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1 - The Turbulent Tenth Century

Transforming the East Asian World

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 July 2023

Linda Walton
Affiliation:
Portland State University
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Summary

In 900 the Tang Empire had collapsed, heralding the demise of an East Asian world order centered on the Tang imperium. As the great aristocratic families of the Tang grappled with the end of their social and political world, new powers rose to establish regional military regimes, north and south. While the political map changed dramatically, and the social order was transformed, economic change took place in both urban and rural settings as well as along overland and maritime trading routes. The collapse of the Tang had an impact on rulers and peoples in surrounding states as well as the Korean peninsula and the Japanese archipelago. Tang China’s nomadic neighbors realigned themselves and created new polities, notably the Khitan Liao Empire. The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms briefly captured the political stage following the fall of the Tang. The ruler of one of these states went on to become the founder of the Song, eventually accomplishing the political unification of north and south and laying the foundations of later imperial rule. Truce with the Khitan Liao was established by the Chanyuan Treaty in 1005, as the Tangut Xi Xia rose to threaten Song from the northwest.

Type
Chapter
Information
Middle Imperial China, 900–1350
A New History
, pp. 14 - 37
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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  • The Turbulent Tenth Century
  • Linda Walton, Portland State University
  • Book: Middle Imperial China, 900–1350
  • Online publication: 20 July 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108355025.002
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  • The Turbulent Tenth Century
  • Linda Walton, Portland State University
  • Book: Middle Imperial China, 900–1350
  • Online publication: 20 July 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108355025.002
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • The Turbulent Tenth Century
  • Linda Walton, Portland State University
  • Book: Middle Imperial China, 900–1350
  • Online publication: 20 July 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108355025.002
Available formats
×