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2 - Commemorative Cultures

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 October 2022

Peter Thonemann
Affiliation:
University of Oxford
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Summary

This chapter introduces the two inscribed monument types which were characteristic of Roman Hieradoumia: the familial epitaph and the propitiation-stēlē. Both categories of monument tend to be dated by year, month, and day, which allows us to map the development of the epigraphic habit in the region with unusual precision. Hieradoumian tombstones generally take the form of pedimental marble stēlai, often bearing a depiction of a wreath, either incised or in relief. The associated funerary inscriptions have a highly stereotyped structure, in which the deceased is ‘honoured’ by a smaller or larger group of family members, whose relation to the deceased is very precisely defined. These funerary monuments have several formal similarities to the propitiation-stēlai erected in many Hieradoumian rural sanctuaries, which narrate individual transgressions, divine punishments, and acts of propitiation. Taken together, these two categories of ‘commemorative’ monument provide a vivid picture of the moral universe of rural Hieradoumia in the first three centuries AD.

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The Lives of Ancient Villages
Rural Society in Roman Anatolia
, pp. 25 - 71
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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  • Commemorative Cultures
  • Peter Thonemann, University of Oxford
  • Book: The Lives of Ancient Villages
  • Online publication: 28 October 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009128452.003
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  • Commemorative Cultures
  • Peter Thonemann, University of Oxford
  • Book: The Lives of Ancient Villages
  • Online publication: 28 October 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009128452.003
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Commemorative Cultures
  • Peter Thonemann, University of Oxford
  • Book: The Lives of Ancient Villages
  • Online publication: 28 October 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009128452.003
Available formats
×