Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-jzjqj Total loading time: 0.6 Render date: 2022-08-16T07:33:01.787Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

13 - The Ottoman empire: the age of ‘political households’ (eleventh–twelfth/seventeenth–eighteenth centuries)

from PART III - MUSLIM ANATOLIA AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 March 2011

Maribel Fierro
Affiliation:
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid
Get access

Summary

Marking off the period

In this chapter I shall briefly discuss the relations of the Ottoman rulers with neighbouring potentates and, at much greater length, the empire’s domestic affairs. The latter discussion will highlight politically active households within the ruling group; for not only has this been a favourite research topic during the last thirty years or so, such households were also at the core of many early modern polities from England all the way to Mughal India. Another central theme to historians throughout the early modern world is military change and the political repercussions of the latter. I shall discuss this question in conjunction with another major research topic, namely decentralisation on the one hand and recentralizing measures on the other. A discussion of the attempts by Ottoman authors to master intellectually the new situations that they encountered will conclude our chapter.

At the beginning of the eleventh/seventeenth century the Ottomans were still embroiled in the Long War with the Habsburgs of Vienna. Peace was concluded in 1015/1606, with the Ottomans gaining a few fortresses and both sides exhausted to the point of agreeing to an ambiguous peace treaty. The document issued by the Habsburg chancery stated that, by immediate payment of a lump sum, the emperors would be absolved from future tribute payments for ‘royal’ Hungary. By contrast the document emitted by the Ottoman side stated that this was merely a down payment on the tribute of future years, which was to resume at a later date.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Efendi], [ʿAzīz, Kanūn-nāme-i sultānī li ʿAzīz Efendi, Aziz Efendi’s book of sultanic laws and regulations …, ed. Murphey, Rhoads, Cambridge Mass., 1985.Google Scholar
Efendi], [Caʿfer, Risāle-i miʾmāriyye, an early-seventeenth-century Ottoman treatise on architecture, trans. and commentary Crane, Howard, Leiden, 1987.Google Scholar
[Delivorrias, Angelos et al.], ‘Greece’ at the Benaki Museum, Athens, 1997.Google Scholar
[Melling, Antoine Ignace], Voyage pittoresque de Constantinople et des rives du Bosphore, d’après les desseins de M. Melling, repr. Istanbul, 1969.Google Scholar
Abou-El-Haj, Rifaʿat A., ‘Ottoman attitudes toward peace-making: The Karlowitz case’, Der Islam, 51 (1974) –7.Google Scholar
Abou-El-Haj, Rifaʿat A., ‘The Ottoman vezir and pasha households 1683–1703: A preliminary survey’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 94 (1974) –47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abou-El-Haj, Rifaʿat A., The 1703 rebellion and the structure of Ottoman politics, Istanbul and Leiden, 1984.Google Scholar
Abou-El-Haj, Rifaʿat A., Formation of the Ottoman state: The Ottoman Empire sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, Albany, 1991.Google Scholar
Abu-Husayn, Abdul-Rahim, Provincial leaderships in Syria 1575–1650, Beirut, 1985.Google Scholar
Ágoston, Gábor, Guns for the Sultan: Military power and the weapons industry in the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge, 2005.Google Scholar
