands (2010) A Wetland Action Plan for British Columbia. Victoria, Canada: Government of British Columbia.
Bronk Ramsey, C. (2008) Deposition models for chronological records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 42–60.Google Scholar
Brooks, S. and Stoneman, R. (1997a) Conserving Bogs: The Management Handbook. Edinburgh, UK: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
Brooks, S. and Stoneman, R. (1997b) Tree removal at Langlands Moss.Conserving Peatlands, ed. Parkyn, L., Stoneman, R.E. and Ingram, H.A.P.. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, pp. 315–322Google Scholar
Brooks, S., Stoneman, R., Hanlon, A. and Thom, T. (2014) Conserving Bogs: The Management Handbook. 2nd edn.York: Yorkshire Peat Partnership. http://issuu.com/peat123/docs/conserving_bogs (accessed 27 Feb 2015).Google Scholar
Brown, K.A., (1985) Sulphur distribution and metabolism in waterlogged peat. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 17, 39–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, L.E., Johnston, K., Palmer, S.M., Aspray, K.L., and Holden, J. (2013) River ecosystem response to prescribed vegetation burning on blanket peatland. PloS One, 8, e81023.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, L.E., Holden, J. and Palmer, S.M. (2014) Effects of Moorland Burning on the Ecohydrology of River basins, EMBER project executive summary. Leeds, UK: University of Leeds.Google Scholar
Bruenig, E.F. (1990) Oligotrophic forested wetlands in Borneo.Forested Wetlands. Ecosystems of the World 15, ed. Lugo, A.E., Brinson, M. and Brown, S.. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 299–334.Google Scholar
Bruenig, E.F. (1996) Conservation and Management of Tropical Rainforest. An Integrated Approach to Sustainability. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.Google Scholar
Brunning, R. (2001) Archaeology and Peat Wastage on the Somerset Moors Spring 2001. Somerset, UK: Environment Agency and Somerset County Council, England.Google Scholar
Brunning, R. (2007) Monitoring waterlogged sites in peatlands: where, how, why and what next? Archaeology from the wetlands: recent perspectives. Proceedings of the 11th WARP Conference Society of Antiquaries Scotland, 191–198.
Brunning, R. (2013) Somerset's Peatland Archaeology. Oxford: Oxbow.Google Scholar
Brunning, R.Hogan, D., Jones, J.et al. (2000) Saving the Sweet Track: the in situ preservation of a Neolithic wooden trackway, Somerset, UK. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 4, 3–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruno, J., Stachowicz, J. and Bertness, M. (2003) Inclusion of facilitation into ecological theory. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 199–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brzeziński, W. (1992) Recent developments in wetland archaeology in Poland. In The Wetland Revolution in Prehistory, ed. Coles, B.. WARP Occasional Paper. Exeter, UK: University of Exeter, pp. 73–81.Google Scholar
Buckland, P.C. and Dinnin, M.H. (1997) The rise and fall of a wetland habitat: recent palaeoecological research on Thorne and Hatfield Moors. Thorne and Hatfield Moors Papers, 4, 1–18.Google Scholar
Buckles, D. (1999) Cultivating peace: Conflict and Collaboration in Natural Resource Management. Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre.Google Scholar
Bugnon, J.-L., Rochefort, L. and Price, J.S. (1997) Field experiments of Sphagnum reintroduction on a dry abandoned peatland in Eastern Canada. Wetlands, 17, 513–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bullock, A. and Acreman, M. (2003) The role of wetlands in the hydrological cycle. Hydrology and Earth System Science, 7, 358–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bullock, C.H. and Collier, M. (2011) When the public good conflicts with an apparent preference for unsustainable behavior. Ecological Economics, 70, 971–977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bullock, J.M., Aronson, J., Newton, A.C., Pywell, R.F. and Rey-Benayas, J.M. (2011) Restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: conflicts and opportunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 26, 541–549.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burke, W. (1972) Aspects of the hydrology of blanket peat in Ireland. Hydrology of Marsh Ridden Areas: Proceedings of Minsk Symposium, 171–183.
Burton, R.J.F., Schwarz, G., Brown, K., Convery, I. and Mansfield, L. (2009) The future of public goods provision in upland regions: learning from hefted commons in the Lake District, UK. In Drivers of Environmental Change in the Uplands, ed. Bonn, A., Allott, T.E., Hubacek, K. and Stuart, J.. London and New York:Routledge, pp. 323–338.Google Scholar
Buytaert, W., Celleri, R., De Bièvre, B.et al. (2006) Human impact on the hydrology of the Andean paramos. Earth-Science Reviews, 79, 53–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrne, K.A., Chojnicki, B., Christensen, T.R.et al. (2004) EU Peatlands: current carbon stocks and trace gas fluxes. CarboEurope GHG Report, Specific study 4. Viterbo: Tipo-Lito Recchioni.Google Scholar
Cai, L., Yang, M., Chen, Z.H.et al. (1986) Optimization of the age-sex distribution of yak's population and the correlated slaughter programme in Ruoergai County. Journal of Southwest Nationalities College (Natural Sciences Edition), 4, 22–30.Google Scholar
Callaway, R.M., De Lucia, E.H., Moore, D., Nowak, R. and Schlesiger, W.H. (1996) Competition and facilitation: contrasting effects of Artemisia tridentata on desert vs. montane pines. Ecology, 77, 2130–2141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calmé, S., Desrochers, A. and Savard, J.-P. (2002) Regional significance of peatlands for avifaunal diversity in southern Québec. Biological Conservation, 107, 273–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, D.R., Rochefort, L. and Lavoie, C. (2003) Determining the immigration potential of plants colonizing disturbed environments: the case of milled peatlands in Québec. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 78–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Canaveira, P. (2013) Options and elements for an accounting framework for the land sector in the post-2020 climate regime. Terraprima Report to the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment.
Cannell, M.G., Dewar, R.C. and Pyatt, D.G. (1993) Conifer plantations on drained peatlands in Britain: a net gain or loss of carbon?Foresty, 66, 353–369.Google Scholar
Caple, C. (1994) Reburial of waterlogged wood, the problems and potential of this conservation technique. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 34, 61–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caple, C. (2004) Towards a benign reburial context: the chemistry of the burial environment. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 6, 155–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A.et al. (2012) Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486, 59–67.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carroll, J., Anderson, P., Caporn, S.et al. (2009) Sphagnum in the Peak District: Current Status and Potential for Restoration, Report No. 16. Edale, UK:Moors for the Future Partnership.Google Scholar
Carroll, J.A., Caporn, S.J.M., Cawley, L., Read, D.J. and Lee, J.A. (1999) The effect of increased deposition of atmospheric nitrogen on Calluna vulgaris in upland Britain. New Phytologist, 141, 423–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carroll, M.J., Dennis, P., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., and Thomas, C.D. (2011). Maintaining northern peatland ecosystems in a changing climate: effects of soil moisture, drainage and drain blocking on cranefiles. Global Change Biology, 17, 2991–3001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caulfield, S. (1978) Neolithic fields: the Irish evidence. In Early Land Allotment in the British Isles, ed. Bowen, H.C. and Fowler, P.J.. Oxford, UK: British Archaeological Reports, pp. 137–143.Google Scholar
Caulfield, S. (1983) The Neolithic settlement of North Connaught. In Landscape Archaeology In lreland, ed. Reeves-Smyth, T. and Hammond, F.. Oxford, UK: British Archaeological Reports, pp. 195–215.Google Scholar
Caulfield, S., O’ Donnell, R.G. and Mitchell, P. I. (1998) 14C dating of a Neolithic field system at Céide fields County Mayo, Ireland. Proceedings of the Radiocarbon Conference, 40, 2, 629–640.
CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) (1992) Article 2. Use of Terms. Montreal, Canada: Convention on Biological Diversity. Online at: http://www.cbd.int/convention/articles/default.shtml?a=cbd-02, (accessed 24 February 2015).
CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) (2010a) COP 10 Decision x/33 Biodiversity and Climate Change.Montreal, Canada:Convention on Biological Diversity.
CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) (2010b) COP 10 Decision X/2 – Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020. Montreal, Canada:Convention on Biological Diversity.
Chai, X. and Li, H. (1988) On Ruoergai Plateau peat mire characteristic and its exploitation and conservation. Proceedings of the VIIIth International Peat Congress Leningrad, 1, 225–232.Google Scholar
Chambers, F.M and Charman, D.J. (2004) Holocene environmental change: contributions from the peatland archive. The Holocene, 14, 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, F.M., Daniell, J.R.G. and Brain, S.A. (2007a) Climate Change featuring the ACCROTELM project: dissemination of a European RTD project by film and DVD. In Information, Communication and Education on Climate Change – European Perspectives, ed. Filho, W.L., Mannke, F. and Schmidt-Thome, P.. Frankfurt am Main:Peter Lang, pp. 165–173.Google Scholar
Chambers, F.M., Mauquoy, D., Brain, S.A., Blaauw, M. and Daniell, J.R.G. (2007b) Globally synchronous climate change 2800 years ago: proxy data from peat in South America. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 253, 439–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, F.M., Mauquoy, D., Gent, A.et al. (2007c) Palaeoecology of degraded blanket mire in south Wales: data to inform conservation management. Biological Conservation, 137, 2, 197–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, F.M., Daniell, J.R.G. and ACCROTELM Members. (2010) Peatland archives of late Holocene climate change in northern Europe. PAGES, 18, 1, 4–5.Google Scholar
Chan, K.M.A., Shaw, M.R., Cameron, D.R., Underwood, E.C. and Daily, G.C. (2006) Conservation planning for ecosystem services. Plos Biology, 4, 2138–2152.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chan, K.M.A., Satterfield, T. and Goldstein, J. (2012) Rethinking ecosystem services to better address and navigate cultural values. Ecological Economics, 74, 8–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, H.C. and Gearey, B.R. (2013) Modelling Archaeology and Palaeoenvironments in Wetlands: The Hidden Landscape Archaeology of Hatfield and Thorne Moors. Oxford, UK:Oxbow.Google Scholar
Chapman, H.P. and Cheetham, J.L. (2002) Monitoring and modelling saturation as a proxy indicator for in situ preservation in wetlands: a GIS-based approach. Journal of Archaeological Science, 29, 277–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, H.P and Van de Noort, R. (2001) High resolution wetland prospection using GPS and GIS: Landscape studies at Sutton Common (South Yorkshire) and Meare Village (Somerset). Journal of Archaeological Science, 28, 365–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, S.B. and Rose, R.J. (1991) Changes in the vegetation at Coom Rigg Moss National Nature Reserve within the period 1958–86. Journal of Applied Ecology, 28, 140–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charman, D. (2002) Peatlands and Environmental Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Charman, D.J. (2010) Centennial climate variability in the British Isles during the mid-late Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 1539–1554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charman, D. J., Hendon, D. and Woodland, W. (2000) The identification of testate amoebae (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) in peats. Quaternary Research Association, Technical Guide 9.
Charman, D.J., Booth, R.K., Mäkilä, M. and Sirin, A. (2008) Peatlands and past climate change. In Assessment on Peatlands, Biodiversity and Climate Change, ed. Parish, F., Sirin, A., Charman, D., Joosten, H., Minayeva, T., Silvius, M. and Stringer, L.. Kuala Lumpur and Wageningen, The Netherlands: Global Environment Centre and Wetlands International, pp. 39–59.Google Scholar
Charman, D.J., Beilman, D.W., Blaauw, M.et al. (2012) Climate-related changes in peatland carbon accumulation during the last millennium. Biogeosciences Discussions, 9, 14327–14364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charman, D.J., Beilman, D.W., Blaauw, M.et al. (2013) Climate-related changes in peatland carbon accumulation during the last millennium. Biogeosciences, 10, 929–944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chason, D.B. and Siegel, D.I. (1986) Hydraulic conductivity and related physical properties of peat, Lost River Peatland, Northern Minnesota. Soil Science. 142, 91–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chatty, D. (2007) Nomadic Societies in the Middle East and North Africa: Facing the 21st Century. Leiden, Germany:Brill.Google Scholar
Chen, H., Yang, G., Peng, C.et al. (2014) The carbon stock of alpine peatlands on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau during the Holocene and their future fate. Quaternary Science Reviews, 95, 151–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chistotin, M.V., Sirin, A.A. and Dulov, L.E. (2006) Seasonal dynamics of carbon dioxide and methane emission from a peatland in Moscow Region drained for peat extraction and agricultural use. Agrochemistry (Agrokhimija), 6, 54–62.Google Scholar
Choi, Y.D. (2007) Restoration ecology to the future: a call for new paradigm. Restoration Ecology, 15, 351–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chokkalingam, U., Kurniawan, I. and Ruchiat, Y. (2005) Fire, livelihoods, and environmental change in the Middle Mahakam peatlands, East Kalimantan. Ecology and Society, 10, 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chokkalingam, U., Suyanto, , Permana, R.P.et al. (2007) Community fire use, resource change, and livelihood impacts: The downward spiral in the wetlands of southern Sumatra. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 75–100.Google Scholar
Christie, M., Hyde, T., Cooper, R.et al. (2011) Economic Valuation of the Benefits of Ecosystem Services delivered by the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Report to DEFRA. Project code SFFSD 0702. London: DEFRA.Google Scholar
Church, A., Burgess, J. and Ravenscroft, N. (2011) Cultural Services. UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Technical Report.Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC, pp. 633–692.
