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Part 3 - The role of banks in the transmission: evidence from microeconomic data

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 September 2009

Ignazio Angeloni
Affiliation:
Deputy Director General for Research European Central Bank
Anil Kashyap
Affiliation:
Edward Eagle Brown Professor of Economics and Finance University of Chicago
Benoît Mojon
Affiliation:
Senior Economist European Central Bank
Ignazio Angeloni
Affiliation:
European Central Bank, Frankfurt
Anil K. Kashyap
Affiliation:
University of Chicago
Benoît Mojon
Affiliation:
European Central Bank, Frankfurt
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Summary

The chapters in part 2 have shown that liquidity factors are likely to play a role in the investment decisions of firms in a number of euro area countries, in addition to interest rates and the cost of capital. This suggests that financial conditions may matter in the transmission of monetary policy. Banks, which occupy a central position in the euro area's financial system, are a natural focus of attention here. The chapters that follow contain a summary of evidence of the impact of monetary policy on the lending behaviour of banks. An opening summary chapter by M. Ehrmann, L. Gambacorta, J. Martínez-Pagés, P. Sevestre and A. Worms (chapter 14), brings together the evidence for the euro area, followed by more specific studies on Germany, Spain, France, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal and Finland.

The vast international literature on the role of banks in monetary policy transmission in recent years has yielded a number of conclusions. First, there seems to be conclusive evidence that changes in policy-driven interest rates are followed by significant adjustments in bank balance sheets. Bank lending normally tends to contract after a montary policy restriction. Likewise, the most liquid components of bank liabilities (such as checking and demand deposits) also tend to fall with some lag. The effect on total deposits is more uncertain, as some redistribution takes place towards longer-term deposits.

Type
Chapter
Information
Monetary Policy Transmission in the Euro Area
A Study by the Eurosystem Monetary Transmission Network
, pp. 233 - 234
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2003

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