Akarlı, Engin, ‘Provincial power magnates in Ottoman Bilad al-Sham and Egypt, 1740–1840,’ in Temimi, Abdeljelil (ed.), La vie sociale dans les provinces arabes à l’époque ottomane, Zaghouan, 1988 –56.Google Scholar
Akdaǧ, Mustafa, Celâlî isyanları 1550–1603, Ankara, 1963.Google Scholar
Aksan, Virginia, Ottoman wars 1700–1870, Harlow, 2007.Google Scholar
Aksan, Virginia, and Goffman, Daniel (eds.), The early modern Ottomans: Remapping the empire, New York, 2007.Google Scholar
Aksan, Virginia, ‘Ottoman political writing, 1768–1808’, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 25 (1993) –69.Google Scholar
Aksan, Virginia, An Ottoman statesman in war and peace: Ahmed Resmi Efendi, 1700–1783, Leiden, 1995.Google Scholar
Aktepe, Münir, Patrona isyanı, Istanbul, 1958.Google Scholar
Alleume, Ghislaine (ed.), L’expédition de Bonaparte vu d’Égypte, special issue of Égypte-Monde Arabe, Cairo, Paris and Brussels, 1999.Google Scholar
Artan, Tülay, ‘Arts and architecture’, in Faroqhi, Suraiya N. (ed.), The Cambridge history of Turkey, vol. III, Cambridge, 2006 –80.Google Scholar
Artan, Tülay, ‘From charismatic leadership to collective rule, introducing materials on the wealth and power of Ottoman princesses in the eighteenth century’, Toplum ve Ekonomi, 4 (1993) –94.Google Scholar
Aynural, Salih, İstanbul deǧirmenleri ve fırınları, zahire ticareti, Istanbul, 2001.Google Scholar
Baǧış, Ali İhsan, Osmanlı ticaretinde gayri Müslimler, kapitülasyonlar, beratlıl tüccarlar ve hayriye tüccarları (1750–1839), Ankara, 1983.Google Scholar
Baer, Marc David, Honored by the glory of Islam: Conversion and conquest in Ottoman Europe, Oxford, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barbir, Karl, ‘From pasha to efendi: The assimilation of Ottomans into Damascene society 1516–1783’, International Journal of Turkish Studies, 1, 1 (1979–80) –83.Google Scholar
Barbir, Karl, Ottoman rule in Damascus, 1708–1758, Princeton, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barkey, Karen, Empire of difference: The Ottomans in comparative perspective, New York, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barkey, Karen, Bandits and bureaucrats: The Ottoman route to state centralization, Ithaca and London, 1994.Google Scholar
Behrens-Abouseif, Doris, ‘The ʿAbd al-Rahmān Katkhudā style in 18th century Cairo’, Annales Islamologiques, 26 (1992) –26.Google Scholar
Beydilli, Kemal, ‘Küçük Kaynarca’dan Tanzimāt’a islahāt düşünceleri’, İlmi Araştırmalar, 8 (1999).Google Scholar
Bierman, Irene, ‘The Ottomanization of Crete’, in Bierman, Irene A., Abou-el-Haj, Rifa’at A. and Preziosi, Donald (eds)., The Ottoman city and its parts: Urban structure and social order, New Rochelle, 1991 –76.Google Scholar
Bodman, Jr., Herbert, L., Political factions in Aleppo 1760–1826, Chapel Hill, 1963.Google Scholar
Bostan, İdris, Osmanlı bahriye teşkilātı: XVII. Yüzyılda Tersane-i Amire, Ankara, 1992.Google Scholar
Bostan, İdris, Kürekli ve yelkenli Osmanlı gemileri, Istanbul, 2005.Google Scholar
Camariano, Nestor, Alexandre Mavrocordato, le Grand Drogman, son activité diplomatique (1673–1709), Thessaloniki, 1970.Google Scholar
Cezar, Mustafa, Osmanlı tarihinde levendler, Istanbul, 1965.Google Scholar
Cezar, Yavuz, Osmanlı maliyesinde bunalım ve deǧişim dönemi (XVIII yydan Tanzimat’a mali tarih), Istanbul, 1986.Google Scholar
Chérif, Muhammad Hédi, Pouvoir et société dans la Tunisie de H’usayn bin’Ali (1705–1740), 2 vols., Tunis, 1984–6.Google Scholar