Cicek, N., Lambert, S., Venema, H.D.et al. (2006) Evaluation of a wetland-biopower concept for nutrient removal and value recovery from the Netley-Libau Marsh at Lake Winnipeg. Biomass and Bioenergy, 30, 529–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Čivić, K. and Jones-Walters, L. (2010) Peatlands in Ecological Networks in Europe. Tilburg, The Netherlands:ECNC-European Centre for Nature Conservation.Google Scholar
CKPP (2008) Provisional Report of the Central Kalimantan Peatland Project. November 2008. Palangka Raya:CKPP Consortium.
Clark, J., Gallego-Sala, A.V., Allott, T.E.H.et al. (2010) Assessing the vulnerability of blanket peat to climate change using an ensemble of statistical bioclimatic envelope models. Climate Research, 45, 131–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clarke, D. and Rieley, J. (eds). (2010) Strategy for Responsible Peatland Management. 2nd edn. Jyväskylä, Finland:International Peat Society.Google Scholar
Clarke, G.E. (1987) China's Reforms of Tibet and their Effects on Pastoralism. Brighton, UK:University of Sussex.Google Scholar
Cleary, J., Roulet, N. T. and Moore, T.R. (2005) Greenhouse gas emissions from Canadian peat extraction, 1990–2000: a life-cycle analysis. Ambio, 34, 456–461.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Climate Action Reserve (2013) Scoping for a Reserve Peatlands Protocol. Los Angeles, CA: Climate Action Reserve.
Clutterbuck, B. and Yallop, A.R. (2010) Land management as a factor controlling dissolved organic carbon release from upland peat soils 2: changes in DOC productivity over four decades. Science of The Total Environment, 408, 6179–6191.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clymo, R.S. (1983) Peat. InMires: Swamp, Bog, Fen and Moor, Ecosystems of the World 4A General Studies, ed. Gore, A.P.J.. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 159–224.Google Scholar
Clymo, R.S. (1984) The limits to peat bog growth. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 303, 605–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clymo, R.S. (1991) Peat Growth. In Quaternary Landscapes, ed. Cushing, E.J. and Shane, L.C.. Minneapolis, MN:University of Minnesota Press, pp. 76–112.Google Scholar
Clymo, R.S. (1992) Models of peat growth. Suo, 43, 127–136.Google Scholar
CMS (Convention on Migratory Species) (2011a) Appendices I and II of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. Bergen: CMS.
CMS (Convention on Migratory Species) (2011b) Activities reported by parties on concerted action species. Tenth meeting of the conference of the parties. Bergen: CMS.
Cobbaert, D., Rochefort, L. and Price, J.S. (2004) Experimental restoration of a fen plant community after peat mining. Applied Vegetation Science, 7, 209–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cochard, R., Ranamukhaarachchi, S. L., Shivakoti, G. P.et al. (2008) The 2004 tsunami in Aceh and Southern Thailand: a review on coastal ecosystems, wave hazards and vulnerability. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 10, 3–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cole, B., McMorrow, J. and Evans, M. (2014) Empirical modelling of vegetation abundance from airborne hyperspectral data for upland peatland restoration monitoring. Remote Sensing, 6, 716–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coles, B. (1995) Archaeology and wetland restoration. InRestoration of Temperate Wetlands, ed. Wheeler, B.D., Shaw, S.C., Foit, W.J. and Robertson, R.A.. Chichester, UK: John Wiley, pp. 1–19.Google Scholar
Coles, B. and Coles, J. (1986) Sweet track to Glastonbury. The Somerset levels in prehistory. London: Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
Coles, J. (1984) The Archaeology of Wetlands. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Coles, J. and Coles, B. (1989) People of the Wetlands. Bogs, Bodies and Lake-Dwellers. London:Thames and Hudson.Google Scholar
Coles, J. and Coles, B. (1996) Enlarging the Past: The Contribution of Wetland Archaeology. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
Collier, M.J. (2014) Novel ecosystems and the emergence of cultural ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services, 9, 166–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collier, M.J. and Scott, M.J. (2008) Industrially harvested peatlands and after-use potential: understanding local stakeholder narratives and landscape preferences. Landscape Research, 33, 439–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conaghan, J. (2009) LIFE Project Number LIFE02 NAT/IRL/8490 Technical Final Report. Appendix 5. Vegetation monitoring report (Reports on the restoration of project sites Nos. 2–20). Technical Final Report of LIFE project no.LIFE02 NAT/IRL/8490.
Condliffe, I. (2009) Policy change in the uplands. In Drivers of Environmental Change in Uplands, ed. Bonn, A., Allott, T., Hubacek, K. and Stewart, J.. London and New York:Routledge, pp. 59–90.Google Scholar
Connolly, P. (2011) The World's Weirdest Sports: Bog Snorkelling, Dwile Flonking, Goat Grabbing and More. London:Murdoch Books.Google Scholar
Cooper, A. and McCann, T. (1995) Machine peat cutting and land use change on blanket bog in northern Ireland. Journal of Environmental Management, 43, 153–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooper, D. and MacDonald, L. (2000) Restoring the vegetation of mined peatlands in the Southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado, USA. Restoration Ecology, 8, 103–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Costanza, R., d'Arge, R., de Groot, R.et al. (1997) The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387, 253–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Council of Europe (1979) Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/Html/104.htm (accessed 6 January 2015).
Couwenberg, J. (2007a) The CO2 emission factor of peat fuel. IMCG Newsletter, 2007/2, 24.Google Scholar
Couwenberg, J. (2007b) Biomass energy crops on peatlands: on emissions and perversions. IMCG Newsletter, 2007/3, 12–14.Google Scholar
Couwenberg, J. (2009) Emission Factors for Managed Peat Soils. An Analysis of IPCC Default Values. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wetlands International.Google Scholar
Couwenberg, J. and Fritz, C. (2012) Towards developing IPCC methane ‘emission factors’ for peatlands (organic soils). Mires and Peat, 10, Art. 3, 1–17.Google Scholar
Couwenberg, J. and Joosten, H. (2005) Self organisation in raised bog patterning: the origin of microtope zonation and mesotope diversity. Journal of Ecology, 93, 1238–1248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Couwenberg, J., de Klerk, P., Endtmann, E., Joosten, H. and Michaelis, D. (2001) Hydrogenetische Moortypen in der Zeit – eine Zusammenschau. In Landschaftsökologische Moorkunde, 2nd edn, ed. Succow, M. and Joosten, H.. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart, pp. 399–403.Google Scholar
Couwenberg, J., Dommain, R. and Joosten, H. (2010) Greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peatlands in South-East Asia. Global Change Biology, 16, 1715–1732.Google Scholar
Couwenberg, J., Thiele, A., Tanneberger, Fet al. (2011) Assessing greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands using vegetation as a proxy. Hydrobiologia, 674, 67–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cowie, N.R., Sutherland, W.J., Ditlhogo, M.K.M. and James, R. (1992) The effects of conservation management of reed beds. I. The flora and litter disappearance. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 277–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cox, M., Chandler, C., Cox, C., Jones, J and Tinsley, H. (2001) The archaeological significance of patterns of anomalous vegetation on a raised mire in the Solway Estuary and the processes involved in their formation. Journal of Archaeological Science, 28, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crawford, R.M.M., Jeffree, C.E. and Rees, W.G. (2003) Paludification and forest retreat in northern oceanic environments. Annals of Botany, 91, 213–226.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crebbin-Bailey, J., Harcup, J. and Harrington, J. (2005) The Spa Book: The Official Guide to Spa Therapy. Canada:Thomson.Google Scholar
Cris, R., Buckmaster, S., Bain, C. and Bonn, A. (2011) UK Peatland Restoration: Demonstrating Success. Edinburgh, UK: IUCN UK National Committee Peatland Programme.Google Scholar
Cris, R., Buckmaster, S., Bain, C and Reed, M. (eds) (2014) Global Peatland Restoration Demonstrating SUCCESS. Edinburgh, UK: IUCN UK National Committee Peatland Programme.Google Scholar
Croes, D.R. (1995) The Hoko River Archaeological Complex: the wet/dry site (45CA213), 3000–1700 BP. Pulman, WA:Washington State University Press.Google Scholar
Crowe, S.K., Evans, M.G. and Allott, T.E.H. (2008) Geomorphological controls on the re-vegetation of erosion gullies in blanket peat: implications for bog restoration. Mires and Peat, 3, Art. 1, 1–14.Google Scholar
Curry, N. (2009) Leisure in the landscape: rural incomes and public benefits. In Drivers of Environmental Change in the Uplands, ed. Bonn, A., Allott, T.E., Hubacek, K. and Stuart, J.. London and New York:Routledge, pp. 277–290.Google Scholar
Curtis, C. J., Emmett, B. A., Grant, H.et al. (2005) Nitrogen saturation in UK moorlands: the critical role of bryophytes and lichens in determining retention of atmospheric N deposition. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 507–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Daily, G. (1997) Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Washington, DC:Island Press.Google Scholar
Daily, G., Polasky, S., Goldstein, J.et al. (2009) Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7, 21–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Daily, G.C., Kareiva, P., Polasky, S., Ricketts, T.H. and Tallis, H. (2011) Mainstreaming natural capital into decisions. In Natural Capital. Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services, ed. Kareiva, P., Tallis, H., Ricketts, T.H., Daily, G.C. and Polasky, S.. Oxford, UK:Oxford University Press, pp. 3–14.Google Scholar
Daniel, T.C., Muhar, A., Arnberger, A.et al. (2012) Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 8812–8819.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Daniels, S.M., Evans, M.G., Agnew, C.T. and Allott, T.E.H. (2008a) Sulphur leaching from headwater catchments in an eroded peatland. Science of the Total Environment 407, 481–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Daniels, S.M., Agnew, C.T., Allott, T.E.H. and Evans, M.G. (2008b) Water table variability and runoff generation in an eroded peatland, South Pennines, UK. Journal of Hydrology, 361, 214–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dau, J.H.C. (1823) Neues Handbuch über den Torf, dessen Natur, Entstehung und Wiederezeugung. Nutzen im Allgemeinen und für den Staat. Leipzig, Germany:J.C. Hinrichsche Buchhandlung.Google Scholar
Dau, J.H. (1829) Allerunterthänigster Bericht an die Königliche Dänische Rentekammer über die Torfmoore Seelands nach einer im Herbste 1828 deshalb unternommenen Reise. Copenhagen:Gyldendahl und Hinrichs.Google Scholar
David, J.S. and Ledger, D.C. (1988) Runoff generation in a plough-drained peat bog in southern Scotland. Journal of Hydrology, 99, 187–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, A. (2011) Long-term approaches to native woodland restoration: palaeoecological and stakeholder perspectives on Atlantic forests of Northern Europe. Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 751–763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, H. (2012) Sustainable Management of the Historic Environment Resource in Upland Peat on Exmoor. PhD thesis. Plymouth, UK: University of Plymouth.
Davies, H., Fyfe, R.M. and Charman, D. (2015) Does peatland drainage damage the palaeoecological record?Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 221, 92–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, S. (2006) Recreation and visitor attitudes in the Peak District moorlands. Moors for the Future Report no.12. Edale, UK:Moors for the Future Partnership.Google Scholar
Dawson, T.P., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Kluvánková-Oravská, T., Chobotová, V. and Stirling, A. (2010) Dynamic properties of complex adaptive ecosystems: implications for the sustainability of service provision. Biodiversity Conservation, 19, 2843–2857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Groot, R. (1992) Functions of nature. Evaluation of Nature in Environmental Planning, Management and Decision Making. Amsterdam:Wolters-Noordhoff.Google Scholar
De Groot, R., Stuip, M., Finlayson, M. and Davidson, N. (2006) Valuing wetlands: guidance for valuing the benefits derived from wetland ecosystem services. Ramsar Technical Report No. 3. Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat.
De Groot, R.S., Blignaut, J., Ploeg, S.et al. (2013) Benefits of investing in ecosystem restoration. Conservation Biology, 27, 1286–1293.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
De Vleeschouwer, F., Le Roux, G. and Shotyk, W. (2010) Peat as an archive of atmospheric pollution and environmental change: a case study of lead in Europe. PAGES, 18, 20–22.Google Scholar
DECC (Department of Energy and Climate Change) (2008) Greenhouse Gas Policy Evaluation and Appraisal in Government Departments. London:Department of Energy and Climate Change.
