Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 December 2021
Micromanipulation technology has evolved rapidly over the past 30 years to meet the needs of assisted reproduction practitioners. The clinical outcome of micromanipulation and microinjection procedures is highly dependent upon practitioner skills as well as the quality and reliability of the equipment used. Well engineered mechanical, hydraulic and electronic micromanipulation systems are available and can be mounted upon inverted microscopes supplied by all of the major microscope companies. These systems are complemented by a range of oil and air injectors in addition to anti-vibration tables and lasers. In future, it is possible that some micromanipulation systems will become automated using computer algorithms, enabling robotic procedures to be performed, eliminating variability in practitioner performance.