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4 - Advanced diversity techniques

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 October 2011

Hong-Chuan Yang
Affiliation:
University of Victoria, Canada
Mohamed-Slim Alouini
Affiliation:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
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Summary

Introduction

Diversity combining can considerably improve the performance of wireless system operating over fading channels [1, 2]. In general, the performance gain increases as the number of diversity branches increases, although with a diminishing gain. These results have motivated the recent development of several wideband wireless systems, where a large number of diversity paths exist. Examples include wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) systems [3], ultra wideband (UWB) systems [4], and millimeter (MM)-wave systems [5]. While huge diversity benefits can be explored in the resulting diversity-rich environment, it is critical to exploit those benefits efficiently [6]. In particular, MRC is well-known to be the optimal combining scheme in a noise-limited environment. However, applying MRC in such a diversity-rich environment will entail very high system complexity. Note that we need to implement a receiver chain for each resolvable diversity path. In addition, processing all the diversity paths will lead to very high processing power consumption.

In this chapter, we present several advanced combining schemes for diversityrich environments. The general principle of these schemes is to select a proper subset of good diversity paths among those available and then combine them in an optimal MRC fashion. Specifically, these schemes will determine the path subset using the best-selection process or thresholding, or a combination of both. As expected intuitively, different schemes will lead to different performance versus complexity trade-offs. Based on accurate mathematical analysis, sometimes with the help of the order statistics results from the previous chapter, we are able to obtain the exact statistics of the combiner output SNR with these schemes, which are then utilized to quantify the trade-off study between performance and complexity between them.

Type
Chapter
Information
Order Statistics in Wireless Communications
Diversity, Adaptation, and Scheduling in MIMO and OFDM Systems
, pp. 72 - 96
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

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