DEFRA (2002) Survey of Public Attitudes to Quality of Life and to the Environment: 2001. London:Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
DEFRA (2007) The Heather and Grass Burning Code (2007 Version). London:DEFRA.
DEFRA (2010) Consultation on reducing the horticultural peat in England. London:DEFRA.
DEFRA (2011) The Natural Choice: Securing the Value of Nature. London:DEFRA.
De-Light, D. and Thomas, P. (2005) The Rough Guide to Trinidad and Tobago. London:Rough Guides, Ltd.Google Scholar
Dennis, C and Aldhous, P. (2004) A tragedy with many players. Nature, 430, 396–398.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Denny, D. (2013) Tracking peat usage in growing media production. Annual Report. London: Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, Horticultural Trades Association and DEFRA. http://www.hdc.org.uk/sites/default/files/research_papers/CP%20100_Report_Annual_July_2013.pdf (accessed 27 February 2014).
Denny, M.W. (1993) Air and water. The Biology and Physics of Life's Media. Princeton, NJ:Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Derwin, J. (2008) Ecological monitoring. End of Project Conference Presentation. Restoring Raised Bog in Ireland. EU LIFE Project No. LIFE04 NAT/IE/000121, May 2008. Carrick-on-Shannon, Ireland: EU LIFE. http://www.raisedbogrestoration.ie (accessed 26 November 2015).
Desrochers, A., Rochefort, L. and Savard, J.-P. (1998) Avian recolonization of eastern Canadian bogs after peat mining. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 76, 989–997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deverel, S.J. and Leighton, D.A. (2010) Historic, recent, and future subsidence, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, USA. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 8, 1–22.CrossRef
Devito, K.J., Hill, A.R. and Roulet, N. (1996) Groundwater-surface water interactions in headwater forested wetlands of the Canadian Shield. Journal of Hydrology, 181, 127–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dias, A.T.C., Hoorens, B., Van Logtestijn, R.S.P., Vermaat, J.E. and Aerts, R. (2010) Plant species composition can be used as a proxy to predict methane emissions in peatland ecosystems after land-use changes. Ecosystems, 13, 526–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dietl, G.P. and Flessa, K.W. (2011) Conservation palaeobiology: Putting the dead to work. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 26, 30–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dinsmore, K., Billett, M.F., Skiba, U.M.et al. (2010). Role of the aquatic pathway in the carbon and greenhouse gas budgets of a peatland catchment. Global Change Biology, 16, 2750–2762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dittrich, I. (2009) Einige hydrologische Bedingungen für die Revitalisierung der Waldmoorflächen, Sebangau, Block A. Project report. Dr. Dittrich and Partner Hydro-Consult, Bannewitz.
DNPI (2010) Indonesia's Greenhouse Gas Abatement Cost Curve. Jakarta, Indonesia:DNPI.
Dohong, A. (2005) Implementation of canal blocking within block a ex-mega rice project: lesson learnt and steps forward. International Symposium and Workshop on Restoration and Wise Use of Tropical Peatland: Problems of Biodiversity, Fire, Poverty and Water Management, Palangka Raya, 21–24 September 2005.
Dommain, R., Couwenberg, J. and Joosten, H. (2010) Hydrological self-regulation of domed peat swamps in south-east Asia and consequences for conservation and restoration. Mires and Peat, 6, Art. 5, 1–17.Google Scholar
Dommain, R., Couwenberg, J. and Joosten, H. (2011) Development and carbon sequestration of tropical peat domes in south-east Asia: links to post-glacial sea-level changes and Holocene climate variability. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 999–1010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dommain, R., Barthelmes, A., Tanneberger, F.et al. (2012) Country-wise opportunities. In Peatlands: Guidance for Climate Change Mitigation by Conservation, Rehabilitation and Sustainable Use, Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Series 5, ed. Joosten, H., Tapio-Biström, M.-L. and Tol, S.. Rome:FAO, pp. 45–82.Google Scholar
Dommain, R., Couwenberg, J., Glaser, P.H., Joosten, H. and Suryaputra, I.N.N. (2014) Carbon storage and release in Indonesian peatlands since the last deglaciation. Quaternary Science reviews, 97, 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dong, Z., Hu, G., Yan, C., Wang, W. and Lu, J. (2010) Aeolian desertification and its causes in the Zoige Plateau of China's Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau. Environmental Earth Sciences, 59, 1731–1740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dorrepaal, E., Toet, S., van Logtestijn, R.S.P.et al. (2009) Carbon respiration from subsurface peat accelerated by climate warming in the subarctic. Nature, 460, 616–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Douterelo, I, Goulder, R. and Lillie, M. (2011) Enzyme activities and compositional shifts in the community structure of bacterial groups in English wetland soils associated with preservation of organic remains in archaeological sites. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 65, 435–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drösler, M., Verchot, L.V., Freibauer, A.et al. (2014) Drained inland organic soils. In 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, ed. Hiraishi, T., Krug, T., Tanabe, K.et al.Geneva:IPCC, Chapter 2.Google Scholar
Du Rietz, G.E. (1949) Huvudenheter och huvudgränser i Svensk myrvegetation. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift, 43, 274–309.Google Scholar
Du Rietz, G.E. (1954) Die Mineralbodenwasserzeigergrenze als Grundlage einer natürlichen Zweigliederung der nord- und mitteleuropäischen Moore. Vegetatio, Acta Geobotanica, 5/6, 571–585.Google Scholar
Dubbe, D.R., Garver, E.G. and Pratt, D.C. (1988) Production of cattail (Typha spp.) biomass in Minnesota, USA. Biomass, 17, 79–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dudgeon, D. (2000) Riverine biodiversity in Asia: a challenge for conservation biology. Hydrobiologia, 418, 1–13.CrossRef
Dupieux, N. (1998) La gestion conservatoire des tourbieres de France – premiers elements scientifiqueet techniques. Orleans, France: Espaces Naturels de France.Google Scholar
Edom, F. (2001) Moorlandschaften aus hydrologischer Sicht. In Landschaftsökologische Moorkunde, ed. Succow, M. and Joosten, H.Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart, pp. 185–228.Google Scholar
Edom, F., Dittrich, I.; Goldacker, S. and Kessler, K. (2007) Die hydromorphologisch begründete Planung der Moorrevitalisierung im Erzgebirge. In Praktischer Moorschutz im Naturpark Erzgebirge/Vogtland und Beispiele aus anderen Gebirgsregionen: Methoden, Probleme, Ausblick. Grillenburg, Germany:Sächsische Landesstiftung Natur und Umwelt, pp. 19–32.Google Scholar
Edwards, D.P., Koh, L.P. and Laurance, W.F. (2012) Indonesia's REDD+ pact: Saving imperilled forests or business as usual?Biological Conservation, 151, 41–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
EEA (2010) Scaling up ecosystem benefits – Assessing large-scale ecosystem services with primary data. EEA Technical Report 2010. Copenhagen:European Environment Agency.
eftec (2009) Economic valuation of uplands ecosystem services. Report to Natural England NECR029. Peterborough, UK: Natural England.
Ehrenfeld, D. (1988) Why put a value on biodiversity? In Biodiversity, ed. Wilson, E.O.. Washington, DC:National Academy Press, pp. 212–216.Google Scholar
Ehrenfeld, J.G. (2001) Defining the limit of restoration: the need for realistic goals. Restoration Ecology, 8, 2–9.Google Scholar
Ehrenfeld, J.G. and Toth, L.A. (1997) Restoration ecology and the ecosystem perspective. Restoration Ecology, 5, 307–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ehrlich, P. and Ehrlich, A. (1981) Extinction: The causes and consequences of the disappearance of species. Random House, New York.Google Scholar
Ekstam, B. (1993) Flora, structure and regeneration of wetland vegetation in Hongyuan, Sichuan, China: A report from the Hongyuan Wetland Research Project prepared for the Sichuan Institute of Natural Resources. Lund, Sweden: University of Lund.
Ekvall, R. (1968) Fields on the Hoof: Nexus of Tibetan Nomadic Pastoralism. New York and London:Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
Eliseev, A.V., Mokhov, I.I., Arzhanov, M.M., Demchenko, P.F. and Denisov, S.N. (2008) Interaction of the methane cycle and processes in wetland ecosystems in a climate model of intermediate complexity. Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 44, 139–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, C.J. and Tallis, J.H. (2001) Climatic control of peat erosion in a North Wales blanket mire. New Phytologist, 152, 313–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Emmel, M. (2008) Growing ornamental plants in Sphagnum biomass. Acta Horticulturae, 779, 173–178.Google Scholar
Engel, S. and Palmer, C. (2008) Payments for environmental services as an alternative to logging under weak property rights: the case of Indonesia. Ecological Economics, 65, 799–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Engel, S., Pagiola, S. and Wunder, S. (2008) Designing payments for environmental services in theory and practice: an overview of the issues. Ecological Economics, 65, 663–674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
English Nature (2003) Condition Assessment of Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Peterborough, UK:English Nature.
Engström, J., Nilsson, C. and Jansson, R. (2009) Effects of stream restoration on dispersal of plant propagules. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 397–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Environment Agency (2010) Fisheries statistics report. Bristol, UK: The Environment Agency.
Eppinga, M.B., Rietkerk, M., Wassen, M.J. and De Ruiter, P.C. (2009) Linking habitat modification to catastrophic shifts and vegetation patterns in bogs. Plant Ecology, 200, 53–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ernst and Young (2012) The future of global carbon markets. The prospect of an international agreement and its impact on business. London: Ernst and Young.
Euroconsult Mott MacDonald, Deltares and Delft Hydraulics, DHV, Wageningen UR, Witteveen+Bos, PT MLD and PT INDEC (2008) Master plan for the rehabilitation and revitalisation of the ex-Mega Rice Project area in Central Kalimantan. Main Synthesis Report. Jakarta: Government of Indonesia and Royal Netherlands Embassy.
Euroconsult Mott MacDonald, Deltares and Delft Hydraulics (2009a) Peatland rehabilitation strategic plan For Block A (North-West) in the ex-Mega Rice Project Area, Central Kalimantan. Government of Indonesia–Government of Australia. Project No. IFCI-C0011. Jakarta: Kalimantan Forest and Climate Partnership
Euroconsult Mott MacDonald, Deltares and Delft Hydraulics, DHV, Wageningen UR, Witteveen+Bos, PT MLD and PT INDEC (2009b) Guideline for the canal blocking design in the ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan. Technical Guideline Number 4. Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalisation of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan. Jakarta: Government of Indonesia and Royal Netherlands Embassy.
European Commission (1992) Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora. Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2000) Directive 200/60/EC Establishing a Framework for Community Action in the Field of Water Policy. Official Journal of the European Communities, L 327 (1).
European Commission (2003a) Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport. Official Journal of the European Union, L 123, 42–46.
European Commission (2003b) Horizontal Guidance Document in the Role of Wetlands in the Water Framework Directive. Brussels:European Commission.
European Commission (2009) Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. Official Journal, L 140, 16–62.
European Commission (2011) Our Life Insurance, Our Natural Capital: An EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Brussels:European Commission.
European Commission (2014) Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services. Indicators for ecosystem assessments under Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Brussels:European Commission.
Evans, C.D., Monteith, D.T. and Cooper, D.M. (2005) Long-term increases in surface water dissolved organic carbon: Observations, potential causes and environmental impacts. Environmental Pollution, 137, 55–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Evans, C., Norris, D. and Rowe, E. (2005) A regional water and soil quality survey of the North York Moors. CEH Report C02661 for DEFRA. London: DEFRA.
