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Appendix 3 - The Boar' Raik

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2017

Simon Taylor
Affiliation:
lecturer in Scottish onomastics at the University of Glasgow.
Elizabeth Ewan
Affiliation:
University Research Chair and Professor, History and Scottish Studies, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario Canada
Julian Luxford
Affiliation:
Julian M. Luxford is Senior Lecturer at the School of Art History, St Andrews University.
Matthew Hammond
Affiliation:
Research Associate, University of Glasgow
Michael H Brown
Affiliation:
Professor of Medieval Scottish History, University of St Andrews
Katie Stevenson
Affiliation:
Senior Lecturer in Late Mediaeval History, University of St Andrews Keeper of Scottish History and Archaeology, National Museums Scotland
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Summary

MEANING ‘the boar's run or range’, the Boar's Raik was the name applied to a large tract of lands in east Fife which from an early date supported church life and organisation at St Andrews. Its early forms include the following: Cursus Apri c.1140×50 AA §3, §7 [18th c.; see Appendix 2 for full context]; infra Cursum Apri 1212 St A. Liber, p. 315 [lands belonging to the archdeanery of St Andrews outwith the burgh of St Andrews within the Boar's Raik acquired by St Andrews Priory]; carrucate terre infra Cursum Apri c.1220 Terrier C [in the hands of the bishop of St Andrews; see PNF, iii, pp. 617, 619 and n. 39]; infra Cursum Apri 1309 Black Book of St Andrews, fo. xxxiv r; the Baris Raik c.1420 Chron. Wyntoun, iv, 374, 390.

According to the Augustinian's Account (AA), probably written in the 1140s by Robert, the first prior of the Augustinian Priory of St Andrews (see Appendix 2), the Boar's Raik was originally given to the church of St Andrews at its foundation by King Hungus, and restored by Alexander I ‘with the indisputable purpose and understanding that a religious society should be established in that church for the maintenance of divine worship’ (AA §3). The Augustinian's Account also states that this grant was re-activated by David I when the Augustinian house at St Andrews, founded in 1140, was languishing through lack of funds, cleverly emphasising the fact that the Boar's Raik was not part of the bishop's lands, and could therefore be diverted to the Augustinians without in any way diminishing the bishop's estates (AA §7). M. O. Anderson suggests that the bishop may have held the lands of the Boar's Raik not as bishop but as the representative of the old abbots.From the careful wording of Bishop Robert's 1140 foundation charter for the Augustinian priory (St A. Liber, p. 123) it would seem that the list of seventeen lands (eighteen if we assume that Balgove has been omitted in error) and two mills which are grouped together at the start of the bishop's grant represent the lands of the Boar's Raik, although that designation is not used.

Type
Chapter
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Medieval St Andrews
Church, Cult, City
, pp. 380 - 383
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer
Print publication year: 2017

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