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Lesson 5 - Analysing the data and comparing practice with agreed criteria

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 July 2014

Andrew Weeks
Affiliation:
Liverpool Women’s Hospital
Katie Lightly
Affiliation:
Southmead Hospital, Bristol
Sam Ononge
Affiliation:
Makerere University College
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Summary

Once you have collected the information, the ‘raw data’, on your audit pro forma, you need to bring all the data together and organise it. Then, use some simple mathematics such as averages, percentages and totals to summarise it so that it can be easily understood and used. You can then compare this with the audit criteria and standards that you created previously (see lesson 3).

Step 1 – Gather and organise the data

First, make sure that you have all of the pieces of paper and computer files that contain the raw data. If you are missing any parts of the data, try to find them now or it can confuse you later during your analysis. If access to a computer is available, then the data can be put into a table so they are clear and the information is easy to manipulate. This is especially important when there are large patient numbers. Whether you are putting the information into the computer or not, be sure to number your cases with your own audit number, so you can easily identify each patient. For example, if you have 25 cases, number the paper or the first column of the table 1–25 in ascending numerical order and then you can remove the personal identifying information such as hospital number and date of birth from the case.

Type
Chapter
Information
Let's Do Audit!
A Practical Guide to Improving the Quality of Medical Care through Criterion-Based Audit
, pp. 37 - 46
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2010

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