Evans, C.D., Chapman, P.J., Clark, J.M., Monteith, D.T. and Cresser, M.S. (2006) Alternative explanations for rising dissolved organic carbon export from organic soils. Global Change Biology, 12, 2044–2053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, C.D., Allott, T., Billettt, M.et al. (2013a) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Non Gaseous Losses of Carbon from Peatlands – Fate of Particulate and Dissolved Carbon. Final Report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Project SP1205. Bangor, UK: Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Evans, C.D., Chadwick, T., Norris, D.et al. (2013b) Persistent surface water acidification in an organic soil-dominated upland region subject to high atmospheric deposition: The North York Moors, UK. Ecological Indicators, 37, 304–316.Google Scholar
Evans, C.D., Bonn, A., Holden, J.et al. (2014a) Relationships between anthropogenic pressures and ecosystem functions in UK blanket bogs: Linking process understanding to ecosystem service valuation. Ecosystem Services, 9, 5–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, C.D., Page, S.E., Jones, T.et al. (2014b) Contrasting vulnerability of drained tropical and high-latitude peatlands to fluvial loss of stored carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28, 1215–1234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, C.D., Renou-Wilson, F., and Strack, M. (2015) The role of waterborne carbon in the greenhouse gas balance of drained and re-wetted peatlands. Journal of Aquatic Science, 1–18.Google Scholar
Evans, M., Allott, T.E.H., Holden, J., Flitcroft, C. and Bonn, A. (2005) Understanding Gully Blocking in Deep Peat. Edale, UK:Moors for the Future Partnership.Google Scholar
Evans, M., Warburton, J. and Yang, J. (2006) Sediment budgets for eroding blanket peat catchments: global and local implications of upland organic sediment budgets. Geomorphology, 79, 45–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, M.G. and Lindsay, J. (2010a) High resolution quantification of gully erosion in upland peatlands at the landscape scale. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 35 876–886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, M.G., and Lindsay, J. (2010b) The impact of gully erosion on carbon sequestration in blanket peatlands. Climate Research, 45, 31–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, M.G., and Warburton, J. (2007) The Geomorphology of Upland Peat: Pattern, Process, Form. Oxford, UK:Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, M.G., Burt, T.P., Holden, J. and Adamson, J.K. (1999) Runoff generation and water table fluctuations in blanket peat: evidence from UK data spanning the dry summer of 1995. Journal of Hydrology, 221, 141–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, M.G., Warburton, J. and Yang, J. (2006) Sediment budgets for eroding blanket peat catchments: global and local implications of organic sediment budgets. Geomorphology, 79, 45–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, M.G., Pawson, R., Daniels, S., Yang, J., and Wilkinson, R. (2009) Monitoring Carbon Flux from Restoration Sites. Edale, UK:Moors for the Future Partnership.Google Scholar
Evans, R. (1997) Soil erosion in the UK initiated by grazing animals: a need for a national survey. Applied Geography, 17, 127–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, R. (1998) The erosional impacts of grazing animals. Progress in Physical Geography, 22, 251–268.Google Scholar
Evans, R. (2005a) Curtailing grazing induced erosion in a small catchment and its environs, the Peak District, Central England. Applied Geography, 25, 81–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Evans, R. (2005b). Monitoring water erosion in lowland England and Wales – a personal view of its history and outcomes. Catena, 64, 142–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farber, S., Costanza, R. and Wilson, M. (2002) Economic and ecological concepts for valuing ecosystem services. Ecological Economics, 41, 375–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farrick, K.F., and Price, J.S. (2009) Ericaceous shrubs on abandoned block-cut peatlands: Implications for soil water availability and Sphagnum restoration. Ecohydrology, 2, 530–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FAS/USDA (2011) Oilseeds: World Markets and Trade. Foreign Agricultural Service, US Department of Agriculture, Circular Series FOP 11–12 December 2011. http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/oilseeds.pdf (accessed 27 November 2015).
Faubert, P. (2004) The effect of long-term water level drawdown on the vegetation composition and CO2 fluxes of a boreal peatland in Central Finland. MSc thesis. Laval, Canada: University of Laval.
Fay, E. and Lavoie, C. (2009) The impact of birch seedlings on evapotranspiration from a mined peatland: an experimental study in southern Québec, Canada. Mires and Peat, 5, Art. 3, 1–7.Google Scholar
Fazey, I., Bunse, L., Msika, J.et al. (2014) Evaluating knowledge exchange in interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder research. Global Environmental Change, 25, 204–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Federal Environment Agency (2008) Economic Valuation of Environmental Damage: Methodological Convention for Estimates of Environmental Externalities. Dessau, Germany:Federal Environment Agency.
Fell, V. and Williams, J. (2004) Monitoring of archaeological and experimental iron at Fiskerton, England.Proceedings of the International Conference on Metals Conservation, 17–27.Google Scholar
Ferland, C. and Rochefort, L. (1997) Restoration techniques for Sphagnum-dominated peatlands. Canadian Journal of Botany, 75, 1110–1118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferone, J.-M. and Devito, K.J. (2004) Shallow groundwater–surface water interactions in pond-peatland complexes along a boreal plains topographic gradient. Journal of Hydrology, 292, 75–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Field, R.D., van der Werf, G.R. and Shen, S.S.P. (2009) Human amplification of drought-induced biomass burning in Indonesia since 1960. Nature Geoscience, 2, 185–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, B., Turner, R.K., Morling, P. (2009) Defining and classifying ecosystem services for decision making. Ecological Economics, 68, 643–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, J. and Acreman, M.C. (2004) Wetland nutrient removal: a review of the evidenceHydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8, 673–685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flanagan, L.B. and Syed, K.H. (2011) Stimulation of both photosynthesis and respiration in response to warmer and drier conditions in a boreal peatland ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 17, 2271–2287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foggin, J. M. (2000) Biodiversity protection and the search for sustainability in Tibetan Plateau grasslands (Qinghai, China). PhD dissertation. Tempe, Arizona: Arizona State University.
Foggin, J.M. (2008) Depopulating the Tibetan grasslands: national policies and perspectives for the future of Tibetan herders in Qinghai Province, China. Mountain Research and Development, 28, 26–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foggin, J.M. (2014) Managing shared natural heritages: towards more participatory models of protected area management in Western China. Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 17, 130–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foggin, J.M. and Smith, A.T. (1996) Rangeland utilization and biodiversity on the alpine grasslands of Qinghai Province, People's Republic of China.Conserving China's Biodiversity (II), ed. Schei, P.J., Wang, S. and Wie, Y. Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, pp. 247–258.Google Scholar
Foggin, J.M. and Torrance-Foggin, M.E. (2011) How can social and environmental services be provided for mobile Tibetan herders? Collaborative examples from Qinghai Province, China. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice, 1:21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Foggin, P.M., Torrance, M.E., Dorje, D.et al. (2006) Assessment of the health status and risk factors of Kham Tibetan pastoralists in the alpine grasslands of the Tibetan Plateau. Social Sciences and Medicine, 63, 2512–2532.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Foggin, P.M., Torrance, M.E. and Foggin, J.M. (2009) Accessibility of healthcare for pastoralists in the Tibetan Plateau Region: a case study from southern Qinghai Province, China. InEthnic Minorities and Regional Development in Asia: Reality and Challenges, ed. Cao, H.. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 83–91.Google Scholar
Foley, C. and MacDonagh, M. (1998) Copney stone circles: a County Tyrone enigma. Archaeology Ireland, 12, 24–28.Google Scholar
Foley, J.A., DeFries, R., Asner, G.P.et al. (2005) Global consequences of land use. Science, 309, 570–574.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Folke, C. (1991) The societal value of wetland life-support. In Linking the Natural Environment and the Economy: Essays from the Eco-Eco Group, ed. Folke, C. and Kaberger, T.. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 141–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fontaine, N., Poulin, M. and Rochefort, L. (2007) Plant diversity associated with pools in natural and restored peatlands. Mires and Peat, 2, Art. 6, 1–17.Google Scholar
Forster, P., Ramaswamy, V., Artaxo, P.et al. (2007) Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing. In Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M.et al.Cambridge, UK and New York:Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Fraga, M.I., Romero-Pedreira, D., Souto, M., Castro, D. and Sahuquillo, E. (2008) Assessing the impact of wind farms on the plant diversity of blanket bogs in the Xistral Mountains (NW Spain). Mires and Peat, 4, Art. 6, 1–10.Google Scholar
Francez, A.-J. and Vasander, H. (1995) Peat accumulation and peat decomposition after human disturbance in French and Finnish mires. Acta oecologica, 16, 599–608.Google Scholar
Franzén, L.G., Deliang, C. and Klinger, L.F. (1996) Principles for a climate regulation mechanism during the Late Phanerozoic Era, based on carbon fixation in peat-forming wetlands. Ambio, 25, 435–442.Google Scholar
Franzén, L.G., Lindberg, F., Viklander, V. and Walther, A. (2012) The potential peatland extent and carbon sink in Sweden, as related to the Peatland/Ice Age Hypothesis. Mires and Peat, 10, Art. 8, 1–19.Google Scholar
Fraser, L.H. and Keddy, P. (2005) The World's Largest Wetlands: Ecology and Conservation. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FreemanIII, A. (2003) The Measurement of Environmental and Resource Values: Theories and Methods. Washington, DC:Resources for the Future.Google Scholar
Freeman, C., Evans, C.D., Monteith, D.T., Reynolds, B., and Fenner, N. (2001) Export of organic carbon from peat soils. Nature, 412, 785.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Freeman, C., Ostle, N. and Kang, H. (2001) An enzymic ‘latch’ on a global carbon store – a shortage of oxygen locks up carbon in peatlands by restraining a single enzyme. Nature, 409, 149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Freeman, C., Fenner, N., Ostle, N.J.et al. (2004) Export of dissolved organic carbon from peatlands under elevated carbon dioxide levels. Nature, 430, 195–198.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
French, C.A.I. and Pryor, F. (1993) The south-west Fen Dyke survey project, 1982–1986. East Anglian Archaeology, 59.Google Scholar
Friday, E.D. (1997) Wicken Fen: The Making of a Wetland Nature Reserve. Colchester, UK:Harley Books.Google Scholar
Friedlingstein, P. and Prentice, I.C. (2010) Carbon-climate feedbacks: a review of model and observation based estimates. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2, 251–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedlingstein, P., Cox, P., Betts, R.et al. (2006) Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the (CMIP)-M-4 model intercomparison. Journal of Climate, 19, 3337–3353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fritz, C., Pancotto, V.A., Elzenga, J.T.M.et al. (2011) Zero methane emission bogs: extreme rhizosphere oxygenation by cushion plants in Patagonia. New Phytologist, 190, 398–408.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frolking, S. and Roulet, N.T. (2007) Holocene radiative forcing impact of northern peatland carbon accumulation and methane emissions. Global Change Biology, 13, 1079–1088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frolking, S., Roulet, N.T., Moore, T.R.et al. (2001) Modeling northern peatland decomposition and peat accumulation. Ecosystems, 4, 479–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frolking, S., Roulet, N. and Fuglestvedt, J. (2006) How northern peatlands influence the Earth's radiative budget. Sustained methane emissions versus sustained carbon sequestration. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, G01008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frolking, S., Talbot, J., Jones, M.C.et al. (2011) Peatlands in the Earth's 21st century climate system. Environmental Reviews, 19, 371–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frolking, S., Talbot, J. and Subin, Z.M. (2014) Exploring the relationship between peatland net carbon balance and apparent carbon accumulation rate at century to millennial time scales. The Holocene, 24, 1021–1027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fronzek, S., Luoto, M. and Carter, T.R. (2006) Potential effect of climate change on the distribution of palsa mires in subarctic Fennoscandia. Climate Research, 32, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fyfe, R. and Greeves, T. (2010) The date and context of a stone row: Cut Hill, Dartmoor, south-west England. Antiquity, 84, 55–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fyfe, R.M., Brück, J., Johnston, R.et al. (2008) Historical context and chronology of Bronze Age enclosure on Dartmoor, UK. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, 2250–2261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Galaty, J.G. and Johnson, D.L. (1990) The World of Pastoralism: Herding Systems in Comparative Perspective. New York:Guilford.Google Scholar
Gallego-Sala, A.V. and Prentice, I.C. (2012) Blanket peat biome endangered by climate change. Nature Climate Change, 3, 152–155.Google Scholar
Gallego-Sala, A.V., Clark, J., House, J.I.et al. (2011) Bioclimatic envelope model of climate change impacts on blanket peatland distribution in Great Britain. Climate Research, 45, 151–162.Google Scholar
Gams, H. and Ruoff, S. (1929) Geschichte, Aufbau und Pflanzendecke des Zehlaubruches. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg in Preußen, 66, 1–192.Google Scholar
Gao, Y., Schumann, M., Chen, H., Wu, N. and Luo, P. (2009) Impacts of grazing intensity on soil carbon and nitrogen in an alpine meadow on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 7, 749–754.Google Scholar
Gao, Y., Zeng, X., Schumann, M. and Chen, H. (2011) Effectiveness of exclosures on restoration of degraded alpine meadow in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau. Arid Land Research and Management, 25, 164–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garnett, H., Ineson, P. and Stevenson, A.C. (2000) Effects of burning and grazing on carbon sequestration in a Pennine blanket bog, UK. The Holocene, 10, 729–736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garrity, D.P., Amoroso, V.B., Koffa, S. and Catacutan, D. (2001) Innovations in participatory watershed resource management to conserve tropical biodiversity. In Seeking Sustainability: Challenges of Agricultural Development and Environmental Management in a Philippine Watershed, ed. Coxhead, I. and Buenavista, G.. Manilla:Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development, pp. 112–137.Google Scholar
Gaudig, G., Kamermann, D. and Joosten, H. (2008) Growing growing media: promises of Sphagnum biomass. Acta Horticulturae, 779, 165–172.Google Scholar
Gaudig, G., Fengler, F., Krebs, M.et al. (2014) Sphagnum farming in Germany: a review of progress. Mires and Peat, 13, Art. 8, 1–11.Google Scholar
Gearey, B.R., Bermingham, N., Moore, C. and Van de Noort, R. (2013) Review of archeaological survey and mitigation policy relating to Bord Na Móna Peatlands. Report. Dublin: Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht.
