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5 - That’s Crazy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 October 2020

Karen Stollznow
Affiliation:
Griffith University, Queensland
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Summary

This chapter examines ableism: discriminatory language related to health, disease, mental illness, and intellectual and physical disability. We analyze stigmatization in speech, and look at metaphors and culturally insensitive words and phrases related to chronic sickness, psychiatric treatment, and disability (e.g., retard, spastic, stupid, handicapped, and lame.) We consider why some conditions are tabooed (e.g., cancer), why others are romanticized (e.g., consumption), and why the euphemism treadmill (when words become offensive and are replaced with new words that ultimately become offensive too) is a common phenomenon in this area of language. We look at words that are inclusive and preferred by relevant groups and communities, such as people with mental illnesses, Blind people, within Deaf culture, etc. We also discuss the debate regarding the use of person-first language versus identity-first language.

Type
Chapter
Information
On the Offensive
Prejudice in Language Past and Present
, pp. 159 - 195
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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  • That’s Crazy
  • Karen Stollznow, Griffith University, Queensland
  • Book: On the Offensive
  • Online publication: 06 October 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108866637.006
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To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

  • That’s Crazy
  • Karen Stollznow, Griffith University, Queensland
  • Book: On the Offensive
  • Online publication: 06 October 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108866637.006
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • That’s Crazy
  • Karen Stollznow, Griffith University, Queensland
  • Book: On the Offensive
  • Online publication: 06 October 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108866637.006
Available formats
×