Çizakça, Murat, A comparative evolution of business partnerships: The Islamic world and Europe, with specific reference to the Ottoman archives, Leiden, 1996.Google Scholar
Cohen, Amnon, Palestine in the 18th century, Jerusalem, 1973.Google Scholar
Curtin, Philip D., Cross-cultural trade in world history, Cambridge, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dankoff, Robert, The intimate life of an Ottoman statesman: Melek Ahmed Pasha (1588–1662) as portrayed in Evliya Çelebi’s Book of Travels, introduction by Rhoads Murphey, Albany, 1991.Google Scholar
Darling, Linda, Revenue-raising and legitimacy: Tax collection and finance administration in the Ottoman Empire 1560–1660, Leiden, 1996.Google Scholar
Eickhoff, Ekkehard, Venedig, Wien und die Osmanen: Umbruch in Südosteuropa 1645–1700, 2nd edn, Stuttgart, 1988.Google Scholar
Eldem, Edhem, French trade in Istanbul in the eighteenth century, Leiden, 1999.Google Scholar
Emecen, Feridun, ‘İbrāhim’, Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi (Istanbul), 21 (2000).Google Scholar
Ergene, Boǧaç, Local court, provincial society and justice in the Ottoman Empire: Legal practice and dispute resolution in Çankırı and Kastamonu (1652–1744), Leiden, 2003.Google Scholar
Ergene, Boǧaç, ‘Evidence in Ottoman courts: Oral and written documentation in early-modern courts of Islamic law’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 124, 3 (2004) –92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Çelebi, Evliya, Evliya Çelebi Seyahatnamesi, Mısır, Sudan, Habeş (1672–1680), Istanbul, 1938.Google Scholar
Mehemmed Zılli, Evliya Çelebi ibn Derviş, Evliya Çelebi Seyahatnāmesi, Topkapı Sarayı Baǧdat 304 yazmasının transkripsyonu – dizini, vol. I, ed. Gökyay, Orhan Şaik and Daǧlı, Yücel, Istanbul, 1995.Google Scholar
Tchélébi, Evliyā, La guerre des Turcs, récits de batailles extraits du Livre de voyages, trans. and annot. Bilici, Faruk, n.p., 2000.
Faroqhi, Suraiya, Artisans of empire: Crafts and craftspeople under the Ottomans, London, 2009.Google Scholar
Faroqhi, Suraiya, Der Bektaschi-Orden in Anatolien (vom späten fünfzehnten Jahrhundert bis 1826), Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, Sonderband 2, Vienna, 1981.Google Scholar
Faroqhi, Suraiya, ‘Seeking wisdom in China: An attempt to make sense of the Celali rebellions’, repr. in Faroqhi, , Coping with the state: Political conflict and crime in the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul, 1995 –48.Google Scholar
Faroqhi, Suraiya, ‘The life and death of outlaws in Çorum’, in Faroqhi, , Coping with the state: Political conflict and crime in the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul, 1995 –88.Google Scholar
Faroqhi, Suraiya, ‘Ortak işliklerle özel evler arasında XVIII. Yüzyıl Bursa’sında İşyerleri’, trans. Urgan, Rita in Yenal, Engin (ed.), Bir Masaldı Bursa, Istanbul, 1996 –104.Google Scholar
Faroqhi, Suraiya, ‘Als Kriegsgefangener bei den Osmanen: Militärlager und Haushalt des Großwesirs Kara Mustafa Paşa in einem Augenzeugenbericht’, in Herrmann-Otto, Elisabeth (ed.), Unfreie Arbeits- und Lebensverhältnisse von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart, Hildesheim, 2005 –34.Google Scholar
Faroqhi, Suraiya, ‘Der osmanische Blick nach Osten: Dürrî Ahmed Efendi über den Zerfall des Safawidenreichs 1720–21’, in Rohrschneider, Michael and Strohmeyer, Arno (eds.), Wahrnehmung des Fremden: Differenzerfahrungen von Diplomaten in Europa (1500–1648), Münster, 2007 –98.Google Scholar
