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Part I - Methods

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 October 2022

Ian Boxall
Catholic University of America, Washington DC
Bradley C. Gregory
Catholic University of America, Washington DC
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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Further Reading

Conybeare, Catherine, and Goldhill, Simon, eds. Classical Philology and Theology: Entanglement, Disavowal and the Godlike Scholar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heschel, Susannah. Abraham Geiger and the Jewish Jesus. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.Google Scholar
Kurtz, Paul Michael. Kaiser, Christ, and Canaan: The Religion of Israel in Protestant Germany, 1871–1918. FAT I/122. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Legaspi, Michael. The Death of Scripture and the Rise of Biblical Studies. OSHT. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marchand, Suzanne L. German Orientalism in the Age of Empire: Religion, Race, and Scholarship. Publications of the German Historical Institute. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
Rogerson, John. Old Testament Criticism in the Nineteenth-Century: England and Germany. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984.Google Scholar
Sæbø, Magne, ed. Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: The History of Its Interpretation. 3 vols. in 5 parts. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1996–2015.Google Scholar
Sheehan, Jonathan. The Enlightenment Bible: Translation, Scholarship, Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Turner, James. Philology: The Forgotten Origins of the Modern Humanities. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Seters, John. The Edited Bible: The Curious History of the “Editor” in Biblical Criticism. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2006.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Blount, Brian K.The Souls of Biblical Folks and the Potential for Meaning.” JBL 138.1 (2019): 621.Google Scholar
Fander, Monika. “Historical-Critical Methods.” Pages 205–24 in vol. 1 of Searching the Scriptures. Edited by Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schüssler. New York: Crossroad, 1993.Google Scholar
Fitzmyer, Joseph A. The Interpretation of Scripture: In Defense of the Historical-Critical Method. New York: Paulist Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Hahn, Scott, and Wiker, Benjamin. Politicizing the Bible: The Roots of Historical Criticism and the Secularization of Scripture, 1300–1700. New York: Crossroad, 2013.Google Scholar
Krentz, Edgar. The Historical-Critical Method. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2002.Google Scholar
Levenson, Jon D. The Hebrew Bible, the Old Testament, and Historical Criticism: Jews and Christians in Biblical Studies. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993.Google Scholar
Penner, Todd C., and Lopez, Davina C.. De-Introducing the New Testament: Texts, Worlds, Methods, Stories. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prior, Joseph G. The Historical Critical Method in Catholic Exegesis. TGST 50. Rome: Gregorian University, 1999.Google Scholar
Reinhartz, Adele. “The Hermeneutics of Chutzpah: A Disquisition on the Value/s of ‘Critical Investigation of the Bible.’” JBL 140.1 (2021): 830.Google Scholar
Vander Stichele, Caroline, and Penner, Todd. Her Master’s Tools? Feminist and Postcolonial Engagements of Historical-Critical Discourse. GPBS 9. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2005.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Primary sources are readily available and the reader is encouraged to attend to these. However, for the uninitiated they are not easy and below is a list of useful secondary sources.

