Published online by Cambridge University Press: 21 January 2021
Our oceans are already suffering under the impacts of climate change. The 2019 Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the Ocean and Cryosphere paints a troubling picture of the status and prospects of the world’s ice and oceans. The earth’s climate and the state of the oceans are interdependent. The oceans play a fundamental role in our climate system, through the uptake and redistribution of anthropogenic CO2 and heat, as well as their crucial involvement in the hydrological cycle.