Findley, Carter V., Bureaucratic reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte 1789–1922, Princeton, 1980.Google Scholar
Findley, Carter, Ottoman civil officialdom: A social history, Princeton, 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleischer, Cornell H., ‘Royal authority, dynastic cyclism and “ibn Khaldunism” in sixteenth-century Ottoman letters’, Journal of Asian and African Studies, 18 (1983) –220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleischer, Cornell H., Bureaucrat and intellectual in the Ottoman Empire: The historian Mustafā Âli (1541–1600), Princeton, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleischer, Cornell H., ‘From Şehzade Korkud to Mustafa Āli: Cultural origins of the Ottoman Nasīhatname’, in Lowry, Heath and Hattox, Ralph (eds.), Congress on the economic and social history of Turkey, Istanbul, 1990 –78.Google Scholar
Genç, Mehmet, ‘Osmanlı maliyesinde malikāne sistemi’, in Okyar, Osman and Nabantoǧlu, Ünal (eds.), Türkiye İktisat Tarihi Semineri, metinler – tartışmalar, Ankara, 1975 –96.Google Scholar
Genç, Mehmet, ‘A study of the feasibility of using eighteenth-century Ottoman financial records as an indicator of economic activity’, in İslamoǧlu-İnan, Huri (ed.), The Ottoman Empire and the world-economy, Cambridge and Paris, 1987 –44.Google Scholar
Genç, Mehmet, ‘Osmanlı ekonomisi ve savaş’, Yapıt, 49, 4 (1984) –61; 50, 5 (1984), 86–93; French version ‘L’économie ottomane et la guerre au XVIIIème siècle’, Turcica, 27 (1995), 177–96.Google Scholar
Genç, Mehmet, ‘Esham: iç borçlanma’, in Genç, Mehmet, Osmanlı İmparatorluǧunda devlet ve ekonomi, Istanbul, 2000 –95.Google Scholar
Goffman, Daniel, The Ottoman Empire and early modern Europe, Cambridge, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gölpınarlı, Abdülbaki, Mevlânâ’dan sonra Mevlevīlik, Istanbul, 1953.Google Scholar
Görünür, Lale, ‘Fashion mirrored in memory: Nineteenth-century women’s costume in the Sadberk Hanim Museum Collection’, P-Art, 3 (2000) –63.Google Scholar
Greene, Molly, A shared world: Christians and Muslims in the early modern Mediterranean, Princeton, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griswold, William, The great Anatolian rebellion 1000–1020/1591–1611, Berlin, 1983.Google Scholar
Hagen, Gottfried, ‘Legitimacy and world order’, in Karateke, Hakan and Reinkowski, Maurus (eds.), Legitimizing the order: The Ottoman rhetoric of state power, Leiden, 2005 –83.Google Scholar
Halaçoǧu, Yusuf, XVIII. Yüzyılda Osmanlı İmparatorluǧunda iskân siyaseti ve aşiretlerin yerleştirilmesi, Ankara, 1988.Google Scholar
Hathaway, Jane, The politics of households in Ottoman Egypt: The rise of the Qazdaǧlıs, Cambridge, 1997.Google Scholar
Hathaway, Jane, A tale of two factions: Myth, memory and identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen, Albany, 2003.Google Scholar
Heywood, Colin, ‘The Red Sea trade and Ottoman waqf support for the population of Mecca and Medina in the later seventeenth century’, in Temimi, Abdeljelil (ed.), Mélanges Professeur Robert Mantran, 3 vols., Zaghouan, 1988, vol. III –84.Google Scholar
Hochedlinger, Michael, Austria’s wars of emergence 1683–1797, Harlow and London, 2003.Google Scholar
İnalcık, Halil, ‘Capital formation in the Ottoman Empire’, Journal of Economic History, 29, 1 (1969) –140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
İnalcık, Halil, ‘Centralization and decentralization in Ottoman administration’, in Naff, Thomas and Owen, Roger (eds.), Studies in eighteenth century Islamic history, Carbondale and Edwardsville, 1977 –52.Google Scholar
