Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-662rr Total loading time: 0.756 Render date: 2022-05-17T03:42:42.479Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Book contents

2 - Redefining International Mental Health Care in the Wake of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 August 2021

Michael Ashley Stein
Affiliation:
Harvard Law School
Faraaz Mahomed
Affiliation:
Wits University
Vikram Patel
Affiliation:
Harvard Medical School
Charlene Sunkel
Affiliation:
Global Mental Health Peer Network
Get access

Summary

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated inequities for people with psychosocial disabilities producing in its wake a serious obstacle for mental health policymakers and advocates committed to upholding Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. To overcome this obstacle, stakeholders must resist a common tendency in international mental health policymaking: to over-invest in interventions that arise from a biomedical conception of mental illness. Instead, the pandemic is an opportunity to look beyond the dominant biomedical framework in international mental health care – which has a record of undermining Article 12 principles like legal capacity, autonomy, and self-determination – toward one based on human rights. This shift in positionality will serve to uphold Article 12 and help fulfill the spectrum of human rights for people with psychosocial disabilities.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Armitage, R., & Nellums, L. B. (2020). COVID-19 and the consequences of isolating the elderly. The Lancet Public Health, 5(5), 256.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barsky, B. A. (2021). Dual federalism, constitutional openings, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law (In Press).Google Scholar
Barsky, B. A., Cucolo, H., & Sisti, D. A. (2020). Expanding therapeutic jurisprudence across the federal judiciary. Journal of the American Academy of Law and Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.29158/JAAPL.200040-20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bassuk, E. L., Rubin, L., & Lauriat, A. (1984). Is homelessness a mental health problem? American journal of psychiatry, 141(12), 1546–50.Google ScholarPubMed
Bhuiyan, A., Sakib, N., Pakpour, A. H., Griffiths, M. D., & Mamun, M. A. (2020). COVID-19-related suicides in Bangladesh due to lockdown and economic factors: case study evidence from media reports. International journal of mental health and addiction, 16. Advance online publication.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bracken, P. (2014). Towards a hermeneutic shift in psychiatry. World Psychiatry, 13(3), 241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chapman, A., Williams, C., Hannah, J., & Pūras, D. (2020). Reimagining the mental health paradigm for our collective well-being. Health and Human Rights, 22(1), 1.Google ScholarPubMed
Compton, M. T., & Shim, R. S. (2015). The social determinants of mental health. Focus, 13(4), 419–25.Google Scholar
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, P.L. 116136.Google Scholar
Corrigan, P., Markowitz, F., Watson, A., Rowan, D., & Kubiak, M. (2003). An attribution model of public discrimination towards persons with mental illness. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44(2), 162–79.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dalton, L., Rapa, E., & Stein, A. (2020). Protecting the psychological health of children through effective communication about COVID-19. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(5), 346–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
D’Lima, D., Crawford, M. J., Darzi, A., & Archer, S. (2017). Patient safety and quality of care in mental health: a world of its own? BJPsych Bulletin, 41(5), 241–3.Google ScholarPubMed
Drew, N., Funk, M., Tang, S., et al. (2011). Human rights violations of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities: an unresolved global crisis. The Lancet, 378(9803), 1664–75.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dsouza, D. D., Quadros, S., Hyderabadwala, Z. J., & Mamun, M. A. (2020). Aggregated COVID-19 suicide incidences in India: fear of COVID-19 infection is the prominent causative factor. Psychiatry Research, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fairlie, R. (2004). Race and the digital divide. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 3(1), 140.Google Scholar
Galea, S., Merchant, R. M., & Lurie, N. (2020). The mental health consequences of COVID-19 and physical distancing: the need for prevention and early intervention. JAMA Internal Medicine, 180(6), 817–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ghebreyesus, T. A. (2020). Addressing mental health needs: an integral part of COVID‐19 response. World Psychiatry, 19(2), 129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holmes, E. A. et al (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(6), 547–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horwitz, A. V., & Wakefield, J. C. (2007). The Loss of Sadness: How Psychiatry Transformed Normal Sorrow into Depressive Disorder. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care (April 9, 2020). Preventing and containing Covid-19 outbreaks in prisons. Retrieved from www.ucl.ac.uk/epidemiology-health-care/news/2020/apr/preventing-and-containing-covid-19-outbreaks-prisons.Google Scholar
Kallert, T. W., Glöckner, M., & Schützwohl, M. (2008). Involuntary vs. voluntary hospital admission. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 258(4), 195209.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Khoo, E. J., Lantos, J. D. (2020). Lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Paediatrica, 2, 1323–5.Google Scholar
Kinner, S. A., Young, J. T., Snow, K., et al. (2020). Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to COVID-19. The Lancet Public Health, 5(4), 188–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Liebrenz, M., Bhugra, D., Buadze, A., & Schleifer, R. (2020). Caring for persons in detention suffering with mental illness during the Covid-19 outbreak. Forensic Science International: Mind and Law, 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsiml.2020.100013Google ScholarPubMed