Arthos, John. Hermeneutics after Ricoeur: Bloomsbury Studies in Continental Philosophy. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bartholomew, Craig G. Reading Ecclesiastes: Old Testament Exegesis and Hermeneutical Theory. AnBib 139. Rome: Editrice Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1998.Google Scholar
Bartholomew, Craig G. Introducing Biblical Hermeneutics: A Comprehensive Framework for Hearing God in Scripture. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2015.Google Scholar
Chrétien, Jean-Louis. The Ark of Speech. Translated by Andrew Brown. London: Routledge, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chrétien, Jean-Louis. Under the Gaze of the Bible. Translated by John Marson Dunaway. New York: Fordham University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Steiner, George. Real Presences. London: Faber and Faber, 1989.Google Scholar
Thiselton, Anthony C. Why Hermeneutics? An Appeal Culminating with Ricoeur. Eugene: Cascade, 2019.Google Scholar
Thiselton, Anthony C. Hermeneutics: An Introduction. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009.Google Scholar
Thiselton, Anthony, and Bartholomew, Craig, series editors. The 8 volume Scripture and Hermeneutics Series. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000–2007.Google Scholar
Warnke, Georgia. Gadamer: Hermeneutics, Tradition and Reason. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981.Google Scholar
Anderson, Janice Capel. “Narratology, the Three Worlds of the Text and a Door to Engagement.” Pages 138–59 in Reading Ideologies: Essays on the Bible and Interpretation in Honor of Mary Ann Tolbert. Edited by Liew, Tat-siong Benny. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2011.Google Scholar
Bal, Mieke. Lethal Love: Feminist Literary Readings of Biblical Love Stories. ISBL. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.Google Scholar
Beardslee, William A. Literary Criticism of the New Testament. GBS, NT Series. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1969.Google Scholar
Culpepper, R. Alan. Anatomy of the Fourth Gospel: A Study in Literary Design. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983.Google Scholar
Fowler, Robert. Let the Reader Understand: Reader-Response Criticism and the Gospel of Mark. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International, 1991.Google Scholar
Lozada, Francisco Jr. John: An Introduction and Study Guide: History, Community, and Ideology. T&T Clark’s Study Guides to the New Testament. London: Bloomsbury 2020.Google Scholar
Lozada, Francisco Jr. A Literary Reading of John 5: Text as Construction. StBibLit 20. New York: Peter Lang, 2000.Google Scholar
Malbon, E. Struthers. In the Company of Jesus: Characters in Mark’s Gospel. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Powell, Mark Allan. What Is Narrative Criticism? GBS, NT Series. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1990.Google Scholar
Segovia, Fernando F.‘And They Began to Speak in Their Own Tongues’: Competing Modes of Discourse in Contemporary Biblical Interpretation.” Pages 132 in Reading from This Place. Volume 1: Social Location and Biblical Interpretation in the United States. Edited by Segovia, Fernando F. and Tolbert, Mary Ann; Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995.Google Scholar
Segovia, Fernando F., ed. “What Is John?” Volume 1: Readers and Readings of the Fourth Gospel. SBL SymS 3. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996.Google Scholar
Sternberg, Meir. The Poetics of Biblical Narrative: Ideological Reading and the Drama of Reading. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
Tolbert, Mary Ann. Sowing the Gospel: Mark’s World in Literary-Historical Perspective. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1989.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Bizzell, Patricia, Herzberg, Bruce, and Reames, Robin, eds. The Rhetorical Tradition: Readings from Classical Times to the Present. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford Books, 2020.Google Scholar
Kennedy, George A. New Testament Interpretation through Rhetorical Criticism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, Troy W. ed., Genealogies of New Testament Rhetorical Criticism. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2014.Google Scholar
Parsons, Mikeal C., and Martin, Michael Wade. Ancient Rhetoric and the New Testament: The Influence of Elementary Greek Composition. Waco: Baylor University Press, 2018.Google Scholar
Pernot, Lauren. Rhetoric in Antiquity. Translated by W. E. Higgins. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Porrovecchio, Mark J., and Condit, Celeste Michelle, eds. Contemporary Rhetorical Theory. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford, 2016.Google Scholar
Porter, Stanley E., and Dyer, Bryan R., eds. Paul and Ancient Rhetoric: Theory and Practice in the Hellenistic Context. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016.Google Scholar
Robbins, Vernon K. The Invention of Christian Discourse. RRA 1. London: Deo, 2009.Google Scholar
Robbins, Vernon K., von Thaden, Robert H. Jr., and Bruehler, Bart B., eds. Foundations for Sociorhetorical Exploration: A Rhetoric of Religious Antiquity Reader. RRA 4. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. Rhetoric and Ethic: The Politics of Biblical Studies. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1999.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Aichele, George, and Phillips, Gary A., eds. Intertextuality and the Bible. Semeia 69/70. Atlanta: Scholars, 1995.Google Scholar
Brodie, Thomas L., MacDonald, Dennis R., and Porter, Stanley E., eds. The Intertextuality of the Epistles: Explorations of Theory and Practice. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Fewell, Danna N., ed. Reading between Texts: Intertextuality and the Hebrew Bible. Literary Currents in Biblical Interpretation. Westminster: John Knox, 1992.Google Scholar
Hays, Richard B. Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.Google Scholar
Hays, Richard B., Alkier, Stefan, and Huizenga, Leroy A., eds. Reading the Bible Intertextually. Waco: Baylor University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
MacDonald, Dennis R., ed. Mimesis and Intertextuality in Antiquity and Christianity. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International, 2001.Google Scholar
Moyise, Steve. The Old Testament in the Book of Revelation. JSNTSup 115. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.Google Scholar
Oropeza, B. J., and Moyise, Steve, eds. Exploring Intertextuality: Diverse Strategies for New Testament Interpretation of Texts. Eugene: Cascade Books, 2016.Google Scholar
Sals, Ulrike. Die Biographie der “Hure Babylon”: Studien zur Intertextualität der Babylon-Texte in der Bibel. FAT 2. Reihe 6. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2004.Google Scholar
Carey, Holly J. Jesus’ cry from the cross: towards a first-century understanding of the intertextual relationship between Psalm 22 and the narrative of Mark’s Gospel. London; New York: T & T Clark, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thyen, Hartwig. Das Johannesevangelium. HNT 6. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2005.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Elliott, John H. Social-Scientific Criticism of the New Testament: An Introduction. London: SPCK, 1995 (First published in the United States in 1993 by Augsburg Fortress under the title What is Social-Scientific Criticism?).Google Scholar
Esler, Philip F. Conflict and Identity in Romans: The Social Setting of Paul’s Letter. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Esler, Philip F. Babatha’s Orchard: The Yadin Papyri and an Ancient Jewish Family Tale Retold. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Esler, Philip F. God’s Court and Courtiers in the Book of the Watchers: Re-interpreting Heaven in 1 Enoch 1–36. Eugene: Cascade, 2017.Google Scholar
Lawrence, Louise J. Reading with Anthropology: Exhibiting Aspects of New Testament Religion. Milton Keynes: Paternoster Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Malina, Bruce J. The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology, 3rd ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2001.Google Scholar
Southwood, Katherine E. Ethnicity and the Mixed Marriage Crisis in Ezra 9–10: An Anthropological Approach. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.Google Scholar
Southwood, Katherine E. Marriage by Capture in the Book of Judges: An Anthropological Approach. SOTSMS 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tucker, J. Brian, and Baker, Coleman A., eds. T&T Clark Handbook to Social Identity in the New Testament. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2014.Google Scholar
Tucker, J. Brian, and Kuecker, Aaron. T&T Clark Social Identity Commentary on the New Testament. London: T&T Clark, 2020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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  • Methods
  • Edited by Ian Boxall, Catholic University of America, Washington DC, Bradley C. Gregory, Catholic University of America, Washington DC
  • Book: The New Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation
  • Online publication: 15 October 2022
  • Chapter DOI:
Available formats

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  • Methods
  • Edited by Ian Boxall, Catholic University of America, Washington DC, Bradley C. Gregory, Catholic University of America, Washington DC
  • Book: The New Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation
  • Online publication: 15 October 2022
  • Chapter DOI:
Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Methods
  • Edited by Ian Boxall, Catholic University of America, Washington DC, Bradley C. Gregory, Catholic University of America, Washington DC
  • Book: The New Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation
  • Online publication: 15 October 2022
  • Chapter DOI:
Available formats