İnalcık, Halil, ‘Military and fiscal transformation in the Ottoman Empire, 1600–1700’, Archivum Ottomanicum, 6 (1980) –337.Google Scholar
İnalcık, Halil, ‘The appointment procedure of a guild warden (kethudā)’, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, Festschrift Andreas Tietze, 76 (1986) –42.Google Scholar
İrepoǧlu, Gül, ‘Islamic jewelry: A survey’, P-Art, 3 (2000) –89.Google Scholar
Itzkowitz, Norman, ‘Eighteenth century Ottoman realities’, Studia Islamica, 16 (1962) –94.Google Scholar
Kafadar, Cemal, ‘Les troubles monétaires de la fin du XVIe siècle et la conscience ottomane du déclin’, Annales. Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations, 43 (1991) –400.Google Scholar
Kal’a, Ahmet et al. (eds.), İstanbul Külliyatı I, İstanbul Ahkām Defterleri …, Istanbul, 1997.Google Scholar
Klein, Denise, Die osmanischen Ulema des 17. Jahrhunderts: Eine geschlossene Gesellschaft?, Berlin, 2007.Google Scholar
Kunt, Metin, ‘Derviş Mehmed Paşa, vezir and entrepreneur: A study in Ottoman political-economic theory and practice’, Turcica, 9, 1 (1977) –214.Google Scholar
Kunt, Metin, Bir Osmanlı valisininin yıllık gelir-gideri Diyarbekir, 1670–71, Istanbul, 1981.Google Scholar
Kütükoǧlu, Mübahat, ‘Life in the medrese’, in Faroqhi, Suraiya and Neumann, Christoph (eds.), The illuminated table, the prosperous house: Food and shelter in Ottoman material culture, Istanbul, 2003 –17.Google Scholar
Lier, Thomas, Haushalte und Haushaltspolitik in Bagdad, 1704–1831, Würzburg, 2004.Google Scholar
Mahir, Banu, ‘Eighteenth-century Ottoman women’s fashion in the miniatures of Abdullah Buhari’, P-Art, 3 (2000) –75.Google Scholar
Marsot, Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid, Women and men in late eighteenth-century Egypt, Austin, 1995.Google Scholar
Masters, Bruce, ‘The sultan’s entrepreneurs: The Avrupa tüccarı and the Hayriye tüccarıs in Syria’, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 24 (1992) –97.Google Scholar
Masters, Bruce, ‘The view from the province: Syrian chronicles of the eighteenth century’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 114, 3 (1994) –62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Masters, Bruce, Christians and Jews in the Arab world: The roots of sectarianism, Cambridge, 2001.Google Scholar
Matthee, Rudi, ‘Unwalled cities and restless nomads: Firearms and artillery in Safavid Iran’, in Melville, Charles (ed.), Safavid Persia, London, 1996 –416.Google Scholar
Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley, The Turkish Embassy letters, ed. Jack, Malcolm and Desai, Anita, London, 1993.Google Scholar
Murphey, Rhoads, Ottoman warfare, 1500–1700, London, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murphey, Rhoads, ‘Politics and Islam, Mustafa Sāfī’s version of the kingly virtues as presented in his Zübdetüʾl-tevārīh, or Annals of Sultan Ahmed, 1012–1023 A.H./1603–1614 A.D.’, in Imber, Colin, Kiyotaki, Keiko and Murphey, Rhoads (eds.), Frontiers of Ottoman studies: State, province, and the west, London and New York, 2005, vol. I –24.Google Scholar
Nehring, Karl (ed.), Adam Freiherr zu Herbersteins Gesandtschaftsreise nach Konstantinopel: Ein Beitrag zum Frieden von Zsitvatorok (1606), Munich, 1983.Google Scholar
Orhonlu, Cengiz, Osmanlı İmparatorluǧunda Aşiretleri İskān Teşebbüsü (1691–1696), Istanbul, 1963.Google Scholar
Özvar, Erol, Osmanlı maliyesinde malikāne uygulaması, Istanbul, 2003.Google Scholar