Gedney, N., Cox, P.M. and Huntingford, C. (2004) Climate feedback from wetland methane emissions. Geophysical Research Letters, 31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
GEF (2001) Conservation and Sustainable Use of Tropical Peat Swamp Forests and Associated Wetland Ecosystems: Project information. Washington DC:Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Gellert, P.K. (1998) A brief history and analysis of Indonesia's forest fire crisis. Indonesia, 65, 63–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerrard, P. (2004) Integrating Wetland Ecosystem Values into Urban Planning: The Case of That Luang Marsh, Vientiane, Lao PDR. Vientiane, Laos:IUCN, Asia Regional Environmental Economics Programme and WWF Lao Country Office.Google Scholar
Geurts, J.J., Smolders, A.J., Verhoeven, J.T., Roelofs, J.G. and Lamers, L.P. (2008) Sediment Fe: PO4 ratio as a diagnostic and prognostic tool for the restoration of macrophyte biodiversity in fen waters. Freshwater Biology, 53, 2101–2116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giesen, W. (2004) Causes of Peat Swamp Forest Degradation in Berbak NP, Indonesia, and Recommendation for Restoration. Arnhem, The Netherlands:Arcadis Euroconsult.Google Scholar
Giesen, W. (2009) Biodiversity and the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan. Technical Report Number 8. Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalisation of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan. Euroconsult Mott MacDonald/Deltares | Delft Hydraulics in association with DHV, Wageningen University and Research, Witteven+Bos Indonesia, PT.MLD and PT.Indec. Jakarta: Government of Indonesia and Royal Netherlands Embassy.
Giesen, W. (2013) Paludiculture: sustainable alternatives on degraded peat land in Indonesia. QANS Activity 3.3: Quick Assessment and Nationwide Screening of Peat and Lowland Resources and Action Planning for the Implementation of a National Lowland Strategy. Jakarta: Euroconsult Mott MacDonald, for the Netherlands Partners for Water Programme, BAPPENAS and the Ministry of Public Works.
Giesen, W. and van der Meer, P. (2009) Guidelines for the Rehabilitation of Degraded Peat Swamp Forest in Central Kalimantan. Technical Guideline Number 5. Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalisation of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan. Euroconsult Mott MacDonald/Deltares | Delft Hydraulics in association with DHV, Wageningen University and Research, Witteven+Bos Indonesia, PT.MLD and PT.Indec. Jakarta: Government of Indonesia and Royal Netherlands Embassy.
Gignac, L.D., Nicholson, B.J. and Bayley, S.E. (1998) The utilization of bryophytes in bioclimatic modeling: predicted northward migration of peatlands in the Mackenzie River Basin, Canada, as a result of global warming. The Bryologist, 101, 572–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gignac, L.D., Halsey, L.A. and Vitt, D.H. (2000) A bioclimatic model for the distribution of Sphagnum-dominated peatlands in North America under present climatic conditions. Journal of Biogeography, 27, 1139–1151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giller, K.E. and Wheeler, B.D. (1986) Past peat cutting and present vegetation patterns in an undrained fen in Broadland, Norfolk. Journal of Ecology, 74, 219–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giller, K.E. and Wheeler, B.D. (1988) Acidification and succession in a flood-plain mire in the Norfolk Broadland, U.K. Journal of Ecology, 76, 849–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gill-Robinson, H. (2008) Managing wetland archaeology: environmental degradation at wetland archaeological sites. In Managing Archaeological Resources, ed. McManamon, P., Stout, A. and Barnes, J.A.. Walnut Creek, CA:Left Coast Press, pp. 233–241.Google Scholar
Girard, M., Lavoie, C. and Thériault, M. (2002) The regeneration of a highly disturbed ecosystem: a mined peatland in Southern Québec. Ecosystems, 5, 274–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Given, D.R. (1994) Principles and Practice of Plant Conservation. Portland, OR:Timber Press.Google Scholar
Glaser, P. H. (1999) The distribution and origin of mire pools. In Patterned Mires and Mire Pools: Origin and Development; Flora and Fauna, ed. Standen, V., Tallis, J. and Meade, R.. Durham, UK:British Ecological Society, pp. 4–25.Google Scholar
Glatzel, S., Koebsch, F., Beetz, S.et al. (2011) Maßnahmen zur Minderung der Treibhausgase Freisetzung aus Mooren im Mittleren Mecklenburg. Telma Beiheft, 4, 85–106.Google Scholar
Glenk, K., Schaafsma, M., Moxey, A., Martin-Ortega, J. and Hanley, N. (2014) A framework for valuing spatially targeted peatland restoration. Ecosystem Services, 9, 20–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goetz, R.U. (1997) Land development and pigouvian taxes: the case of peatland. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 79, 227–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldammer, J.G. (2007) History of equatorial vegetation fires and fire research in Southeast Asia before the 1997/98 episode: a reconstruction of creeping environmental changes. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 13–32.Google Scholar
Goldstein, M.C. and Beall, C.M. (1990) Nomads of Western Tibet: The Survival of a Way of Life. Berkeley, CA:University of California Press.Google Scholar
Gómez-Baggethun, E., de Groot, R., Lomas, P.L. and Montes, C. (2010) The history of ecosystem services in economic theory and practice: from early notions to markets and payment schemes. Ecological Economics, 69, 1209–1218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
González, E. and Rochefort, L. (2014) Drivers of success in 53 cutover bogs restored by a moss layer transfer technique. Ecological Engineering, 68, 279–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gore, A.J.P. (1983) Ecosystems of the World, 4A, Mires: Swamp, Bog, Fen and Moor. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Gorham, E. (1991) Northern peatlands: role in the carbon-cycle and probable responses to climatic warming. Ecological Applications, 1, 182–195.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gorham, E., Brush, G.S., Graumlich, L.J., Rosenzweig, M.L., and Johnson, A.H. (2001) The value of palaeoecology as an aid to monitoring ecosystems and landscapes, chiefly with reference to North America. Environmental Reviews, 9, 99–126.
Gorke, M. (2003) The Death of our Planet's Species: A Challenge to Ecology and Ethics. Washington, DC:Island Press.Google Scholar
Gorke, M. (2010) Eigenwert der Natur: Ethische Begründung und Konsequenzen. Stuttgart, Germany:Hirzel.Google Scholar
Gormley, S., Donnelley, C., Hartwell, B. and Bell, J. (2009) Condition and management survey of the archaeological resource in Northern Ireland. CAMSAR report for the Northern Ireland Environment Agency. Belfast: CAMSAR.
Goulder, L.H. and Parry, I.W.H. (2008) Instrument choice in environmental policy. Resources for the Future Discussion Paper, 2, 152–174.Google Scholar
Government of Alberta (2013) Alberta Wetland Policy. http://aep.alberta.ca/water/programs-and-services/wetlands/documents/AlbertaWetlandPolicy-Sep2013.pdf.
Government of Canada (1991) The Federal Policy on Wetland Conservation. Ottawa:Ministry of Supply and Services Canada.
Government of Indonesia (2010) Indonesia Second National Communication Under The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Jakarta:Government of Indonesia.
Government of Nova Scotia (2011) Nova Scotia Wetlands Conservation Policy. Halifax, Canada:Government of Nova Scotia.
Government of Saskatchewan (2002) The Environmental Assessment Act. Chapter E-10.1 of the Statutes of Saskatchewan 1979–80 (effective August 25, 1980) as amended by the Statutes of Saskatchewan, 1983 c.77; 1988–89 c.42 and c.55; 1996 c.F-19.1; and 2002, c.C-11.1. Regina, Canada: Government of Saskatchewan.
Government of Saskatchewan (2006) Caring for Natural Environments – A Biodiversity Action Plan for Saskatchewan's Future. 2004–2009. 2004–2006 Progress report. Regina, Canada: Government of Saskatchewan.
Grace, J.B. and Wetzel, R.G. (1981) Habitat partitioning and competitive displacement in cattails (Typha): experimental field studies. The American Naturalist, 118, 463–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graf, M.D. and Rochefort, L. (2008) Techniques for restoring fen vegetation on cut-away peatlands of North America. Applied Vegetation Science, 11, 521–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graf, M. and Rochefort, L. (2009) Examining the peat-accumulating potential of fen vegetation in the context of fen restoration of harvested peatlands. Écoscience, 16, 158–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graf, M.D. and Rochefort, L. (2010) Moss regeneration for fen restoration: Field and greenhouse experiments. Restoration Ecology, 18, 121–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graf, M.D., Rochefort, L. and Poulin, M. (2008) Spontaneous revegetation of cutaway peatlands of North America. Wetlands, 28, 28–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graf, M.D., Bérubé, V. and Rochefort, L. (2012) Restoration of peatlands after peat extraction: impacts, restoration goals and techniques. In Restoration and Reclamation of Boreal Ecosystems, ed. Vitt, D.H. and Bhatti, J.. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press, pp. 259–280.Google Scholar
Graham, I.D., Logan, J., Harrison, M.B.et al. (2006) Lost in knowledge translation: time for a map?Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26, 13–24.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Graham, L.L.B. and Page, S.E. (2012) Artificial bird perches for the regeneration of degraded tropical peat swamp forest: a restoration tool with limited potential. Restoration Ecology, 20, 631–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Granath, G., Strengbom, J. and Rydin, H. (2010) Rapid ecosystem shifts in peatlands: linking plant physiology and succession. Ecology, 91, 3047–3056.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grand‐Clement, E., Anderson, K., Smith, D.et al. (2013) Evaluating ecosystem goods and services after restoration of marginal upland peatlands in South-West England. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50, 324–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grayson, R., Holden, J. and Rose, R. (2010) Long-term change in storm hydrographs in response to peatland vegetation change. Journal of Hydrology, 389, 336–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregory, D., Helms, A.C. and Henning, M. (2008) The use and deployment of modern wood samples as a proxy indicator for biochemical processes on archaeological sites preserved in situ in a variety of environments of differing saturation level. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 10, 3, 204–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregory, J.M., Huybrechts, P. and Raper, S.C.B. (2004) Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature, 428, 616.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gregory, J.M., Jones, C.D., Cadule, P. and Friedlingstein, P. (2009) Quantifying carbon cycle feedbacks. Journal of Climate, 22, 5232–5250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greider, T. and Garkovich, L. (1994) Landscapes: the social construction of nature and the environment. Rural Sociology, 59, 1–24.Google Scholar
Gren, I. (1995) The value of investing in wetlands for nitrogen abatement. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 22, 157–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grieve, I., and Gilvear, D. (2008) Effects of wind farm construction on concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic carbon and suspended sediment from peat catchments at Braes of Doune, Central Scotland. Mires and Peat, 4, Art. 3, 1–11.Google Scholar
Grieve, I.C., Davidson, D.A. and Gordon, J.E. (1995) Nature, extent and severity of soil erosion in upland Scotland. Land Degradation and Rehabilitation, 6, 41–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grobler, R., Moning, C., Sliva, J., Bredenkamp, G. and Grundling, P-L. (2004) Subsistence farming and conservation constraints in coastal peat swamp forests of the Kosi Bay Lake system, Maputaland, South Africa. La Conservation des Tourbières, 79, 317–324.Google Scholar
Groeneveld, E.V.G. and Rochefort, L. (2005) Polytrichum strictum as a solution to frost heaving in disturbed ecosystems: a case study with milled peatlands. Restoration Ecology 13, 74–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Groeneveld, E.V.G., Massé, A. and Rochefort, L. (2007) Polytrichum strictum as a nurse-plant in peatland restoration. Restoration Ecology, 15, 709–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grootjans, A.P. and Jansen, A.M.J. (2012) An eco-hydrological approach to wetland restoration. In Calcareous Mires of Slovakia; Landscape Setting, Management and Restoration Prospects, ed. Grootjans, A.P., Jansen, A.M.J. and Stanova, V.. Zeist, The Netherlands: KNNV Publishing, pp. 21–28.Google Scholar
Grootjans, A.P. and van Diggelen, R. (1995) Assessing the restoration prospects of degraded fens. In Restoration of Temperate Wetlands, ed. Wheeler, B.D., Shaw, S.C., Fojt, W.J. and Robertson, R.A.. Chichester, UK:Wiley, pp. 73–90.Google Scholar
Grootjans, A. and van Diggelen, R. (eds) (2002) Selected Restoration Objects in The Netherlands and NW Germany: a Field Guide. Groningen, The Netherlands:Laboratory of Plant Ecology.Google Scholar
Grootjans, A.P., van Diggelen, R., Joosten, H. and Smolders, A.J.P. (2012) Restoration of mires. In Restoration Ecology: The New Frontier, ed. van Andel, J. and Aronson, J.. Oxford, UK:Blackwell, pp. 203–213.Google Scholar
Grosshans, R.E., Venema, H.D., Cicek, N. and Goldsborough, G. (2011a) Cattail farming for water quality: harvesting cattails for nutrient removal and phosphorous recovery in the watershed. Proceedings of WEF-IWA Nutrient Recovery and Management 2011, 1107–1132.
