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9 - Language and Society

from Part III - Language in Context

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 November 2019

Sungdai Cho
Affiliation:
State University of New York, Binghamton
John Whitman
Affiliation:
Cornell University, New York
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Summary

Chapter 9 discusses the relationship between language and society. We describe five areas of sociolinguistic variation: regional (dialects), speech style, honorifics, terms of address, and language policy. Six major regional dialects are described in terms of lexicon, phonology, and morphosyntax: four of South Korea and two of North Korea. We introduce four different speech styles and their usage, together with two now archaic forms. The honorific system is one of the unique features of Korean. We discuss the three basic patterns of honorification, involving the relationship between the speaker, hearer, and referent. We also introduce two patterns that stand aside from the canonical honorific patterns: Apjonpop and indirect honorifics. ‘Terms of address’ refers to how the addressee in a context of social communication is designated. Term of address choice can be extremely complicated. We illustrate second pronouns, titles with proper names, and kinship terms. Finally, we present four major issues that have been the focus of language policy in the Koreas: use of Hangul, language standardization, general language policy, and romanization.

Type
Chapter
Information
Korean
A Linguistic Introduction
, pp. 295 - 328
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Further Readings

Lee, Ik Seop. 2013. Sahoy Enehak [Sociolinguistics], 10th ed. Seoul: Minumsa.Google Scholar
Lee, Sang Kyu. 2008. Kuke Pangenhak [Korean Dialectology]. Seoul: Hakyunsa.Google Scholar
Min, Hyun Sik. 2011. Korean Orthography, 4th ed. Seoul: Taehaksa.Google Scholar
National Institute of Korean Language. 2007. Pangen Iyaki [The Story of Dialects]. Seoul: Taehaksa.Google Scholar

References

Brown, Roger and Gilman, Albert. 1970. The Pronouns of Power and Solidarity. [Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in the Social Sciences, A-274]. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.Google Scholar
Cho, Sungdai. 2006. Linguistic structures of Korean. In Sohn, Ho-min (ed.), Korean Language and Culture in Society, 236248. University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
Kwon, Jaeil. 2011. Hankuke Tongsalon [Korean Syntax], 5th ed. Seoul: Minumsa.Google Scholar
Lee, Swung Nyung. 1967. Hankwuk Pangensa [Korean Dialectology]. Korea University Press.Google Scholar

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  • Language and Society
  • Sungdai Cho, State University of New York, Binghamton, John Whitman, Cornell University, New York
  • Book: Korean
  • Online publication: 14 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139048842.010
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  • Language and Society
  • Sungdai Cho, State University of New York, Binghamton, John Whitman, Cornell University, New York
  • Book: Korean
  • Online publication: 14 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139048842.010
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Language and Society
  • Sungdai Cho, State University of New York, Binghamton, John Whitman, Cornell University, New York
  • Book: Korean
  • Online publication: 14 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139048842.010
Available formats
×