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3 - Learning Where Things Are and Where Events Happen

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 October 2023

Robert A. Boakes
Affiliation:
University of Sydney
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Summary

This chapter centers on the work of Hulls arch critic, Edward Tolman. He was convinced that the Pavlov-inspired approach to the study of learning was far too narrow. Using a variety of mazes, Tolman and his students obtained evidence that their rats could anticipate events - rather just make conditioned responses - and could learn about the spatial properties of environments they were placed in. In the late 1960s various researchers - most with little connection to Tolman - discovered the important role of the context in which an animal was conditioned. In the 1970s experiments by neuroscientists on the function of the hippocampus led to a revival of interest in spatial learning and renewed appreciation of Tolmans suggestion that animals form representations - maps - of their environment.

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Chapter
Information
Pavlov's Legacy
How and What Animals Learn
, pp. 51 - 69
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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