Grosshans, R.E., Zubrycki, K., Hope, A., Roy, D. and Venema, H.D. (2011b) Netley–Libau Nutrient-Bioenergy Project. Manitoba, Canada:IISD.Google Scholar
Groves, J., Caitcheon, G., Norris, R. and Williams, D. (2007) Prediction of fluvial seed dispersal and long-term sustainability of riparian vegetation using sediment transport processes.Proceedings of the 5th Australian Stream Management Conference. Australian Rivers: Making a Difference, 121–126.
Gulickx, M.M.C., Beecroft, R.C. and Green, A.C. (2007) Introduction of water buffalo Bubalus bubalis to recently created wetlands at Kingfisher's Bridge, Cambridgeshire, England. Conservation Evidence, 4, 43–44.Google Scholar
Günther, A., Huth, V., Jurasinski, G. and Glatzel, S. (2015) The effect of biomass harvesting on greenhouse gas emissions from a rewetted temperate fen. GCB Bioenergy, 7, 1092–1106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Güsewell, S. and Le Nédic, C. (2004) Effects of winter mowing on vegetation succession in a lakeshore fen. Applied Vegetation Science, 7, 41–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gustafsson, L. (1988) Vegetation succession during the establishment of an energy forest on a Sphagnum peat bog in East-Central Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 3, 371–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haapalehto, T.O., Vasander, H., Jauhiainen, S., Tahvanainen, T. and Kotiaho, J.S. (2011). The effects of peatland restoration on water-table depth, elemental concentrations and vegetation: 10 years of changes. Restoration Ecology, 19, 587–598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haines-Young, R. and Potschin, M. (2013) Common international classification of ecosystem services. Report prepared following consultation on CICES Version 4. August–September 2012. EEA Framework Contract No EEA/IEA/09/003. London: European Environment Agency.
Hájkova, P., Grootjans, A.P., Lamentowicz, M.et al. (2012) How a Sphagnum fuscum bog changed into a calcareous fen: the remarkable history of a Slovak spring fed mire. Journal of Quarternary Science, 27, 233–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Häkkinen, J. (2007) Traditional use of reed. In Read Up on Reed! Part IV, Touch and Thatch, ed. Ikonen, I.. and Hagelberg, E.. Turku, Finland: Southwest Finland Regional Environment Centre, pp. 62–72.Google Scholar
Hall, D. (1987) The Fenland Project 2: Cambridgeshire Survey, Peterborough to March. East Anglian Archaeology, 35.Google Scholar
Halsey, L.A., Vitt, D.H. and Bauer, I.E. (1998) Peatland initiation during the Holocene in continental western Canada. Climatic Change, 40, 315–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hamada, Y., Darung, U., Tho, U., Limin, S.H. and Hatano, R. (2010) Gaseous composition of smoke samples obtained at a tropical peatland fire. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World. Brisbane, Australia: World Congress of Soil Science.Google Scholar
Hampicke, U. (1999) The limits of economic valuation of biodiversity. International Journal of Social Economics, 26, 158–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hanley, N. and Craig, S. (1991) Wilderness development decisions and the Krutilla-Fisher model: the case of Scotland's ‘flow country’. Ecological Economics, 4, 145–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hanley, N., Colombo, S., Mason, P. and Johns, H. (2007) The reform of support mechanisms for upland farming: paying for public goods in the severely disadvantaged areas of England. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58, 433–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hanley, N., Ready, R., Colombo, S.et al. (2009) The impacts of knowledge of the past on preferences for future landscape change. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 1404–1412.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hardin, G. (1968) The tragedy of the commons. Science, 162, 1243–1248.Google ScholarPubMed
Hargreaves, K.J., Milne, R. and Cannell, M.G.R., (2003) Carbon balance of afforested peatland in Scotland. Forestry, 76, 299–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harlow, J., Clarke, S., Phillips, M. and Scott, A. (2012) Valuing land-use and management changes in the Keighley and Watersheddles catchment. Natural England Research Reports, Number 44. Peterborough, UK: Natural England.
Harper, J.L. (1977) Population Biology of Plants. London:Academic Press.Google Scholar
Harris, J.A., Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E. and Aronson, J. (2006) Ecological restoration and global climate change. Restoration Ecology, 14, 170–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harris, N. and Hooper, A. (2004) Rediscovering the ‘spatial’ in public policy and planning: an examination of the spatial content of sectoral policy documents. Planning Theory and Practice, 5, 147–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harrison, B.M. and Priest, F.G. (2009) Composition of peats used in the preparation of malt for Scotch whisky production – Influence of geographical source and extraction depth. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57, 2385–2391.CrossRef
Harte, J. (1997) Nature conservation: the rule of law in European Community law. Journal of Environmental Policy, 9, 139–180.Google Scholar
Hasch, B., Lotsch, H., Luthardt, V., Meier-Uhlherr, R. and Zeitz, J. (2009) DSS-WAMOS: a new web-based planning tool for fen restoration in European temperate forests, Peatlands International, 2009/1, 48–51.Google Scholar
Hayen, H. (1987) Peat bog archaeology in Lower Saxony, West Germany. In European Wetlands in Prehistory, ed. Coles, J.M. and Lawson, A.J.. Oxford, UK:Clarendon Press, pp. 117–136.Google Scholar
Heaney, S. (2009) New Selected Poems 1966–1987. London:Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
Hedberg, P. and Kotowski, W. (2010) New nature by sowing? The current state of species introduction in grassland restoration, and the road ahead. Journal for Nature Conservation, 18, 304–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hedberg, P., Kotowski, W., Saetre, P.et al. (2012) Vegetation recovery after multiple-site experimental fen restorations. Biological Conservation, 147, 60–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hedberg, P., Saetre, P., Sundberg, S., Rydin, H. and Kotowski, W. (2013) A functional trait approach to fen restoration analysis. Applied Vegetation Science, 16, 658–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heijmans, M.M.P.D., Berendse, F., Arp, W.J.et al. (2001) Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and increased nitrogen deposition on bog vegetation in the Netherlands. Journal of Ecology, 89, 268–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heikkilä, H. and Lindholm, T. (1995) Mires of Seitseminen: how to make a national park.Finnish-Karelian Symposium on Mire Conservation and Classification,Vesi-ja Ympäristöhallinnon Julkaisuja – Sarja, 70–77.
Heil, A., Langmann, B. and Aldrian, E. (2007) Indonesian peat and vegetation fire emissions: study on factors influencing large-scale smoke haze pollution using a regional atmospheric chemistry model. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 113–133.Google Scholar
Hein, L., van Koppen, C., de Groot, R., van Ierland, E. (2006) Spatial scales, stakeholders and the valuation of ecosystem services. Ecological Economics, 57, 209–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helliwell, R.C.Coull, M.C., Davies, J.J.L.et al. (2007) The role of catchment characteristics in determining surface water nitrogen in four upland regions in the UK. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 11, 356–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henman, J. and Poulter, B. (2008) Inundation of freshwater peatlands by sea level rise: Uncertainty and potential carbon cycle feedbacks. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, G01011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henriksen, M. and Sylvester, M. (2007) Boat and human remains from bogs in Central Norway. In Archaeology from the Wetlands: Recent Perspectives, ed. Barber, J., Clark, J. C., Cressey, M., Crone, A., Hale, A., Henderson, J., Sands, R. H and Sheridan, A., Proceedings of the 11th WARP Conference Society of AntiquariesScotland, pp. 343–349.Google Scholar
Herzschuh, U., Birks, H.J.B., Ni, J.et al.. (2010a) Holocene land-cover changes on the Tibetan Plateau. The Holocene, 20, 91–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herzschuh, U., Birks, H. J. B., Liu, X., Kubatzki, C. and Lohmann, G. (2010b) What caused the mid-Holocene forest decline on the eastern Tibet–Qinghai Plateau?Global Ecology and Biogeography, 19, 278–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Higgs, E. (2003) Nature by Design: People, Natural Processes and Ecological Restoration. Cambridge, MA:MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hiraishi, T., Krug, T., Tanabe, K.et al. (eds.) (2014a) 2013 Revised Supplementary Methods and Good Practice Guidance Arising from the Kyoto Protocol. Geneva:IPCC.Google Scholar
Hiraishi, T., Krug, T., Tanabe, K.et al. (eds.) (2014b) 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands. Geneva:IPCC.Google Scholar
HM Government (1994a) Biodiversity: The UK Action Plan. London:HMSO.
HM Government (1994b) The Conservation (Natural Habitats, and C) Regulations. London:HMSO.
Hoag, R. and Price, J.S. (1995) A field scale natural gradient solute transport experiment in peat at a Newfoundland blanket bog. Journal of Hydrology, 172, 171–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hobbs, R.J. and Harris, J.A. (2001) Restoration ecology: repairing the Earth's ecosystems in the new millennium. Restoration Ecology, 9, 239–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E. and Harris, J.A. (2009) Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, 599–605.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hodder, K.H., Buckland, P.C., Kirby, K.J., and Bullock, J.M. (2009) Can the pre-Neolithic provide suitable models for re-wilding the landscape in Britain?British Wildlife, 4–15.Google Scholar
Hodges, J., Foggin, M., Long, R. and Zhaxi, G. (2014) Globalisation and the sustainability of farmers, livestock-keepers, pastoralists and fragile habitats. Biodiversity, 15, 109–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hodgson, J.G., Grime, J.P., Wilson, P.J., Thompson, K. and Band, R.S. (2005) The impacts of agricultural change (1963–2003) on the grassland flora of Central England: processes and prospects. Basic and Applied Ecology, 6, 107–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffmann, W.A., Schroeder, W., and Jackson, R.B. (2003) Regional feedbacks among fire, climate, and tropical deforestation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 4721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hogg, E.H., Lieffers, V.J. and Wein, R.W. (1992) Potential carbon losses from peat profiles: effects of temperature, drought cycles, and fire. Ecological Applications, 2, 298–306.CrossRef
Holden, J. (2005) Peatland hydrology and carbon release: why small-scale process matters. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 363, 2891–2913.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holden, J. and Burt, T.P. (2003) Hydrological studies on blanket peat: the significance of the acrotelm-catotelm model. Journal of Ecology, 91, 86–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holden, J., Chapman, P.J. and Labadz, J.C. (2004) Artificial drainage of peatlands: hydrological and hydrochemical processes and wetland restoration. Progress in Physical Geography, 28, 95–123.Google Scholar
Holden, J., Chapman, P., Evans, M.et al. (2006a) Vulnerability of organic soils in England and Wales. Final technical report to DEFRA, Project SP0532.London:DEFRA.Google Scholar
Holden, J., Evans, M.G., Burt, T.P. and Horton, M. (2006b) Impact of land drainage on peatland hydrology. Journal of Environmental Quality, 35, 1764–1778.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holden, J., Gascoigne, M. and Bosanko, N.R. (2007) Erosion and natural revegetation associated with surface land drains in upland peatlands. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32, 1547–1557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holden, J., Shotbolt, L., Bonn, A.et al. (2007) Environmental change in moorland landscapes. Earth Science Reviews, 82, 75–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holden, J., Kirkby, M.J., Lane, S.N.et al. (2008) Overland flow velocity and roughness properties in peatlands. Water Resources Research, 44, W06415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holden, J., Wallage, Z.E., Lane, S.N. and McDonald, A.T. (2011) Water table dynamics in drained and restored blanket peat. Journal of Hydrology, 402, 103–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holden, J., Chapman, P.C., Palmer, S.M., Kay, P., and Grayson, R. (2012) The impacts of prescribed moorland burning on water colour and dissolved organic carbon: a critical synthesis. Journal of Environmental Management, 101, 92–103.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Holden, J., Brown, L., Palmer, S.et al. (2013) Impact of precribed and repeated vegetation burning on blanket peat hydrology. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 15, EGU2013–8288.Google Scholar
Holden, J., Wearing, C., Palmer, S.et al. (2014) Fire decreases near surface hydraulic conductivity and macropore flow in blanket peat. Hydrological Processes, 28, 2868–2876.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holzner, W. and Kriechbaum, M. (1998) Man's impact on the vegetation and landscape in the inner Himalaya and Tibet. In Sediments of Time, ed. Elvin, M. and Liu, T.. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press, pp. 53–106.Google Scholar
Holzner, W. and Kriechbaum, M. (2000) Pastures in South and Central Tibet (China): methods for a rapid assessment of pasture conditions. Die Bodenkultur, 51, 247–254.Google Scholar
Hooijer, A. (2005) Hydrology of tropical wetland forests: recent research results from Sarawak peat swamps. In Forest, Water and People in the Humid Tropics, ed. Bonell, M. and Bruijnzeel, L.A.. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press, pp. 447–461.Google Scholar
Hooijer, A., van der Vat, M., Prinsen, G.et al. (2008) Hydrology of the EMRP area: water management implications for peatlands. Technical Report Number 2. Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Revitalisation of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in Central Kalimantan. Euroconsult Mott MacDonald/Deltares | Delft Hydraulics in association with DHV, Wageningen University and Research, Witteven+Bos Indonesia, PT.MLD and PT.Indec. Jakarta: Government of Indonesia and Royal Netherlands Embassy.Google Scholar
Hooijer, A., Page, S., Canadell, J.G.et al. (2010) Current and future CO2 emissions from drained peatlands in Southeast Asia. Biogeosciences, 7, 1505–1514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hooijer, A., Page, S., Jauhiainen, J.et al. (2012) Subsidence and carbon loss in drained tropical peatlands. Biogeosciences, 9, 1053–1071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hooijer, A., Vernimmen, R., Visser, M. and Mawdsley, N. (2015) Flooding projections from elevation and subsidence models for oil palm plantations in the Rajang Delta peatlands, Sarawak, Malaysia. Deltares report 1207384, 76.
