Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 December 2021
This chapter introduces automation techniques for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). These techniques are used for sperm motility and morphology quantification, sperm immobilization, sperm aspiration, oocyte orientation control, and sperm injection. Emerging techniques are also described such as computer assisted sperm analysis, laser immobilization, deep learning based polar body detection, and piezo drilling for reducing cell deformation in penetration. Finally, outlooks for future development of automation techniques in ICSI are provided.