Luciano, M., Sampogna, G., Del Vecchio, V., et al. (2014). Use of coercive measures in mental health practice and its impact on outcome: a critical review. Expert Rev Neurother, 14(2):131–41.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mascayano, F., Armijo, J. E., & Yang, L. H. (2015). Addressing stigma relating to mental illness in low- and middle-income countries. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, 38.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McDaid, D. (2008). Countering the Stigmatisation and Discrimination of People with Mental Health Problems in Europe. Luxembourg: European Commission, 120.Google Scholar
Monnat, S. M., & Chandler, R. F. (2015). Long‐term physical health consequences of adverse childhood experiences. The Sociological Quarterly, 56(4), 723–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ohannessian, R., Duong, T. A., & Odone, A. (2020). Global telemedicine implementation and integration within health systems to fight the COVID-19 pandemic: a call to action. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 6(2), 18810. https://doi.org/10.2196/18810CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Paksarian, D., Mojtabai, R., Kotov, R., et al. (2014). Perceived trauma during hospitalization and treatment participation among individuals with psychotic disorders. Psychiatric Services, 65(2), 266–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Priebe, S., Burns, T., & Craig, T. K. (2013). The future of academic psychiatry may be social. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 202(5), 319–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pūras, D (2017). Human rights and the practice of medicine. Public Health Reviews, 38(9), 15.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Quinn, G. (2011). Legal capacity law reform: the revolution of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability. Frontline. Retrieved from https://frontline-ireland.com/legal-capacity-law-reform-the-revolution-of-the-un-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disability/.Google Scholar
Rajkumar, R. P. (2020). COVID-19 and mental health: a review of the existing literature. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 102066.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Randall, J., Thornicroft, G., Brohan, E., et al. (2012). “Stigma and Discrimination: Critical Human Rights Issues for Mental Health.” In Dudley, M., Silove, D. and Gale, F. (eds.) Mental Health and Human Rights: Vision, Praxis, and Courage. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 113–24.Google Scholar
Sailas, E., & Fenton, M. (2000). Seclusion and restraint for people with serious mental illnesses. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2000(2), CD001163. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001163Google Scholar
Sashidharan, S., Mezzina, R., & Pūras, D. (2019). Reducing coercion in mental healthcare. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 28(6), 605–12.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schilling, E. A., Aseltine, R. H., & Gore, S. (2007). Adverse childhood experiences and mental health in young adults: a longitudinal survey. BMC Public Health, 7(1), 30.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stastny, P., Lovell, A. M., Hannah, J., et al. (2020). Crisis response as a human rights flashpoint: critical elements of community support for individuals experiencing significant emotional distress. Health and Human Rights, 22(1), 105.Google ScholarPubMed
Szmukler, G. (2015). Compulsion and “coercion” in mental health care. World Psychiatry, 14(3), 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
The Associated Press (April 1, 2020). Migrant dies in Mexico detention center riot over virus fear. Retrieved from https://apnews.com/e8f0224caf612cf1e7bcf28500a01fae.Google Scholar
The Lancet (October 18, 2011). Global mental health 2011. Retrieved from www.thelancet.com/series/global-mental-health–2011.Google Scholar
The Marshall Project (August 28, 2020). A state-by-state look at Coronavirus in prisons. Retrieved from www.themarshallproject.org/2020/05/01/a-state-by-state-look-at-coronavirus-in-prisons.Google Scholar
Torales, J., O’Higgins, M., Castaldelli-Maia, J. M., Ventriglio, A. (2020). The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. Int J Soc Psychiatry, 66(4), 317–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Torous, J., Wykes, T. (May 11, 2020) Opportunities from the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic for transforming psychiatric care with telehealth. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tsai, J., & Wilson, M. (2020). COVID-19: a potential public health problem for homeless populations. The Lancet Public Health, 5(4), 186–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
UN General Assembly (2015). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015. A/RES/70/1.Google Scholar
UN Human Rights Council (2015). Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. A/70/213.Google Scholar
UN Human Rights Council (2017). Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. A/HRC/35/21.Google Scholar
UN Human Rights Council (2018). Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. A/HRC/38/36.Google Scholar
United Nations (2020). Policy Brief: COVID-19 and the Need for Action on Mental Health.Google Scholar
United Nations Enable (January 18, 2006). Daily summary of discussion at the seventh session. Retrieved from www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/rights/ahc7sum18jan.htm.Google Scholar
University of Essex Human Rights Centre (n.d.). UN Mandate on the Right to Health. Retrieved from www.essex.ac.uk/research-projects/un-mandate-on-the-right-to-health.Google Scholar
Usher, K., Bhullar, N., Durkin, J., Gyamfi, N., & Jackson, D. (2020). Family violence and COVID‐19: increased vulnerability and reduced options for support. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 29(4), 549–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Van Dijk, J. A. (2017). “Digital Divide: Impact of Access.” In Rössler, P. (ed.) The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects, 111.Google Scholar
Wind, T. R., Rijkeboer, M., Andersson, G., & Riper, H. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: the “black swan” for mental health care and a turning point for e-health. Internet Interventions, 20, 100317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wright, S. (2003). Control and restraint techniques in the management of violence in inpatient psychiatry: a critical review. Medicine, Science and the Law, 43(1), 31–8.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zhou, X., Snoswell, C. L., Harding, L. E., et al. (2020). The role of telehealth in reducing the mental health burden from COVID-19. Telemedicine and e-Health, 26(4), 377–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×