Hoosbeek, M.R., van Breemen, N., Vasander, H., Buttler, A. and Berendse, F. (2002) Potassium limits potential growth of bog vegetation under elevated atmospheric CO2 and N deposition. Global Change Biology, 8, 1130–1138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Höper, H., Augustin, J., Cagampan, J.P.et al. (2008) Restoration of peatlands and greenhouse gas balances.Peatlands and Climate Change, ed. Strack, M.. Jyväskylä, Finland: International Peat Society, pp. 182–210.Google Scholar
Houghton, J.T., Jenkins, G.J. and Ephraums, J.J. (eds) (1990) Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment, Working Group I. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hughes, P.D.M. and Dumayne-Peaty, L. (2002) Testing theories of mire development using multiple successions at Crymlyn Bog, West Glamorgan, South Wales, UK. Journal of Ecology, 90, 456–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hughes, P.D.M., Blundell, A., Charman, D.J.et al. (2006) An 8500 cal. year multi-proxy climate record from a bog in eastern Newfoundland: contributions of meltwater discharge and solar forcing. Quaternary Science Reviews, 25, 1208–1227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hughes, P.D.M., Lomas Clarke, S.H., Schulz, J. and Barber, K.E. (2007) Decline and localised extinction of a major raised bog species across the British Isles: evidence for associated land-use intensification. The Holocene, 18, 1033–1043.Google Scholar
Hutchinson, J.N. (1980) The record of peat wastage in the East Anglian fenlands at Holme Post, 1848–1978 AD. Journal of Ecology, 68, 229–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huxman, T.E., Wilcox, B.P., Breshears, D.D.et al. (2005) Ecohydrological implications of woody plant encroachment. Ecology, 86, 308–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hynninen, A., Fritze, H., Sarkkola, S.et al. (2011) N2O fluxes from peatland buffer areas after high N loadings in five forested catchments in Finland. Wetlands, 31, 1067–1077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hyvönen, R., Olsson, B.A., Lundkvist, H. and Staaf, H. (2000) Decomposition and nutrient release from Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Pinus sylvestris (L.) logging residues. Forest Ecology and Management, 126, 97–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ikusima, I. (1978) Primary production and population ecology of the aquatic sedge Lepironia articulata in a tropical swamp, Tasek Bera, Malaysia. Aquatic Botany, 4, 269–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ilnicki, P. and Zeitz, J (2003) Irreversible loss of organic soil functions after reclamation. In Organic Soils and Peat Materials for Sustainable Agriculture, ed. Parent, L.-E. and Ilnicki, P.. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 15–32.Google Scholar
Ingram, H.A.P. (1978) Soil layers in mires: function and terminology. Journal of Soil Science, 29, 224–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingram, H.A.P. (1982) Size and shape in raised mire ecosystems: a geophysical model. Nature, 297, 300–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingram, H.A.P. (1983) Hydrology. In Ecosystems of the World 4A, Mires: Swamp, Bog, Fen and Moor, ed. A.J.P. Gore. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 67–158.Google Scholar
Ingram, H.A.P. and Bragg, O.M. (1984) The diplotelmic mire: some hydrological consequences reviewed. Proceedings 7th International Peat Congress Dublin, 5, 220–234.Google Scholar
IPCC (2001) Climate Change 2001: Working Group I: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.
IPCC (2006) 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, ed. Eggleston, H.S., Buendia, L., Miwa, K., Ngara, T. and Tanabe, K.. Japan:IGES.
IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Geneva: IPCC.
Isermeyer, F., Otte, A., Christen, O.et al. (2008) Nutzung von Biomasse zur Energiegewinnung. Münster-Hiltrup:Landwirtschaftsverlag.Google Scholar
Isselin-Nondedeu, F., Rochefort, L. and Poulin, M. (2007) Long-term vegetation monitoring to assess the restoration success of a vacuum-mined peatland (Québec, Canada). International Conference Peat and Peatlands 2007. Fédération des conservatoires d'espaces naturels/Pôle relais tourbières, 23, 153–166.Google Scholar
Ivanov, K.E. (1981) Water Movement in Mirelands. London:Academic Press.Google Scholar
Iversen, P., Lee, D. and Rocha, M. (2014) Understanding land use in the UNFCCC: summary for policymakers.
Jaenicke, J., Englhart, S. and Siegert, F. (2011) Monitoring the effect of restoration measures in Indonesian peatlands by radar satellite imagery. Journal of Environmental Management, 92, 630–638.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jansson, R., Zinko, U., Merritt, D.M. and Nilsson, C. (2005) Hydrochory increases riparian plant species richness: a comparison between a free-flowing and a regulated river. Journal of Ecology, 93, 1094–1103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jauhiainen, J., Hooijer, A. and Page, S.E. (2012) Carbon dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation on peatland in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biogeosciences, 9, 617–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jauhiainen, S., Laiho, R. and Vasander, H. (2002) Ecohydrological and vegetational changes in a restored bog and fen. Annales Botanici Fennici, 39, 185–199.Google Scholar
Jax, K., Barton, D.N., Chan, K.M.A.et al. (2013) Ecosystem services and ethics. Ecological Economics, 93, 260–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
JNCC (2011) Towards an assessment of the state of UK peatlands. Joint Nature Conservation Committee report No 445.Peterborough, UK:JNCC.
JNCC and DEFRA (2012) UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework. Peterborough, UK:JNCC.
Jobbágy, E.G. and Jackson, R.B.M. (2000) The vertical distribution of soil organic carbon and its relation to climate and vegetation. Ecological Applications, 10, 423–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jobin, P., Caron, J., and Rochefort, L. (2014) Developing new potting mixes with Sphagnum fibers. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 94, 585–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnston, C. E., Ewing, S. A., Harden, J. W.et al. (2014) Effect of permafrost thaw on CO2and CH4 exchange in a western Alaska peatland chronosequence. Environmental Research Letters, 9, 085004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnston, E. & Soulsby, C. (2000) Peatland conservation in Buchan, north-east Scotland: The historic context and contemporary issues. Scottish Geographical Journal, 116, 283–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnston, F., Henderson, S., Chen, Y.et al. (2012) Estimated global mortality attributable to smoke from landscape fires. Environmental Health Perspective, 120, 695–701.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnston, R. and Rosenberger, R. (2010) Methods, trends and controversies in contemporary benefit transfer. Journal of Economic Surveys, 24, 479–510.Google Scholar
Jones, J., Tinsley, H.M. and Brunning, R. (2007) Methodologies for assessment of the state of preservation of pollen and plant macrofossil remains in waterlogged deposits. Environmental Archaeology 12, 71–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joosten, H. (1993) Denken wie ein Hochmoor: Hydrologische Selbstregulation von Hochmooren und deren Bedeutung für Wiedervernässung und Restauration. Telma, 23, 95–115.Google Scholar
Joosten, J.H.J. (1995) Time to regenerate: long-term perspectives of raised bog regeneration with special emphasis on palaeoecological studies. In Restoration of Temperate Wetlands, ed. Wheeler, B.D., Shaw, S.C., Fojt, W.J. and Robertson, R.A.. Chichester, UK: John Wiley, pp. 379–404.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2000) The role of peat in Finnish greenhouse gas balances. IMCG Newsletter, 2000/3, 2–4.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2007) The International Peat Society: fossil or renewable? An analysis of the IPS stand towards peat renewability and climate change. IMCG Newsletter, 2007/2, 4–19.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2008) What are peatlands? In Assessment on Peatlands, Biodiversity and Climate Change, ed. Parish, F., Sirin, A., Charman, D., Joosten, H., Minayeva, T., Silvius, M. and Stringer, L.. Kuala Lumpur and Wageningen, The Netherlands: Global Environment Centre and Wetlands International, pp. 8–19.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2009a) Burning peat or burning fingers? Peatland in the new EU Renewable Energy Directive. IMCG Newsletter, 2009/1, 16–21.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2009b) Human impacts: Farming, fire, forestry and fuel. In The Wetlands Handbook, ed. Maltby, E. and Barker, T.. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 689–718.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2009c) The Global Peatland CO2 Picture. Peatland Status and Drainage Associated Emissions in All Countries of the World. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wetlands International.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2011a) Selling peatland rewetting on the compliance carbon market. In Carbon Credits from Peatland Rewetting. Climate – Biodiversity – Land Use. Science, Policy, Implementation and Recommendations of a Pilot Project in Belarus, ed. Tanneberger, F. and Wichtmann, W.. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart, pp. 99–105.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2011b) Sensitising global conventions for climate change mitigation by peatlands. In Carbon Credits from Peatland Rewetting. Climate – Biodiversity – Land Use. Science, Policy, Implementation and Recommendations of a Pilot Project in Belarus, ed. Tanneberger, F. and Wichtmann, W.. Stuttgart, Germany: Schweizerbart, pp. 90–94.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2012) Zustand und Perspektiven der Moore weltweit. Natur und Landschaft, 87, 50–55.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. (2014) Croplands and paludicultures. In Towards Climate- responsible Peatlands Management, Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Series 9, ed. Biancalani, R. and Avagyan, A.. Rome:FAO, pp. 41–43.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. and Clarke, D. (2002) Wise Use of Mires and Peatlands: Background and Principles Including a Framework for Decision-making.Saarijarvi:International Mire Conservation Group/International Peat Society.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. and Couwenberg, J. (2008) Peatlands and carbon. In Assessment on Peatlands, Biodiversity and Climate Change, ed. Parish, F., Sirin, A., Charman, D., Joosten, H., Minayeva, T., Silvius, M. and Stringer, L.. Kuala Lumpur and Wageningen, The Netherlands: Global Environment Centre and Wetlands International, pp. 99–117.Google Scholar
Joosten, H. and Schumann, M. (2007) Hydrogenetic aspects of peatland restoration in Tibet and Kalimantan. Global Environmental Research, 11, 195–204.Google Scholar
Joosten, H., Haberl, A. and Schumann, M. (2008) Degradation and restoration of peatlands on the Tibetan Plateau. Peatlands International, 2008/1, 31–35.Google Scholar
Joosten, H., Tapio-Biström, M.-L. and Tol, S. (2012) Peatlands: guidance for climate change mitigation by conservation, rehabilitation and sustainable use. Mitigation of climate change in agriculture series, No 5. Rome: FAO. (accessed 27 Feb 2014).
Joosten, H., Gaudig, G. and Krebs, M. (2013) Peat-free growing media: Sphagnum biomass. Peatlands International, 2013/1, 28–31.Google Scholar
Joosten, H., Brust, K., Couwenberg, J.et al. (2015a) MoorFutures®. Integration of additional ecosystem services (including biodiversity) into carbon credits: standard, methodology and transferability to other regions. Bonn, Germany: BfN Skripten 407, Bundesamt für Naturschutz.