Papa Synadinos of Serres, , Conseils et mémoires de Synadinos prêtre de Serrès en Macédoine (XVIIe siècle), ed., trans. and commentary Paolo Odorico, with Asdrachas, S., Karanastassis, T., Kostis, K. and Petmézas, S., Paris, 1996.Google Scholar
Fabris, Pedani, Pia, Maria, In nome del Gran Signore: Inviati ottomani a Venezia dalla caduta di Costantinopoli alla guerra di Candia, Venice, 1994.Google Scholar
Fabris, Pedani, Pia, Maria, ‘Safiye’s household and Venetian diplomacy’, Turcica, 32 (2000) –32.Google Scholar
Peirce, Leslie, The imperial harem: Women and sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, New York and Oxford, 1993.Google Scholar
Piterberg, Gabriel, ‘The alleged rebellion of Abaza Mehmed Paşa: Historiography and the Ottoman state in the seventeenth century’, International Journal of Turkish Studies, 8, 1–2 (2002) –24.Google Scholar
Quataert, Donald, ‘Clothing laws, state and society in the Ottoman Empire, 1720–1829’, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 29 (1997) –25.Google Scholar
Radušev, Evgenii, ‘Les dépenses locales dans l’empire ottoman au XVIIIe siècle’, Études Balkaniques, 16, 3 (1980) –94.Google Scholar
Rafeq, Abdul-Karim, The province of Damascus 1723–1783, Beirut, 1970.Google Scholar
Raymond, André, Artisans et commerçants au Caire, au XVIIIe siècle, 2 vols., Damascus, 1973–4.Google Scholar
Raymond, André, Le Caire des janissaires: L’apogée de la ville ottomane sous ‘Abd al-Rahmân Katkhuda, Paris, 1995.Google Scholar
Röhrborn, Klaus, ‘Die Emanzipation der Finanzbürokratie im osmanischen Reich (Ende 16. Jahrhundert)’, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlôndischen Gesellschäft, 122 (1972) –93.Google Scholar
Rozen, Minna, A history of the Jewish community in Istanbul: The formative years, 1453–1566, Leiden, 2002.Google Scholar
Runciman, Steven, The great church in captivity: A study of the patriarchate of Constantinople from the eve of the Turkish conquest to the Greek War of Independence, Cambridge, 1968.Google Scholar
Sahillioǧlu, Halil, ‘Bursa kadı sicillerinde iç ve dış ödemeler aracı olarak “Kitābüʾl-Kadı” ve “Süfteceler”’, in Okyar, Osman and Nalbantoǧlu, Ünal (eds.), Türkiye İktisat Tarihi Semineri: metinler, tartışmalar, 8–10 Haziran 1973, Ankara, 1975 –229.Google Scholar
Salzmann, Ariel C., ‘An ancien régime revisited: Privatization and political economy in the eighteenth century Ottoman Empire’, Politics and Society, 21, 4 (1993) –424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salzmann, Ariel, ‘Privatising the empire: Pashas and gentry during the Ottoman 18th century’, in Çiçek, Kemal (ed.), The great Ottoman Turkish civilisation, 4 vols., Istanbul, 2000, vol. III –9.Google Scholar
Schmidt, Jan, Pure water for thirsty Muslims: A study of Mustafa ʿAli of Gallipoli’s Künhü l-ahbar, Leiden, probably 1992.Google Scholar
Süleyman Efendi, Şemʾdānī-zāde Fındıklılı, … Süleyman Efendi Tārihi Mürʾiʾt-tevārih, ed. Aktepe, Münir, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1976–8.Google Scholar
Shaw, Stanford J., The financial and administrative development of Ottoman Egypt 1517–1798, Princeton, 1962.Google Scholar
Shaw, Stanford J., The budget of Ottoman Egypt 1005–1006/1596–97, The Hague and Paris, 1968.Google Scholar
Shaw, Stanford J., Between old and new: The Ottoman Empire under Sultan Selim III 1789–1807, Cambridge, Mass. 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sofroni, [bishop of] Vratsa, Leben und Leiden des sündigen Sofroni, trans. and notes Randow, Norbert, 2nd edn, Leipzig, 1979.Google Scholar