Joosten, H., Gaudig, G., Krawczynski, R.et al. (2015b) Managing soil carbon in Europe: paludicultures as a new perspective for peatlands. In Soil Carbon: Science, Management and Policy for Multiple Benefits, ed. Banwart, S. A., Noellemeyer, E. and Milne, E.. SCOPE Series Vol. 71. Wallingford, UK:CABI, pp. 297–306.Google Scholar
Jordan, W.R., Gilpin, M.E. and Aber, J.D. (1987) Restoration Ecology: A Synthetic Approach to Ecological Research. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Jorgenson, M.T. and Osterkamp, T.E. (2005) Response of boreal ecosystems to varying modes of permafrost degradation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35, 2100–2111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaakinen, E., Kokko, A., Aapala, K.et al. (2008) Suot. [Mires]. In Suomen luontotyyppien uhanalaisuus. Osa 1. Tulokset ja arvioinnin perusteet. [Assessment of Threatened Habitat Types in Finland. Part 1: Results and Basis for Assessment], ed. Raunio, A., Schulman, A. and Kontula, T.. Helsinki: Suomen ympäristökeskus. Suomen ympäristö 8/2008, pp. 75–109.Google Scholar
Kaczmarek, Z. (1998) Human impact on Yellow River water management. Interim Report IR-98-016/April. Laxenburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
Kadlec, R.H. and Knight, R.L. (1996) Treatment Wetlands. Boca Raton, FL:CRC Press.Google Scholar
Kaiser, K., Miehe, G., Schoch, W. H., Zander, A. and Schlütz, F. (2006) Relief, soil and lost forests: Late Holocene environmental changes in Southern Tibet under human impact. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 142, 149–173.Google Scholar
Kaiser, K., Schoch, W. H. and Miehe, G. (2007) Holocene paleosols and colluvial sediments in Northeast Tibet (Qinghai Province, China): Properties, dating and paleoenvironmental implications. Catena, 69, 91–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kamermann, D. and Blankenburg, J. (2008) Erfahrungen und Ergebnisse eines Feldversuchs im Projekt „Torfmoos als nachwachsender Rohstoff”. Telma, 38, 121–144.Google Scholar
Kartawinata, K. and Satjapradja, O. (1983) Prospects for agro-forestry and the rehabilitation of degraded forest land in Indonesia. Mountain Research and Development, 3, 414–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaul, F. (1995) The Gundestrup Cauldron reconsidered. Acta Archaeologica, 66, 1–38.Google Scholar
Kazoglu, Y. and Papanastasis, V.P. (2001) Effects of water buffalo grazing on the wet plant communities of the littoral zone of Lake Mikri Prespa. In Neue Modelle zu Maßnahmen der Landschaftsentwicklung mit großen Pflanzenfressern, ed. Gerken, B. and Görner, M.. Natur- und Kulturlandschaft 4. Höxter, Germany: Huxaria, pp. 348–351.Google Scholar
Keddy, P. (1999) Wetland restoration: the potential for assembly rules in the service of conservation. Wetlands, 19, 716–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kennedy, G.W. and Price, J.S. (2005) A conceptual model of volume-change controls on the hydrology of cutover peats. Journal of Hydrology, 302, 13–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kent, D.M. (2000) Evaluating wetland functions and values. In Applied Wetlands Science and Technology, ed. Kent, D.M.. London:Lewis Publishers, pp. 221–242.Google Scholar
Kerr, A.J. and Bain, C. (1997) Perspectives on current action for biodiversity conservation. InBiodiversity in Scotland: Status, Trends and Initiatives, ed. Newton, A.C., Vickery, J.A., Usher, M.B. and Fleming, L.V.. Edinburgh, UK: HMSO, pp. 273–285.Google Scholar
Ketcheson, S. and Price, J. (2011) The impact of peatland restoration on the site hydrology of an abandoned block-cut bog. Wetlands, 31, 1263–1274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khazanov, A.M. (1984) Nomads and the Outside World. Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kim, J. and Verma, S.B. (1996) Surface exchange of water vapour between an open Sphagnum fen and the atmosphere. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 79, 243–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kimmel, K. and Mander, Ü. (2010) Ecosystem services of peatlands: implications for restorationProgress in Physical Geography, 34, 491–514.Google Scholar
Kirk, H., Conolly, C. and Freeland, J.R. (2011) Molecular genetic data reveal hybridization between Typha angustifolia and Typha latifolia across a broad spatial scale in eastern North America. Aquatic Botany, 95, 189–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kivimäki, S.K., Yli-petäys, M. and Tuittila, E.S. (2008) Carbon sink function of sedge and Sphagnum patches in a restored cut-away peatland: increased functional diversity leads to higher production. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 921–929.Google Scholar
Klepper, O. (1992) Model study of the Negara River Basin to assess the regulating role of its wetlands. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management, 7, 311–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimanov, V.A. and Sirin, A.A. (1997) The dynamics of peat accumulation by mires of Northern Eurasia during the last three thousand years. In Northern Forested Wetlands: Ecology and Management, ed Trettin, C.C.. Boca Raton, FL:Lewis Publishers/CRC Press, pp. 319–330.Google Scholar
Klimkowska, A. (2008) Restoration of several degraded fens: ecological feasibility, opportunities and constraints. PhD thesis. Antwerp, Belgium: University of Antwerp.
Klimkowska, A., Van Diggelen, R., Bakker, J.P. and Grootjans, A.P. (2007) Wet meadow restoration in Western Europe: a quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of several techniques. Biological Conservation, 140, 318–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimkowska, A., Kotowski, W., Van Diggelen, R.et al. (2010a) Vegetation re-development after fen meadow restoration by topsoil removal and hay transfer. Restoration Ecology, 18, 924–933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimkowska, A., Van Diggelen, R, Grootjans, A.P. and Kotowski, W. (2010b) Prospects for fen meadow restoration on severely degraded fens. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 12, 245–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimkowska, A., Dzierża, P., Kotowski, W. and Brzezińska, K. (2010c) Methods of limiting willow shrub re-growth after initial removal on fen meadows. Journal for Nature Conservation, 18, 12–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimkowska, A., Dzierża, P., Brzezińska, K., Kotowski, W. and Mędrzycki, P. (2010d) Can we balance the high costs of nature restoration with the method of topsoil removal? Case study from Poland. Journal for Nature Conservation, 18, 202–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimkowska, A., van der Elst, D.J.D. and Grootjans, A. P. (2015) Understanding long-term effects of topsoil removal in peatlands: overcoming thresholds for fen meadows restoration. Applied Vegetation Science, 18, 110–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klinge, M. and Lehmkuhl, F. (2005) Untersuchungen zur holozänen Bodenentwicklung und Geomorphodynamik in Tibet – Hinweise auf klimatische und anthropogene Veränderungen. Berliner Geographische Arbeiten, 100, 81–91.Google Scholar
Klinger, L.F., Zimmerman, P.R., Greenberg, J.P.et al. (1994) Carbon trace gas fluxes along a successional gradient in the Hudson Bay lowland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 1469–1494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kloskowski, J. and Krogulec, J. (1999) Habitat selection of aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola in Poland: consequences for conservation of the breeding areas. Vogelwelt, 120, 113–120.Google Scholar
Knox, S.H., Sturtevant, C., Matthes, J.H.et al. (2015) Agricultural peatland restoration: effects of land-use change on greenhouse gas (CO2 and CH4) fluxes in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta. Global Change Biology, 21, 750–765.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kobayashi, S. (2000) Initial Phase of Secondary Succession in the Exploited Peat Swamp Forest (Shorea albida) at Sungai Damit, Belait in Brunei Darussalam.Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tropical Peatlands Bogor, Indonesia, 22–23 November 1999, ed. Iwakuma, T., Inoue, T., Kohyama, T.et al.Bogor, Indonesia:Hokkaido University and Indonesian Institute of Sciences, pp. 205–214.Google Scholar
Köbbing, J.F., Thevs, N. and Zerbe, S. (2013) The utilisation of reed (Phragmites australis): a review. Mires and Peat, 13, Art.1, 1–14.Google Scholar
Koehler, A.-K., Sottocornola, M. and Kiely, G. (2011) How strong is the current carbon sequestration of an Atlantic blanket bog?Global Change Biology, 17, 309–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kolomytsev, V.A. (1993) Bolotoobrazovatelnyj Process v Srednerajezhnyh Landshaftakh Vostochnoy Fennoscandii (The Peatland Formation Process in Middle Taiga Ecosystems of Eastern Fennoscandia). Petrozavodsk, Russia: Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (in Russian).
Komulainen, V.-M., Nykänen, H., Martikainen, P.J. and Laine, J. (1997) Short-term effect of restoration on vegetation succession and methane emissions from peatlands drained for forestry in southern Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28, 402–411.Google Scholar
Komulainen, V.-M., Tuittila, E.-S., Vasander, H., Laine, J. (1999) Restoration of drained peatlands in southern Finland: initial effects on vegetation change and CO2 balance. Journal of Applied Ecology, 36, 634–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koontz, T.M. and Bodine, J. (2008) Implementing ecosystem management in public agencies: lessons from the US Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service. Conservation Biology, 22, 60–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Korhola, A., Ruppel, M., Seppä, H.et al. (2010) The importance of northern peatland expansion to the late-Holocene rise of atmospheric methane. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 611–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Körner, C. (2003) Alpine Plant Life: Functional Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems, 2nd edn. Heidelberg/New York:Springer Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Körner, C. (2008) The use of ‘altitude’ in ecological research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22, 569–574.Google Scholar
Kosoy, N. and Corbera, E. (2010) Payments for ecosystem services as commodity fetishism. Ecological Economics, 69, 1228–1236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kosoy, N., Martinez-Tuna, M., Muradian, R. and Martinez-Alier, J. (2007) Payments for environmental services in watersheds: Insights from a comparative study of three cases in Central America. Ecological Economics, 61: 446–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kotowski, W. (2002) Fen communities. Ecological mechanisms and conservation strategies. PhD thesis. Groningen, The Netherlands: Groningen University.
Kotowski, W. and Van Diggelen, R. (2004) Fen vegetation composition in relation to light availability. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15, 583–594.Google Scholar
Kotowski, W., Dzierża, P.Czerwinski, M., Kozub, Ł. and Śnieg, S. (2013) Shrub removal facilitates recovery of wetland species in a rewetted fen. Journal for Nature Conservation, 21, 294–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kotowski, W., Jabłońska, E. and Bartoszuk, H. (2013) Conservation management in fens: do large tracked mowers impact functional plant diversity?Biological Conservation, 167, 292–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kottelat, M., Britz, R., Hui, T. H., and Witte, K.E. (2006) Paedocypris, a new genus of Southeast Asian cyprinid fish with a remarkable sexual dimorphism, comprises the world's smallest vertebrate. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273, 895–899.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Krawczynski, R., Biel, P. and Zeigert, H. (2008) Wasserbüffel als Landschaftspfleger. Erfahrungen zum Einsatz in Feuchtgebieten. Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung, 40, 133–139.Google Scholar
Krutilla, J. (1967): Conservation reconsidered. The American Economic Review, 57, 777–786.Google Scholar
Krutilla, J. and Fisher, A. (1975) The Economics of Natural Environments: Studies in the Valuation of Commodity and Amenity Resources. Baltimore, MD:Johns Hopkins Press.Google Scholar
Kubacka, J., Oppel, S., Dyrcz, A.et al. (2014) Effect of mowing on productivity in the endangered Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola. Bird Conservation International, 24, 45–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuhry, P., Nicholson, B.J., Gignac, L.D., Vitt, D.H. and Bayley, S.E. (1993) Development of Sphagnum-dominated peatlands in boreal continental Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany, 71, 10–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kulczyński, S. (1949) Torfowiska Polesia. Peat bogs of Polesie. Memoires de l'Académie Polonaise des Sciences et des Lettres, Classe des Sciences Mathématiques et Naturelles, Sér. B, 15, 1–359.Google Scholar
Kumaran, S. (2007) Tasek Bera: Malaysia's First Ramsar site: A Booklet for Ecotourism at Tasek Bera. Malaysia: Wetlands International.Google Scholar
Kunii, O., Kanagawa, S., Hojo, M.et al. (2000) Assessment of lung health among the inhabitants exposed to haze from the 1997 forest fire in Indonesia. Respirology, 5, 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuntze, H. (1982) Die Anthropogenese nordwestdeutscher Grünlandböden. Abhandlungen Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein zu Bremen, 39, 379–395.Google Scholar
Kuuluvainen, T., Aapala, K., Ahlroth, P.et al. (2002) Principles of ecological restoration of boreal forested ecosystems: Finland as an example. Silva Fennica, 36, 409–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
La Vina, A.G.M., Labre, L., Ang, L. and de Leon, A. (2012) The Road to Doha: The future of REDD-Plus, agriculture, and land-use change in the UNFCCC. Working paper. London: Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development.Google Scholar
Lachmann, L., Marczakiewicz, P. and Grzywaczewski, G. (2010) Protecting Aquatic Warblers (Acrocephalus paludicola) through a landscape-scale solution for the management of fen peat meadows in Poland. Grassland Science in Europe, 15, 711–713.Google Scholar
Lafleur, P.M. and Roulet, N.T. (1992) A comparison of evaporation rates from two fens of the Hudson Bay Lowland. Aquatic Botany, 44, 59–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lafleur, P.M. and Rouse, W.R. (1988) The influence of surface cover and climate on energy partitioning and evaporation in a subarctic wetland. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 44, 327–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lafleur, P.M., Hember, R. A., Admiral, S. W. and Roulet, N. T., (2005) Annual and seasonal variability in evapotranspiration and water table at a shrub-covered bog in southern Ontario, Canada. Hydrological Processes, 19, 3533–3550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lähteenoja, O., Reátegu, Y.R., Räsänen, M.et al. (2011)