Stoye, John, The siege of Vienna, repr. Edinburgh, 2000.Google Scholar
Tabakoǧlu, Ahmet, Gerileme dönemine girerken Osmanlı maliyesi, Istanbul, 1985.Google Scholar
Tezcan, Baki, ‘The 1622 military rebellion in Istanbul: A historiographical journey’, International Journal of Turkish Studies, 8, 1–2 (2002) –43 (guest editor Jane Hathaway).Google Scholar
Tezcan, Hülya, ‘Fashion at the Ottoman court’, P-Art, 3 (2000) –49.Google Scholar
Todorov, Nicolai, ‘La différentiation de la population urbaine d’après des registres de cadis de Vidin, Sofia et Ruse’, repr. in Todorov, Nicolai, La ville balkanique sous les Ottomans (XV–XIXe s.), London, 1977, no. VII.Google Scholar
Uebersberger, Hans, Russlands Orientpolitik in den letzten zwei Jahrhunderten …, vol. I: Bis zum Frieden von Jassy, Stuttgart, 1913.Google Scholar
Unat, Faik Reṣat, Osmanlı sefirleri ve sefaretnâmeleri, completed and ed. Baykal, Bekir Sıtkı, Ankara, 1968.Google Scholar
Uzunçarşılı, İsmail Hakkı, Osmanlı devletinin merkez ve bahriye teşkilātı, Ankara, 1948.Google Scholar
Uzunçarşılı, İsmail Hakkı, Osmanlı devletinin ilmiye teşkilâtı, Ankara, 1965.Google Scholar
Vatin, Nicolas, and Gilles, Veinstein, Le sérail ébranlé, Paris, 2003.Google Scholar
Veinstein, Gilles, ‘Du marché urbain au marché du camp: L’institution ottomane des orducu’, in Mélanges Professeur Robert Mantran, ed. Temimi, Abdeljelil, Zaghouan, 1988 –327.Google Scholar
Wild, Johann, Reysbeschreibung eines Gefangenen Christen Anno 1604, repr. Stuttgart, 1964.Google Scholar
Windler, Christian, ‘Diplomatic history as a field for cultural analysis: Muslim–Christian relations in Tunis, 1700–1840’, Historical Journal, 44, 1 (2001) –106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wittram, Reinhard, Peter I, Czar und Kaiser: Die Geschichte Peters des Grossen in seiner Zeit, 2 vols., Göttingen, 1964.Google Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline, ‘Discordant revivalism in seventeenth-century Istanbul’, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 45, 4 (1986) –69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline, The politics of piety: The Ottoman ulema in the postclassical age (1600–1800), Minneapolis, 1988.Google Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline C., ‘A medrese for the palace: Ottoman dynastic legitimation in the eighteenth century’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 113, 2 (1993) –91.Google Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline, ‘Ibrahim Paşa and the women’, in Panzac, Daniel (ed.), Histoire économique et sociale de l’empire ottoman et de la Turquie (1326–1960), Louvain and Paris, 1995 –9.Google Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline, ‘Women and society in the Tulip Era, 1718–1730’, in Sonbol, Amira Al-Azhary (ed.), Women, the family and divorce laws in Islamic history, Syracuse, 1996 –306.Google Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline, ‘Goods in the Mahalle: Distributional encounters in eighteenth century Istanbul’, in Quataert, Donald (ed.), Consumption studies and the history of the Ottoman Empire, 1550–1922: An introduction, Albany, 2000 –312.Google Scholar
Zilfi, Madeline, ‘Problems and patterns in the history of Muslim women in the early modern era’, in Faroqhi, Suraiya (ed.), The Cambridge history of Turkey, vol. III, Cambridge, 2006 –55.Google Scholar
1
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×